US 233140 A
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H. A. OANDRIAN. Barbers' Chair.
No..- 233,140- Patented Oct. 12, I880.
N-PETERS. FHOTD-LITHOGRAPHER. WASHINGTON. D C.
UNITED STATES ATENT Fries.
HERMAN A. GANDRIAN, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR TO THEODORE 4 A. KOOHS, OF SAME PLACE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 233,140, dated October 12, 1880. Application filed September 24, 1879.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, HERMAN A. OANDRIAN, of Chicago, in the county of (look and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and use- 5 ful Improvements in Barber-Chairs, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings.
My-invention relates to harbers chairs; and it consists in certain improvements in the construction of such chairs, which will be hereinafter more fully described, and then pointed out in the claims.
In the drawings, Figure 1 represents a perspective view of the rear of the chair, with the seat at a horizontal position. Fig. 2 represents a rear elevation of the chair, and Fig. 3, a longitudinal vertical section, showing the seat and back reclined.
Like letters in the several figures of the drawings designate like parts.
A denotes the base or foot portion of the chair, composed and framed, in the usual inanncr, of two side pieces, which form the feet a, the arched crown-rails a, and the brace-bars a and which are connected by two crossbraces, 11 and b.
O is the seat, having a back, D, and two arm -rests, d, and being centrally connected upon the top of the base by two hinges, c, which will enable it to be swung upon the base A from a horizontal to a backwardly-inclined position.
The back D is formed of the two side standards, connected at their upper extremities by a narrow bolster, which will form a support for the shoulders of the occupant of the chair.
E is a cushioned panel, which occupies the opening in the back of the chair, and which is horizontally pivoted by a cross-rod, e, at its center in such a manner that it will swing and balance thereon and will be self-adjusting to any desired angle. The lower end of the standard F is pivotally connected with a plate, f, which is rigidly secured against the brace 12 of base A, and at its middle it is passed through a loop, 9, which is secured to the rear'end of seat 0, to be held to said seat laterally without interfering with the rocking or swinging movement of the same.
By the connection above described the panel E will'be held at a position in the back D to be flush therewith, the same as if it were a solid portion thereof, while the seat is placed horizontally; but when the seat C is reclined the panel E will project to occupy a more forv ward position, and will thus accommodate itself automatically to form a comfortable backsupport for the more straightened-out body of the occupant of the chair.
H is a lever, which at its centeris provided with a stirrup-like fulcrum, h, pivoted to plate f of base A. A pedal, 1, is formed on the lower end of said lever for operating the same with the foot, and in the forward edge of its 6 upper end it has two notches, it, either one of which will engage with the tooth-shaped bridge of loop 9 of the chair-seat in such manner that notch i will lock the seat in its horizontal position and notch t" will lock it in its reclining position. A spring, j, is interposed between plate f and the lever H, for holding the latter in engagement with the loop g.
As will be seen from the above description, my attachments to a chair will make the same very convenient for the purposes designed, and are very simple and substantial in every respect.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. In a barber-chair, the combination, with seat 0,havin g open back D, and being pivoted upon base A, of an auxiliary bolster, E, pivot- 8 ally connected to the base bya standard, F, being held to the seatO by loop g, the same being constructed and arranged substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
2. In combination with the base A and the pivotally-connected seat 0, having back D, the auxiliary bolster E, standard F, hingeplate f, loop g, lever H, with pedal I and notches z i, and of spring 7', all which being constructed and arranged to operate substantially 5 as described and shown.
EMIL H. FROMMANN, OLIVER W. MARBEL.