US 2332957 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Oct. 26, 1943. 1. WEISGLASS MATTRESS .Filed Oct. 14. 1942 ATTORNEY Patented Oct. 26, 1943 :Ii'QZi LI UNITED STATES PATENT LLOFFICE MATTRESS Irving ,Weisglass, New York, N. Y., assignor to k United States Cabinet BedCm, Brooklyn, N. Y., acorporation of New York Application etober14, 1942, Serial No. 461,937
2 Claims. (01. 5 -355) This invention relates to mattresses in'general and more particularly to mattresses having a fibrous filler such as felt or the like.
Among the objects of thepresent invention, it is aimed toprovide an improved mattress having a fibrous filler such as layers of felt or the like and means for anchoring the filler against displacementandalso to distribute the felt in predetermined difierent quantities throughout the mattress and anchor such predetermined different quantities against displacement in .order to protect a mattress from the distortion in use resulting inthe displacement of the fibrous elements from the'center or middle of the mattress to either side thereof.
It is another object of the present invention to provide an improved mattress consisting of a fabric envelope or enclosure initially composed of upper and lower fabric layers, transversely extending fabric partitions secured to the upper and lower layers to form transverselyextending pockets, rolls of felt layers positioned in such pockets, an endless fabric border, and endless tape edging strips folded over and secured to a the edges of said endless fabric border and to the adjacent edges of said upper and lower fabric layers.
It is still another object of the present invention to provide an improved mattress consisting of a fabric envelope or enclosure composed of upper and lower fabric layers, transversely extending fabric partitions secured to the upper and lower layers at predetermined varying distances from one another dividing the mattressinto four narrow pockets. two at each end of bout five inches in width, four wide medially located pockets of abouteight inches in width. and four intermediately located pockets of about ix inches in width. two of the intermediately ocated pockets dis osed between the medially located set and each end set, with the partition fabrics also varying in depth so that each of the medially located pockets may effectively receive a roll of felt layer wei hing about eleven pounds, each narrow end ocket receiving a roll of a felt layer weighing about six pounds and each intermediate nocket receiving a roll of a felt layer we hing about eight pounds.
It is still another object of the present invention to provide an improved method for forming a mattress having upper and lower fabric layers, transversely extending partitions to form pockets, positioning rolls of felt into each pocket so formed, thereupon positioning an endless fabric less tape edging strips border strip between the upper and lower fabric layers, and securing endless tape edging strips, one to the edge of the upper layer and to the upper edge of the border strip and the other to the edge of the lower layer and to the lower edge of the border strip effectively to secure the rolls of felt in pockets formed between lower and border layers.
These and other features, capabilities and advantages of the invention will appear from the subjoined detail description of one specific embodiment thereof illustrated in the accompanying drawing in which I Figure 1 is a plan of the improved mattress.
Fig. 2 is a, fragmental transverse section on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1. I i
Fig. 3 is a fragmental perspective of a roll of felt.
Fig. 4 is an exploded view of the improved mattress before being assembled.
In the embodiment shown, the mattress 1 consists essentially of an envelope or enclosure including the upper fabric layer 2, the lower fabric layer 3, the endless fabric border 4, and two end- 5 and 6. The fabric of the layers 2 and 3 and border 4 is' preferably of the type generally known as mattress ticking and the tape edging strips 5 and 6 may be made of the same material or some other suitable tough and durable fabric.
In the course of manufacture, the layers 2 and 3'are preferably first measured to locate the positions for attachment of the partitioning fabrics l which are also preferably composed of a suitable tough and durable material such as mattress ticking. With a mattress of about 76 inches in length byabout 39 inches in width, it has been found expedient and practical to form at least twelve compartments or pockets.
' According to the present'invention it is one object thereof to position or locate against displacement a larger amount, and preferably the largest amount of the felt filler in the middle of the ,mattresswhere it is ordinarily subjected to the greatest pressure heretofore resulting in the objectionable depressions so frequently present in the middle of mattresses composed of felt or the like filling material after such mattresses v have been used for any material length of time. Such depressions are mainly formed as a result of the filling material gradually spreading away from the location of greatest pressure, the middle of the mattress. Another cause for the formation of these depressions resides in the fact that the filling material if composed of fibrous matter the upper,
filler in each compartment, in part atleast, the,
formation of the depressions is minimized, if not ntirely eliminated, According to thepreserlt invention, however, the middle compartments are made the largest, the end compartments are made the smallest and the other compartments or pockets between the smallest and the largest graduate in size from one to the other, and'pre-' determined different amounts of filler are intro-' v duced into each pocket corresponding to the size thereof.
