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Publication numberUS2332730 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 26, 1943
Filing dateOct 30, 1939
Priority dateOct 30, 1939
Publication numberUS 2332730 A, US 2332730A, US-A-2332730, US2332730 A, US2332730A
InventorsKucher Andrew A
Original AssigneeGen Motors Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Refrigerating apparatus
US 2332730 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 26, 1943. I} A.'A. KUCHER 2,332,730

' REFRIGERATINQ APPARATUS I Filed Oct. 30. 1939 UNITE STATES PATENT or BH RIGERATING APPARATUS Andrew A. Kucher, Dayton, Ohio; assignor to 'General Motors Corporation, Dayton, Ohio, a corporation of Delaware Application October 30, 1939, Serial No. 301,866 1 14 Claims.

, This invention relates to refrigeration and more particularly to a window air conditioning unit and the like which may be usedas a simple ventilating unit at such times when refrigeration is not required.

One. object of this invention is to provide an improved control system for an air conditioning unit.

A further object of this invention is to provide.

an air conditioning system which may be ,used for ventilating purposes when the outside air is sufiiciently cool so that it maybe introduced into the room without being further cooled.

Further objects and advantages ofthe present invention will be apparent from the following description, reference being had to the accompanying drawing, wherein a preferred form of the present invention is clearly shown.

In the drawing: Fig. 1 is a horizontal sectional View, partly diagrammatic, showing my invention applied to an air conditioning unit of the type adapted to be mounted directly on the window sill;

Fig. 2 is an elevational view showing the unit mounted on the window sill; and

Fig. 3 shows a simplified control arrangement.

The average air conditioning unit now on the market has no utility the major portion of the year and, therefore, the initial cost per hour of use is more than the average person is willing to pay. The purpose of the arrangement shown in the drawing is to provide an air conditioning similar wall 36 arranged at right angles to the wall 32 is also provided with a central opening 38. The direction of the flow of air through the cabinet I!) is controlled by a damper 40 which is adapted to close either the opening 34 or the opening 38. In the full line position of the damper as shown in Fig. 1, the unit functions as a ventilating'unit and all of the outdoor air entering the cabinet through the inlet 42 is picked up by the fan 22, forced through the left half of the opening 34 and is thereafter picked up by the fan 24 and discharged into the room through the discharge opening 44. Inasmuch as the fans 22 and 24 under these circumstances aresending a large volume of air into the room,

a corresponding amount of air must find its way passesthrough the left section of the condenser, is picked up by thefan and is discharged through unit which will have utility agrea-terportion of the time.

For purposes of illustration, I have shown my invention applied to a conditioning unit which comprises a main casing l0 adaptedto be mounted directly on the window sill l2 of the window M. A conventional refrigerating system is mounted within the casing to and comprises a. motor-compressor unit It, a condenser 18, an evaporator 20, a pair. of fans 22 and 24 and a motor 26 for operating the fans 22 and 24. The

compressed refrigerant discharged by themotorcompressor unit l6 flows into the condenser where it is condensed and the liquid refrigerant condensed therein is supplied to the evaporator through the liquid line 28. The flow o'f liquidin the liquid line 28 is controlled by a conventional thermostatic expansion valve 33. The interior of the casing Ill is provided with a first wall 32 extending substantially across the full length of the casing l0 midway between the condenser 18 and the evaporator 20. This wall is provided with a large central opening 34. A somewhat the opening 38 past the motor-compressor unit l6, through the right section of the condenser and out through the discharge opening 43. The room air to be conditioned enters the cabinet I0 through the inlet opening 45, passes over the right half of the evaporator 20, through the opening 38 and is thereafter picked up by the fan 24 and circulated over the left half of the evaporator before being returned to the room through the discharge outlet 44. The dotted line arrows show the path taken by the air when the damper is in the dotted line position. A small amount of fresh air is introduced into the room during.-

the cooling operation through the opening 4| provided in the damper 40.

.A system of controls has been provided where by the refrigerating system is turned oif when the outside air reaches a predetermined temperature. The refrigerating system is made ready for operation by connecting the plug 54 to a suitable source of current and closing the manual switches 56 and 58. Upon closing the switch 56, the fan motor 26 is energized and causes circulation of air through the cabinet Ill,

the path of the air being determined by the posi-' tion of the damper 40 as explained her inaboveg Closing of the switch 58 places the compressor in series circuit relationship with the inside thermost 60 and the outside thermost 62. The outside thermostat 62 is designed to close when the outside temperature exceeds a predetermined value such as 75 F., for example. The inside thermostat 60 which is arranged in series with the outside thermostat 62, cycles the compressor in accordance with the inside temperature, requlrements at all times when the outside ther mostat 62 is closed. The outside thermostat 62 also controls the solenoid 50 which, when energized, causes the damper to move into the dotted line position. By virtue of this arrangement, the damper 40 shuts ofi the main flow of outside air into the conditioned enclosure at all times when the outside air is too warm for comfort.

