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Publication numberUS2339119 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 11, 1944
Filing dateMar 18, 1941
Priority dateMar 18, 1941
Publication numberUS 2339119 A, US 2339119A, US-A-2339119, US2339119 A, US2339119A
InventorsThomas John W
Original AssigneeAluminum Co Of America
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Closure reforming method and apparatus
US 2339119 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 11, 1944. LW' THOMAS 2,339,119

CLOSURE REFORMING METHOD AND APPARATUS WM5/@kg ATTORNEY Jan. 11, 1944. J. w. THOMAS GLOSURE REFORMING METHOD AND APPARATUS Filed March 18, 1941 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 y INVENTOR JQHN W Mor/A6.

Patented Jan. 11, 1944 CLOSURE REFORMING METHOD AND APPARATUS John W. Thomas, New Kensington, Pa., assigner to Aluminum Company of America,

Pittsburgh,

Pa., a corporation of-Pennsylvania Application March 18, 1941, Serial No. 383,936

11 Claims.

This invention relates to a closure reforming method and apparatus, particularly to a method` and apparatus for reforming the skirts of pliable closures on closure engaging surfaces of receptacles or containers, such as milk bottles.

`Ihe invention is an improvement upon the invention disclosed in the patent to Hogg No. 2,112,842, entitled Capping machine, and issued April 5, 1938. That patent discloses a capping machine for reforming the usual cup-like, pliable metal closure on a container of usual form. The machine there shown comprises a single resilient reforming member actuated by-a 4plurality of reforming segments, lever-operated by a segment spreading cam.

'I'he method and machine disclosed in the above-mentioned patent finds a wide field 0f usefulness in the reforming of pliable metal closures on milk bottles and the like. However, there has been recently developed a number of peculiar types of bottle finishes requiring special closures and special methods of and apparatus for reforming closures thereon. Among these, I have chosen, to illustrate the applicability of the invention, a container having upper and lower closure engaging surfaces separated by a wide groove. Such a container makes it necessary to provide a closure reforming method and apparatus which will satisfactorily reform the closure at the upper and lower surfaces without injuring the closure at the portion of its skirt opposite the groove in the container finish. Other container finishes may present similar problems.

I have also chosen, to illustrate the applicability of the invention, a closure for such a container having upper and lower closure engaging skirt portions joined by a reinforcibly shaped mid-section. Such a closure, and the combination of the same with a container of the above character are described and claimed in my application for Pliable metal closure, Serial No. 383,935, filed concurrently with this application, and which issued on October 13, 1942, as Patent No. 2,298,777.

An object of this invention generally ls to provide a simple, reliable method and apparatus for reforming upper and lower portions of the skirt of a closure onto a container. A particular object is the provision of such method and apparatus for use in reforming closures on containers having sealing surfaces separated by a wide groove or the like.

The invention also contemplates the desirability of providing a closure reforming method and apparatus suited to working the peripheral panel and upper skirt portions of a closure progressively downwardly and inwardly while the closure is held firmly seated upon the top ol' the container. It is a particulary object to provide for full sealing oi' the closure without mutilating, bending, tearing, or vdistorting a section .of the closure opposite a groove or other relieved portion in the container nish.

Various additional objects and advantages of the invention will be in part obvious and in part found specifically discussed in the following detailed description referring to the drawings.

In the drawings: 1

Fig. 1 is a vertical section oi' closure reforming apparatus conforming to the invention, with the parts shown in the position they occupy preparatory to the reformation of the closure, the section being takenon the line I--I of Fig. 3;

Fig. 2 is a vertical section of the apparatus shown in Fig. 1, with the parts shown in the position which they occupy after reformation of the closure Fig. 3 is a horizontal section of the apparatus taken on the line III-III of Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is a plan view of the upper resilient reforming member; f

Fig. 5 is a sec'tion of the upper resilient member taken on the line V-V oi' Fig. 4;

Fig. 6 is a plan view of thel lower resilient reforming member; and

Fig. 7 is a vertical section of the lower resilient member.

