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Publication numberUS2332637 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 26, 1943
Filing dateFeb 5, 1941
Priority dateFeb 5, 1941
Publication numberUS 2332637 A, US 2332637A, US-A-2332637, US2332637 A, US2332637A
InventorsHeywood Vincent E
Original AssigneeUs Envelope Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Continuous envelope
US 2332637 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 26, 1943. v. E. HEYWOOD CONTINUOUS ENVELOPE Filed Feb. 5, 1941 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Wfwr Oct. 26, 1943..

V. E, HEYWOOD CONTINUOUS ENVELOPE Filed Feb. 5, 1941 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 y {Ziggy/a2 672C672 20 atented Oct. 26 1943 2,332,637 CONTINUOUS ENVELOPE Vincent E. Heywood, Worcester, Mass, assignor to United States Envelope Company, Springfield, Mass, a corporation of Maine Application February 5, 1941, Serial No. 377,544

11 Claims.

The present invention relates to continuous envelope assemblies adapted for stacking in zigzag or fan-folded relation, and also to be fed ing.

According to my invention, each envelope of the connected series is of "dry-sealing type, requiring no moisture or licking to efiect the down sealing of its closure flap-the latter, and also the body of the envelope, having complemental areas of dry-sealing adhesive which adhere firmly to each other when brought into registry; notwithstanding these exposed dry-adhesive areas on adjacent envelopes of the series, said adjacent envelopes are ioldabie into face-to-face relation without possibility of registration and sticking together of their respective dry-adhesive areas.

The above and other advantageous features of the invention will hereinafter more fully appear from the following description with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 is a plan view of a series of dry-sealing envelopes embodying the present invention.

Fig. 2 illustrates passage of an envelope series through a business machine.

Fig. 3 is an envelope unit detached from the series, preparatory to sealing.

Fig. 4 is a perspective view of a sealed envelope.

Fig. 5 is a perspective view .of a container for packing a fan-folded series of dry-sealing envelopes.

Fig. 6 is a plan view, illustrating two diflferent series of dry-sealing envelopes further embodying the invention.

Figs. 7 and 8 illustrate the manner of making a series of dry-sealing envelopes of the type shown in Fig. 1 from a single web.

Figs. 9 and i0 illustrate the manner of making different series of dry-sealing envelopes of the types shown in Fig. 61mm separate webs. a sFigsill 'and ls illustrate'the-manner of making a series of dry-sealing envelopes of the type shown in Fig. 1 from a single web and separate blanks.

Fig. 13 is a plan view of a series of dry-sealing envelopes having their adhesive areas displaced with reference to the longitudinal axis of each envelope.

Fig. 14 shows one of the envelopes of Fig. 13 in sealed condition.

Fig. 15 illustrates the manner of applying adhesive simultaneously to a number of envelopes of the type shown in Fig. 13.

Referring first to Figs. 1 and 2, the invention is shown, for purposes of illustration, in connection with a continuous feed carry strip I, one edge of which provides perforated feed bands 2 and 3, that are readily removable from the strip along weakened lines of severance 4 and 5, for a purpose which will later appear. The strip I is also subdivided transversely of its length by weakened severance lines 6, whereby the strip may be divided into separate units.

The strip I carries a series of envelopes I uniformly positioned in the areas between the transverse severance lines 6, and the body of each envelope 1 provides an extended seal flap 8, foldable along a line 9 into overlying relation with the rear wall IIlof the envelope. The seal flap 8 provides separate areas II and I2 of dry-sealing adhesive displaced different distances from the fold line 9', and the rear wall I0 provides correspondingly shaped dry-sealing adhesive areas I Ia and I20. displaced from the fold line 9 the same amount as are the flap areas II and I2, respectively. Consequently, folding over the seal flap 8 to close an envelope I after loading, brings the adhesive areas II, Na and I2, I2a into engagement to cause immediate dry-sealing of the envelope.

In carrying out this particular embodiment of the invention, the dry-sealing envelopes I are produced separately, after which the envelopes are secured separately to the strip I, with their seal flaps 8 extended, by means of suitable adhesive applied to the front wall la 01 each envelope. The perforations in the feed band 2 serve as a convenient means for advancing and registering the strip I with suitable envelope applying devices, so that the envelopes I will be secured to the strip at regular intervals. The transverse severance lines 6 can be made in the strip I either in advance or at the time of applying the envelopes, the main consideration being that each envelope 1 is symmetrically disposed with reference to adjacent severance lines 6.

