|Publication number||US2333244 A|
|Publication date||Nov 2, 1943|
|Filing date||Aug 6, 1941|
|Priority date||Aug 6, 1941|
|Publication number||US 2333244 A, US 2333244A, US-A-2333244, US2333244 A, US2333244A|
|Inventors||Gordon Cory Wesley|
|Original Assignee||Wabash Fibre Box Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (21), Classifications (27)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Nov. 2, 1943. c. w. GORDON BOX I Filed Aug. 6, 1941 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR. O/f) %5Z[) 62,9004;
Nov. 2, 1943. c. w. GORDON BOX 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Aug. 6, 1941 i rrq .9: r
Patented Nov. 2, 1943 BOX Cory Wesley Gordon, Terre Hautc, Ind., assignor to The Wabash Fibre Box Company, Terre Haute, Ind., a corporation of Indiana Application August 6, 1941, Serial No. 405,577
My invention relates to chick boxes made of corrugated board or other foldable material. It is the object of my invention to provide a chick box of novel and attractive appearance and of a shape such that air-flow through the ventilating openings customarily provided in such a box can not be completely shut oh? by a superposed box. Another object of my invention is to produce a box with a cover so arranged that only one-half the box need be opened at a time. Still another object of my invention is to produce a box which can be shipped or stored flat and erected without the need for any staples, glue, or other similar means.
In carrying out my invention I form the box body of a single blank of corrugated board or similar material, the blank including side and end flaps which may be folded into a vertical position to provide side and end walls for the box. In the preferred box, the side walls are provided with extension tabs folded inwardly to extend along the end wall and provided with tongues which can be interlaced through slots in the end wall to hold the box in erected condition. The outer edge of each of the flaps which form the side walls is not straight, but instead is ziz-zag in conformation so that, when the flaps are folded into vertical position the edge will be in the form of a shallow letter M. For the box, I provide a cover scored or otherwise weakened along transverse lines to permit it to conform to the shape of the upper edges of the side Walls. At its center, the box-cover is provided with an elongated transversely extending slot adapted to receive an. ear which projects upward from a central transverse partition in the box. To retain the cover in place, this ear is slotted for the reception of tongues projecting laterally from the side edges of the slot in the cover.
The accompanying drawings illustrate my invention: Fig. l is an isometric view of the complete box with the cover in closed position; Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. l but showing one-half of the cover raised to give access to one-half of the box; Fig. 3 is a plan view of the blank from which the body of the box is formed; Fig. 4 is an isometric view showing the interior of the box at one corner thereof; Fig. 5 is a vertical section on the line 5-5 of Fig. and Fig. 6 is a fragmental plan view of the central portion of the box with parts of the transverse partition thereof broken away.
As will be clear from Fig. 3, the blank from which the body of the box is made comprises a rectangular central portion l0 having side flaps II and end flaps l2 the inner edges of which are defined by score lines permitting the flaps to be folded into a vertical position. At each of its ends, each of the side flaps II is provided with extension tabs l3 separated from the flap as by a score-line l3 and adapted to be folded inwardly to lie against the inner face of the adjacent end wall l2 when the box is erected, as is clear from Fig. 4. The side edges of the flaps H are given a zizzag conformation so that, when the sides are erected the upper edges will be in the form of a shallow letter M, as is clear from Figs. 1 and 2.
I provide for the box a cover 16, which may be a rectangular blank of corrugated board or other foldable material weakened along the transverse lines l7, I8, and [9 of Fig. 1 so that it may conform to the upper edges of the side walls ll. When the cover is in place, the box has the shape of a rectangular building provided with a doublegable or M-roof.
The interior of the erected box is divided into compartments by intersecting partitions 2| and 22, the former extending transversely of the box at the center thereof and the latter dividing the box longitudinally. In order to support the cover between its side edges, the upper edge of the longitudinal partition 22 may conform in shape to the side walls H. To hold the partitions 2! and 22 in place, they may be provided at each of their ends with intermediately located, outwardly projecting tongues 23 received in slots M in the side and end walls of the box.
The transverse partition 2! may be employed to retain the cover it in association with the box. To this end, the partition is provided with an upwardly projecting elongated ear 26 which extends through an elongated slot 21 in the cover, as will be clear from Figs. 1 and 6. The ear 26 is provided in the plane of the adjacent portion of the cover MS with one or more slots each adapted to receive a tongue 29 projecting inwardly of the slot 27 from one of the side edges thereof. Desirably, there are two of the tongues 29, and they project from opposite edges of the slot 21 as will be clear from Fig. 6. When the box is erected with the partitions 2i and 22 in place, the cover is positioned with the slot 21 above the ear 26, and the cover is forced down- Wardly until it is seated on the upper edges of the side and end Walls and the partitions. As the ear 26 enters the slot 27, the tongues 29 are distorted; but when the cover is seated on the box, the tongues 29 resume their normal position by entering the slots in the ear 21, thus holding .the cover in association with the box.
