US 233964 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
E. IVL. BEAR.
Clasp. y No. 233;*964. Patented Nov. 2,1880.
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WITNESSES 35upivoted, and Ido not consider such 1 UNITED STATES PATENT` Olrrcn.
EMAuUiJi.l M.l BEAR, or'olnjcrrY, rnNNsYnvAN1A- other.l
SP'EOIFIOATMN forming' part ef Letters Patent No. 233,964, dated ANovember 2, 1880. I Appnmion mea ugua- 4. lseo. (No man.)
' To all whom it may concern.- l Be it known that LEMANUEL M. BEAR, of Oil City, in the countyvof Venaugo andSt'ate ot' Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and 5 useful Improvements in Glnsps for Supporting Garments; and I do hereby declare' that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, which will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference heilig had to the accompanying drawings, and lto letters of ref'- erence marked thereon, which -form a part of this specification.
My invention relates to l improvements in devices f or supporting garments,and is the lneansof especial benefit as regards convenience and health.
The great objection to buttons is,'the v may not 4be in the proper location on the garment to .accommodate the wearer with ease and com'- fort. Ilhey are also very inconvenient on account of constantly droppin g oil' unexpectedly, and especially when the 'wearer may not have the appliances to immediately replace -t-hem d but clasps of various forms have heretofore piece of elastic sheet metal bent over in the middle of `their length, with a ring or other` means to retain together the arms thus'formcd. Some of these clasps have also been provided with semispherical plates, pivoted to cach l arm of the bent clasp. Other clasps have -been formed with lugs projecting from their sides, to which lugsau eeccntricflever has been clasps as .my invention, butwillA briefly men tion here the distinct features thereof. v Myinvention consists in clasps'for suspenders provided with pivoted 4o jecting rings, or rings of points, the'rings otf l.one plate of a pair being made to enter in the recess between the. rings of the other plate, in combination with a cam pivoted to a pin projecting from a5 center-.of theother', las will hereinafter be descri in yconnection with the drawings, vand then pointed ont inthe claims. y
In the drawings, Figure 1 represents a. perl spective view of my improved clasp-or button 5o substitute. Fig. 2 represents a section .of the improved clasp wi'tlr'the disksopen.- Fig. Brepvided with annular clutching-rings.
which are provided been used. `Many ot' these clasps consist cfaplates having pro..
one arm of the clasp through the ing-apparel of the wearer,
resentsa sectional view with the clasp closed and the disks clutching apiece of labric. Fig. 4 represents the blank` for the clasp, provided 'with' corrugations. Fig. '5 represents a sectional view-ofthe blank, taken throughthc line .12ct' Fig. 4. Fig. 6 represents an enlarged view ot thcdisks, showing themethod ot' meshing `the teeth and also of'securing the rivets to the clasp. Fig'. 7 represents another enlarged view with the clutches on the' disk formed of' annular rings. Fig. 8 representen clip Yprovided with a hinge-joint, and the disks prorcprcsents a section of a clasp having annular rings struck through the metal. Fig. 10 represents a front elevation ot'aI clasp broken "away to showthe rings.
The letters A A indicate the annular disks, with pivots or rivets a'c, struck out of' the solid metal, and projecting sutiiciently so as to be hanged or rivet-'cd to the clasp B through the' holes b b `formed in the countersunk portion b' b'. Solid rivets can be employed for scouring the disks tothe Vclasp or clip.
The disks are provided "with a number oi" project-ions or points,`a' a', which are forced through the body-ot' the metal by means of a die'fadaptjed to' the purpose. These points-a' `lare so arranged in rings on the disks that each ring will enterabout midway between each other and not strilcthcir i'ace edges or points,
Ythus lirmly securing .any kind of lbrous material without in theleast straining or rending any of the strands thereof. The annular rings a formed on the disks (shown at Figs. 7 and 8) can be substituted for the points here- `toiore described, and work equally as well.
The clasp B -is' provided with corrugntions c c, for giving greater strength to the material, thus allowing said clasp B to be made oi much lighter metal, and yet sufiiciently strong for the purposes designed. 1 f
v'The countersunk Vportion I1' Il' prevents the projecting rivet-sa' a from' catching the wearand it also assists in strengthening the clasp.
The claspis opened by its own resiliency and closed by means of an ordinary dam-lover, D, hinged to a pin, d, riveted to one of the `branches ofthe clasp B and passing throughV c cosmos" an opening cnt in the central 'portion-of the' 3.'l The disks, as constructed with pivots, 5o
. other, thoghuy other suitable device can be" remain stationary on the garment, while the employed'for closing the clasp. clasp lcan oscillate in any direction and not The clasp shown. at Fig. S' isr provided with rend or tear the -fabric of the garment. g'a hinge,E, and a spring, c. struekout of the Having thus described my invention, that solid material of said clasp B. The rivet holdl which' I claim as new, 'and desire to secure by 3S ing the hinge E is bent over and formen loop, Letters Patent, isl e', for securing the short suspenderstrap A 1.- Clasps for suspender-s provided with pit y l hinged claspA is very convenient when using oted'plates having projecting rings, or ringe of .zo unusually thick fabric, as it allows the clasp points, the rings o'f one plate of a. pair being zo the grpersor clutching devices `on the faces pin, substantially as `and for the purposdfgpeci to open considerably compared with a' solid. made to enter in the, recess between the rings es "spring-clasp. S ofthe other plete, in combination with noem At Figs. 9 and 10 are different views ofthe pivoted to a centralpimsubstantinlly as shown same device. The clasp C has annular ringe`- Aand described., 'y f' v -f'j :5' g struck through and projecting beyond .the l. 2. In. a clasp, the combination of two plates,
face of the clasp C, for clutching the fabrics. B, hinged togethei, looped hinge-pino', and 4.5 The pvoted disk can' be of any convenient disks provided with projecting rings, or rings contour other thnn nnnular,'if necessery, ivithof points, that pass between veach other, with outchangingthespirit of my invention. Also, centrai1pin, ,.and cam-lever pivotedv to-scid .of .the disks caubc of any convenient design tied. 5o :or ,contour forsecuring the garment, auch as In testimony that 1, clnimthe foreggg as serrated, pointedyor, scalloped. J my own affix roy-.signature in Presence of When using; my improved clnspI employ two vwitnesses.A
z5' `aix clesps, which take the place ofthe-buttons v commonly used. The claspisopened,asshown g at Fi'g. 2, au'd passed down oir-opposite sides y Witnesses: I .of the fubric,'when the. cuni` is thrown dcwn- VW. REDELEN, y -4 .andthe ,nicher-iaiseemed,A lreproachteit n't.l .Geenen Boss.
EMANUL M. BELLE f