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Publication numberUS2333987 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 9, 1943
Filing dateJun 18, 1941
Priority dateJun 18, 1941
Publication numberUS 2333987 A, US 2333987A, US-A-2333987, US2333987 A, US2333987A
InventorsDandy Walter E
Original AssigneeDandy Walter E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Protective cap
US 2333987 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

W. E. DANDY PROTECTIVE CAP Filed June 18, 1941 172/216 12 Z07 ll bz; 61D

14 Z Zor'va 635,

Nov. 9, 1943.

Patented Nov. 9, 1943 V UNITED PATENT OFFICE PROTECTIVE CAB Walter E. Dandy, Baltimore, Md.

f Application June 18, 1941, Serial No. 398,678

Claims. (01. 2-3) This invention relates to head coverings and p more particularly to protective head coverings designed to be worn by persons engaged in hazardous occupations.

While the invention, in its broader aspects, is applicable to protective head coverings such as miners hats or caps and firemens helmets, it has special utility when applied to baseball caps.

As is well known, baseball players, especially when batting, are frequently struck on the head by a pitched ball and are sometimes badly injured. When at the bat, the side of the players head is disposed in the direction from which the pitched balls come, and thus the most vulnerable region, namely, the portion of the head just above and forward of the ear, i exposed to the danger of being hit.

The general object of the present invention is to provide a cap having therein a protective shield or guard so positioned as to cover at least the most vulnerable portion of the players head.

More specifically, the invention contemplates inserting, between the usual fabric body and lining of the cap, a relatively stiff or rigid shield Fig. 2 is a transverse section substantially on tially on the line 33 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is a side elevation of one of theimproved shields or guard members itself; and

Fig. 5 is an edge view thereof.

Referring to the drawing in detail, the'cap,

which may be of the usual construction, com.- prises an outer, fabric body i and a lining 2. Inside the lining, and extendin around the lower edge of the cap, is the usual sweat band 3, and the cap may be provided with the customary visor 4.

A pocket is formed at each side of the cap between the fabric body and lining, as by means of a seam or row of stitching 5. In this pocket is enclosed my improved shield or guard member, designated in its-entirety by the reference numeral 6.

This shield or guard member is relatively rigid and may be molded from wood pulp, indurated fiber, or plastic material such as some of the synthetic resins, either with or without reinforcing threads or fabric. As shown, it is preferably thicker in its middle portions, tapering to relatively thin edges.

The shield or guard member is of double curvature, that is to say, it is curved both horizontally and vertically, as viewed in Fig. 4, and the degree In one form, the invention contemplates the provision of a slide fastener for closing the pocket between the body and lining of the cap, so that the shield or guard member may be placed in or removed from such pocket, as desired.

In another form of the invention, the shield or guard member is permanently secured within the pocket, as by sewing.

The invention further contemplates the provision of a separate shield receiving pocket on each side of the cap, so that the shield may be worn on one or both sides, as desired, or may be shifted from one side to the other in accordance with whether the player is a right or left handed batter.

In order that the invention may be readily understood, reference is had to the accompanying drawing, forming part of this specification, and in which:

Fig. 1 is a side elevation of a baseball cap embodying the invention, the cap being illustrated as in position on the head of a player;

of curvature is preferably such that the shield bears against the head X of the wearer only at its margins or edges, as indicated at a and b in Fig. 2, so that a space or cavity Y is formed between the body of the shield and the head of the wearer.

The upper edge 6 of the shield is preferably curved or arcuate, as shown in Figs. 1 and 4, while the lower edge 6 is substantially straight.

In the form of the invention shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3, the shield receiving pocket is provided with an opening in the fabric body of the cap,

preferably near the lower edge, which opening preferable to permanently secure the shield within the cap at the time of manufacture. To this end. the shield may be provided, preferably along it lower edge, with .a series of holes 6', through which holes the shield may be sewed directly to the material of the cap, In this modification, a shield may be placed either on one side only of the cap, in which case different caps would be permanently secured to the cap, it will beseeng that I have provided means for protecting the most vulnerable portion of the side-oi a players head from injury by being struck by'a ball, the

shape of my improved shield or guard member being such as to prevent impact of a ball againsta relativelysmall spot and to distribute theforce of the blow over a'wide area of thehead. 'Ih-isis. due to the arcuate shape of the shield providing a space or cavity betweenitselt and theehead. What I claim is: J

i 1.. A protective baseballjcap comprising a fabric body and a 1inin-g,.saidfbody and lining forming a. pocket between them, said body having an open ing affording access, to said pocket, means. for closing said opening, and a relatively rigid curved shield member insertable into and removable. from said pocket throughsaid opening, and of; such extent that, when in use, it overlies the side. of the head of the wearer just above the ear.

