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Publication numberUS2347721 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 2, 1944
Filing dateMar 12, 1941
Priority dateMar 12, 1941
Publication numberUS 2347721 A, US 2347721A, US-A-2347721, US2347721 A, US2347721A
InventorsTjaarda John, Gunnar E Ehrling
Original AssigneeBriggs Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Engine
US 2347721 A
Images(3)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

y 2, 1944- J. TJAARDA ETAL 2,347,721

ENGINE Filed March 12, 1941 3 Sheets-Sheet l INVE R J} a 1 EE- imrififzi mag/W8 ATTORNEY y 2, 1944- J. TJAARDA ETAL 2,347,721

ENGINE Filed March 12, 1941 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 y 2, 1944- J. TJAARDA ETAL 7,7

ENGINE Filed March 12. 1941 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 Ell-D.

ATTO

Patentecl May 2, 1944 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE John Tharda. Grolse lointe, and Gunnar E.

lt'hrling, Detroit, Mich, aasignors to- Briggs Manufacturing Company, Detroit, Mich, a cornotation of Mi Application March 12,1941, Serial No. 382,924

' 11 Claims. (01. 121-494) This invention relates to engines, such for instance as engines of the internal combustion type, and more particularly to engines used in various types of aircraft.

One of the objects of the present invention is to provide an improved engine'having a detachable cylinder, means being provided whereby said cylinder may be detachably secured to the engine structure in an improved manner.

Another object of the invention is to preside an improved aircraft engine having a crankcase and a detachable cylinder, means being provided whereby said cylinder may be secured to said crankcase as well as disconnected therefrom in a speedier, safer and more dependable manner.

A further object of the invention is to provide an improved engine havinga crankcase and a cylinder detachably connected thereto, means being provided for locking said cylinder in its operative position, thereby preventing undesirable movements or displacements of the cylinder with respect to the crankcase.

Astill further object of the invention is to provide an improved engine having a cylinder, means detachably securing said cylinder to the engine structure, and means locking said cylinder in its operative position, said locking means being adapted to be set in place and removed easily and quickly.

A still further object of the present invention is to provide an improved engine having a crankcase and a plurality of cylinders detachably secured to said crankcase, means being provided whereby securing and disconnecting of individual cylinders is done easily and quickly, as well as independently of other cylinders, and in which engine the number of small parts, such as bolts and nuts effecting such a connection, is greatly reduced.

It is an added object of the present invention to provide an improved structure of the foregoing character, which is simple in construction, safe and dependable in operation, and is relatively inexpensive to manufacture and service.

Other objects of this invention will appear in the following description and appended claims, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specification wherein like reference characters designate corresponding parts in the several views.

Fig. l is a perspective view ofa portion of an engine embodying the present invention, one of the detachable cylinders of said engine being shown engaged by a toothed wrench.

Fig. 2 is a view similar in part to Fig. l, the structure being shown with the wrench removed and. cylinder locking means inserted in place for locking the adjacent cylinders.

Fig. 3 is a plan view, partly in section, of an engine embodying the present invention, the cylinder on the right hand side of the drawings bein shown engaged by a wrench, while the two cylinders on the left hand side of the drawings are shown locked by means of a locking piece.

Fig. 4 is a side view, partly in section, showing the lower portions of the cylinders and their 'connection to the crankcase.

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary perspective view showing the lower portion of one engine cylinder about to be inserted into the crankcase cylinder opening.

Fig. 6 is a horizontal sectional view taken just above the cylinder lugs, said lugs being shown in serted into recesses between the crankcase teeth, but before the cylinder is turned in the opening for locking. Fig. 7 is a view similar in part to Fig. 6, the cylinder being shown turned and the lugs disposed under the crankcase teeth for locking the cylinder in place.

Fig. 8 is a fragmentary sectional view taken in the direction of the arrows on the section plane passing through the line 8-8 of Fig. 3.

Fig. 9 is a perspective view showing the bottom piece of the ring locking means.

Fig. 10 is a perspective view showing the toothed piece of the ring locking means.