In order that the method of the invention be adequately described, the apparatus chosen to illustrate the invention will first be discussed. Preliminarily, however, it is noted that the invention is particularly adapted to the reforming of a closure I on a container I0 (Figs. 1 and 2) provided with an upper vclosure engaging surface l 2 and a lower closure engaging surface I1 separated by a wide groove I6. The closure I is preferably a cup-like, pliable, metal closure having upper and lower skirt portions separated by a knurled mid-portion l.

In the description of the apparatus like reference numerals designate like parts throughout the several figures. 2| forms the central element about which the apparatus is assembled. A ange generally designated by the reference numeral 22 is attached to the lower end of the spindle in any fashion that will provide a strong joint, as by the shrink fitted collarrshown. 'I'he flange 22 has a horizontal web 23 and an annular flange 24, disposed perpendicularly to the web andtherebe- 1n Figs. 1 and 2 the spmdie V neath. which forms a seat for the upper resilient reforming member 25seatedthereover. The attachment of the upper resilient member 2l to `the spindle 2| is optional, however, since the upper resilient member may be retained in assembled relationship by the reforming segments vto be described below.

The top surface ofthe web 23 serves as a support and bearing surface for projections on a plurality of reforming segments 30. These segments extend in axial planes `of the spindle 2| and enclose its lower portion andthe upper resilient member 25. Each segment is an unbalanced lever having a projection 3|. Each projection '3| is rounded so that a free point of oscillation may be established between `the projecvtion 3| and the web 23, the web 23 serving both as a support 'and as a bearing surface. On the outer side of each segment opposite the projection 3|, there is an external arcuate recess 32 that receives a narrow radially unyielding segment retaining ring 33. For guiding the containers i0 .into sealing position, a suitable guide `bell 34 maybe attachedto the segment retaining ring 33 by screws, such as are shown in Fig. 3.

The lower endsof the segments 35 have, on the .inner surfaces thereof, upper internal recesses 35 that receive the upper resilient member 25 and tend to direct the applicationof pressure by the upper resilient member to a closure. These same recesses may of course be used to retain the .upper resilient member even though the annular flange 24 is not provided upon the web 23. Below the upper internal recesses 35, there are also provided lower internal recesses 33, on the inner surfaces of each of the segments 30. The lower internal recesses 35 are adapted to receive the lower resilient reforming member 31, being suited to retain and support the lower resilient member 31.

At the upper ends of the segments 35 there are, on `the outer surfaces thereof, spring recesses 40 that-accommodates a small spiral spring 4| which serves as a segment return spring.

Disposed about thespindle 2| and in contact with the upper ends of the segments 30, there is provided a segment spreading cam' 42 of in verted conical form. The cam is mounted on a cam support 43 slidable on the spindle 2|, the cam being secured to the cam support by suitable threads and locked in position byA a lock nut 44. The cam support 43 is threadedly secured to a suitable adapter 45 vwhich may beconnected with the operating plunger of either a single or a multiple unit reforming apparatus, or which may be provided with ar handle or rigidly mounted for operation oi the vapparatusvby vertical movement of the container. These alternatives will be further discussed hereinafter. The spindle 2| is slidable with .reference to the assembly made up of the cam 42, support 43, and adapter 45. 'I'he spindle 2| is retained against complete removal from the adapter by means of a removable wishbone pin 45, the pin permitting the necessaryl amount of upward and downward travel of the spindle'2l relative to the adapter 45.

Disposed within the lower end of the spindle 2i is a closure centering plunger 50 bearing at its lower end, within the closure reforming throat defined by upper and lower resilient members 25 and 31, a pressure plate ISI. Plunger 50 is spring pressed downwardly by the coiled spring 52 mounted between the end of the plunger and the bottom of a suitable drilled or formed recess in the spindle 2|. A pin 53 serves to slidinglyrctain and prevent the spring 52 from pressing the centering plunger 50 downwardly to an undesirable extent.

In Fig. 3 the parts described appear more fully, it being noted that eight segments 30 have been found to be an adequate, eiiicient, and preferable number of operating levers for actuating the resilient reforming members, as will be further described.