In its passage through the envelope attaching devices, the feed band 2 is removed from the strip I, as"indicated in Fig. l, and the strip with its attached envelopes is then ready to be fed into any desired type of writing or business machine. As indicated in Fig. 2, the strip I is folded in a zigzag manner, so that a considerable length of strip with its envelopes can be condensed into a small space and placed in the hopper of the machine into which the strip is to be fed.

It is to be particularly noted that whenthe carry strip I is fan-folded in the manner shown in Fig. 2, along the severance lines 6, the envelopes 1 on opposite sides of any given line 6 will be disposed in face-to-face relation. However, due to the staggered relation of the drysealing adhesive areas II, I2, Ma and I2a on any pair of envelopes when placed face-to-face, there can be no contact between the areas on different envelopes, as indicated in dotted lines at the left-hand end of the strip shown in Fig. 1. Therefore, while each individual envelope 1 is dry, or self-sealing as regards its own seal flap and rear wall, the envelopes are not self adhering, and can be handled with the utmost freedom in folding the strip prior to feeding it into a business machine.

Since printing or business machines are available in many forms, it is unnecessary to describe such a machine in detail, other than to state that it provides suitable mechanism I3 cooperating with the perforations of the second feed band 3, as indicated in Fig, 2, so as to convey the strip I through the machine, for the purpose of printing data I4 at regular intervals, between the severance lines 6. Assuming that the envelopes I are to be utilized as pay envelopes, the functions of the business machine would be to print the names and other information regard-' ing wage payments to various individuals represented by the envelopes on the opposite side of the strip I to where the printing takes place, or

some printing could be applied to the envelope rear walls II), as indicated at I5 in Fig. 3.

The strip with the necessary data I3 printed thereon is indicated as emerging from the machine at the right in Fig. 2, it being apparent that the feed band 3 has been removed during the passage of the strip through the printing machine. The strip is then subjected to the action of suitable separating devices I6, either forming part of or separate from the printing machine, the function of which is to tear the strip I successively along the severance lines 6, so as to present envelope units appearing as shown inFig. 3, with the identifying data I4 indicated in dotted lines, and the data I5 in full lines.

Each envelope unit is then ready to be loaded, since its seal flap 3 is extended to give access to the envelope mouth, after which the envelope can be quickly and permanently sealed by merely folding over the flap 3, to bring the dry-sealing adhesive areas II, Na and I2, I20 into engagement. A loaded and sealed envelope is shown in perspective in Fig. 4, from which it is evident that the engaged dry-sealing .adhesive areas provide effective means for securely sealing an envelope when its contents areof a bulky nature, as with a pay envelope. Since an essential characteristic of dry-sealing adhesive is the formation of an extremely tenacious seal upon contact, the folded down seal flap 8 will not tend to separate itself from the bulging rear wall I0 after sealing has occurred, as might well take place with an adhesive that requires moistening. Furthermore, the sealed envelope cannot be opened surreptitionusly by pulling the 'flap, without destroying the original appearance of the contacted dry-sealing adhesive areas, which merge to form substantially one area upon contact.

Referring now to Fig. 5, a series of dry-sealing envelopes connected together to provide a continuous feed strip, are shown packed in a suitable container for convenient handling and storage of the envelopes prior to use by business machines. The container I'I provides a cover I3 and its opening I9 is of such dimensions as to closely receive a stack of connected envelopes that are fan-folded to dispose the envelopes into the same face-to-face relation shown in Fig. 2, without the possibility of bringing the dry sealing adhesive areas II, Ma and I2, I20 into engagement. It is obvious that in fan-folding the envelopes, it is entirely immaterial as to whether one or more envelopes are disposed face-to-face, two being shown as illustrative of the usual practice for feeding envelopes to business machines.

In Fig. 6, a continuous carry strip I is shown as being provided with alternately arranged drysealing envelopes 23 and 2I that are dissimilar insofar as the location of their dry-sealing adhesive areas is concerned. Each envelope 23 provides dry-sealing adhesive areas 22 and 23 equally displaced from the fold line 24 of the seal flap'25, whereas each envelope 2| provides dry-sealing adhesive areas 26 and 21, lying closely adjacent to the fold line 28 of the seal flap 23. Consequently, when the strip I' is fan-folded, before passing through a business machine, the adhesive areas 26 and 21 of an envelope 2I will engage the surface of an envelope 2II entirely within and free of the adhesive areas 22 and 23. The subsequent use and manipulation of e ither. type of envelope 20 or 2I is the same as previously described with reference to an envelope 1.

