|Publication number||US2340469 A|
|Publication date||Feb 1, 1944|
|Filing date||May 28, 1941|
|Priority date||May 28, 1941|
|Publication number||US 2340469 A, US 2340469A, US-A-2340469, US2340469 A, US2340469A|
|Inventors||Hall Frank W|
|Original Assignee||Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (12), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Feb. 1,' 1944.
F. w. HALL GLAZING mm Filed lay 28, 1941 k W m F,
Patented Feb. 1, 1944 burgh Plate Glass Company,
Pa, a corporation of Pennsylvania Application May 28, 1941, Serial No. 395,544
The present invention relates to a multiple paned insulating construction and more particularly to a glazing unit provided with a sealed insulating chambe 4 One object of the invention is to provide a glazing unit having improved spacing and sealing means which will materially prolong the effective life of the unit.
Other obiects and advantages of the invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description of certain preferred embodiments thereof, when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing.
In the drawing,
Figure 1 is an elevational view of a glazing unit embodying the principles of my invention;
Figure 2 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view thereof;
Figure 3 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view of another form of the invention;
Figure 4 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view of still another form of the invention.
Referring to the drawing, a glazing unit 1 com prises a plurality of glass plates 3 disposed in parallel relation and maintained therein by a spacer 4 interposed between the plates and adhered thereto marginally. A vapor barrier 6 is secured to the inner surface of the spacer 4 and extends across the space between the glass plates. A frame 8 substantially of U-shape in crosssection surrounds the unit i and completes the assembly thereof.
As shown in Figure 3, the spacer 4 may be rendered impervious by the installation of a vapor barrier l0 within the body of the spacer. Another form of the invention, illustrated in Figure 4; contemplates the use of a second vapor barrier l2 secured to the outer surface of the spacer 4 increasing the measure of protection aflorded by the barrier Bsecured to the inner surface of the spacer. p Y
The novel feature of the invention resides in the combination of the vapor barrier and spacer. l-leretofore attempts to use. thermoplastic materials as the spacers of multiple glazed units have been subiect to certain deficiencies inasmuch as these materials are relatively permeable to water vapor. The thermoplastic resins. polyvinyl acetals, acrylates and the like, may be admixed with suitable plasticizers and made to adhere directly to glass. Obviously, therefore, this characteristic of the resins could be used to great advantage in manufacturing multiple glazed units, were it onlypossibletorenderthcresinsimperviousto part of the spacer, the desired results are accomplished.
The vapor barrier is preferably a continuous strip of metal foil, copper, aluminum, lead and the like being suitable for the purpose, although the use of other metals and alloys is possible.
The metal foil may be secured to the surfaces of the spacer material as a facing extending the full width of the spacer. To increase the eifectlveness of the barrier, the end of the facing overlap theedges of the spacer. In this respect care must be taken that suflicient of the spacer is left uncovered to enable a proper bond thereof with the glass plates. If it is desired a strip of metal foil may be incorporated within the body i of the spacer (Figure 3), extending across its full width, during the formation of the thermoplastic material lnto the spacer. Excellent results have been obtained through the use of polyvinyl acetal resins as the spacer material. These resins exhibit strong adhesion to both the glass plates andthe' metal foil even when only slightly plasticized. Other thermoplastic resins may be used, however, and if desired, fillers or reinforcing agents may be added to increase their strength.
Generally a frame is added to the unit although this is not necessary in all cases. For example, a unit of the type illustrated in Figure 4 does not require a. full frame and spaced clips could be used as a substitute therefor.
It will at once be obvious that Various modiflcations in thenature ofthe several elements and their arrangement are possible without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the appended claim.
What I claim is:
Amultiple glazed unit comprising adjacent glass plates disposed in parallel, face-to-face relation, a spacer ofthermoplastic resinous material disposed between and bonded to adjacent plates around the marginal portions thereof serving as the sole means to hold the plates in spaced relation, and pliable metal foil traversing, the space from plate to plate continuously around the marginal portions thereof and integrally bonded to the body of the spacer on both the inside and outside surfaces thereof to form a vapor barrier against the penetration of moisture m ntal-e. Bymakingavaporbarrieraaintesrsl into the space between the plates, said foil having inwardly turned marginal portions lying flat against the opposed surfaces of the p ]RANK WQHALL,
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4015394 *||Oct 14, 1975||Apr 5, 1977||Gerald Kessler||Double-insulated glass window with insulating spacer|
|US4109432 *||Jan 13, 1976||Aug 29, 1978||Reiner Pilz||Multipane insulating glass process and rim strip|
|US4486990 *||Apr 21, 1982||Dec 11, 1984||Bauch Tamil D||Removable window insulation system|
|US4831799 *||Nov 5, 1987||May 23, 1989||Michael Glover||Multiple layer insulated glazing units|
|US5260112 *||Aug 9, 1991||Nov 9, 1993||Geilinger Ag||Compound glass element|
|US6606832||Jun 9, 2001||Aug 19, 2003||Anthony, Inc.||Apparatus and methods of forming a display case door and frame|
|US20060048468 *||Oct 15, 2003||Mar 9, 2006||Saint-Gobain Glass France||Insulating glazing|
|DE971991C *||Oct 30, 1951||May 6, 1959||Saint Gobain||Verglasung|
|EP0127739A2 *||Mar 21, 1984||Dec 12, 1984||Josef Gartner & Co.||Spacing element and method of producing the same|
|EP0261923A2 *||Sep 22, 1987||Mar 30, 1988||Lauren Manufacturing Comp.||Multiple pane sealed glazing unit|
|EP0470373A1 *||Jul 6, 1991||Feb 12, 1992||Geilinger AG||Multiple glass unit|
|WO1997049887A1 *||Jun 26, 1997||Dec 31, 1997||Flachglas Aktiengesellschaft||Insulating glass unit|
|U.S. Classification||52/309.3, 52/786.13, 52/204.593, 52/408|
|International Classification||E06B3/66, E06B3/663|
|Cooperative Classification||E06B2003/6638, E06B3/66328|