In order to prevent a large volume of excessively cold outside air from being introduced into the room and in order to prevent introduction of outside air when the inside air is already cooler than required, a-solenoid 52 has been provided "which is controlled by the inside thermostat 6B and the outside thermostat 68. The outside thermostat 68 closes thecircuit to th solenoid 52 whenever the outside air temperature is below a predetermined value such as 70 F., for example. The inside thermostat 66, which is arranged in series with the outside thermostat 68, prevents the solenoid 52 from becoming energized at all times when the inside temperature is below a predetermined value such as 75 F.

In Fig. 3 I have shown a simplified control arrangement by which a single outside thermostat Hill starts and stops a compressor and also controls the operationof the damper 40. The outside thermostat I00 may b adjusted to close the circuit whenever the outside temperature exceeds a predetermined value such as 75 F. It will be noted that closing of the thermostat I00 not only energizes the compressor but also adjusts the damper into the position in which room air is recirculated and no outdoor air is introduced into the room except the small amount which enters through the by-pass opening 4| in the damper 40. When the outdoor air temperature is sufliciently .low so that the outdoor air may be introduced into the room without further cooling the circuit to the compressor motor is interrupted and the damper 40 moves into the-fun line position as shown in Fig. 1 whereby the outdoor air is introduced directly into the room. This modified arrangement is especially meritorious because of its simplicity and its emcient control arrangement.

In order to simplify the disclosure, each control instrument has been shown as a bimetallic thermostat; whereas, it is within the purview of this invention to use other forms of psychrometric instruments such as wet and/or dry bulb thermostats or effective temperature instruments. The temperature values referred to hereinabove have been given for purposes of illustration only. V

While the form of embodiment of the invention as herein disclosed, constitutes a preferred form, it is to be understood that other forms might be adopted, all coming within the scop of the claims which follow.

What is claimed is as follows:

1. Air conditioning apparatus for an enclosure having a window comprising in combination, a casing adapted to be mounted in a window 01' said enclosure, air circulating means within said casing, an air discharge opening for discharging air into said enclosure, an air intake openingcom municating with the exterior of said enclosure, an air intake opening communicating with the interior of said enclosure, means for conveying air from either one of said intak openings to said air discharge opening, damper means for selecting either one of said intake openings, means for lowering the wet bulb temperature of the air flowing from one of said intakes to said discharge opening, and means responsive to the outdoor temperature for controlling said wet bulb reducing means.

2. An air conditioning unit for an enclosure; said unit having a partition. dividing same into two compartments; refrigeration apparatus including heat rejecting-means in one compartment and heat absorbing means 'in the other compartsaid one compartment through said other compartment into the enclosure; and means for preventing operation of the refrigeration apparatus when said damper is open.

3. An air conditioning unit "for an enclosure;

said unit comprising a cabinet having a partition dividing the same into two,v compartments; a damper in said partition; a motor compressor unit and condenser in one of said compartments and an evaporator in the other; fans arranged one in each compartment and having a common drive separate from the drive for the compressor unit;, means whereby said motor compressor unit and said fans may be operated simultaneously when said damper is closed to icause air to be cooled. to be circulated from the enclosure over the evaporator and back to the enclosure and outside cooling air to be circulated over the compressor and condenser and back to the atmosphere, or said fans may be operated independently or said motor compressor unit and said damper may be moved to open position to cause said condenser Y fan to discharge all the iresh outside air normally communicating respectively with outside and inside of the room, a fan for each chamber, an electrically controlled cooling unit including a re-. frigerant condenser and evaporator in said chambers respectively, a damper movable to cause the condenser fan to deliver outside air'into the room.

.and means for stopping'operation of said cooling I unit upon such movement of the damper.

5. A combined room cooler and ventilator comprising a cabinet having separate refrigerant 'condenser and evaporator chambers, the condenser 1 chamber having communication with the outside of the room and the evaporator chamber having communication with the inside of the. rooim-a fan for circulating outside air over the condenser, a separateian for passing inside air over the.

evaporator and returning cooled air into the room.

an' adjustable damper normally closed when the apparatus is employed for aircooling, the parts ment of th damper to a predetermined position operates to deflect outside air drawn in by the condenser fan into th room, and means for enabling outside air to be drawn into the room by one of said fans when said damper is in said normally closed position.

