|Publication number||US2342778 A|
|Publication date||Feb 29, 1944|
|Filing date||Apr 17, 1939|
|Priority date||Apr 22, 1938|
|Publication number||US 2342778 A, US 2342778A, US-A-2342778, US2342778 A, US2342778A|
|Original Assignee||Wolff Hanns-Heinz|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (16), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
' 1944- ,HANNS-HEINZ WOLFF 77 CATHODE RAY TUBE Filed April 17, 19:59 '2 Sheets-Sheet 1 HANNS-HEINZ WOLFF 2,342,778
CATHODE RAY TUBE Filed April 17, 1939 2 Sheets-Shoot 2 Patented Feb. 29, 1944 CATHODE. RAY TUBE Hanns-Heinz Wolff, Berlin, Germany; vested in the Alien Property Custodian Application April 17, 1939, Serial No. 268,262 In Germany April22, 1938 Claims.
It is sometimes desirable, and in many cases, for example in television scanning apparatus, absolutely essential, to have a cathod ray tube, the image screen of which exhibitsno after-lighting effect, or at least only a very brief and/or very weak after-lighting efiect. The knownluminous screen materials, so far as they possess a good conversion factor (ratio between the light intensity given oiT and the energy impinging on the screen), exhibit for the greater part a comparatively strong after-lighting effect. This is disclosed in particular exactly in the case of those luminous substances, the spectral range of which falls, from the light-intensity point of View, within the ranges in which the majority ofphoto-cells are particularly sensitive in response.
In the drawings,
Figs. 1-3 illustrate various means for cooling the luminescent substance on the screen of a cathode ray tube,
Fig. 4 shows an arrangement comprising a cathode ray tube as illustrated in Figs. l- 3-for scanning actual scenes, while Fig. 5 illustrates a modification adapted to the scanning of film pictures of'the arrangement according to Fig. 4.
The present invention relates to cathode ray tubes which are so designed, or can be so operated, that the after-lighting effect can be reduced to an amount no longer adapted to create interference. It has been found that if the material of the luminous screen is maintained in a cool condition, and is preferably reatly undercooled, the after-lighting efiect can be very much shortened or even practically suppressed entirely.
The present invention makes use of this property, and consists in the provision of means which enable the substance of the luminous screen of a cathode ray tube to be cooled or undercooled. The invention will be described more particularly in conjunction with certain possible embodiments.
In Fig. l, l is a glass bulb, in which a cathode 2 produces an electronic beam, which is concentrated by an electron-optical system indicated in broken lines and is deflected in the vertical and horizontal directions by a pair of deflecting plates 3 and a pair of coils 4. The substance of the luminous screen 5 is provided on a plate 6, which preferably consists of copper or another good conductive material and is cooled by a cooling current, such as a current of water, which is supplied at the rear through thepipe l and is discharged through the pipe 8. The supply of the cooling current to the plate 6 preferably takes place in such fashion that this current is distributed as evenly as possible over the entire surface and, for example by means of a mouthpiece 9 constructed in the form of a rose, flows over the rear of the plate 6. The image resulting on a luminous screen 5 can then be utilized in the known fashion, for example by way of an optical system H).
The cooling of the luminous screen 5 can also be performed in such a manner that this luminous screen forms the termination of the bulb, as illustrated in Fig. 2. In this figure the bulb l is connected in vacuum-tight fashion with the plate 6 carrying the luminous screen. The plate 6 can be furnished with special cooling ribs H. The cooling in this case takes place by means of a fan l2, which is arranged behind the plate 6 and projects a cooling current of air on to the rear of the plate 6. The remaining elements are furnished with the same numerals as in Fig. 1.
In the arrangements described above the support for the luminous screen has been assumed to be of a material impervious to light, although light-transmissive materials may naturally be employed also in these arrangements. If it is desiredto employ: a lighttransmissive material, it is more simple to arrange the supporting plate vertically to the axis of the bulb, in order to avoid the disadvantages of the requirement for an optical or electrical trapezoidal distortion. An arrangement complying with these requirements is illustrated in Fig. 3. Here again the corresponding elements of the Braun tube are furnished with the same reference characters as in Fig. l. The plate 6, which carries the luminous screen 5 and in this case preferably consists of a plano-parallel.
sheet of glass, forms the termination of the bulb l containing the cathode ray system 2, 3, 4. The plate 6 forms together with a second plate l3, which is conveniently also plano-parallel and preferably likewise consists of glass, in conjunction with the bottom l4 and side portions IS a trough, which is filled with a cooling liquid Hi, this liquid, for the purpose of obtaining a good cooling action, preferably being maintained in flow by an agitating mechanism or other known cooling means in order to effect continuous coo1- ing, or also being additionally cooled by inflow from the exterior. The agitating means or the like would naturally require to be arranged in such a manner that they would not interfere with the optica1 path of light. In these cases the trough will preferably be made so large that the agitating means or cooling coils are arranged in parts extending laterally beyond the image screen. The use of cooling coils offers particular advantages, as in this way there is avoided an excessive flow of the liquid and accordingly the formation of bubbles. The arrangement in Fig. 3 is also advantageous because it permits of the use of liquid air, an embodiment of the invention which is to be preferred particularly in those cases in which particularly extensive suppression of the after-lighting efiect is required. The embodiment of the single electrical elements of the arrangement can be carried out in the known fashion as desired. Attention must merely be paid to the fact that naturally in the case of arrangements in which the luminous screen is not disposed vertically to the optical system for the electronic beam either optical or electrical trapezium-distorting means will require to be employed.