Before explaining in detail the present invention it is to be understood that the invention is not limited in its application to the details of construction and arrangement of parts illustrated in the accompanying drawings, since the invention is capable of other embodiments and of being practiced or carried out in various ways. Also it is to be understood that the phraseology or terminology employed herein is for the purpose of description and not of limitation.

In the drawings there is shown by way of example an internal combustion engine embodying the present invention. The invention is herein illustrated and described as embodied in a multiple cylinder engine having a crankcase. It will be understood, however, that the invention is not limited to any particular kind of engine or to any definite number of cylinders thereof. The invention may be successfully used in various kinds of engines such for instance as in multiple cylinder internal combustion engines for various types of aircraft, as well as in engines of other types whether single cylinder or multiple cylinder. In describing the engine, the end of the cylinder connected to the crankcase will be referred to as the lower end. However, such a term is one of description and not of limitation and it will be understood that an engine cylinder while presumed to be disposed vertically, may be arranged in any desired position. The details of the engine such as its pistons, connecting rods, crankshaft, ignition means and the like, are not illustrated or described, since they do not form parts of the present invention, and their description, not being necessary to the proper understanding of the invention. would greatly overburden the specification.

, the pivot is pushed all the way into the hole.

Referring to the drawings, the engine iilustrated therein includes a crankcase I] having a plurality of cylinder openings ll, said openings being of a circular shape. On the crankcase II at the edges of and around said openings there are provided evenly spaced inwardly projecting teeth II. There is also provided a corresponding plurality of engine cylinders I 4, each of said cylinders having a lower end provided with a plurality-of outwardly projecting evenly spaced lugs ll, said lugs being adapted to enter the recesses ll between the crankcase teeth I! when a cylinder It is inserted into an opening H. The lugs II are slanted at their lower portions as indicated at Ila in order to facilitate the insertion of the cylinder into the opening II.

On the lower end of each cylinder it above the lugs ll there is provided an annular shoulder l1, (see Fig. 8), the distance between the lugs II and the shoulder I! being substantially equal to the thickness of the crankcase wall at the opening ll. Thus, when the cylinder I4 is inserted into the opening and the shoulder l1 contacts and rests on the teeth It, the lugs I! just clear said teeth, and when the cylinder I4 is turned in the opening ll aroundits longitudinal or vertical axis. the lugs ll go under and underlie the teeth It.

It will now be understood in view of the foregoing that when the cylinder II is inserted in said opening II and turned-therein around its vertical axis for a predetermined angle, the lugs ll go under the teeth II andthus upward move-' ment of the cylinder is prevented At the same time furtherinward m'ovement of the cylinder into the crankcase ll isprevented by the shoulder I1. Athrustrwasher I. is provided in the crankcase under the teeth I! and it is embedded into the material of the crankcase for such a depth as to be-flushwith the inner surface of the crankcase wall, as is best shown in Pig. 8. Anupperthrust washer ll isinserted between the crankcase l I and the shoulder I! of the cylinder ll as shown in Fig. 8.

In order to tighten the cylinder ll in place and prevent undesirable movements thereof, there is provided on the shoulder I I an external theread "a, which thread is engaged by the internal thread of, a ring 20. The ring II represents, in efl'ect, a portion of the shoulder and forms a nut'member, and when rotated in proper direction it acts like a nut and upon reaching the crankcase it pulls the cylinder l4 upwardly and presses the lugs II against the thrust washer I8 and the teeth II. By rotating the ring ll 'in the opposite direction the same may be untightened, whereupon the cylinder may be turned in the opening until the lugs J! register with the recesses It. Thereupon the-cylinder ll may be easily removed from the opening for inspection repairs, and the like.

Means are provided for engaging the ring positively for rotation. In the present embodiment of the invention said means are represented by gear teeth 2| cut on the outside periphery of the ring, which teeth are adapted to be engaged by a toothed wrench 2! having -a two-end pivot 23 adapted to enter with either of'its ends a hole 24 provided in the crankcase III. For tightening or untightenlng the ring 2. the pivot 23 of the wrench is inse ted into the hole 2!, and the teeth of holes 32 for opening H.

