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Publication numberUS2334687 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 16, 1943
Filing dateAug 9, 1941
Priority dateAug 9, 1941
Publication numberUS 2334687 A, US 2334687A, US-A-2334687, US2334687 A, US2334687A
InventorsOswin C Moll
Original AssigneeOswin C Moll
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Connector
US 2334687 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

O. C. AMOLL Nov. 16, 1943.

CONNECTOR Filed Aug. 9, 1941 Patented Nov. V16, 1943 i Y, if-tl y CONNECTOR ostnc; Mtn, Manasse, u. Y.; y Appia-anon August 9, 1941fser'ia1No.-4os,o7s 11 claims. .(01. ass-,193) H j The presentinvention relates to couplin'gsaf`rid more particularly to an improved means for 0011-' Apling the ends of two conduits, for example5 electrical conduits. i I A common type of electrical conduit is aniron pipe. The pipe is made in s'tandardlengths and yjo'inedv'together to reach fromA onepoint vtoja'nother. In many instances,r piecesshorter than the regular lengths are requiredand the standard length of pipe has 'to be cutfandthreaded on vthe job for connectionv with another pipe. The threading operation requires considerable time particularly wherevit has t'o. be done at Alocations Where automatic machinery is not-available.v This, of course, increases the cost of the installation, likewise vconsiderable time is frequired to thread the end of the pipe into the connecting sleeve. In addition, the thickness of the pipe has to be sufliciently great to permit it to be threaded at any point. This requires a thicker and more expensive pipe than would be necessary if the threading operation',couldfbe'elimihated. vVario-us attempts have been,v made 'to eliminate the threading operations, but they have not ,been commercially successful.V {Coriduits in use today follow generally the old'p'rac- .tice of threading standard lengths of pipe' and .,'connec'ting themwith a threaded sleeve, in ,spite oi the conceded objections thereto. y Y

The present invention'a'ims to lovercome 'the above diiculties by providing an improved coupling means, effective upon the smooth ends of fpipes, whereby the threading operation maybe eliminated and a thinner p'ipeinaybe utilized. In addition,` the invention reduces substantially the ,time required in securing the 'endsfot two' -pipes in a connecti'ngsleeve. l Anobject 'ofthe present invention vide `a simple and effective connecting sleeve for vconnectingtheY ends of pipes used for electrical conduits. f

Another object ci theinvention ist-o provide improved means readily applicable to existing 4pipes and'capable of holding them A securely vin position. Y p, vrAnotherobject of ,the invention 'is to provide Yan improved meansy for securing Vthe "ends `of pipes Whichmayfbe readily attached to Various connectors.Y

` Another object of the invention is Vto provide' an improved connecting device utilizing a ratchet means to preventv release of the connecting lineans.y l f ,Otherv and furtherobjectsfot the 4invention "will -be obvious'upon an understanding of the ilis to prolustrative embodiment about to the described, or i will be `indicated in the appended claims, and various advantagesv not referred to hereinwill oie-g cur to one skilled in the art upon employment of the invention in practice.' l

A preferred embodiment of'rtlie invention has been chosen for purposes of illustration and description and is shown in the l'accornpanying drawing, forming a part of the'specification,

wherein i f Fig. 1 is a longitudinal section/a1 view of a pre- `ferredembodirnent of the invention; rigs v Y the line 2,-2 of Fig; 1; and

Fig. 3 isa longitudinal sectional view ofjan'-y other embodiment of the invention.

Referring again tothe drawing andmore par- 'vticularly'to Figs. 1 and 2 thereof illustrating a `r preferred embodiment of the invention, there is shown a member 22 having a cylindricalbore suiiciently large to fit aboutl the ends of pipes A coil spring l is 'mounted Within I'the member 22 and preferably Vlits snugly onthe interiorithereof. The ends"25 of the spring are iitted intofrecersses inthejsleeves 26 mounted at the respective endsor" tre-mem ber 22. The sleeves 2G are provided with ratchet teeth Zlthereon whichv engage cm'respending` ,ratchet teethon theends of-the member 22,1130k facilitate theoperation ofthe device. Collars 29 are secured to each ci the ends vof the mem- 'ber y22l to hold the sleeves' 2E in position. '-A

notch 33 may be provided in' each of the collars 29 to permit a tool to be inserted for engagement with the bevelled ends of the collar 29 to release the ratchet if removal of the pipes fromA the couplingshould be desired. inY the operation of size of the pipe and the unit 'are such that the.

sleeves 26 o i the unit grip about the endsjof the pipes to permit relative longitudinal' movement jan'dprevent rotary movement.' As the pipes are rotated after `being inserted in the uniftfthe sleeves rotate'Withthepipeand carry with them the ends 25ct the spring 24. "By rotating the two pipes in opposite directions, the sleeves are rotated to constrict the spring about the pipe.

of the'pipe, lwhich is lordir-iarily made -of 'rela- 'tively vsoit metal thereby securely holding it in Lposition. l

is a .transverse sectional view along The grip is suioientiy tight to embed the spring to a slight vextent 'in the outer surface A preventing disengagement thereof.

