|Publication number||US2338792 A|
|Publication date||Jan 11, 1944|
|Filing date||Apr 16, 1940|
|Priority date||Mar 24, 1939|
|Publication number||US 2338792 A, US 2338792A, US-A-2338792, US2338792 A, US2338792A|
|Original Assignee||Celanese Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (12), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 11, 1944. w. WHITEHEAD 3,338,792
METHOD OF PREPARING TEXTILE FABRIC Original Filed March 24. 1939' INVENTOR. MLL/HM (burs/1:47p.
ATTORNEYS Patented Jan. 11, 1944 METHODOF PREPARING TEXTILE FABRIC William Whitehead, Rye, N. Y., assignor toCelanese Corporation of of Delaware America, a corporation Original application March 24, 1939', Serial No. 263,873. Divided and this application April 16, 1940, Serial No. 329,861
4 Claims. ('01. 261) This invention relates to the preparation of knit fabric having a wool-like, appearance in which at least some of the yarn comprises a thermoplastic material.
This application is a division of my application S. No. 263,873, filed March 24, 1939.
An object of my invention is to prepare a fabric having a nap at least part of which is in predetermined relatively permanent position. Other objects of my invention will appear from the following detailed description.
Referring to the drawing,
Fig. 1 shows diagrammatically one form of apparatus for carrying out the invention, and
Fig. 2 shows diagrammatically another form of apparatus.
I have found that-beautiful and relatively permanent effects can be obtained by subjecting to heat and pressure a knit fabric having a nap of yarns or filaments of thermoplastic material.
The knit fabric, which maybe circular knit or warp knit, treated by my invention is preferably so constructed that it comprises a looped pile face or float of yarn containing filaments or fibers of thermoplastic material, so situated on the face of the fabric that upon napping, the filaments or fibers of the loops or floats are substantially cut or broken, producing a nap or other villolls face without significantly weakening the fabric as a whole.
The thermoplastic material employed for making the filaments or staple fibers of 'which. the yarn from which the nap is derived may be any suitable one such as polyvinyl resins or other synthetic resins, linear condensation polymers such as polyamides derived from amino acids or derived by the condensation of diamines with (licarboxylic acids, e. g., polyhexamethylene adipamide, but this invention is particularly applicable to articles containing thermoplastic organic derivatives of cellulose such as organic esters of cellulose and cellulose ethe'rs. Examples of such organic esters of cellulose are celluloseacetate, cellulose formate, cellulose propionate and cellu-' lose butyrate, or mixed esters such as cellulose aceto-propionate or cellulose aceto-buty-rate, while examples of cellulose others are ethyl cellulose, methyl cellulose and benzyl cellulose. The filaments 'or yarns containing the organic derivative of cel ulose may be prepared by dissolving the organic derivative of cellulose in a volatile .solvent such as acetone and extruding such solution through an evaporative atmosphere, as in dry spinning, or into a precipitating bath as in wetspinrling.
The fabric to be treated need not necessarily be composed'wholly of thermoplastic yarns and, therefore, may also contain cotton, regenerated cellulose, natural silk, etc.; it is, however, essential that the nap contain a substantial proportion of such thermoplastic yarns. I
The napping, brushing or'otherwise breaking and raising the filaments on one or both sides of the fabric may be done by any suitable means such as a revolving cylinder covered with conventional card-wire cloth.
' The so-napped fabric may then be subjected to a brushing or other operation to cause the nap to assume over part or the whole of its surface a position not at right angles to the plane of the not at right angles to the plane of the surface of the fabric, so that it is at an acute angle to the plane of the face of the surface or even substantially horizontal thereto.
.The heat and pressure applied and duration of treatment to obtain a given effect are interdependent and are also dependent upon the amount of water, steam or other softening agent, if any, present, the greater any one of these factors is,
T the less of one or more of the other factors is required. Generally temperatures of 140 C. produce satisfactory results- Pattern effects may be obtained by employing heated pressure or calender rolls or blocks which have engraved or embossed 'designs thereon so that only that part of the fabric which comes in contact with the relief portions of the rolls or blocks have the nap pressed. These designs may be any "desired configurations such as stripes, diamond, floral, etc. The nap may be caused to lie in any. direction with respect to the length of the fabric, e. g., diagonally, by positioning the calender rolls in the desired direction to the length of the fabric.
. Instead of or together witlrsteam, other softening agents may be used such as vapors of liquids like acetone or ethyl alcohol that have a solvent or restricted solvent or swelling action on the cellulose acetate, or small amounts of plasticizers or other substances thatare insuflicient in themselves to soften the cellulose acetate'appreclamy but which become active softenfilaments from crossing each other.
ers under the action of steam, heat or both, such as from 0.5 to 2% of dibutyl phthalate or of diethylene glycol, its esters, ethers or ester-eth ers.-
After the treatment the fabric may. be subjected to any desired finishing treatment such as steaming, tentering to desired width and drying. in order further to illustrate my invention, but
without being limited thereto, the following specific examples are given; reference being had to the drawing. I
. Example I In circular knit fabric counting 50 wales and 46 courses per inch with a looped face, :the loops extending approximately 1 mm. above the plane brushing which serves to impart a preliminary directioning to the filaments and to prevent the Preferably the brushing is, in a direction opposite to the direction of travel of the fabric i.