In Figs. 4 and 5 the upper resilient member 25 is shown in detail. This member should be constructed of resilient material such as vulcanized rubber. The lower portion of themember is provided with a bulbous annular portion 26 within which the closure receiving recess 28 is disposed. A plurality of radial slits 21 are cut in the bu1b' ous annular portion 26 to facilitate the compression and downward distortion of the member necessary to the reforming operation.

In Figs. =(i and'l the'lower resilient member 31 is shown. This sealing member is a ring of substantially oval cross sectiomthe ring being made of vulcanized rubber preferably.

One way of operating the apparatus contemplates that a closure l be loosely applied to a container I0 to assume the condition shown in Fig. 1.v Thereupon, the adapter 45 is lowered until the upper resilient member 25 rests on the closure l. In lowering the apparatus to this position, the pressure plate 5| will have centered and pressed the closure I into proper position on the container l0. In this condition the apparatus is ready to perform the closure reforming operation.

The completed closure reforming operation is shown in Fig. 2. It is performed by further lowering Lthe adapter 45, thus driving the segment spreading cam 42 downwardly against the upper ends of the segments 30. The cam 42 spreads the upper ends of the segments 30 so that they assume a more nearly vertical or outwardly fiaring position. The spreading of the segments 30 causes them to oscillate about their projections 3| which rotate and slide slightly on the horizontal web 23. Likewise, the segments 30 rotate around the segment retaining ring 33, which lowers slightly. The combined motion of the segments 3|! about the two points of support at 3| and 33 causes the lower ends of the segments 30 to be lowered an appreciable amount and to be moved radially inward toward the closure skirt and container finish.

The movement and pressure of the adapter 45, in conjunction with the movement of the segments 30, causes the following movements to be imparted to the two resilient members. The upper resilient member 25 is pressed rmly in the downward direction on the peripheral panel portion of the closure I. on the fillet portion of the closure connecting the top panel to the skirt, and progressively on the upper skirt portion of the closure. At the same time the member 25 will have its bulbous annular portion wrapped orrolled downwardly so as to progressively apply -radially compressing forces to the upper skirt portion of the closure and thereby reform the same into confprmity with the upper closure engaging surface I2 of the container l0. It is noticed particularly that the movement of the upper resilient sealing member 25 imparts a progressive downward wiping and inward pressure on the upper portion of the closure skirt.

`Since the lower resilient sealing member 31 .is spaced somewhat from the closure prior to the reforming operation. it does not come into reforming action until a period somewhat delayed after the start of the pressure applying step of the upper resilient member. It is pointed out. then, that after reforming has been started on the upper portion of the closure skirt, the lower resilient member 31 is radially compressed into contact with the lower skirt portion of the closure. Because of the continued inward and downward movement of the lower ends of the segments 30, the lower resilient member 31 likewise wipes downwardly on the skirt of the closure a slight amount as it is radially contracted to apply closure reforming pressure. Its pressure, of course, reforms the lower portion of the skirt into conformity with the lower closure engaging surface I1 of the container. It will be noted further that the upper and lower resilient members 25 and 31, respectively, are at all times separated from each other, this separation being assured by the separation of their arcuate supporting recesses 35 and 36. Thus no direct pressure is applied :to the knurled mid-portion 4 of the closure skirt.4

Upon completion of the reforming operation above described, the adapter 45 is merely lifted, subsequently lifting the spindle 2i directly; and the segment return spring 4 I, in conjunction with the expanding pressure of the resilient members 25 and 31, vcauses the parts of the apparatus to again assume the relative position shown in Fig. 1.

Another method of operation contemplates only that the adapter 45 be held stationary and that suitable means be provided for moving the container i0 upwardly and downwardly to effect the same relative movement of the parts as was previously described.

From the foregoing description of the apparatus and its operation, the value and novelty of the closure reforming method of the invention are readily recognizable. The essentials of the method of reforming a closure of the character described on .a container of the character rdescribed may be briefly described as follows. A cup-like, pliable metal closure Iy is first disposed in assembled relationship with a container l0.

