US 2341467 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. s, 1944. M. NEDELL 2,341,467
IDENTIFICATION BADGE y Filled Jan. '7, 1943 Patented F eb. 8, '1944 I.'
UNITED `.'S'I'AI'ES @PATE-NT OFF! CE A Vv'2,341,467 IDENTIFICATION BADGE 1 Murray Nedell, Brooklyn, N. Y. Application January 7, 1943, 'Serial-No. #$1,527 5 Claims. (o1. fio- 1.5)
This invention relates to identification bad-ges suoli as are required by the United yStates Government for working men in wai' equipmentproducing plants, government departments, agencies, etc.
An object of the invention is to provide an atl trac-tive completely tamper-proof identification badge which requires only a simple closing 0peration to include the identification data therein; such operation being performed without the use of closing tools, closing presses'or special operations whereby the badge may be closed and sealed at the plant or agency to seal the identiication data therein.
Another object of the invention is to provide an identification badge which is made of plastic resulting in the savings of an 'appreciable quantity of metal and in a light weight badge which will not tear clothing vor hang in an `unsightly manner on womens silk or lightweight clothing.
With these and other lobjects in view, as may appear from the accompanying speciiication, lthe invention consists of various features Lof 'construction and combination of parts, which will be irst described in connection with the -accompanying drawing, showing an identification badge of the preferred form embodying the invention, and the features forming the invention will be specifically pointed out in the claims.
In the drawing- Figure 1 is a face or front elevation of the improved badge.
Figure `2 is a cross-section through the badge taken on the line 2-2 of Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a detailed cross-section through a part of the badge and taken on the line 3 3 of Figure 5.
Figure 4 is an enlarged fragmentary section of a part of the badge.
Figure 5 is a rear view of the badge.
Figure 6 is a cross-section through a modilied form of the badge.
Figure 7 is a cross-section through a still further modiiied form of the badge.
Referring more particularly to the drawing, the improved identiiication badge includes a main body I which is made of any suitable plastic, preferably cellulose acetate, and it has its front side or face indented to provide'a iiat surface 2 for receiving thereon a suitable card 3 or the like which carries the identification data for the individual worker. The provision of the indented front face 2 provides an annular rim II about the outer edge of the body I and the body Il is provided' with an annular -vgroove '5, the inner edge of which inclines outwardly as it extends towards the back face `2l) of the body I as 'clearlyfshown in Figures 2, 3, and 4 'of the drawing. A crystal or lens member 6 isprovided 'which also is made of any suitable plastic such as cellulose acetate, it being made o'f 'the samematerialo'l which the body I Vis made. The crystal or 'lens 4is cupped so that its .edge portion I :is interned 'for seating in the groove 5. 'When assembling, the identification indicia card '3 vis Vplaced against the front indented portion 2 rof the body I and the lens or crystal li is placed there-over with its edge I placed in 'the groove 5, `after which a small fquan- 'tity of bonding agent, preferably acetone in liquid form, is placed inthe groove and flow'saround the inner perimeter of the 'edge o'f the crystal to securely bond both sides of the edges of the crysf tal to thebody I as is clearly shown in Figures 2 and "4 ofV the drawing. This acetone being a bonderizing .agent for 'the material ofwhich the `body AI `and the `crystal or lens 6 'are constructed, in eiiect, forms them 'into aV unitary vstructure vpreventing tampering with the identiiication in- 'dcia 'placed beneath the crystal or 'lens. The fact that the acetone bonderizes the inner surface of the edge of 'the crystal to `the body I; as well as the vouter surface 'ofthe edge of the crystal to the body prevents the'cutting away Aof the bonderizing connection with "a knife and the subsequent removal of the crystal so that the only possible way 'that the identification indicia can -b'e removed is by destroying the `crystal or lens t.
All vof the forms of the invention including the y 'modified forms shown in Figures 6 and '7 are constructed in the above manner, the various forms dilering only in the manner of connecting the attaching pin or means to the body I.
