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Publication numberUS2349283 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 23, 1944
Filing dateDec 3, 1940
Priority dateDec 3, 1940
Publication numberUS 2349283 A, US 2349283A, US-A-2349283, US2349283 A, US2349283A
InventorsFrank Goodwin, George Kellogg, King John A
Original AssigneeFrank Goodwin, George Kellogg, King John A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Cover mechanism
US 2349283 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 23, 1944. J. A. KING ET AL COVER MECHANISM Filed. D60. 3, 1940 2 Sheets-Sheet J.

INVENTORS John A.

May 23,1944. A, KING ET 2,349,283

COVER MECHANISM ATTORNEYS Patented May 23, 1944 COVER-MECHANISM. I

J olin A. King, George Kellogg, and Frank Goodwin, Interlaken, N. Y.

Application December 3, 1940, Serial No. 368,374.

scams. 98-59) This invention relates to mechanism for moving a body to either of two positions and automatically looking it in such positions, andmore particularly to mechanism for covering and uncovering the top of a Smokestack.

It is an object of the invention to provide im- Figure 1 is a top perspective view of asmoke-.

stack cover and operating mechanism embodying the invention shown attached to a smoke stack and with the cover in uncovering position;

Figure 2 is a top elevation of the mechanism shown in Figure 1 but showing the cover in its== covering position;

Figure 3 is a side elevation of Figure 2; Figure 4 is a detail of a locking mechanism embodying the invention; and

- Figure 5 is a section taken-on line -55 of Figure 2.

Referring to Figures 1 and 2, at the top of a smokestack I is secured a supporting structure enerally indicated at '2 and comprising parallel 'angleirons 3 and 4 secured together by cross: angle irons 5 and 6. The supporting structure is secured to the smokestack near its top at three places as by bolts, indicated at 7. Secured to the top of the angle irons 3 and 4 and oppositely disposed are bearing supports 8 and 9 which pivotally support, by means of stud bolts l0 and H, two levers l2 and 13 in the form of angle irons. A smokestack cover 14 is conveniently secured to these two leversas indicated at 15 and is provided with a drip ring lea that comes down over, the stack top. w

The construction thus far described provides for supporting the cover I4-in such a manner that it may be moved from its covering position, as shown in Figure 2, to its uncovering horizontal position, as shown in Figure 3. Further, the cover in moving from one position tothe other passes through a dead-center position so that, depending on which side of the dead-center position the cover lies, gravity acts to move it to.

the corresponding position. This tendency of the cover to assume either of its two positions after passing through the dead-center position will be referred to as an overbalancing action or characteristic, and whereas in the present em- 'bodiment this overbalancing effect utilizes the force of gravityit may be accomplished in other ways as by known spring-operated overcentering mechanisms.

The mechanism for operating the cover from one position through dead-center to causethe cover to take its other position comprises, in the present embodiment, an operating lever generally indicated at [6 and pivotally supported intermediate its ends by stud bolt H. and bearingsupport 9. This pivot support permits free relative movement between the lever l6 and the supporting lever I2. The operating lever- 16 is provided at the righthand end, as shown in Figure 3, with a hole H to which an operating line or chain [8 is attached, and which line extendsto the base of the stack where the line may be manually pulled to swing the lever past its dead-center position. The other end of the operating lever I6 is counterweighted by a weight I9 secured to the leverso that the lever is overbalanced in the same sense that the cover I4 is overbalanced. Thus when the lever I6 is movedfrom avposition corresponding to the covering position of the cover through dead-center it is urged by the force of gravitytoassume a positioncorresponding with the uncovering position of the cover, and vice versa. And here, too, although-in the present embodiment, the force of gravity is used to accomplish this overbalancing effect, it may be accomplishedby known spring actuated overcen tering mechanisms. i r