Thereupon downward pressure relative to the container is applied to the closure over three separately definable surfaces or areas. These are the peripheral panel portion of the closure, the fillet of the closure connecting the panel to the skirt, and the upper portion of the skirt which is to serve as one of the closure retaining skirt portions. Conjunctive with the downward pressure, a progressive radial pressure is applied to the upper portion of the skirt. This pressure is progressively applied first at the uppermost part and progressively throughout succeedingly lower parts of the upper skirt portion. Thisresults in a securely reformed closure-container combination in which the closure is wrapped or wiped downwardly onto and into engagement with the A upper closure engaging surface of the container.

After starting the application of pressure as above described, the lowermost portion of the skirt of the closure may likewise be pressed in two directions. The lower skirt portion receives downward pressure culminating in simultaneous downward and radially inward pressure. These two pressures serve to wipe the lower skirt portion downwardly and inwardly onto the lower closure engaging surface of the container, and result in a second reformation of the closure on the container.

In cases where it is desirable, it is obvious that the reforming action at the upper closure engaging surface of the container may be separate from the closure reforming action at the lower closure engaging surface of the container. The foregoing methods of applying a closure to a container are necessary to, and peculiarly adapted to, the reforming cf closures of the character described on containers of the character described.

Modifications in the method and apparatus herein described may be made without departing from the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. The method of reforming a cup-like, pliable closure on a container comprising pressing the peripheral panel, connecting fillet and upper skirt portions of the closure downwardly relative to the container, substantially simultaneously pressing the upper vskirt portion radially into conformity with an upper side surface of the container, and, after beginning said steps, pressing the lower skirt portion of theclosure radially into'conformity with a lower side surface of the container separated from the upper side surface thereof and maintaining the mid-skirt portion of the closure in self-supporting bridging relationship between the upper and lower side surfaces of the container.

2'. The method of reforming a cup-like, pliable closure on a container comprising pressing the peripheral panel, connecting llet and upper skirt portions of the closure downwardly relative to the'container, substantially simultaneously but ina downwardly progressing` manner pressing the upper skirt portion over a confined area radially into conformity with an upper side surface of the container, and, delayingly after beginning said steps, pressing the lower skirt portion of the closure over a second confined area radially into conformity with alower side surface separated from the upper side surface of the container and maintaining the mid-skirt portion that is between the confined areas of the closure in self-supporting bridging relationship between the upper and lower side surfaces of the cori-v tainer.

3. A method of reforming a cup-likeW-piiable closure having a stepped, medially-reinforced i skirt onto a container having a pair of separated closure securing surfaces, which method comprises resiliently squeezing ythe upper skirt portionof the closure into conformitywith the upper closure securing surface of the container while wiping the skirt downwardly relative to the container, and, delayingly after beginning said squeezing step, resiliently squeezing the lower skirt portion into conformity with the lower elosure securing surface, and disposing and maintaining the medially-reinforced portion in selfsupporting connecting relationship between the upper and lower skirt portions and opposite the portion of the container separating the upper and lower closure securing surfaces.

, 4. In an apparatus for reforming a closure on a container, a resilient means for downwardly A pressing against the peripheral panel portion, connecting fillet portion and upper skirt portion of a closure and for radially reforming the upper skirt portion, means for actuating said resilient means, a second resilient means for downwardly pressing and radially reforming the lower skirt portion of the closure, and means for actuating said second mentioned resilient means delayingly after actuation of said first mentioned resilient means.

5. In an apparatus for reforming a closure on a container, a resilient means for downwardly pressing against the peripheral panel portion, connecting fillet portion and upper skirt portion of a closure and for radially reforming the upper skirt portion in a downwardly progressing manner, a second resilient means for downwardly pressing and radially reforming lthe lower skirt portion of the closure, and common means for actuating both of said resilient means affording delayed actuation of said second mentioned resilient means.

6. In an apparatus for reforming a closure on a container, an upper resilient reforming member adapted to engage the peripheral panel portion, connecting fillet portion and upper skirt portion of a closure, said upper resilient member being provided with a bulbous portion adapted to be annularly disposed about the upper skirt portion of a closure, a lower resilient reforming member adapted to be annularly disposed about the lower skirt portion of a closure and spaced from said upper resilient member, common means supporting said resilient members for downwardly pressing and radially contracting the same, and means for supporting and actuating said common means with said resilient members in operative relationship to a closure on a container.