The handle 22a of the wrench is thereupon rotated in the proper direction for a definite angle and after the teeth of the wrench gradually lose contact with the teeth of the ring 20 because of is prevented. In the present embodiment of the invention said means are represented by a toothed piece 26 having a tooth 21 and ribbed portions 28. The piece 26 is adapted to be held by its ribbed portions between the similar ribbed portions of the lower piece 29 and the upper piece II, with the tooth 2'! of the piece 26 being arranged in a recess between two adjacent teeth II of the ring II. There are provided two pieces 26 between the pieces 3. and 29, one for each of the adjacent cylinders. The pieces 3., 26 and 20 are firmly held together with the aid of a screw 3| engaging an internally threaded hole 24a forming a continuation of the pivot hole 24, the screwpassing through holes 290 in the superposed clamping pieces 2! and 80. The head of the locking screw ll may be provided with a plurality inserting a cotter pin or a wire 33, the ends of which may be connected or anwhich prevent rotation of the rings 20 in consequence whereof the cylinders it remain firmly locked in their places and self-rotation or any other undesirable movements thereof are prevented. For detaching any of the cyliners II the locking screw 3| is removed after which the corresponding toothed piece 26 and clamping members 29 and 30 may be taken out, the wrench 22 inserted in place and the ring 20 loosened. Thereupon the cylinder is rotated around its axis to bring the lugs IS in registration with the recesses l6 and the cylinder is taken out of the There are thus provided an engine having a crankcase, a plurality of openings therein and a corresponding plurality of cylinders detachably secured to said crankcase in said openings, the connecting and disconnecting of said cylinders to and from said crankcase being effected in an easy and quick manner. The cylinders may be secured and removed independently of each other, and yet when in operative position, be held in the crankcase in a safe and dependable manner with no possibility of self-rotation or undesirable loosening.

We claim:

1. In an engine, a crankcase having an opening. a cylinder havingan end insertable into said opening for connection to said crankcase, means detachably securing said cylinder end to said crankcase, said means including a rotatable member tightening said cylinder in its secured posi-- tion, gear teeth on said member adapted to be engaged by a. toothed wrench for rotation, said teeth lying in a. plane transverse to the cylinder externally of the cylinder and mainly within the confines of lines which are projections of radii of the adjacent cylinder and forming an included angle of less than forty-five degrees, said toothed piece adapted to engage the the toothed portion of said rotatable member, and means detachably securing said piece to said crankcase to lock positively said rotatable member to said crankcase.

2. In an engine, a crankcase having an opening, a cylinder having an end adapted to enter said opening, means detachably securing said end to said crankcase, said means including a. ring nut engaging said cylinder for tightening the same in its secured position, gear teeth on said ring nut around the periphery thereof, said teeth being adapted to be engaged by a pivot gear wrench for rotation, said crankcase having a pivot hole adapted to receive the wrench pivot, a toothed piece adapted to engage the gear teeth on said ring nut,.and a threaded member adapted to enter said pivot hole and to secure said toothed piece to said crankcase.

3. In an engine, a crankcase having an opening, a cylinder having an end adapted to enter said opening, means detachably securing said end to said crankcase, said means including a ring nut engaging said cylinder for tightening the same in its secured position, gear teeth on said ring nut around the periphery thereof, said teeth being adapted to be engaged by a pivot gear wrench for rotation, said crankcase having a pivot hole adapted to receive the wrench pivot, a toothed piece adapted to engage the gear teeth on said ring nut, a screw adapted to engage said crankcase at said pivot hole and to hold said toothed piece down.

4. In an engine, a crankcase having an openin a cylinder having an end adapted to enter said opening, means detachably securing said end to said crankcase, said means including a ring nut engaging said cylinder for tightening the same in its secured position, gear teeth on said ring nut around the periphery thereof, said teeth being adapted to be engaged by a pivot gear wrench for rotation, said crankcase having a pivot hole adapted to receive the wrench pivot, a toothed piece adapted to engage th gear teeth on said ring nut, a screw adapted to engage said crankcase atsaid pivot hole and to hold said toothed piece down, and means on said piece preventing rotation thereof around said screw.