6. A combined room cooler and ventilator comprising a cabinet adapted to be positioned within a window opening with the rear portion extending outside of the window sash, partition means separating said cabinet into a front or evaporator chamber and a rear or refrigerant condenser chamber, said condenser chamber having at its rear end an opening extending substantially across same, an air cooling device within the cabinet including a refrigerant condenser substantialy covering said opening and providing a screen therefor, means separating one portionof the opening from the other, a fan having its axis substantially parallel with the 'air stream through said opening and arranged to draw in outside air through one portion of the opening over the condenser and discharge same through the other portion over the, condenser, the front wall of the evaporator ch berhaving a pair of laterally spaced openingig a propeller type fan juxtaposed to one of said la t openings for drawing .in room airthrough the other of said last,

openings and discharging same through the juxtaposed openin an evaporator in said evaporator chamber over which room air is circulated by said propeller type fan, a motor independent of said air cooling device and common to said fans, said partition means having an opening afi fording communication between said chambers,

a damper movable between a position closing said last opening and a position for deflecting air from said first named f an into said evaporator chamber, an air inlet adapted to admit air from the outside of the room to said evaporator chamber, and a damper controlled air'inlet adapted to admit room air to said condenser chamber.

'7. A combined room cooler and ventilator comprising a cabinet adapted to be positioned within a window opening with the rear portion, communica'ting outside of the window sash, partition means separating said cabinet into a front or evaporator chamber and a rear or refrigerant condenser chamber,said condenser chamber having at its rear end an opening extending substantially across same, an air cooling device within the cabinet including a refrigerant condenser substantially covering said opening and providing a screen therefor, means separating one portion of the opening from the other, a fan having its axis substantially parallel with the air stream through said opening and arranged to draw in outside air through one portion of the opening over the condenser and discharge same through the other portion over the-condenser, the front wall of the evaporator chamber having, a pair of laterally spaced openings, apropeller type chamber, means for stopping operation of said:

chamberand a rear or refrigerant condenser chamber, said condenser chamber having at its rear end an opening extending substantially across same, an air cooling device within the cabinet including a refrigerant condenser substantially covering'said opening and providing a screen therefor, means separating one portion of the opening from the other, a fan having its axis substantially parallel with the air stream through said opening and arranged to draw in outside air through one portion of the opening over the condenser and discharge same through the other portion over the condenser, the front wall of the evaporator chamber having an air outlet opening leading to the room, a pair of openings in the evaporator chamber, a propeller type fan juxtaposed to said air outlet opening adapted to draw air in from said pair of openings and discharge same through said outlet' opening, an evaporator in'said evaporator chamher over which the air streams therein are adapted to pass, a motor independentof said air cooling device and common to said fans, means including a damper for deflecting air from said first named fan into said evaporator chamber, means for stopping operation of said 'air cooling device upon a change in position ,of said damper.

. 9. A combined room cooler and ventilator comprising a cabinet having separate condenser and evaporator chambers provided with air openings communicating respectively with outside and inside of the room, a fan for each chamber, an electrically controlled cooling unit including a refrigerant condenser and evaporator in said chambers respectively, a damper movable to cause the condenser fan to deliver outside air into the room,

' means for conjointly operating said fans, a conthe condenser fan to deliver outside air into the fan juxtaposed to one of said last openings'for I drawing in room air through the other of saidlast openings and discharging same through the affording communication between said chambers,

a damper movable between a positionv closing 'said last opening and aposition for deflecting air from said first named fan into said evaporator room.

10. An 'air conditioning unit for an enclosure; said unit having a partition dividing same into twocompartments; refrigeration apparatus including heat-rejecting means in one compartment and heat absorbing means in the other compartment; means, including a fan in said one compartment, for moving outside cooling airtherethrough and in contact with the heat rejecting means; means including a. fan in said other compartment, for moving air to be cooled from the enclosure into said compartment and in contact with the heat absorbing means therein. and back. to the enclosure; damper means constructed and arranged when opento divert all of the outside air flowing in said one compartment through said other compartment into the enclosure.

11. An air conditioning unit for an enclosure; said unit comprising a cabinet having a partition dividing the same into two compartments; damper means; a motor compressor unit and condenser in one of said compartments and an evaporator in the other; fan means; means whereby said motor compressor unit and said fan means may be operated simultaneously when said damper means is closed to cause air to be cooled to be circulated from the enclosure over the evaporator and back to the enclosure and outside cooling air to be circulated over the compressor and condenser and back to the atmosphere, or said fan means may be operated independently of said motor compressor unit and said damper means may be moved to open position to cause said fan means to discharge all the fresh outside air normally discharged over said condenser through said other compartment into said room; and

means for preventing operation of the refrigeration apparatus when said damper means is open.