When as aforesaid the length of the mattress is about '76 inches and the mattress is" divided intotwelve compartments, then as one example ofvthe proportions that have" been found to give excellent results, itis'desirable that the end compartments B are about-five inches in width, the intermediate compartments: 9 about ,six inches in width andithe four middle compartments it about eight inches in width. I The heights of these several compartments also vary somewhat to oo'rrespond to their respective Widths.
'The four middle compartments it? are disposed adjacent. to one another, thevtwo end compartments 8 are-disposedat each end of the mattress, and the two intermediately sized oompartrrients' are'disposecl between each set'of end compartments fl and-the middle set of compartments id as shown in-Fig. l. x i
If the cushion forming or cushioning filler is composed of felt, preferably it is prepared in layers and rolled up into a roll such as the roll H of Fig. 3. The amount offiller used is-prefdetermined byweight. When the filler is felt, then ithas been found desirable to distribute the weight as follows: the filler for each end pocket 8 to approximate about six pounds, the filler for each intermediate pocket 9 to approx? mate about eight-v pounds and the filler for each middle pocket iii to approximate about eleven pounds. 7
With mattresses'of this type it has been-found that considerable time in labor canbesaved in production when the'upper and lower layers 2 and 3 are first measured for their sub-divisionsand then the fabric partitions l of predetermined and varying height secured to the layers 2 and to form the pockets required; Then the layers offelt measured as to weight and rolled upirito roils'such as the rolls l l illustrated inzFig. 3*:and introduced intothe-several pocketsfi; 9' and It, the heavier eleven pound-rolls"ttintroduced into the pockets til, the ,2 intermediate eight pound rolls H into the pockets '9 and'the lightest six pound rolls l-l into the pockets 8:
Thereupon the border fabric a; with its ends secured to one another to form adendles's' border is positioned around the edgesof the mattress so far formed, between the upper and lower layers 2 and 3 and then the endless tape edging strips and 5 also formed into endless strips by securing the ends of each to one another, and thereupon folded over adjacent edges of the border 4 and layers 2 and 3. In other words, the strip 5 V is folded over the edge of the layer 2 and the upper edge of the border 4 and then preferably machine stitched into place, and the strip 5 folded over the edge of the layer 3 andthe lower edge of the border 4 and then preferably machine stitched into place.
Preferably-as shown the outer end 53 of each felt, layer 62 is cut into a tapered edge to form a smooth; finished roll l l.
, It is obvious that various changes and modifications may be made to the details of construction and to the steps of the method without departing from the general spirit of the invention .as set forth in the appended claims.
I claim i 7 l. The vcombination of upper and lower fab ric layers, transversely extending fabric parti tions' of different widths diminishing in width from the greatest at the middle to the narrowest at the ends connecting said upper and lower fabric-layers to one another .to form a plurality of transversely extending-pockets of. different widths diminishing in width from the greatest at the middleto the narrowestat the ends, filler to position not only the fillers in their pockets but also to register with theedges of said upper and lower layers, two endless tape edging strips, one
- of said tape edging. strips folded and secured to the edge of said upper layer and to the adjacent upper'e'dge'of said border layer, and another of said tape edging strips folded and secured to the edgeof said lower layer and to the adjacent lower edge of said border layer.
2. The method of forming mattresses consisting in securing a plurality of vertically extendin'g fabric partitions to upper and lower fabric layers to"form"transversely extending pockets,
introducing filler 'rollis" into place in each of said pockets, then slipping an endless border around the exposed edgesarid sidesof the pockets and filler rolls thereby to position its upper and lower edges adjacent to th edges of the upper and lower'l ayers, and then'securing the so positioned upper and lower edges of the endless border to the edge of theupper layer and to'the edge of the lowerlayer respectively finally to encl-ose the severh finer m ls. f