After brushing, the fabric is caused to pass-between the calender rolls comprising upper roll 6 and lower roll 1, both of which are internally heated by steam under pressure.
.The temperature and pressure of the calender rolls are suitably adjusted to support a desired hand without glazing or stiffening the fabric. As an example of the relationship of temperature, pressure, moisture content and time of treatment, with the speed of travel of the fabric of 15 yards per minute, with a moisture content (regain) of the fabric of 12 to 15%, at a pressure of lbs. per square inch, a temperature of 190 C. is'suitable. If a substantially higher temperature is used, it is necessary to reduce the mechanical pressure; a smaller moisture content requires higher temperatures and/or pressures; while with higher speeds, higher pressures, temp the rotating brush 5, where the nap is given a therein without departing from the spirit of my invention.
tosecure by Letters Patent is:
1. Method of treating a knit fabric having a napped surface containing yarns or filaments of a" thermoplastic material, which comprises applying a'softening agent to the fabric so as to soften the thermoplastic yarns or filaments and then, while said thermoplastic yarns or filaments are still in a softened condition, laying the nap of the fabric in a relatively permanent p0si-\ I mapped surface containing yarns or filaments of cellulose acetate, which comprises applying a softening agent to the fabric so'as to soften the cellulose acetate yarns or filaments and then, while said cellulose acetate yarns or filaments are still in a softened condition, laying the nap of the fabric in a relatively permanent position by passing said fabric between heated rotating surfaces spaced apart a distance equal to the peratures and/or moisture content are required.
Example II Referring to Fig. 2, the napped fabric l, as described in Example I, is conducted over the open steamer 3 and is then passed between the lower calender roll 8 and upper calender roll 9, both of which are heated. The upper calender roll 9 rotates at a greater peripheral speed than the lower roll 8, the difference in'speed being, for example, 5%. The rolls 8 and 9 are preferably set with a positive gap which may beequal to the thickness of the fabric excluding the thickness of the nap. The temperatures of the calender rolls 8 and land the moisture content of the fabric is the same as in Example I.- The greater peripheral speed of the upper roll 9 strokes the nap in one direction.
It is to be understood that the foregoing detailed description is merely given by way of illustration and that many variations may be made the celluloseacetate yarns or filaments and then,
thickness of the fabric excluding the thickness of the nap, the rotating surface in contact with the napped' surface of the fabric'moving at a plying a softening agent to the fabric so as to soften the thermoplastic yarns or filaments and then, while said thermoplastic yarns or filaments are still in a softened condition, simul taneously stroking and setting the nap of the fabric in a relatively permanent position by passing said fabric between heated rotating surfaces, spaced apart a distance equal to the thickness of the fabric excluding the thickness of the nap, the rotating surface in contact with the napped surface of the fabric moving at a. greater peripheral speed and in a reverse direction than the other, said stroking being in a direction opposite to the direction of travel of the material between said rotating surfaces.
4. Method of treating a knit fabric having a while said cellulose acetate yards 'or filaments are still in a softened condition, simultaneously stroking and setting the nap of the fabric in a relatively permanent position by passing said fabric between heated rotating surfaces, spaced apart a distance equal to the thickness of. the fabric excluding the thickness of the. nap, the rotating surface in contact with the napped surface of the fabric moving at a greater peripheral speed and in a reverse direction than the other, said stroking being in a direction opposite to the direction of travel of the material between said rotating surfaces.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2519493 *||May 10, 1948||Aug 22, 1950||C T Takahashi||Knitted fabric and method of making the same|
|US2524119 *||Aug 26, 1949||Oct 3, 1950||Theodore Van Heek||Process of manufacturing crushed velvet|
|US2586105 *||Apr 24, 1946||Feb 19, 1952||Celanese Corp||Treatment of textile materials|
|US2692420 *||Mar 4, 1947||Oct 26, 1954||Celanese Corp||Treatment of fibrous material|
|US3641635 *||Mar 2, 1970||Feb 15, 1972||Bunker Ramo||Pile-fabric-finishing methods and apparatus|
|US3729784 *||May 19, 1971||May 1, 1973||Stevens & Co Inc J P||Process for producing sculptured effects on thermoplastic pile fabrics|
|US3877118 *||Sep 25, 1973||Apr 15, 1975||Stevens & Co Inc J P||Process for the continuous crushing of velvet|
|US4199633 *||May 16, 1978||Apr 22, 1980||Phillips Petroleum Company||Napped double knit fabric and method of making|
|US4301577 *||Aug 30, 1979||Nov 24, 1981||Bigelow-Sanford, Inc.||Process for treating tufted pile fabric|
|US6546605 *||Jul 10, 2001||Apr 15, 2003||Milliken & Company||Napped fabric and process|
|EP0165211A2 *||May 8, 1985||Dec 18, 1985||SILENT GLISS CASA S.r.l.||A process for the production of fabric pieces for curtains or blinds|
|EP0170629A2 *||Apr 26, 1985||Feb 5, 1986||SILENT GLISS CASA S.r.l.||Process for cutting and finishing curtains for baths or showers, and curtains obtained by the process|
|U.S. Classification||28/162, 38/3, 26/2.00R, 66/202, 8/130.1, 38/144, 28/167, 8/131|
|International Classification||D06C23/04, D06C23/00|