|Publication number||US2347879 A|
|Publication date||May 2, 1944|
|Filing date||Apr 1, 1942|
|Priority date||Apr 30, 1941|
|Publication number||US 2347879 A, US 2347879A, US-A-2347879, US2347879 A, US2347879A|
|Inventors||Bernard Brunton, Gilbert Booth Rolfe|
|Original Assignee||Selection Engineering Co Ltd|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (8), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
May 2, 1944. B. BRUNTON ET AL HOLLOW BEAMS AND COLUMNS lFOR USE IN BUILDING Filed April l, 1942 /M/E/VTOQS i HE/e/m/eo @QUA/TOM /aL/:Ef C5. BOOTH 5y www @2% Pate'nted May 2, 1944 HOLLOW BEAM AND COLUMN FOB, USE IN BUILDINGS Bernard Brunton anu Rolfe Gilbert verwin,
assignors to Selection Engineering Co. Limited, London,Engla.nd
- Application April 1, 1942, serial 10.431296 In Great Britain April 30, 1941 s oleims. (c1. .2b-a) This invention' relates to improvements in hollow beams and columns for use in buildings and to build-ingsk constructed therefrom and has for its primary object to provide constructions of wood or other sheet material which can be used in the construction of single storey buildings of panelling, the beams and columns being of adequate strength to support the dead weight of the roof and the usual stresses and strains imposed. A further object is to provide beams and columns or pillars of light weight which are constructed of wood and which can be utilised as the skeleton of buildings without any cross strutting.
With these and other objects which will be apparent from the specification, reference will now be made to the accompanying drawing which illustrates a preferred embodiment of the invention wherein:
Figure 1 is a perspective view of a beam and column structure constructed in accordance with the invention,
Figure 2 is an enlarged cross-section of the end of the beam and the end of one column,
Figure 3 is a cross section of the beam on the line 3-3 of Figure 2,
Figure 4 is a perspective view of one of the supporting structures, and
Figure 5 is a perspective view of an alternative form of supporting structure.
In the drawing, the structures consist of essentially of four longitudinal chord forming members I which are of triangular cross section. These members are built up from convenient lengths or battens butted together as at 2, Figure 2 and the joint is strengthened by securing these over a short length of batten, which extends between adjacent strut units. Such strengthening piece is shown at 3, Figure 3.
The said strut units each consist, according to Figs. 3 and 4, of a pair of upright struts or frame members 4 forming side walls, and a pair of top and bottom horizontal strutsL 5, the upright struts extending between the horizontal struts. The said horizontal struts 5 have their outer ends cut on the bias to provide oblique corner walls ii which form chord securing seats to which the bases of the triangular cross-sectional chords or longerons are secured. The strut units thus formed are vertically disposed transversely of the casing about to be described, and as illustrated in Fig. 2 are longitudinally spaced apart throughout the beam.
In the example illustrated the box-like strut units are faced with plywood '1, as shown in Figures 3 and 4, to increase their strength. With regard to the columns, these are strutted in substantially the same manner, and they taper so -as to be slightly narrower from inside to'outside at the top than those at the bottom.
The skeleton so built up is covered with a plywood skin or casing which consists of an inner layer 8 and an outer layer 8. The joints in the layers are staggered; the butt joint between adjacent sheets of the inner layer 8 (cf. the joint Il!) is staggered with relation to the joint between the adjacent sheets of the outer layer 9 (cf. the joint I I). Joints between adjacent faces of the outer layers are also staggered as shown in Figure 1, all joints being made on a strut unit. The beam is given the required fall by suitably dimensioning the strut units, and on the outer faces fillets I2 are secured, these also having a fall as shown. The llets I2 serve to support roof units such as inverted box units I3 shown in broken lines in Figure 1.
The union between beams and columns is made by dowel and socket connection. A block I4 is secured on the top of each column, said block carrying the dowel pin I 5. A recess I6 is formed in the botto-m of the end of the beam and the dowel pin I5 nts therein. Screw or like means are used to x the dowel.
The base of each column has a wood plate Il secured thereto (Figure l), said plate projecting beyond the column. This allows the column to be secured to concrete or other flooring by rag bolts or like means. Suitable holes such as the hoie I8 are provided for ventilation purposes.
In the example shown in Figure 5, the strutting consists of wood blocks I9, which are cut away or chamfered to support the longerons I. This example is for use in light weight beams where the load is not great. The blocks have vent holes 2t therein.
When used in building, the sets of beams and columns are mounted at spaced apart intervals and the construction completed by walls and a roof. Preferably the walls are built from light weight insulated panels which span the spaces between the columns and the roof is built from units as shown. Suitable facia and weatherproof boarding will be utilised at the eaves and weatherproong compounds will be employed to till joints. Where the roof vent is level with the top of the beams normal weatherprooiing (e. g. felt) may be laid over the whole roof.
l. A fabricated hollow structural building element, including, a-series of substantially recoblique corner surfaces -of 'each body member, n and an outer casing for the series of strut unitsv comprising, top, bottom and side sheets abutting and secured to the side, top'and bottom surfaces of said body members andv also covering* said chord forming members. Y
2. A fabricated hollow structural bndingfeil.;
ment, including, a series of Ysubstantially rec# tangular vertical strut units disposed transverse' angular cross section having the base sides thereof attached to the said chord securing seats, and a casing for said series of strut units, said casing comprising sheet members engaging the outer faces of said side members and said top and bottom members of the Vstrut units and also covering said chord members.'
3. A fabricated hollow structural building element, including, an outer elongated casing of substantially rectangular cross section including top, bottom and side sheets, vertically disposed 'strut units arranged transversely of the casing and in longitudinally spaced relation therein.
and longitudinallypdisposed chord formingmembers connectingthe upper and lower corners of said strut units, said bottom sheets of the casing i projectingjbeyond the plane of the said side ly of the structural elementV andriarranged` in f; longitudinally spaced relation, each of said units consisting of a hollow frame having upright side members connected by horizontal top andv bottom members, said top and bottomV members having oblique chord lsecuring seats at the outer ends thereof, a plurality `of chord membersA of trisheets, and `iillet members running longitudinally i of thek structural element and disposed in the included angles formed by the side sheets and the extensionsof the said projecting bottom sheets.
Y BERNARD 'BRUNTON ROLFE GILBERT BOOTH.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2753601 *||Sep 6, 1952||Jul 10, 1956||Bernard Brunton||Hollow beams|
|US2967332 *||May 31, 1956||Jan 10, 1961||Contemporary Structures Inc||Building frame construction|
|US2988854 *||Apr 7, 1958||Jun 20, 1961||Pagebar Inc||Wooden joint coupling including nail clinching means|
|US3263381 *||Oct 28, 1963||Aug 2, 1966||Rafters Inc||Building frame structure|
|US3405496 *||Oct 20, 1965||Oct 15, 1968||Intermountain Lumber Company||Panel structural components for building construction|
|US4075727 *||Sep 8, 1976||Feb 28, 1978||Fried. Krupp Gesellschaft Mit Beschrankter Haftung||Frame structure, especially for a portable bridge|
|US4313287 *||Jan 25, 1980||Feb 2, 1982||Romig Jr Byron A||Internally tensioned structural member and method of assembling same|
|US4398377 *||Nov 20, 1981||Aug 16, 1983||Romig Jr Byron A||Structural member with equalized internal tension|
|U.S. Classification||52/843, 52/93.1, D25/126|
|International Classification||E04C3/36, E04C3/14, E04C3/12, E04C3/30|
|Cooperative Classification||E04C3/36, E04C3/14|
|European Classification||E04C3/36, E04C3/14|