2'. A protective cap comprising theusual fabric body and a lining, and a relatively rigidshield member enclosed between said body and lining and of such extent as to cover that portion or the side of the head of the wearer just above the ear, the lower edge of said shield being substantially straight, and the upper ed e curved. and said shield being of arcuate section both vertically and horizontally.

3. A protective cap comprisingthe usual fabric, body and a lining, and having a pocket at each side between said body and lining, and a substantially rigid shield capable. 01 beingpositioned in either pocket as may be: desired, and or such shape and area as to cover the vulnerable region. at the side'of the head just above the ear of the wearer.

4. A protective baseball cap comprising a cap of conventional type having its lateral area composed of inner and outer fabric layers forming a'pocket between them, means for closing said pocket, and a relatively rigid shield of double curvature enclosed within and substantially fill: Q

ers comprising a cap ofconventionalshape having its. lateral area composed or inner and'outer. fabric layers, forming. apocket betweenthemmnd a shield of'lmolded'. plastic material, curvedlboth.

vertically and horizontally, enclosed and secured" within said pocket, said shield having a straight lower edge coinciding substantially with the edle WALTER n; DANDY. j'

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2422116 *Aug 11, 1944Jun 10, 1947Eugene MauroProtecting cap
US2634415 *Mar 11, 1950Apr 14, 1953Wilson Athletic Goods Mfg Co IHelmet
US3447163 *Feb 13, 1967Jun 3, 1969Peter W BothwellSafety helmets
US4628543 *Oct 25, 1985Dec 16, 1986Hunt William JCombination cap and baseball glove
US5173970 *Jan 15, 1992Dec 29, 1992Roy ShifrinCombined visored cap type protective helmet and pouch for bicyclists or the like
US5226180 *Dec 2, 1991Jul 13, 1993Leach Robert EProtective cap for golfers
US5887289 *Nov 7, 1997Mar 30, 1999Theoret; NormandSafety cap with removable fabric cover
US5907871 *Dec 17, 1997Jun 1, 1999Austin; Michael B.Combined cap and ball glove
US7010814 *Feb 24, 2004Mar 14, 2006John Reed BenzigerWeight-bearing headwear, components thereof, and methods of use
US7051379 *Apr 23, 2004May 30, 2006Lambert Leo PProtective head gear
US20040163162 *Feb 24, 2004Aug 26, 2004Benziger John ReedWeight-bearing headwear, components thereof, and methods of use
US20040250341 *Apr 23, 2004Dec 16, 2004Lambert Leo P.Protective head gear
US20050086727 *Sep 23, 2004Apr 28, 2005Charles ShenBall cap shield
US20070245458 *Mar 17, 2007Oct 25, 2007Mcgee Louis AnthonyAll weather baseball-style hat
US20110283430 *Nov 24, 2011Guardian Protective Technologies Inc.Blunt force protection ball cap technology
US20150013050 *Jul 15, 2013Jan 15, 2015Cornelius C. Floyd, JR.Protective ball cap
US20150237944 *May 13, 2015Aug 27, 2015Bcl IncProtective ball cap
USRE35193 *Aug 31, 1994Apr 2, 1996Shifrin; RoyCombined visored cap type protective helmet and pouch for bicyclists or the like
WO1993013683A1 *Jan 4, 1993Jul 22, 1993Roy ShifrinCombined visored cap type protective helmet and pouch for bicyclists or the like
WO2001024651A1 *Jun 28, 2000Apr 12, 2001Lloyd AlterFlexible helmet
U.S. Classification2/425
International ClassificationA42B1/04, A42B1/08
Cooperative ClassificationA42B1/08
European ClassificationA42B1/08