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Publication numberUS2342490 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 22, 1944
Filing dateJul 9, 1940
Priority dateJul 9, 1940
Publication numberUS 2342490 A, US 2342490A, US-A-2342490, US2342490 A, US2342490A
InventorsPretot Armand V
Original AssigneeJohns Manville
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Door or like unit
US 2342490 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

A. PRETOT DOOR OR LIKE UNIT Feb. 22, 1944.

Filed July 9, v19:40

WIEN-rolay l A TORNEY Patented Feb. 22, 1944 Doon on LIKE UNrrfl Armand V. Pretot, Elberon, 1N. VJ., assignor to JohnsManville Corporation, 'New York, N. Y., a. corporation of New York Application July 9,194o,seria1--No. k344,495

(ci. zei- 35) 17 Claims.

The instant invention relates to doors `or like structural units, and particularly to improvements in doors or units of the typedisclosed 'in patent -to Kellogg No. 2,173,808, issued September 19, 19,39.

Units of this type have achieved outstanding commercial success, particularly inthe field of flush doors, such units comprising a core formed of a gridof intercrossed strips, preferably of bre board, the grid'supporting facingpa'nels composed of a material'such as plywood, asbestos-cement, or the like. This construction eliminates expansion and `contraction troubles, is light in weight, and exhibits numerous other advantages over flush doors or units with other types of cores. However, due to the ygrid core, such doors or units, when made in stock sizes, have not been readily susceptible to modification to accord with the individual designs usually employed in exterior doors, particularly of medium and low-cost houses.

The principal object of the instant invention is the provision of afunit of the type referred to, which may be handled in stock sizes and altered onthe job to meet individual requirements.

Another object of the invention is the provision of a unit or door member including a grid ycore for the major portion thereof and a solid core for the remaining portion, `the solid core, however, being constructed and designed to preserve the stability of the unit against expansion and contraction when the unit is subjected to air of varying relative humidities.

A further object of the invention is the provision of a unit or flush door, employing a grid core inits major portion and a wooden core including expansion joints in a portion of the door which is adapted to be modied as to shapeor to receive window openings, and the like.

My invention rwill be more fully understood and further objects and advantages thereof will become apparent when reference is made to the more detailed description thereof which is to follow and to the accompanying drawing, in which:

Fig. 1 is an elevational view, with parts broken away, of a unit embodying the invention;

Fig. 2 is a sectional view taken on the line 2--2 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 3, depicting a modification of the invention; and

Figs. 5, 6, and 7 are elevational views depicting manners in which the ,unit of the instant invention is adapted to be modified in design.

Referring now to the drawing, the invention is shown lasembodied in a flush door Il) inasmuch as it nds itsgreatest utility in such field. However, it will be understood that theinventionis equally applicable to other types ,of Adoors and to wall .panels or units, generally, wheresimilar problems areinvolved. y

The door I0 comprises composite frame members l2, dove-tailed and glued together in ac-` cordance with conventional practice, The frame members, suitably of wood, ,are preferably substantially wider vthan is necessary for their sup,

may be notched and locked together at the crossvover positions between the strips of the two series,

or the core may be preformed, for example, by

punching out areas from a thick sheet oi Athe bre board material, the remainingportions constituting the grid. Alsogthe: grid may be vformed by felting .selected fibres into a wet sheet and then pressing the sheet between plates to form a wailielike vconfiguration on .Y both ,faces with a rthin' intermediate web. The 1strips dening thegrid are preferably rather broad,l say, ofathickness of 3/87 0r more, to provide abroad area of contact with the facing ,elements I 6.

The area embodying the core i4 is preferably bounded at one side by a yframe .member I8. Blocks 2.0 are .supported frointhe frame .members to receive locks or othery hardware. .The area which is to receive window openings or to be altered as to shape and which `is bounded by frame member vHl and outer frame ,member I2, is formed, in accordance with `the invention, of arsubstantially solid slab, andy consists for the mostpart of strips 22 of a readily workable material, such as wood. In order to maintain itsV shape under the influence of expansion and contraction forces, such as humidity changes, the

strips 22 are separated by expansion joints 24,`

The wooden strips z2l yand the expansion joint strips Marepreferably joined together by a suitable adhesive, a sheet of the desired size being made up by laminating the strips prior to assembly with the frame members.

