|Publication number||US2338558 A|
|Publication date||Jan 4, 1944|
|Filing date||Oct 22, 1940|
|Priority date||Oct 22, 1940|
|Publication number||US 2338558 A, US 2338558A, US-A-2338558, US2338558 A, US2338558A|
|Inventors||Wickwire Jr Arthur M|
|Original Assignee||Interchem Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (17), Classifications (13)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
'Jan- 1944; A. M. -WICKWIRE, JR 2,338,558
METHOD OF MAKING INTAGLId CYLINDERS Filed 001:. 22, 1940 INVENTOR HRH/UR M MCKW/RE J'e ATTORNEY Patented Jan. 4, 1944 asslgnor, by mesne assignments, to Inter-chemical Corporation, New York, N. Y., a corporation of Ohio Application October 22, 1940," Serial No. 362,183
' 3 Claims. (Cl.-101401.2
This invention relates to the art of coating and printing and aims to provide a novel and improvedmethod of making an intaglio cylinder for applying a coating or marking material in predetermined quantities to predetermined areas of a sheet or web, and a novel method of making such acylinder.
In the manufacture of wrappers, labels and the like, the appearance of the finished product is usually enhanced by the application of an outside layer of some glossy, transparent coating material, such as varnish, lacquer, or one of the available thermoplastic coatings which are applied hot and without the aid of solvents. Such coating materials may beeffectively and conveniently applied by the gravure methodin which an intaglio printing cylinder having the usual etched screen surface in all areas to be coated or printed is used. However, when the coating material is not to be applied over the entire surface of the sheet or web, but only in predetermined portions thereof, or is to be applied in layers of different thicknesses, the cost of preparing the necessary gravure cylinder for each new design and application is excessive. Consequently, in situations where a comparatively small amount of the coated or printed material is desired, the cost of the cylinders'may prevent the use of the gravure method 'or may prevent the use of the best coating materiaL' I have discovered that an effective gravure cylinder for applying coatingor marking materials'to a. sheet or web'may be made in such a manner that its cost is not prohibitive; and the design or depth of etch or both may be easily and quickly changed so that the same cylinder may be used for many different designs and depths of coating layers.
In accordance with my invention, a normal gravure printing cylinder of the desired diameter and having an etched screen pattern over its entire operating surface, may be provided with any desired design or depth of etch by filling in the engraved cells over those portions of the surface where no coating or printing is desired, or by partially filling the engraved cells where a layer of decreased thickness is to be applied, with a resinous material which may be set to a substantially impervious mass by proper subsequent treatment.
The above and other features and objects of der embodying the features of the present invention and particularly adapted for the application of a thermoplastic coating material;
Fig. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical sectional view taken substantially along the 'line 22 of Fig. 1; and z I Fig. 3 is an enlarged vertical sectional. view,
similar to Fig. 2, showing a portion of a gravure cylinder in which the depth of the 'engravedcells has been decreased.
Referring now to Fig. 1, it will be seen that an improved intaglio cylinder [0, constructed in accordance with and embodying the features of my invention, comprises a cylindrical shelllike member I! of the desired diameter and length and adapted to be mounted upon'a suitable shaft (not shown) for use in a rotogravure .printing or coating-apparatus. Inthe'present instance, the cylindrical shell-like 'member I! is shown as providedwith aplurality of longitudirial passages l4 through which a thermal treating fluid may be circulated-or in whichsuitable strip heaters may be mounted so thatlthe cylinder l0 may be heated and used with thermoplastic material; but it will be understood that if the cylinder I0 is to be used with thermoplastic or other materials requiring heating, said cylinder may be heated in any desired manner, such as by an external gas flame or electric means.
The cylinder ill is provided over its entire out-' sideoperating surface l6 with the usual etched screen pattern l6 which, depending upon the maximum thickness of coatingdesired, may be of any desired number of lines to the inch.
With a normal gravure cylinder it would ordinarily be necessary to provide a different cylinder for each different thickness of application of the coating or marking material and each different design or pattern that was desired 'to be applied. However, in accordance with my invention, one cylinder, such as the cylinder l0 described herein, may have the normal screened surface thereof changed to provide the desired design or pattern. For example, should it be desired-to apply a substantially centrallydisposed strip of coating material with a small regularly spaced uncoated rectangular portion in the cen- 'ter thereof, annular areas 18 at each end.of the the invention .will become apparent upon consideration of the following detailed description and the accompanying drawing, in which:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a gravure cylinmaterial in the desired width is provided.