In the form show-n inFigures 1 to 5 inclusive, an attaching pin Yof what is commercially 'known as the spring type is employed. This type of pin is of an approved form which can be purchased upon the `open market, and it comprisesV the attachinggcarrying body lportion I0 which is sinuously curved asclearly `show-n in Figure 5 fof the drawing, and has the coiled spring provided portion II formed on one end serving to connect piercing pin I2 to the body I0. The piercing pin receiving and holding loop I4 is formed upon the end of the body IU opposite to the coil spring forming portion II. When this type of attaching pin is employed, the body I is provided with a diametrically extending groove I5 extending inwardly from the face 2 of the body I, and with a countersunk grooved portion I6 opening into the face 2 and providing shoulders Il. Rectangular openings I8 and I9 extend inwardly from the back surface or side 20 of the body I into the ends of the groove I5 and when assembling the identiiication badge, the sinuous carrying body I is threaded through the opening I8 and placed along the groove I with the hook I4 extending outwardly through the opening I9 so that the pointed end of the attaching pin I2 may be engaged in the loop to hold the identication badge attached to the clothing of the wearer. The vattaching pin structure is placed in its proper position in the groove l5 before the lens or crystal I5 is attached, and a cover plate 2I of plastic of the same material of which the body I is formed is placed in the countersunk groove I6 and is bonderized to the body I by placing drops 'of acetone on the shoulders I'I and thus the carrying pin is thoroughly sealed in its position on the body I.
In the modified form of the construction shown in Figure 6 of the drawing, an attaching pin of what is known as the safety type is attached rather than the spring type which is shown in Figures 2 and 5. This safety type of attaching pin is also of approved construction which may be purchased upon the open market and it cornprises a flat carrying body 30 to which the piercing pin 3| is pivotally connected at one end as shown at 32. The piercing pin 3l engages in a safety type of retainer 33 to hold it against accidental opening. The safety type of attaching pin is connected to the main body I' of the identication badge by means of rivets 34 which extend through suitable openings 35 in the body I' and through the flat attaching body 30, the inner heads of the rivets rest against the indented face 2' of the body inwardly of the identification data card 3'. y
Figure 7 shows a still further modified construction of the manner of connecting .the at- A taching pin structure to the identification badge. The pin structure shown in Figure 7 is :of vthe safety clip type which may be purchased upon the open market and it comprises a flat attaching body 36 to which the piercing pin 31 is pivotally connected at one end as shown at 38, while'the point of the piercing pin is Areceived and held in place against accidental displacement by means of the usual type of safety lock 39. In Figure 7, the flat attaching body 36 is illustrated as extending beyond the pivot 38 and the safety lock 39, but it is to be understood that the same identical construction of safety typeV attachingpin shown in Figure 6 may be used in the form shown in Figure '7 without departing from the spirit of the invention. In this form shown in Figure'? of the drawing, the body IA, theidentification carrying member 3A, and the lensor crystal 6A, and the body 36 are all provided with aligning openings throughwhich rivets 40 are inserted. The rivets 40 are then headed so as to securely bind the various elements in vfirm connection.
It will be understood that the invention is not to be limited to the specific construction or arrangement of parts shown, but that they may be widely modified within the invention defined by the claims.
What is claimed is:
l. In an identification badge, a plastic carrying body provided with a tapered groove extending inwardly from one face of the body, a plastic crystal having interned edge portions for iitting into said groove, an acetone bonding agent in said groove for bonding said interned edge p0rtion and said body into a unit, said carrying body provided with special openings extending therethrough, an attaching pin, said openings forming means to facilitate attachment of said attaching pin to said body.
2. In an identification badge, a plastic carrying body provided with a tapered groove extending inwardly from one face of the body, a plastic crystal'having` interned edge portions for fitting into said groove, an acetone bonding agent in said groove for bonding said interned edge portion and said body into a unit, an attachingv pin, and means extending into said body for connecting the pin to the body.
3. In an identiiication badge, a plastic carrying body provided with a tapered groove extending inwardlyl from one face of the body, a plastic crystal having interned edge portions for fitting into said groove, an acetone bonding agent in said groove for bonding said interned edge portion and said body into a unit, said tapered groove having its outer wall extending at an acute angle to the edge portion of the crystal to permit a relatively substantial quantity of the acetone bonding agent to accumulate between the outer surface of the edge portion of the crystal and the facing wall ofthe groove.
4. In an identication badge, a plastic carrying body provided with a tapered groove extending inwardly from one face of the body, a plastic crystal having interned edge portions for tting into said groove, an acetone bonding agent in said groove for 'bonding said interned edge portion and said body intov a unit, said tapered groove havingits outer wall extending at an acute angle to the vedge portion of the crystal to permit a relatively substantial quantity of the acetone bonding agent to accumulate between the outer surface of the edge portion of the crystal and the facing wall'of the groove, an attaching pin, and means extending into said' body for connecting the pin to the body.
5. In an identication badge, a plastic carrying body provided with a groove extending inwardly from one face of the body, a crystal havinginterned edge portions for fitting into said groove, a bonding agent in said groove for bonding said interned edge portion and said body into a unit, said body being provided with a groove'opening out through the front side of the body and with openings at each end of said groove `opening out through the rear side of the body, anv attaching pin including an attaching body, and said attaching body seated in said groove.
' MURRAY NEDELL.