As previously indicated, envelopes embodying the present invention are also susceptible of being made directly as a series, or chain, as distinguished from attachment of separate envelopes to a carry strip, as will be apparent from a consideration of Figs. 7 to 12, inclusive. In Fig. 7, the envelope units are formed from a single web 30, foldable longitudinally along a line 3|, intermediate its edges, to dispose one portion 30a of the web in partial overlying relation to the other. Prior to the folding, ordinary envelope adhesive 32 is applied at intervals transversely of the web, so that a number of separate envelope pockets 33 are formed, as indicated in Fig. 8, by adherence between the web portions. The portion 30b extends clear of the overlying portion 30a, and this portion provides a single feed band 34, removable along a weakened severance line 35. The completed envelope chain also provides weakened severance lines 38 extending transversely and bisecting the adhesive bands 32 separating the envelope pockets. Thus, each envelope pocket 33 can be separated from the chain as an envelope unit, after passage through a business machine.

Each envelope pocket 33 provides pairs of correspondingly shaped dry-sealing adhesive areas 31, 31a and 38, 33a respectively, located at different distances from a fold line 33 extending along the underlying web portion 30b. Consequently, each envelope pocket 33 provides what amounts to a seal flap 40 bounded by the severance lines 35, 33 andfold line 39. Obviously, the envelope chain can be fan-folded as shown in Fig. 2, without possibility of engagement between the drysealing adhesive areas, while each envelope pocket 33 can be detached from-the chain after being printed on, to be handled as a dry-sealing envelope unit having all the capabilities of the envelope shown in Fig. 3.

In Figs. 9 and 10. the continuous envelope series is shown as being composed of two separate Webs 4| and 42, which are of different widths, so that a portion of the web 4| will extend beyond the web 42 when the webs are assembled. The wider web 4| provides a single feed band 43, removable along aweakened severance line 44, with dry-sealing adhesive areas 45 and 46 displaced alternately from the line 44 at different distances. The web 42 is notched along one edge, to define flaps 4i foldable along a line 48, with the under side of the web 42 along the opposite edge providing dry-sealing adhesive areas 49 and 50 alternately spaced with reference to this edge.

The webs 4! and 42 are shown assembled in Fig. 10, with bands 5| of ordinary envelope adhesive securing the webs together at intervals to form separate envelope pockets 52 in the completed chain, indicated generally by the reference character 53. In the chain 53, it is to be noted that the dry-sealing areas 45, 49 and 46, 50 are alternately displaced, in pairs, at different distances with respect to a fold line 54 extending along the underlying web 4|. The chain 53 also provides weakened severance lines 55 bisectingthe transverse bands 5| separating the envelope pockets 52, so that the pockets can be separated from the chain into individual envelope units having all the capabilities of the self-sealing envelopes 20 and 2! shown in Fig. 6.

In Fig. 11, the continuous envelope series is shown as being composed of a single web 56 and a number of similar blanks 51, assembled as shown in Fig, 12. The web 56 provides a perforated feed band 58 removable along a weakened severance line 59, with dry-sealing adhesive areas til and M displaced alternately at different distances from the severance line 59. Each blank 5i providesan edge flap 62 foldable at 63, with the under side of each blankproviding dry-sealing adhesive areas 64 and55 at different distances from this edge.

In forming the completed chain indicated by the reference character 66 in Fig. 12, the blanks W are secured individually to the web 56 by ordinary envelope adhesive 61, with weakened severance lines 58 extending transversely of the chain midway between each attached blank.

Consequently, the chain 65 provides a series of separate envelope pockets 69, in each of which the dry-sealing adhesive areas 54 and on. the blank 51, are spaced from a fold line it the same as the dry-sealing adhesive areas 55 and 6|, respectively. The envelope chain 65 shown in Fig. 12 is capable of being fan-folded in the same manner as the strip l,,without possibility of engagement between the dry-sealing areas of adjacent envelope pockets 69. Furthermore, each envelope pocket. 59 is capable of being detached from the chain after passage through a business machine, whereupon it may be loaded and drysealed in the same manner as previously described with reference to Figs. 3 and 4.

In the several forms of envelopes previously described, the dry-sealing adhesive areas have been shown as extending transversely across the seal flap and body of each envelope, with portions thereof displaced different distances from the fold line of the seal flap, to prevent premature engagement when the envelopes are fanfolded. The present invention also contemplates longitudinally extending dry-sealing adhesive areas differently displaced with reference to the central axis of each envelope, for the same purpose, and an illustrative embodiment of such a modified form of envelope is shown in Figs. 13 and 14. v

In this latter form of envelope, the carry strip is indicated at I", and a series of envelopes 'H are mounted thereon so as to be uniformly positioned in the areas between the transverse severance lines 5". The strip I" is otherwise similar to the strip I shown in Fig. l, in that it provides perforated feed bands 2" and 3". Each envelope H provides an extended seal flap l2, foldable along a line l3 into overlying. relation with the rear wall 74 which comprises adhered side flaps, so formed as to leave exposed an inside portion 15 of the front wall of the envelope, just below the fold line 13.

