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Publication numberUS2348407 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 9, 1944
Filing dateOct 28, 1940
Priority dateOct 28, 1940
Publication numberUS 2348407 A, US 2348407A, US-A-2348407, US2348407 A, US2348407A
InventorsHender O'neill Ralph
Original AssigneeHender O'neill Ralph
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Convertible sleeping unit
US 2348407 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

R. H. O'NEILL CONVERTIBLE SLEEPING UNIT Filed Oct. 28 1940 May9, 1944.

'3 Sheets-Sheet 1v Fa/p/z O/Ved/ I Afiornex I R. H. ONEILL CONVERTIBLE SLEEPING UNIT May 9, 1944.

Filed Oct. 28, 194i) v 3.Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented M... 9,1944

. U ED STATES PATENT. orrica CONVERTIBLE SLEEPING UNIT naiph'nenaei-"o'neiu, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia,

Canada Application October 28, 1940, Serial No. 363,074

7 1 Claim. The invention relatesto convertible sleeping units, as described in the present specification and illustrated in the accompanying drawings that form part of the same.

The invention consists essentially of .the novel features of construction, as pointed out broadly and specifically in the claims for novelty following a description indetail of an acceptable form of the invention. v

The objects of the invention are .to devise certain pieces of furniture which ordinarily will be used as seats and that may be combined to form I a bed or other. sleeping unit, and consequently furniture of this-type'will be of estimable value in dwellings, particularly in small apartments, as well as being capable of being used in passenger conveyances, such as auto buses, railway cars,

.air transports, motor boats, and in large ships;

to ccnstructa sleeping unit that will be attractive in appearance, and will have no resemblance to any portion of a bed when the units are used as ordinary seats or couches; to device a sleeping unit that may be formed as seats or converted as a bed, or as the combination of seats and a, couch in accordance with the desire of the users of the sleeping units; to furnish a quick and easy method of converting the units into the form desired; to insure the maximum of comfort within the minimum of space 'to the users of the units, and which will be of especially great value in passenger conveyances, such as in railway cars and enabling the occupants of the seats to have all the luxuries of a larger compartment in that they may use their seats as a lounge or bed, and consequently expedite their dressing and undressing operations by affording room beside the bed without the necessity of using the isle of the railway car, and generally to provide a sleepin'gunit that will be economical to manufacture, durable in construction, and

eflicient for its various purposes.

In the drawings, Figure 1 is aperspective view of the unit. Figure 2 is a perspective view of the unit having the cushions removed. 1

Figure 3 is a perspective'view of a plurality of sleeping units converted into a bed. I

Figure 4 is an enlarged fragmentary perspective view of a cushion assembly.

Figure 5 is an enlarged perspective fragmentary view showing a portion of one of the channel members of the unit.-

Figure 6 is an enlarged perspective detail 'ofthe cushion runner.

Figure 7 is a perspective view of a convertible sleeping unit as utilized in a railway car.

Figure 8 ma fragmentary perspective view as shown in Figure 7 converted into the combination of a lounge and seats.

Figure 9 is a vertical sectional view of a seat back and head rest assembly. v

Figure 10 is a fragmentary plan view of a retaining plate for the head rest.

Figure 11 is an enlarged fragmentary perspective detail of the retaining plate and hanger.

for the head rest.

Figure 12 is a detail of the hanger. Figure 13 is a fragmentary detail-of a and head rest.

Figure 14 is a plan view of the folding mattress.

Figure 15 is an end view of the folding nattress.

Figure 16 is a perspective view of the units as constructed for passenger conveyances, and

of the tilting back.

Figure 17 is a perspective viewof the units as shown in Figure 16, converted into a bed.

Figure 18 is a perspective view of the units as shown as converted into a lounge and seats.

Figure 19'is an enlarged fragmentary perspective view of the corner of one of the back cushions disclosing an acceptable way of fastening the same to the tilting frame.

for regulating the position of the bottom cushion V in respect to the stationary frame of the unit.

Figure 25 is an enlarged perspective view of on of the horizontal cushions.-

Figure 26 is an enlarged perspective-view showing the stationary frame'of the unit.

Like numerals of reference indicate corresponding parts in the various figures.

The convertible sleeping units are formed essentiaily of a combination of one or more chairs especiallyconstructed which may be converted into a bed orcouch when co-operating with one another, or which may be a combination of several chairsand a couch, which when co-operated together may form a double bed. The

hanger same system is used in passenger conveyances with slight modifications in accordance with the type of vehicle in which these units are to be installed; and more particularly referring to the drawings, the unit as shown in Figures 1 and 2 are in the form of chairs as indicated by the numeral 30. The chair is providedwith the usual frame 3| and back 32, and the channel members 33 and 34 are secured to the frame and back and are parallel to one another, and provided with key-way 35 and 36. {the chair may or maynot be provided with a drawer 31 for the purpose of containing bedding or other commodities.

The horizontal cushion 38 and the back cushion 39 are hingedly secured together at 40, andare provided with the hinged flaps 4| and 42 for the members 54, and the purpose of the springs within the recesses of the seat backs is that when the headrest is in its un-operative position, the

projection of the hangers within the channel members will be in direct contact with the springs. If it is desired to change the position of the headrest to a horizontal position, the posi tion of the spring in relation to the hangers is reversed, in that the spring-abutts a portion of the hangers so as to hold the headrest in position.

purpose of concealing from view the space that would-ordinarily be seen in certain positions of the cushions. The horizontal cushion and the back cushion are provided with runners 43 on their under-side, and these runners are adapted to engage with the key-ways 35 and 36 of the channel members, and in this way it will be seen that the cushions may be changed'from a seat assembly to a horizontal position for co-operation with another unit or chair similarly constructed to complete a lounge, and the outer ends of the adjacent horizontal cushions in two such units may be secured together by means of the fastening members 44.

r In Figure 3 there is shown an assembly of two chairs and a settee, each constructed as hereinbefore described, and these are assembled together to make a bed, and it will therefore be seen that the convertible sliding units as above described are especially adapted as pieces of furniture in households and other dwellings, para ticularly where it is desired to provide a maximum of comfort within the minimum of space.