It will be understood that any desired and 5 suitable material may be used for filling the engrayed cells.
I have found, however, that a mixture of 80 parts. of a dibasic acid-polyhydric alcohol resin modified with a non-drying oil, such as the alkyd resin known as Rezyl 12", parts of 10 a maleic acid modified ester gum, such as that known as Amberol-801, and 10 parts of titanium dioxide, provides a suitable polymerizing material which willset into a substantially impervious mass when heated to an elevated tem- 5 perature and maintained at such temperature for a predetermined time. This material may be applied to the areas l8 and of the cylinder Ill-in any convenient manner such as that to be now described.
Assuming that the cylinder I0 is 32 inches in length and it is desired to provide an effective coating length of 22 inches, the areas I 8 will then each have an effective length of five inches.
central area 22 may be wrapped at the edges 25 thereof with paper or tape to'protect the edges of that portion of the engraving which is not to be treated. Similarly, the edges of the area 20 may be protected with a suitable shielding tape. With the edges of all portions of the cylinder which are not to be treated properly shielded in this manner, the resinous material, after being heated to a temperature at which it becomes thoroughly plastic (about 200 F.) may be applied to the areas [8 and 20 by means of a suitable The cylinder i0 is preferably spatula or knife.
heated during this application to a temperature of about 200 F. so that the material will not set or harden immediately upon application but will be sufliciently plastic so that it may be forced v into the cells and. effect a complete filling thereof. As shown in Fig. 2, the engraved cells or depressions 24 are effectively filled with quantities 26 of the resinous material.
In order to remove the excess material, the cylinder in may be rotated under power at a comparatively slow speed and the applying knife used as a scraper so as to produce a substantially plane cylindrical surface. when this is accomplished, theshields or tapes ,50 may be removed and the temperature of the roller raisedto about 425 F. for a period of about one hour.
This causes the resinous material to polymerize and set into a substantially inert and impervious film which is unaifected by the coating material to be applied and provides an effective non-printing or non-applying area on the cylinder Hi. When it is desired to change the design, the material may be removed with a solution of caustic soda.
Another application of the broad principle of my present invention is illustrated in Fig. 3. When a coating operation is being performed by means of a gravure cylinder having an etched screen surface, the amount of material Which is applied to the web is governed or predetermined by the size and depth of the engraved cells. Normally such a gravure coating roller is entirely inflexible in the matter of varying the amount of material which may be applied therewith. I 7 have found, however, that, if it is desired to reduce the quantity or amount of coating material applied with a given gravure cylinder, this may be accomplished by partially filling the engraved cells with a material which may be subserendered insoluble and non-meltable.
ing material which is to be applied. As indicated in Fig. 3, the engraved cells 24 of thecylindrical member l2 may be partially filled with a quantity 28 of such a material. This has the effect of reducing the depth of the engraved cells so that the quantity of coating material picked up thereby will be reduced.
For example, with a gravure cylinder having an etched screen surface with substantially lines to the inch, it was found thatthe weight of the coating material applied was approximately nine pounds per ream of paper. In order to reduce the amount of coating material applied, a material consisting of an alcohol soluble phenol-formaldehyde resin was dissolvedin alcohol, in the amount of about 30 parts of resin to '70 parts of alcohol. This liquid was applied to the etched screen surface l6 of the cylindrical member l2 by rotating the cylinder under power with the usual conventional doctor blade in contact therewith, and applying the resin solution to the engraved surface by means of a brush. The doctor blade removed the excess material so that the solution filled the cells. The rotation of the cylinder was then stopped and the solvent permitted to evaporate. Following this the roller was heated to a. temperature of approximately 350 F. for a period of about one-half an hour so as to cause the resin to polymerize and be The cylinder thus treated when used for applying a coat-, ing material was found to apply approximately five and one-half pounds of coating material to the ream of paper.
From the foregoing description, it will be apparent that I have provided an improved intaglio cylinder which is particularly useful for applying coating materials in varying quantities and in different designs. While I have described two specific embodiments of the basic principles of my invention, it will be understood that these two principles could be combined to produce a cylinder having areas in which no coating material would be applied and areas in which coating material would be applied in reduced quantities. It will be also understood that other materials may be used for filling the cells of the engraving than those specifically mentioned, and that the depressions or cells of the screen pattern could be produced by a milling or knurling operation instead of by etching in the photoengraving process. Moreover, various changes may be made in the construction and method of production of the cylinder and various features or steps thereof may be employed without others, without departing from my invention or sacrificing any of its advantages.