. The seal flap,|2 provides separate areas 16, 11, I8 and I9 of dry-sealing adhesive displaced different distances from the central axis :z-ac of the envelope H, and the rear wall 14 provides correspondingly shaped dry-sealing adhesive areas 760, Tia, 18a and 19a in alinement with the areas 16 to 19 inclusive, so that folding over the seal flap l2 to close the envelope after loading, brings the adhesive areas into engagement to cause drysealing of the envelope.

When the carry strip I" is fan-folded in the manner shown in Fig. 2, along the severance lines 5", the envelope II on opposite sides of any given line 6", will be disposed in face-to-face relation. However, due to the non-uniform displacement of the dry-sealing adhesive areas 11, Ha and 19, 19a to the right of the envelope axis :n:c, with relation to the dry-sealing adhesive areas I6, 16a and 18, 18a to the left of the axis, there can be no contact between the areas on different envelopes when placed face-to-face, as indicated in dotted lines at the left-hand end of the strip shown in Fig. 13. Obviously, when any envelope H is detached from the strip I", after passage through a business machine, folding over of its seal flap after loading, brings the adhesive areas into engagement, as shown in Fig. 14, to cause dry sealing of the loaded envelope.

As previously pointed out, the rear wall flaps are so formed as to expose an inside portion of the front wall at the envelope mouth, as indicated at 15, and it is to be noted that the several drysealing adhesive areas 16 to 19 inclusive, extend over the fold line 13 into this area 15. Therefore, the rear wall adhesive areas 16a to 19m inclusive, are substantially continuous with the seal flap adhesive areas, and the envelope mouth is securely sealed; not only by adhesion between the flap and rear wall, but also by adhesion of a portion of the flap to the front wall within the area i5. For this reason, an envelope 7i is'particularly' adapted for use as a pay envelope, due to the added security of adhesive engagement of the flap to both the front and rear walls. I

The above described disposition of the adhesive areas on an envelope H is readily obtained by arranging the envelopes in shingled relation, as shown in Fig. 15. In so arranging the envelopes, the extended seal flaps 82 of adjacent envelopes are displaced from each other a distance equal to the depth of each seal flap, so that all of the drysealing adhesive areas can be applied simultaneously as substantially continuous bands by the passage. of the envelopes in shingled relation, with reference to a. suitable adhesive-applying station. The envelopes ii are then unshingled and attached to the carry strip i", it being evident that the envelopes can be handled separately, without possibility of adhesion to each other, should any pair of envelopes be disposed in face-to-face relation.

From the foregoing, it is apparent that by the present invention there is provided a continuous series, or chain, of connected dry-sealing envelopes for use with business machines, characterized by the fact that the dry-sealing areas of each envelope are so arranged that the envelopes of the series may be fan-folded into any desired face-to-face relation, without possibility of premature contact between the dry-sealing areas.

I claim:

1. A series of identical envelopes whose corresponding faces expose areas Of dry-sealing media, said envelopes being, disposable in face-to-face engagement, with their areas of dry-sealing media in non-registering relation.

2. A series of connected envelopes disposable in fan-fold relation for passage through a. business machine,- each said envelope having exposed areas of dry-sealing adhesive that escape registry, in said fan-fold relation, with the corresponding dry-sealing adhesive areas-of the adjacent envelope of said series.

3. 'A continuous envelope device for the purpose described, comprising a carry strip having a series of envelopes attached thereto whose corresponding faces expose areas of dry-sealing adhesive, with said strip being foldable between envelopes to: dispose said adhesive areas in nonregistering relation.

4. A continuous envelope device for the purpose described, comprising a strip carrying a serie of envelopes, each providing corresponding dry- -sealing adhesive areas disposable into non-moistened contact to provide a closure for the envelope, with said stripbeing foldable between envelopes to dispose said dry-sealing adhesive areas in non-registering relation.

5. A continuous envelope device for the purpose described, comprising a strip carrying more than one series of envelopes providing dry-sealing adhesive areas difierently'spaced and arranged alternately on the strip, with folding of said strip between envelopes serving to dispose the drysealing adhesive areas on the envelopes in nonregistering relation.