As will be clear from Fig. 2, either half of the cover i6 may be elevated to expose the compartments at either end of the box. To retain each half of the cover in closed position, I may provide at each end of the box, desirably upon the tabs i3, upwardly projecting ears 3i adapted to extend through slots 32 in the'cover i6. Each of the ears 3i is provided with a horizontally extending slot 33 adapted to receive a tongue 34 projecting into the associated slot 32 from one side thereof. When the edge of the cover I6 is forced downwardly, the ears 3i enter the slots 32, displacing the tongues 34; but when the cover is completely closed the tongues 34 enter the slots 33 to hold the cover-edge in place. In order to promote firm engagement of the tongues 34 in the slots 33, each end edge of the cover I6 may be provided with a pair of slots defining a centrally located tongue 36 which is foldable downwardly to engage the inner surface of the end wall i2 of the box, as is clear from Fig. 1. Each end of the partition 22 may be relieved above the associated tongue 23 to provide for the reception of the tongue 36 on the cover.
Desirably, although not necessarily, the box is arranged to be held in erected condition without the aid of staples or glue. For this purpose, each of the tabs i3'is provided in its upper edge with a pair of downwardly extending cuts defining the sides of a tongue 40. At the base of this tongue, the adjacent end of the end wall i2 is provided with a slot 4|; and below the slot 4|, the tab i3 and the adjacent end of the end wall i2 are provided with alined slots 42. Each tongue 40 is provided with transverse score lines or otherwise weakened so that it can be folded to extend outwardly through the slot 4i and inwardly through the slots 42 as indicated in Figs. 4 and 5. To facilitate insertion of the end of each tongue 40 through its associated slot, the corners of the tongues may be beveled of! as shown in Figs. 3 and 4.
To erect the preferred form of box, the side and end flaps ii and i2 are folded vertically, the tabs i3 being folded along the score lines I3 which separate them from the side wall ll so that they may lie against the inner face of the adjacent end wall l2. By bending each tab i3 away from the adjacent end wall and by folding the tongues 30 downwardly, the tongues 40 may be passed through the adjacent slot 4|, into the position indicated in dotted lines in Fig. 5. Upon inserting the outer end of the tongues 40 through the openings 42 into the full-line position shown in Fig, 5, each tab i3 is firmly secured to the adjacent end of the end wall I 2, and the box held in erected condition. The partitions may be inserted as the side and end walls II and i2 are folded upwardly; and, when the cover 26 is in place, the reception of the tongues 3| within the slots 32 helps to stiffen the box.
The cover 26 and the side and end walls ii and i2 of the box are provided with a multiplicity of ventilation openings 45 for the admission of air. Because of the M-shape of the cover, a superposed box will be supported on the ridges In order to prevent injury to the car 23 and tongues 3i, they should preferably terminate below the plane through the ridges l1 and I! of the cover.
I claim as my invention:
1. A chick box, comprising a box-body having a rectangular bottom and side and end walls, the upper edges of said side walls having the form of a letter M, and a cover for said box, said cover being provided with a multiplicity of ventilation openings and being bent on three spaced transverse lines to conform in vertical section to the upper edges of said side walls, some of said ventilation openings being located between each end of said cover and the adjacent one of said transverse lines.
2. A chick box as set forth in claim 1 with the addition of an intermediate partition disposed in said box-body parallel to said side walls, the upper edge of said partition conforming to the upper edges of said side walls to provide intermediate support for said cover.
3. A chick box as set forth in claim 1 with the addition of a central transverse partition secured in said box-body parallel to said end walls, said cover being formed of foldable material and secured to said transverse partition, said cover being provided with a transverse score line adjacent said partition whereby either half of the cover may be swung upwardly about said score line while leaving the cover secured to the partition.
4, In a chick box having a box-body comprising a bottom and side and end walls, a centrally located transverse partition secured in said boxbody, and a cover for said box-body, said cover being formed of foldable material and secured to said transverse partition, said cover being provided with a transverse score line in the plane of said partition whereby either half of the cover may be swung upwardly about said score line while leaving the cover secured to the partition, said cover being provided with a slot at said score line, said partition having an ear projecting upwardly through said slot and being provided in the plane of the adjacent portion of the cover with an opening, said cover having a tongue projecting into said slot from one side thereof in position to enter the opening in said car when the cover is in place on the box-body.