5. In an engine, a crankcase having an opening, a cylinder having an end adapted to enter said opening, means de chably securing said end to said crankcase, sal means including a ring nut engaging said cylinder for tightening the same in its secured position,- gear teeth on said ring nut around the periphery thereof, said teeth being adapted to be engaged by a Divot gear wrench for rotation, said crankcase having a pivot hole adapted to receive the wrench pivot, a toothed piece adapted to engage the gear teeth on said ring nut, a screw adapted to engage said crankcase at said pivot hole and to hold said toothed piece down, means associated with said toothed piece preventing rotation thereof around said screw, and means locking said screw to said crankcase to prevent loosening thereof.

6. In an engine, a crankcase having a plurality of openings, a corresponding plurality of cylinders having ends'insertable in said openings,

means for detachably securingsaid cylinders to said crankcase, means embracing each cylinder for tightening said cylinder in its secured position, and common means located between adjacent cylinders and mainly within lines which are defined by tangents common to said adjacent cylinders for positively and detachably locking together and to the crankcase the tightening means of the adjacent cylinders.

-7. In an engine, a crankcase having a plurality of openings, a corresponding plurality of cylinders having ends insertable in said openings, means for detachably securing said cylinders to said crankcase, a ring nut on each cylinder engaging the same for tightening it in its secured position, gear teeth around peripheries of said nuts, two ribbed pieces adapted to be secured to said crankcase between an adjacent pair of cylinders, and two correspondingly ribbed toothed pieces adapted to be held between said first pieces and to engage said nuts at the gear tooth portions thereof to prevent their rotation.

8. In an engine, a crankcase having an opening, a cylinder having an end adapted to enter said opening and also having annularly arranged threads, an internally threaded ring cooperable with said threads and having exterior teeth engageable by a tool to effect rotation of the rin to clamp the cylinder in said opening, a locking member mounted xternally of the cylinder and mainly within the confines of lines which are projections of radii of ,the adjacent cylinder and forming an included angle of less than forty-five degrees, said locking member having a toothed portion coacting with teeth or said ring, and means engaging said locking member for detachably securing the same in fixed position.

9. In an engine, a crankcase having an opening,-a cylinder having an end adapted to enter said opening and also having annularly arranged threads, aninternally threaded ring cooperable with said threads and having exterior teeth engageable by a tool to eflect rotation of the rin to. clamp the cylinder in said opening, a locking member having a toothed portion coacting with teeth of said ring, a clamping member engaging said locking member, and a threaded device for securing said clamping member to the cylinder.

10. In an engine, a crankcase having an opening, a cyl der having an end adapted to enter said opening and also having annularly arranged threads, an internally threaded ring cooperable with said threads and having exterior teeth engageable by a tool to effect rotation of the ring to clamp the cylinder in said opening, said exterior teeth lying in a plane substantially perpendicular to the axis of the cylinder, 9. locking member mounted externally of the cylinder and mainly within the confines of lines which are projections of radii of the adjacent cylinder and forming an included angle of less than forty-five degrees, said locking'member having a toothed portion coacting with teeth of said ring, and means associated with said locking member for detachably securing the same in fixed position.

11. man engine, a crankcase, a pair or ad-' Joan TJAARDA.

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3168336 *Oct 26, 1960Feb 2, 1965Gearmatic Co LtdJoint and lock mechanism for telescoping spar
US6279968 *Oct 1, 1997Aug 28, 2001Festo Ag & Co.Servicing apparatus for treating compressed air
Classifications
U.S. Classification92/146, 285/912, 285/330, 92/161, 411/992
International ClassificationF02F1/04
Cooperative ClassificationY10S285/912, F02F1/045, Y10S411/992
European ClassificationF02F1/04B