6. A continuous envelope device for the purpose described, comprising oppositely disposed layers of flexible material secured to each other at intervals to provide separate pockets, with each pocket providing adry-sealing closure and said device being foldable between pockets to bring said pockets into face-to-face engagement with their dry-sealing closures in non-registering relation.

7. A continuous envelope device for the purpose described, comprising oppositely disposed layers of flexible material secured to each other at intervals to provide separate pockets, with each pocket providing a dry -sealing closure, said pockets being disposable into face-to-face engagement with the dry-sealing closures in non-registering relation.

8. A continuous envelope device for the purpose described, comprising oppositely disposed layers of flexible material secured together at intervals to provide pockets separable from each other along weakened severance lines, with each pocket providing corresponding dry-sealing areas engageable for instant adhesion upon contact, said pockets being foldable along said severance lines to bring them into face-to-face engagement with said adhesive areas in non-registeringrelation.

9. An envelope assembly for use in a business machine, comprising a plurality of like envelopes connected together in strip form, with their respective closure flaps all lying along one e e of said strip, each envelope by its closure flap and body Portion exposing on one side of said strip complementary areas of dry-sealing adhesive adapted to register for the sealing of said. envelope when said closure flap is folded over said body portion, each such adhesive area lying wholly to one side of its envelopes median line across the strip, whereby to avoid registration of the corresponding adhesive areas of two adjacent envelopes when said strip is fan-folded to dispose said two envelopes in face-to-face relation.

10. An envelope assembly for use in a, business machine, comprising a plurality of like envelopes connected together in strip form, with their respective closure flaps all lying along one edge of said strip, th closur flap and body portion of each envelope having a pair of complementary areas of dry-sealing adhesive, each envelope exposing a pair of dry-sealin adhesive areas on its closure flap, and a complementary pair of drysealing adhesive areas on its body portion, for registration with each other when said closure flap is folded down, the adhesive areas of each pair being on opposite sides of the envelopes median line running crosswise of the strip, and said areas of each pair being offset from each other crosswise of the strip, whereby to avoid registration of corresponding adhesive areas of two adjacent envelopes when said strip is fanfolded to dispose said two envelopes in face-toface relation.

11. An envelope assembly for use in a business machine, comprising a plurality of envelopes connected together in strip form, with their respective closure flaps all lying along one edge of said strip, each envelope by its closure flap and body portion exposing on one side of said strip complementary areas of dry-sealing adhesive adapted for registration with each other, to seal said en- .velope when said closure flap is folded down, said areas being offset by different distances from the v fold lines of said closure flaps, whereby to avoid registration between the adhesive areas of two adjacent envelopes when said strip of envelopes is fan-folded to dispose adjacent envelopes in face-to-face relation.

VINCENT E. HEYWOOD.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2464490 *Sep 15, 1944Mar 15, 1949Vaughan Davies HerbertContinuous envelope assemblies
US2664238 *Aug 25, 1948Dec 29, 1953Vogt Clarence WBag assembly
US2790593 *Apr 29, 1953Apr 30, 1957Uarco IncSeries-connected envelopes
US2803578 *Jan 14, 1954Aug 20, 1957California Reinforced PlasticsExtensible zigzag pack and method of making same
US3065979 *Jun 19, 1959Nov 27, 1962Uarco IncContinuous form stationery
US3392825 *Jan 26, 1966Jul 16, 1968John A Gale CompanyContinuous bag system
US3481461 *Sep 20, 1968Dec 2, 1969Paxton Jerre HaleRoll of flexible plastic bags in partible sequential continuity,the individual bags having respectively echeloned filamentary closure facilities
US3866822 *Nov 25, 1968Feb 18, 1975Faltin Hans GEnvelope mailing piece
US3900159 *Nov 8, 1968Aug 19, 1975Us Envelope CoContinuous form envelopes
US3900160 *Jun 1, 1973Aug 19, 1975Hideyuki GotoPaper currency dispensing envelope
US3940124 *Jan 15, 1974Feb 24, 1976Johnsen Edward LMulti-ply lottery tickets or like articles, continuous business form and method for producing same
US4819807 *Jan 5, 1988Apr 11, 1989Charles GigerTear-strip opening envelope apparatus
US4896822 *Apr 5, 1989Jan 30, 1990Moore Business Forms, Inc.Apparatus and methods for forming mailers with inserts
Classifications
U.S. Classification229/69, 229/80, 462/6
International ClassificationB65D27/12, B42D5/00, B65D27/14, B42D5/02
Cooperative ClassificationB65D27/14, B42D5/025
European ClassificationB65D27/14, B42D5/02C2