In lieu of the alternating compressible and wooden strips illustrated in Fig. 1, wooden core 26 (see Fig. 4) may be employed. In this case, the expansion joints constitute saw kerfs or grooves 28 extending inwardly from opposite faces of the core and preferably somewhat past the median line thereof. AS will be readily understood, when a core of this type is subjected to conditions which tend to cause swelling, the restraining forces applied to the core by the frame members and facing elements I 6 will be suiiicient to conne such swelling within the core, itself, the saw kerfs or grooves 28 being partially or completely closed by expansion of the portions of the core therebetween, but the outer dimensions of the slab remaining unchanged.

Secured over the core and frame are the facing elements I6, which are formed of a material which is stable as to shape when subjected to varying humidity conditions. As disclosed in Figs. 1, 2, and 3, it is preferred to employ a composite of a plurality of plies of wood veneer, the grain in one ply being arranged crosswise with respect to the grain in adjacent plies, the plies being secured together by a conventional adhesive. However, as indicated in Fig. 4, incombustible sheets of a hardened, compressed asbestos-cement composition, or the like, are equally suitable for the facing elements. The facing elements are preferably secured directly to the core and frame by an adhesive, or, if enhanced reresistance is desired, a name-resistant barrier, such as an asbestos sheet 30 (see Fig. 4) may be positioned .between the facing panel I6 and the core, the lbarrier lbeing adhesively secured to both.

Through the instant invention, a door is obtained which exhibits the functions and advantages of that disclosed in the Kellogg Patent No. 2,173,808, namely, it is lightweight, immune from Warpage and contraction and expansion troubles, and has substantial sound-insulating and heatinsulating properties. In addition, the door as disclosed in Figs. 5, 6, and 7, for example, may readily be altered to accord with any suitable architectural style. As shown at 32 in these figures, the upper portion of the door may be cut to semi-circular or other configuration, and a Window opening as indicated at 34 (see Fig. 7) may be provided. Such alterations, however, in no way affect the strength or other properties of the door, inasmuch as all of the alterations fall within the solid slab portion. After the door is assembled, the frame members surrounding the slab core may be cut through to secure the desired configurations without weakening of the4 structure, due to the adhesive connection of the facing panels to the slab core throughout their contacting areas. Portions of the expansion joints which are exposed, particularly when a core as shown in Fig. 4 is employed, may be sealed off in any suitable manner. Thus, the invention provides a door with the advantages of the construction shown in the Kellogg Patent No. 2,173,808, which, however, exhibits the additional advantage that it may be stocked in standard sizes and altered on the job to the extent necessary to meet particular conditions of use.

As previously stated, although the description has been specifically directed to a door construction, the invention is equally applicable to other,

units or panels. Having thus described my invention in rather full detail, it will be understood that these details need not be strictly adhered to, but that various changes and modications will suggest themselves to one skilled in the art, all falling within the scope of the invention as defined by the subjoined claims.

What I claim is:

1. A unit comprising a frame, a core disposed within said frame, said core in one area thereof comprising a grid including intercrossed strips, and in another area a slab including a plurality of expansion means, and facing panels secured at opposite faces of said core.

2. A unit comprising a frame, a core disposed within said frame, said core in one area thereof comprising a grid including intercrossed strips, and in another area a solid slab including alter nating wooden strips and strips of a compressible material, and facing panels secured at opposite faces of said core.

3. A door comprising a frame, a core disposed within said frame, said core in one area thereofl comprising a grid including intercrossed strips, and in another area thereof a solid slab including alternating, relatively wide, Wooden strips and relatively narrow strips of a yieldable fibre board, and facing panels secured at opposite faces of said core.

4. A door comprising a frame, a core within the frame, said core in one area thereof including a grid formed of intercrossed strips of a yieldable nre board presenting relatively broad panel supporting faces, and in another area thereof a slab including a plurality of expansion means, and facing panels adhesively secured to opposite faces of said core, said facing panels being formed of a material substantially stable as to shape upon exposure to air of varying relative humidity.

5. A door comprising a frame, a core disposed within said frame, said core in one area thereof comprising a grid formed of intercrossed strips of a yieldable fibre board presenting relatively broad panel supporting faces, and in another area thereof a solid slab including alternating wooden strips and strips of a compressible material, and facing panels adhesively secured to opposite faces of said core, said facing panels being formed of a material substantially stable as to shape upon exposure to air of varying relative humidity.