7. An apparatus for reforming closures on containers comprising an upper resilient reforming member, a plurality of reforming segments adapted to contract said upper resilient member and positioned circumferentially thereabout, a lower resilient reforming member carried by said reforming segments below said upper resilient member, said reforming segments having oscillatably supported inwardly directing projections, means carried by said reforming segments eX- teriorly thereof adapted to retain the same for oscillatory movement, and means for oscillating said reforming segments.

8. An apparatus for reforming closures on containers comprising a central spindle having a substantially horizontal web at its lower end, an upper resilient reforming member carried beneath said web, a plurality of reforming segments adapted to contract said upper resilient member and positioned circumferentially about said spindle and said upper resilient member, a lower resilient reforming member carried by said reforming segments below said upper resilient member, said reforming segments having in wardly directing projections supported upon said web, means carried by said reforming segments exteriorly thereof adapted to retain the same upon said web, and means coaxial with said spindle adapted to actuate said reforming segments.

9. In an apparatus for reforming closures on containers comprising a central spindle, oscillatable means supported by said spindle, a skirted resilient reforming member located immediately beneath said spindle and in contact with said oscillatable means, and means coaxial with said spindle and contacting said oscillatable means, the improvement which consists in a second resilient reforming member located beneath said skirted resilient member but spaced therefrom and in contact with said oscillatable means, whereby relative movement between said spindle and said means coaxial therewith actuates said oscillatable means and transmits pressure there through to said reforming members both vertically and radially thereof.

' 10. The method of reforming a cup-like, pliable closure on a container having several separated closure securing surfaces comprising loosely assembling the closure and the container, pressing the peripheral panel, connecting fillet, and upper skirt portions of the closure progressively downwardly relative to the container, and concurrently pressing the upper skirt portion radially against the upper closure securing surface with a peripheral wrapping and squeezing motion, and delayingly after beginning the aforesaid pressing step but while continuing reforming pressure on the upper closure portions aforesaid, pressing a lower portion of said closure skirt separated from the upper portion thereof downwardly relative to the container, and concurrently pressing the same radially against a lower closure securing surface of said container with a peripheral lowering and squeezing motion.

11. The method of reforming a cup-like, pliable closure on a container comprising loosely assembling the closure and the container, pressing with an upper resilient means progressively downwardly relative to the container against the peripheral panel, connecting fillet, and upper skirt portion of the closure and radially against an area defined by the upper skirt portion, and delayingly after beginning the aforesaid pressing step, pressing with a lower resilient means spaced below the upper resilient means progressively downwardly relative to the container and radially against an area defined by the lower skirt portion of the closure separated from the upper skirt portion by a mid-skirt portion, thus concurrently lowering and squeezing each of the upper .and lower skirt portions about the container.

JOHN W. THOMAS.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2544626 *Mar 15, 1947Mar 6, 1951Standard Cap & Seal CorpClosure applying machine
US2599820 *Oct 22, 1949Jun 10, 1952Fords LtdBottle capping machine
US2642213 *Feb 23, 1951Jun 16, 1953Clarke Built LtdClosure appliance for bottle capping machinery
US3434266 *May 2, 1966Mar 25, 1969American Flange & MfgCap crimping apparatus
US4621481 *Jul 2, 1985Nov 11, 1986Wicanders AbClosure head for securing a sealing cap to a container
US4745729 *Oct 9, 1987May 24, 1988Robert Bosch GmbhScrew head on container-closing machine
US5044144 *Dec 6, 1990Sep 3, 1991Eastman Kodak CompanyApparatus and method for forming and loading a magazine for prewound spools of web material
US5074034 *May 6, 1991Dec 24, 1991Eastman Kodak CompanyApparatus for staking end caps onto a cylindrical shell
US5365718 *Mar 12, 1993Nov 22, 1994Robert Bosch GmbhMethod and apparatus for closing bottle-like containers with a capsule
Classifications
U.S. Classification53/488, 53/345, 53/352
International ClassificationB67B3/14
Cooperative ClassificationB67B3/14
European ClassificationB67B3/14