The construction illustrated in Fig. 3 is somewhat similar to that illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2. A helical member 3l substantially in the form of a flat coil spring is mounted in the bore of the cylindrical member 30. The two helical portions of the spring 3l are preferably integral at their inserted in the ends of a unit, the helicalmember frictionally engages'the surface of the pipe and permits longitudinal movement thereof but prevents relative rotary movement. the pipes in opposite directions, the helical members contract thereabout and form a very tight grip. Y The ratchet member 32 at the ends of the pipe 39 prevent the loosening of the grip on the pipe whenthe rotative'force is released. Thus the ends of the two pipes may be securely connected without-the formation of threads thereon By rotating i and with a minimumV of time and eilort. In

those cases where it is necessary to uri'couple the ends of the pipe, the notch 33a may be utilized for the insertion of a tool to disengage the end of the spring from the ratchet 32. l

Y It will be seen that the present invention provides a construction for securing the ends of pipes, such as are used for electrical conduits, securely in position with a minimum of time and effort. The threading operation heretofore utilized at the ends of pipe is eliminated. Secure Y clamping action is obtained by rotating the ends of the pipe in opposite directions to constrict helical members about the ends. The helical members ordinarily lock themselves in position -The device is simple in construction and easy toV manufacture at a low cost. Ilhe units are rugged in construction and fully capable of withstanding the rough usage to which 'they may be subjected. Y

As various changes may be made in the form,

construction and arrangement of the partsfherein without departing .from the' spirit and scope of the invention, and without sacricing any of its advantages, it is to be understood that all Vmatter herein is to be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense. Y

Having thus described my invention, I claim: 1. In a device of the class described, the combination of a member having a substantially cylindrical bore therein, helical means mounted in said bore, and a ratchet. connectionY between `the end of said helical means and said rst member, whereby said helical means may be constricted about the-end of a conduit to hold itin said bore. 7

, 2. In a device o i the class described, the combination of a member having a borey therein,

helical means mounted in said bore and ratchet means permitting movement of one end of said helical means in one direction and for preventing movement in the opposite direction and means for restricting themovement of the other end of said helical means, whereby said helical means may be constricted about the end of a `conduit to hold it in position in said bore.

3. In a deviceof theclass described, the com bination of a member having a bore therein,

helical means in said bore. means for preventing movement of one end of said helical means in one direction circumferentially of the bore and for permitting movement in the opposite direction and means for preventing movement of the other end of said helical means'n the direction of the permitted movement in said iirst end whereby the helical means may be constricted about the end of a pipe to hold it in position in said bore.

f 4. In a device of the class described, the combination of a member having a bore therein, helical means in said bore, means for permitting movement of one end of said helical means in one direction circumferentially of the bore and forvpreventing movement in the' opposite direction and means for preventing movement of the .other end of said helical means in the direction of the permitted movement of said rst end and for permitting movement in the opposite direction whereby the helical means may be constrictedabout the ends of two aligned pipes to hold them in position in said bore. v5. In a device of the class described, the combination of a member having a bore therein, helical means in said bore to hold a member therein, ratchet means at one end of said rst member having a bore and a ratchet member operatively connected to one end of said helical means and adapted to cooperate with said ratchet means to permit movement of one end of the helical means in one direction and to prevent movement in the opposite direction.

6. In' a device of the class described, the combination of a member having a bore therein,

helical means in said bore adapted to extend about and hold a member therein, ratchet means adjacent the respective ends of said member having a bore and a ratchet member at each end of said member having a bore adapted to cooperate with the ratchet means,lsaid ratchet members being operatively connected to the ends of saidhelical members to move in opposite circumferential directions and to prevent reverse movement thereof. Y

7. In a device of theclass described, the combination of a pipe, helical means within the pipe *'for holding a member therein, a collar adapted to extend about the end of the pipe, ratchet means formed in the end of the pipe by cutting away a portion thereof and a ratchet member mounted between the end of said pipe and said collaradapted to cooperate with said ratchet `means, the end of said helical means being operatively connected to said ratchet member.

8. In a device of the class described, the combination of a cylindrical member, helical means v in said cylindrical member for' engaging and holding a member therein; collars secured to the ends uf said cylindrical member, ratchet means at the respective ends of the cylindrical member and ratchet members at therespective ends of the cylindrical member in operative relation to said ratchet means, the ends of said helical member 4`being operatively connected to said ratchet mem- 'overhang the end thereof, said iirst member havratchet means associated -therewith and a ratchet member held in position by the flange on said collar operatively connected to the helical means and adapted to engage said ratchet means to permit rotation of said helical means in one direction and to prevent rotation in the opposite direction.

10. In a device of the class described, the combination of a member having a bore therein, helical means in said bore adapted to engage andV hold a conduit, a collar mounted on the end of said member having an inturned flange and a ratchet member operatively connected to said helical member and held in position by said flange, said flange being cut away at a portion thereof to permit the insertion of an instrument for releasing said ratchet member.

1l. In a device of the class described, the combination of a member having a bore therein and helical means in said bore adapted to engage and hold a conduit, the end of said member having an inteurned part with ratchet means thereon,l

the end of said helical member being held in position by said inturned member and being prevented from rotation in one direction by said ratchet member.

OSWIN C. MOLL.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3060787 *Oct 11, 1957Oct 30, 1962Deutsch Fastener CorpQuick operable fastener with coil spring retaining means
US3153841 *Jun 6, 1960Oct 27, 1964Admiral CorpMethod of manufacturing a radio frequency coil
US7503593 *Jan 25, 2005Mar 17, 2009Suk-Yoon KimJoint for plumbing
US20080191480 *Jan 25, 2005Aug 14, 2008Suk-Yoon KimJoint for Plumbing
Classifications
U.S. Classification285/318, 285/322, 411/433, 285/417, 411/918
International ClassificationH02G3/06
Cooperative ClassificationY10S411/918, H02G3/06
European ClassificationH02G3/06