In Figure 7 the" convertible sleeping units are similarly constructed as shown in Figures 1, 2, and 3, but in this case they are slightly modified to adapt them for use in railway sleeping cars. The seat frames 45 and 46 are provided with the fixed backs 4'! and 48, and have the channel members 49,'which are similarly constructed as the channel members for the frames shown in Figures 1, 2, and 3. The cushions form independent seats from one another, that is to say on each seat frame, such as the frame 45 and the accompanying fixed back 41 there are provided a double set of hinged back cushions 50 and 5| constru ted similarly to the cushions described in Figures 1, 2, and 3, and are alsoprovided with runners for engagement with the channel members 49. In this way it will be seen that if it is desired to form the seats in a combination of chair and lounge compartment, all that is necessary is to simply slide the cushions in one side towards one another to form the lounge, leaving the other two opposing cushions as they were to form seats. Of course if a regular bed is to be made, then the remaining seats are of course converted into a lounge, and the two lounges com- .plete the bed.

bers 54 provided with keyways 55. The head rests 56 are secured to hangers 51' having lugs 58 adapted to be introduced in the keyways for the engagement of the hanger with the channel When the sleeping units, as shown in Figure '7, are to be converted into a bed, an acceptable type is illustrated in Figures. 14 and 15, which discloses a pair of mattresses 59 and 60 which are hingedly secured together by a strip of canvas or other suitable material 6| so that the mattress can be quickly folded when it is desired to change the bed into a lounge so as to enable the occupants to have more freedom within the compart- ,ment for dressing or other purposes.

In Figures 16 and 17 the convertible units are shown as an acceptable method of construction for use in auto buses, or air transports, and in this case the general assembly is similar to that as previously described, with the exception that the chairs 62 are provided with tilting back frames 63, and in this case the chairs have the horizontal frames 64 with the projecting studs 65 which are adapted to be engaged by the channel members 66, situated on the underside of the horizontal cushions 61. The back cushions 68 are detachably secured to the backframe 63 by means of metal pins 69 engaging with the sockets 10 formed in the horizontal bar oftheback frame and in the cushion itself, while the bottom side of the back cushion has a slot H, which is adapted to engage with the tiltable supporting member 12 which is hingedly secured to the bracket I3 formed in the lower portion of the vertical members of the back frame 63, this being one acceptable way for holding the cushion.

It will be seen that in this particular modified those already described in the other acceptable all without departing from forms, and it will be noted that the convertible units are capable of being used in different methods, such as pieces of furniture in dwellings, and as units in passenger conveyances, either with permanent fixed backs or with tiltable backs, the essential features of the invention.

What I claim is:

In convertible sleeping units, a .pair of individual seats adapted to be placed in a vis-a-vis arrangement with one another, each seat having a solid bottom wall and a solid back rest, said back rest being shorter in height than the length of said bottom wall, parallel channel members secured to said solid back rest and bottom wall and suitably spaced from the side edges thereof and having key-ways formed in their .uppermost ends and forming stops at their extreme ends, a bottom cushion and a back cushion secured together by hinged flaps, a pair of runners secured to the underside and at the free end of said back cushion, a pair of runners secured to the underside and at the hinged end of said bottom cushion, said runners adapted to engage with' said channel members-and regulated as to length of travel by the stops formed at the extreme ends of said channel members.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2642922 *Nov 25, 1946Jun 23, 1953Lockheed Aircraft CorpReversible and berthable seat
US3910630 *Aug 6, 1973Oct 7, 1975Dudugjian CarlSeat and couch structure
US5857745 *Aug 15, 1997Jan 12, 1999L. A. Rumbold LimitedVehicle seat
US6059364 *Jun 12, 1998May 9, 2000British Airways PlcSeating unit
US6209956Oct 29, 1998Apr 3, 2001British Airways PlcSeating unit
US7213882Aug 16, 2004May 8, 2007British Airways PlcSeating unit
US8313059Nov 20, 2008Nov 20, 2012Virgin Atlantic Airways LimitedSeating system and a passenger accommodation unit for a vehicle
US8517466 *Jul 7, 2011Aug 27, 2013Brunswick CorporationConvertible boat seat
US8616643Jul 24, 2012Dec 31, 2013British Airways PlcAircraft passenger seat
US8720821Oct 18, 2012May 13, 2014Virgin Atlantic Airways LimitedSeating system and passenger accommodation unit for a vehicle
US8876202 *Jul 16, 2009Nov 4, 2014The Boeing CompanyBerth sleeper system
US9004585 *Jun 7, 2013Apr 14, 2015Volodymyr PidgornyyConvertible chair sofa configuration
US20110011977 *Jul 16, 2009Jan 20, 2011The Boeing CompanyBerth sleeper system
U.S. Classification297/67, 297/342
International ClassificationB63B29/00, B61D31/00, B63B29/04
Cooperative ClassificationB61D31/00, B63B29/04
European ClassificationB61D31/00, B63B29/04