6. A door comprising a frame, a core disposed within said frame, said core in one area thereof comprising a grid formed of intercrossed strips of a yieldable bre board presenting relatively broad panel supporting faces, and in another areavthereof a-solid slab including alternating, relatively wide, wooden strips and relatively narrow strips of a yieldable fibre board, and facing panels adhesively secured to said core, said facing panels being formed of a material substantially stable as to shape upon exposure to air of varying relative humidity.

7. A door comprising a frame, a core disposed r within said frame, said core in one area thereof comprising a grid including intercrossed strips, and in another area thereof a solid slab including saw lzerfs extending inwardly from the opposite faces thereof in alternating arrangement, and facing panels secured at opposite faces of said core. i

8. A door comprising a frame, a core disposed within said frame, said core in one area thereof comprising a grid formed of intercrossed strips' of a yieldable fibre board presenting relatively broad panel supporting faces, and in another area thereof a wooden slab having scores ex tending inwardly from opposite faces thereof in alternating arrangement, and facing panels secured to opposite faces of said core, said facing panels being formed of a material substantially stable as to shape upon exposure tok air of varying relative humidity.

9. A lightweight building unit comprising a frame, a core disposed within the frame, the core in one area thereof comprising a grid formed of intercrossed strips of a yieldable fibre board, and in another area thereof a slab including a plurality of expansion means, and facing panels secured to opposite faces of said core.

10. A building unit comprising a frame composed of relatively wide members to permit reduction in the width thereof, a core disposed within said frame, said core in one area thereof comprising a grid including intercrossed strips, and in another area a slab including a plurality of expansion joints, and facing panels secured at opposite faces of said core.

11. A building unit comprising a frame, a core disposed within said frame,y said core inyone area thereof comprising a grid formed of intercrossed strips of a yieldable fibre board, and in another area thereof a slab including a plurality of expansion joints, a layer of a flame-resistant material of the type of asbestos paper disposed over at least one face of the core and adhesively secured thereto, anda facing sheet, formed of a material substantially stable as tov shape upon exposure to air of varying relative humidity, ad` hesively secured to said flame-resistant material.

12. A building unit comprising a frame, a core disposed within said frame, said core in 'one area thereof comprising a grid including intercrossed strips, and in another area a slab including a plurality of expansion joints, and facing panels secured at opposite faces of said core, said facing panels including a composite of a. plurality of plies of wood.

13. A building unit comprising a frame, a core disposed within said frame, said core in one area thereof comprising a grid including intercrossed strips, and in another area a slab including a pluralityl of expansion joints, and facing panels secured at opposite faces of said core, at least one of said facing panels including a compressed and hardened composition containing an intimate mixture of asbestos libres and Portland cement.

14. A door comprising a frame, a core within said frame, said core in one area thereof comprising a solid slab including alternating, relatively wide wooden strips and relatively narrow strips of a yieldable fibre board, and facing panels'adhesively secured to said core.

15. A door comprising a frame, a core within said frame, said core in one area thereof being of a yieldable lightweight construction and in another area thereof comprising a solid slab ncluding a pluralityr of expansion joints, and facing panels secured to opposite sides of said core.

16. A door comprising a frame, a core within fsaid frame, said core in one area thereof being of a yieldable lightweight construction and in another area thereof comprising a solid slab including saw kerfs extending inwardly from the opposite faces thereof in alternating arrangement, and facing panels secured at opposite faces of said core.

17. A door comprising a frame, a core within said frame, said core in one area thereof being of a yieldable lightweight construction and in another area thereof comprising a solid slab including alternating, relatively wide wooden strips and relatively narrow strips of a yieldable bre board, and facing panels adhesively secured at opposite faces of said core, said facing panels being formed of a material substantially stable as to shape upon exposure to air of varying rela.- tive humidity.

ARMAND V. PRETOT.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2760240 *May 26, 1950Aug 28, 1956Haskelite Mfg CorpHollow panel construction
US3003205 *Jul 10, 1957Oct 10, 1961Cooke William HComposite bevel siding and method for its fabrication
US3165792 *Apr 3, 1961Jan 19, 1965Louis PickStructure for doors and the like
US4147278 *Apr 7, 1977Apr 3, 1979Owens-Illinois, Inc.Fluid product dispenser
EP0426402A2 *Oct 29, 1990May 8, 1991Manchester City CouncilSecurity door
Classifications
U.S. Classification428/116, 52/291, 428/120
International ClassificationE06B3/70
Cooperative ClassificationE06B3/7017, E06B2003/7048, E06B2003/7021, E06B3/7015
European ClassificationE06B3/70F