US 2348807 A
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ATTORNEY May 5., 1944.y J'. GooDs'rElN FILLER FOR QUILTS AND THE LIKE Filed NOV. '7, 1942 Patented May 16, 1944 FILLER Fon QUlt'rs: AND THE LIKE Joseph Gaussian. New York, N. Y.
Application November?, 1942, Serial No. 464,909
(ci. --339 f -3 Claims.
This invention relates io improvements in A quilts, bed coverlets, and the like, and to new and improved llers for such articles.
Heretofore llers for quilts have usually com? prised either goose down, wool or cotton. or as set forth in my Patent No. 2,001,782, issued May 21, 1935, down of birds, particularly of the duck famiiy, intermingled and interlocked with wool and/ or cotton libres.
The use of down as a filler, however, h as the disadvantage in that because of present war conditions. materials such as virgin wools and downs have been frozen and therefore are extremely hard toobtain. Moreover, the use of suchmaterials is undesirable because of the need for these materials in connection with the war efforts.
An object of the invention is the provision of a material whichreadily may be obtained and which may be used in place of the down formerly employed. and whichl has advantages over the down formerly employed for this purpose.
Still another object is to provide a suitable lighntlufiy material for quilts, bed coverlets. and like articles, which may easily be intermixed or interlocked with. wool or cotton. and which in particular is adapted for use with wool waste, the latter material being obtainable because not required for the present war efforts.
Another object is a quilt or bed coverlet and the like, in which a. large proportion of the batt with which the article is stuffed, may be composed of wool waste, and yet which is rendered light and fluffy and which has a high heat insulation value.
Other objects and advantages/of the invention will be apparent from the following description, taken in connection with the acompanying drawing.in which:
Fig, l is a view oi' a quilt which is stuffed with a batt formed in accordance with the present invention and f possible m apply thesameip 'tneform'or layer which maybeinserted vinto ashell or about which tion Within an assembled cover or top and between sections disposed against the same and sewed to form the enclosingrcover.
In accordance with the present invention, I obtain the advantages heretofore obtained with down, involving the resiliency and ilumness thereof, and at the Sametime obtain the stability of wool, cotton, or wool and cotton mixtures, by combining with wool or cotton, or wool 'and cotton mixtures, the under o r base portion of the fur and the fur overhair secured from various anima-ls` 'The supply of such fur is practically unlimited, and while the principal source of pelt-s, such as rabbit fur, is Australia, some come from' France, Belgium, and practically all of the world, and a large supply is .also available in this country. The fur and fur overhair of various other animals may be used, for example, that of cats, dogs. squirrels, wolves, deer, ponies and beaver. The pelts are put through a known process in order to remove the pelt from the fur and fur overhair from the fur proper. The fur and fur overhairmaterials are then sterilized from. two to four hours in boiling water with a suitable solution, such as a 3% solution, of sulphuric acid which completely carbonizes all foreign substances. The fur and fur /overhair then goes through a scouringk process and is dried and put through blowing and cleaning machines which. separate the fur and the fur overhair.
B'y virtue of the sterilizing and cleaning process as described it is desirable to provide a lilling consisting of fur and fur overhair intermingled only in prescribed proportions 'such arrangement being one of the preferable methods I employ due to the exigency arising out of the present war.
With respect to mixtures of the above products, various combinations and different percentages of fur and fur overhair and wool waste may be employed. An,importantadvantage of the fur and fur overhair fis that said furj andoverhair A 1'rii x t1'1re has approximately V30% A more insulation value ln pr" rtion' toxitsfweight than anaver- 'age' gradfofqwook Also, it'is possible' to use `"cotton, 'or'hilxi;`ures of vcotton and wool. Additional materlala such as down, feathers and the like. A"cariiof course'be employed, but the fur and tur overlial employed Y'obviates the" necessity of Using SllCH'lthOllgh lf it is desired t0 .iclude Suu-cih mteril they may be employed in s mall'amounts. y
In order tor prepare the batt, suitable percentages of ,the materials Yare mixed, for example, and bywayfv'of 'illustration only, approximately 60% of wool waste and 10% of cotton, with 30% mixture of fur and fur overhair. After about half of the quantity of these materials have been thoroughly intercombined in a standard form of mixing machine, I add the balance of fur or fur overhair, Wool waste and cotton, and agitate further to produce a properly intermixed fur, wool and cotton fibre batch.
As above stated, the percentages of the various materials employed may vary within'considerable limits, depending upon the desired charac-` teristics of the completed article, the availability of the materials and other factors. from to 40% of fur and fur overhair may be employed, with from 50% to 70% of wool or wool waste, or vii'gin wool and the remainder composed of cotton, down, or other desired material.
The batch thus obtained is then passed through an apparatus for the purpose of combining and v carding the mixture and shaping the sa-me into a layer formation of desired thickness and Width. In this layer the respective fur, 'and overhair wool and/or cotton fibres are more or less homogeneously intermixed. with the light and fluffy fur being intertwined and interlocked with the wool and/or cottonbres. The result is that the resiliency and lightness of the fur is combined with the flexibility and stability of the wool and/or cotton fibers in a dentely shaped mass in the form of a layer of predetermined thickness.
The prepared batt may then be inserted in a preformed shell or cover, or a shell or cover may be made for the batt by applying lengths of material on opposite sides of the layer, stitching the peripheral edges thereof and stitching the usual decorating design on the respective faces of the shell. 'I'his design which is formed by stitches passing through the ller serves as a binding medium and to prevent shifting of the filler or portions thereof. Figure 1 of the drawing shows the completed quilt, the peripheral stitching being indicated by the reference numeral I0, and the intermediate stitching indicated by numeral Il. Figure 2 shows how the fur and fur overhair I4 are intermixed and interlocked with wool Waste ls and cotton abres ls.
The ller as formed comes on the machine in a long length, which may readily be handled and lengths of the same may be rolled or cut directly For example, l
as the layer comes out of the machine, the intertwining and adhesion of the fur and fur overhair through the wool and/or cotton mixture serving not only to interlock the fur and fur overhair with the wool and/or cotton fibres, but also to form a firmly interlocked filler having the characteristics of warmth, resiliency, and lightness and flexibility,
Notwithstanding the improved characteristics ofthe filler and the quilt or bed coverlet made therefrom, the price at which the same may be made is relatively low, and the completed article may be made to sell at a price substantially less than that heretofore required with the use of down, notwithstanding that it possesses-various advantages over the use of down.
For brevity in the' claims, the word fur is employed in a generic sense to define the fur of an animal and/or the fur hair which accompanies and forms part of the fur of the animal. Various changes and modifications in the particular amounts of the various materials, and in the various materials-which are then intercombined with the fur and fur hair, will be obvious to those skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit of the present invention, and I therefore do not wish to be limited except as indicated by the scope of the appended claims.
What I claim is:
l. As an article of manufacture, comprising a filler for quilts, coverlets or like article of bedding, said filler being a fluffy and resilient batt formed proportionately of underfur and fur overhair thoroughly intermingled and interlocked with a fibrous material substantially composed of wool waste.
2. As an article of manufacture, comprising a filler of a fluffy and resilient batt formed from a proportion-of approximately 2.0 to 40% of underfur and fur overhair thoroughly intermingled and interlocked with approximately to 60% of other material which is largely composed of wool waste.
3. As an article of manufacture, a filler for quilts or coverlets comprising a fluffy and resilient batt formed from a proportionate amount of rabbit underfur and rabbit overhair and thoroughly lntermingled with fibrous materials largely composed of wool waste.