The arrangement according to the invention is particularly suitable for television apparatus in which a scene requires to be scanned by a moving beam of light. The additional subject; matter of the present invention is constituted by a television scanning device of such a kind in which use is made of a cathode ray tube of the type forming the subject matter of this invention. An embodiment by way of example is illustrated in Fig. 4. In the latter 2| is a tube according to the invention, in which by means of two scanning potentials a linear screen is produced, which by way of the lens I scans a scene occurring in a room 22. The beam of light proceeding from the luminous screen of the tube 2! and scanning the scene is reflected when falling on the scene and then impinges on one or more photo-cells 23 which, protected optically against the direct beam of light, give off or permit of the generation of a potential which is proportional to the light intensity of the point of impingement.
An additional field of use with respect to television transmission devices is found by the tube according to the invention in the scanning of films. An arrangement of this kind is illustrated in principle in Fig. 5. In this case the tube 2| according to the invention impinges by way of the lens ID on the film 24, which according to the darker or lighter shade of the image point being scanned projects rays of light of greater or smaller intensity by way of a further lens 25 on to a photo-cell 26, which then supplies the desired potential or current.
The photo-cells 23 and 26 can naturally be furnished in the known fashion with secondary electron multipliers.
1. In a. television transmitting arrangement comprising in cooperative relationship a cathode ray tube having a luminescent screen and a light responsive cell, combined with said cathode ray tube means for cooling the luminescent substance of said screen below room temperature.
2. In a television transmitting arrangement 3 comprising in cooperative relationship a cathode ray tube having a luminescent screen and a light responsive call, a heat conductive support for the luminescent substance of said screen, and combined with said cathode ray tube means for cooling said support of said screen.
3. In a television transmitting arrangement comprising in cooperative relationship a cathode ray tube having a luminescent screen and a light responsive cell, a trough adapted to be filled with a substance of extremely low boiling point and so constructed that a part of the wall of said trough forms the support of said screen.
4. In a television transmitting arrangement comprising in cooperative relationship a cathode ray tube having a luminescent screen and a, light responsive cell, a trough adapted to allow the circulation of a cooling substance and so constructed that a part of the wall of said trough forms the support of said screen, and means including a rose for causing said cooling substance to impinge evenly upon the rear side of said support.
5. In combination a cathode ray tube having a luminescent screen, a trough adapted to allow the circulation of a cooling substance and so constructed that a part of the wall of said trough forms the support of the luminescent substance of said screen, and means including a rose for causing said cooling substance to impinge evenly upon the rear side of said support.
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|US2831920 *||Sep 1, 1955||Apr 22, 1958||Gen Precision Lab Inc||Television camera heating system|
|US3021834 *||Nov 28, 1956||Feb 20, 1962||Emanuel Sheldon Edward||Endoscopes|
|US3051781 *||Apr 4, 1960||Aug 28, 1962||Machlett Lab Inc||Means of converting electrical signals to visible pictures|
|US3139733 *||Jan 15, 1962||Jul 7, 1964||Transitron Electronic Corp||Thermoelectric cooling device for heat conductive light transparent surfaces|
|US3539721 *||Oct 20, 1967||Nov 10, 1970||Us Army||Wide angle television projection device|
|US4151554 *||Dec 7, 1977||Apr 24, 1979||Tucker Arthur R||Liquid coupled color-television image projector|
|US4405949 *||Mar 22, 1982||Sep 20, 1983||Zenith Radio Corporation||Liquid cooling in projection cathode ray tubes|
|US4511927 *||Jan 10, 1983||Apr 16, 1985||National Viewtech Corp.||Liquid coupling system for video projectors|
|US4543510 *||Mar 7, 1983||Sep 24, 1985||Sony Corporation||Liquid cooled cathode ray tube with reduced internal reflectance|
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|US4646143 *||Dec 28, 1983||Feb 24, 1987||Sony Corporation||Video projector type television receiver|
|US4651217 *||Apr 18, 1986||Mar 17, 1987||Hitachi, Ltd.||Video projector|
|US4991024 *||May 12, 1986||Feb 5, 1991||Hitachi, Ltd.||CRT display device|
|US5398041 *||Apr 27, 1990||Mar 14, 1995||Hyatt; Gilbert P.||Colored liquid crystal display having cooling|
|US5432526 *||Apr 27, 1990||Jul 11, 1995||Hyatt; Gilbert P.||Liquid crystal display having conductive cooling|
|US5682077 *||May 20, 1996||Oct 28, 1997||U.S. Philips Corporation||Display device and cathode ray tube|
|U.S. Classification||250/238, 348/749, 62/DIG.190, 313/36, 313/477.00R, 348/805, 250/226|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S62/19, H01J29/24|