5. In a chick box having a box-'body comprising a bottom and side and end walls, a centrally located transverse partition secured in said boxbody, and a cover for said box-body, said cover being formed of foldable material and secured to said transverse partition, said cover being provided with a transverse score line in the plane of said partition whereby either halfof the cover at the score lines I! and i9 and will not prevent access of air to the ventilation openings 45 in the cover. The tongues 40 at the ends of the box and the tongues 23 at the sides and ends of the box tend to prevent an adjacent box or other object from preventing the passage of air through the openings in the side and end walls. To further this purpose, the cover 26 may project well beyond the side and end walls of the box.
may be swung upwardly about said score line while leaving the cover secured to the partition, said cover being provided with a slot at said score line, said partition having an ear projecting upwardly through said slot and being provided in the plane of the adjacent portion of the cover with a plurality of openings, said cover having a plurality of tongues projecting into said slot from opposite sides thereof in position to enter respectively the openings in said ear when the cover is in place on the box-body. A
6. A box, comprising a box-body of foldable material and having a rectangular bottom, side and end walls integral with said bottom and meeting in pairs at corners of the box-body, one of the walls meeting at each such corner being provided with a flap overlying the inner face of the other wall, said flap being provided with two outs extending downwardly from its upper edge and defining between them a foldable tongue, said other wall being provided with two vertically spaced tongue-receiving openings the upper one of which is adjacent the base of said tongue, said flap being provided with a tongue-receiving opening alined with the lower opening in said other wall, and said tongue being folded to extend outwardly through the upper opening in said other wall and inwardly through said alined openings.
7. The invention set forth in claim 6 with the addition of a cover for said box-body, said cover and said flaps having co-operating provisions for releasably holding the cover in place.
8. The invention set forth in claim 6 with the addition of a cover for said box-body, the flaps at each corner of the box-body having an ear which projects upwardly, said cover being provided with slots for the respective reception of said ears, each of said ears having an opening in the plane of the cover, and said cover having a tongue projecting into each of said slots from a side thereof in position to enter the opening in the associated ear when the cover is in place.
9. In a box, a box-body having a rectangular bottom and side and end walls, a rectangular cover for said box-body provided near its corners with slots, said box-body having ears projecting upwardly through said slots when the cover is in place, each of said ears having an opening in the plane of the cover, and said cover having a tongue projecting into each of said slots from a side thereof in position to enter the opening in the associated ear when the cover is in place.
10. The invention set forth in claim 9 with the addition that said cover is formed with intermediate portions disposed higher than said ears to support a superposed box out of contact with said ears.
CORY WESLEY GORDON.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2417705 *||Oct 20, 1943||Mar 18, 1947||Frank H Lee Company||Shipping and display case|
|US2445202 *||Mar 22, 1944||Jul 13, 1948||Belanger Albert P D||Carrier device for bottles and the like|
|US2511550 *||Jun 7, 1946||Jun 13, 1950||Patent & Licensing Corp||Ventilated shipping container|
|US2539166 *||Feb 20, 1946||Jan 23, 1951||Smokador Mfg Co Inc||Ash receiver|
|US2562233 *||Nov 1, 1945||Jul 31, 1951||Sutherland Paper Co||Collapsible cellular carton|
|US2605952 *||Jan 22, 1947||Aug 5, 1952||Sutherland Paper Co||Collapsible cellular carton|
|US2633285 *||Nov 12, 1949||Mar 31, 1953||Container Corp||Partitioned container with closure|
|US2643810 *||Sep 13, 1949||Jun 30, 1953||Fleming Specialty Company||Chick box|
|US2660297 *||Feb 27, 1951||Nov 24, 1953||Container Corp||Bicycle wheel brace|
|US2679348 *||Jan 21, 1949||May 25, 1954||Wabash Fibre Box Co||Chick box|
|US2885140 *||Feb 21, 1956||May 5, 1959||Waldorf Paper Prod Co||Frozen poultry container|
|US3093291 *||May 8, 1961||Jun 11, 1963||Olin Mathieson||Self-locking telescoping container|
|US3126867 *||Jan 2, 1963||Mar 31, 1964||Ventilating construction for a chick box|
|US3486680 *||Apr 18, 1968||Dec 30, 1969||Albert I Negus Jr||Animal shipping box|
|US3623650 *||Oct 31, 1969||Nov 30, 1971||Reynolds Metals Co||Carton and blank for making same|
|US3989181 *||Jan 21, 1976||Nov 2, 1976||Inland Container Corporation||Partitioned container having self locking top and bottom forming flaps|
|US4139146 *||Mar 13, 1978||Feb 13, 1979||Olinkraft, Inc.||Shipping container|
|US4804136 *||Oct 7, 1987||Feb 14, 1989||Grafcor Packaging Inc.||Container|
|US6250463 *||Dec 1, 1999||Jun 26, 2001||Drew Clyde||Portable barbecue carrying apparatus|
|US7140493 *||Mar 19, 2003||Nov 28, 2006||International Paper Company||Tongue lock for stackable containers|
|US7337905||Nov 21, 2006||Mar 4, 2008||International Paper Company||Tongue lock for stackable containers|
|U.S. Classification||229/120.1, 229/125.32, 229/164, 229/916, 229/120.36, 229/120, 229/196, 229/120.3, 229/120.34, 229/125.29, 229/120.5|
|International Classification||B65D5/49, B65D5/20, B65D5/42, B65D5/30, B65D5/66|
|Cooperative Classification||B65D5/2038, B65D5/304, B65D5/4295, B65D5/48024, Y10S229/916, B65D5/6697|
|European Classification||B65D5/30B1A, B65D5/42V, B65D5/66F, B65D5/20D, B65D5/48B|