12. An airconditionin unit for an enclosure; said unit having partition means dividing same into a plurality of compartments; refrigeration apparatus including heat rejecting means in one compartment and heat absorbing means in another compartment; means, including a fan in said one compartment, for moving outside cooling air therethrough and in contact with the heat rejecting means; means including a fan in said other compartment, for moving air to be cooled from the enclosure into said compartment and in contact with the heat absorbing means therein and back to the enclosure; and damper means constructed and arranged when open to divert substantially all of the outside air flowing in said one compartment through said other compartment into the enclosure.

13. An apparatus for conditioning the air within a room comprising a casing having a first outlet for discharging air into the room and a second outlet for discharging air outside the room and two inlets one for room. air and the other for fresh air, means forming air passages within said casing for providing air circulating paths from said inlets to said outlets, means for producing a circulation of air through said air passages, and a single damper selectively operable to either of two positions for determining the air paths between said inlets and said outlets, said damper in one of said positions directing air from said fresh air inlet to said first outlet and from said room air inlet to said second outlet, said damper in the second of said positions directing air from said fresh air inlet to said second outlet and from said room air inlet to said first outlet.

14. A combined room cooler and ventilator comprising a cabinet having separate refrigerant condenser and evaporator chambers, the condenser chamber having communication with the outside of the room and the evaporator chamber having communication with the insideof the room, a fan arranged to flow air over said condenser at all times when said fan operates, a separate fan for passing inside air over the evaporator and returning cooled air into the room,

movable damper means arranged in one position to direct air leaving said condenser to the outside when the apparatus is employed for air cooling, the parts being so constructed and arranged that rearrangement of the damper means operates to deflect outside air drawn in by the condenser fan into the room, and means for enabling outside air to be drawn into the room by one of said fans when said damper means directs the air leaving said condenser to the outside.

ANDREW A. KUCHER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2451366 *Mar 16, 1946Oct 12, 1948Philco CorpAir conditioning apparatus
US2488589 *Mar 16, 1946Nov 22, 1949Westinghouse Electric CorpAir conditioning apparatus
US2506758 *Feb 27, 1947May 9, 1950Carrier CorpSelf-contained air-conditioning unit
US2724247 *Sep 22, 1953Nov 22, 1955Gen ElectricMulti-purpose air conditioner
US2796745 *May 18, 1956Jun 25, 1957Gen ElectricFan motor mounting structure for room air conditioners
US2851866 *May 18, 1956Sep 16, 1958Gen ElectricRoom cooler
US2917905 *Jan 5, 1954Dec 22, 1959Carrier CorpSelf-contained air conditioning units of the room cooler type
US2952990 *Apr 2, 1957Sep 20, 1960Carrier CorpAir conditioner control
US2952997 *Oct 25, 1957Sep 20, 1960Philco CorpAir conditioning apparatus
US3015216 *Mar 25, 1957Jan 2, 1962Coblentz Robert CAir conditioning system
US3194305 *May 14, 1962Jul 13, 1965Allis Chalmers Mfg CoFluid flow control housing
US3301166 *Mar 8, 1965Jan 31, 1967Westinghouse Electric CorpAir conditioner with vent assembly therefor
US3302695 *Dec 2, 1964Feb 7, 1967Frigiking CompanyAir conditioning means including controls therefor
US3406530 *Sep 13, 1966Oct 22, 1968Riello GiordanoAir conditioner
US3643461 *Apr 24, 1970Feb 22, 1972Gen Motors CorpAir conditioner with cycling fresh air periods
US4006601 *Dec 2, 1975Feb 8, 1977Bosch-Siemens Hausgerate GmbhRefrigerating device
US4397157 *May 19, 1980Aug 9, 1983Sure Air LimitedSystem for conditioning air of an internal space
US5069040 *Oct 29, 1990Dec 3, 1991Lennox Industries Inc.Coil bypass arrangement
US5295531 *Sep 2, 1992Mar 22, 1994Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.Air conditioner with outside air introduction path
US8459059 *Jan 12, 2009Jun 11, 2013Liebherr-Hausgeräte Lienz GmbhRefrigerator unit and/or freezer unit
US20090217695 *Jan 12, 2009Sep 3, 2009Karl BenigniRefrigerator unit and/or freezer unit
US20090310300 *Jun 11, 2008Dec 17, 2009Minebea Co., Ltd.Flow-Through Air Conditioning for Electronics Racks
Classifications
U.S. Classification62/179, 62/186, 62/262, 62/187, 62/228.1, 62/183, 62/180, 454/202, 62/429, 62/427, 62/213
International ClassificationF24F1/02
Cooperative ClassificationF24F1/027
European ClassificationF24F1/02B3