What I claim is:
1. A method of treating an intaglio cylinder having engraved cells in the surface thereof so as to alter the character of the coating or marking operation that may be performed therewith, which comprises filling the engraved cells in predetermined portions of the surface with a solution of a heat convertible resin and a solvent, causing the solvent to evaporate, and heating said cylinder to an elevated temperature so as to cause the resin remaining in each engraved cell to be converted into a substantially impervious mass.
2. A method of treating an intaglio cylinder having engraved cells in the surface thereof so as to alter the character of the coating or marking operation that may be performed therewith, which comprises heating the cylinder to an elevated temperature at which a heat convertible resinous material will be plastic, applying a heat convertible resinous material heated to about the temperature of the cylinder to predetermined portions of the surface so as to fill the engraved cells therewith, removing excess resinous material from the surface, and maintaining the cylinder at a higher elevated temperature for a sufficient time to cause the resinous material in each filled engraved cell to be convertedinto a substantially impervious mass. l
3. A method of treating an intaglio cylinder, having uniformly spaced depressions over the majorportion of its outside cylindrical surface, so as to provide a cylinder which may be used for coating a sheet or web that is narrower than said cylinder, which comprise heating a heat hardenable resinous material to a temperature at which it becomes plastic, applying the plastic resinous material to annular areas at each end of the cylindrical surface so as to fill the depression in said areas with an excess of said resinous material, scraping off the excess resinous material from the annular areas of said cylindrical surface so as to leave the depressions completely filled with said resinous material, raising the temperature of the cylinder to a point at which the resinous material will polymerize, and maintaining the cylinder at such temperature until the resin in the depressions of said annular areas has set into a substantially impervious mass.
ARTHUR M.-WICKWIR.E, JR.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2611101 *||Apr 13, 1948||Sep 16, 1952||Richard Wallauschek||Traeling wave amplifier tube|
|US2638050 *||May 28, 1952||May 12, 1953||Multicolor Gravure Corp||Method of making printing rolls|
|US2889293 *||Apr 2, 1956||Jun 2, 1959||American Cyanamid Co||Mixture of certain oil-modified alkyd resins blended with a resinous reaction product of certain acids with an adduct of an alkylene oxide with certain polyhydric alcohols|
|US2913753 *||Feb 15, 1957||Nov 24, 1959||Peterson Leonard F||Device for applying roofing cement|
|US2956848 *||Feb 3, 1958||Oct 18, 1960||Koppers Co Inc||Bearing member|
|US3561358 *||Oct 10, 1966||Feb 9, 1971||Xerox Corp||Gravure imaging system|
|US3589289 *||Dec 22, 1966||Jun 29, 1971||Burroughs Corp||Printing members and methods for graphic composition|
|US3638567 *||May 13, 1969||Feb 1, 1972||Xerox Corp||Method of preparing and utilizing a gravure printing master|
|US4007680 *||Jul 3, 1974||Feb 15, 1977||Pfleger Frank G||Gravure printing cylinders|
|US4036130 *||Jul 28, 1975||Jul 19, 1977||De La Rue Giori S.A.||Intaglio printing plate manufacture|
|US4206012 *||Nov 24, 1978||Jun 3, 1980||Jagenberg Werke Ag||Pick-up element for labels in a labeling machine|
|US4217380 *||Sep 22, 1978||Aug 12, 1980||The Celotex Corporation||Process for producing a raised embossed effect|
|US6234079 *||Mar 31, 1999||May 22, 2001||Roberto Igal Chertkow||Reusable digital printing plate|
|US7069851 *||Jan 20, 2004||Jul 4, 2006||Think Laboratory Co., Ltd.||Gravure printing method and gravure printed item|
|US20050155502 *||Jan 20, 2004||Jul 21, 2005||Kaku Shigeta||Gravure printing method and gravure printed item|
|US20080022870 *||Jul 6, 2007||Jan 31, 2008||Man Roland Druckmaschinen Ag||Flexo printing screen roller and flexography|
|DE1051867B *||Sep 28, 1956||Mar 5, 1959||Siegwerk Farbenfabrik Keller||Verfahren zur Herstellung einer Tiefdruckform|
|U.S. Classification||427/286, 101/401.2, 427/388.1, 101/170, 427/314, 427/256|
|International Classification||B41C1/00, B41N3/00, B41C1/18|
|Cooperative Classification||B41N3/00, B41C1/18|
|European Classification||B41C1/18, B41N3/00|