Theoperating lever l6,is connected to operate the cover M from its one position to its other position by means of alink generally indicatediat .20, and shown in detail in Figures 4 and; 5. The link 20 is pivotallyconnected with the weighted end of the lever l6 by means of a studbolt' Z Land to the supporting lever l2 by means of a stud bolt 22. In the present embodiment, the pivot connection between the link and the operating lever 16 is made loose, and the length of the link 20 is selected so that the operating lever l5 may pivot past and to either side of the plane of the supporting lever 12 and cover I4. This'actiOn is shown in Figures 3 and 4 and provides for the operation of locking means carried by the link to lock the cover against inadvertent movement from either of its two positions. The locking means as disclosed in the present embodiment are ears 23 and 24 located on either side of the link 20. As shown in Figure 3, the ear latches with the latch forming end 25 of angle iron 4, and is urged into such locking position by the overbalancing .e ect of the operating lever i6 pivoting the link 20 about its pivot 22 after the cover M has reached its covering position.

The cover may be unlocked and moved to its uncovering position simply by pulling the line l8, which action first pivots the lever Hi to pivot the link 20 about its pivot 22 to the position shown in Figure 4 while the cover M remains stationary. This unloeks' theear 24,.-from. the framework 2. Furtheigpivo'ting of the lever It causes the link 20 to pick up its loose connection at the pivot 2| and thereafter the cover I4 is raised by the lever I6 and link 20. If the line l8 is pulled rapidly enough, the momentum of the parts carries the cover and lever I'Bpast and to the other side of their dead-center positions so that now both the cover M and the lever l6 are overbalanced and are urged toward their uncovering positions as shown in Figurel.

} After the. cover and operating lever I'Gpass through dead center the movement of lever I6 to its uncovering position is restrained by means of the line 18 and the overbalanced action of the cover causes it to pivot with respect to the operating lever to pass to the opposite side of the Plane of the lever and to pivot the link 20 about its pivot 21 to position the ear 23 of the lock in unlocking position. Further relative movement of the cover with respect to the operating lever causes the link 20' to pick up the cover again so that as the lever 16 lowers to its uncoveringposition under the restraining influence of the line; the unlocking position of the ear 2,3 is maintained, and it passes a latch 26 on the angle iron 4 as the cover l4 comes torest on the top of the angle irons 3 and 4. But because the lever I 6 is overbalanced it continues to pivot after the cover has stopped and pivots the link 20 about its pivot 22, thereby locking the ear 23 over the latch to lock the cover in its uncovering position.

The, foregoing locking and unlocking operation is obtained by providing the cover I 4 and the lever l Bwith overbalancing tendencies in the same sense or direction and by providing for a driving connectionbetween the lever and cover, which connection'ha's suflicient play to permit relative movement between the operating lever and the cover and-utilizes such relative movement to operate the locking mechanism. v

Further, the pivoting action of the coverjpermits the use of the drip ring Ma without interfering with the covering and uncovering operations. I

As variousembodimentsmight be made of this invention, and as various changes might be made in the construction herein described, all without departing, from the scope of theinvention, it is to be understood that all matter herein set forth or shown in the accompanying drawings is to be interpreted as illustrative and ing sense.

We claim: v 1. A smokestack cover comprising, in combinanot in a limittion, a support adapted to be secured to a smoke-- ,ing positions to assume either of said covering or uncovering positions, pivoted lever means mounted on said support for moving said cover to its positions, an operating lever pivotally positions corresponding to the covering and uncovering positions of said cover and overbalanced with respect to said dead-center position to assume either of said two positions, operating means for pivoting said operating lever from either of its two positions past dead-center to shift the operating lever to the other of its two positions, a driving connection between said operating lever and. said-pivoted lever means whereby said operating lever'is adapted tomovesaid pivoted lever means from one of its positions through dead-center, said driving connection being loose to permit relative movement between the operating lever and pivoted lever means, locking means operatively connected to and swingable with said operating lever for locking unlocking said cover in either of its two positions and operated by said operating lever as it moves relative to said pivoted lever when said pivoted lever is in a state of rest in either of its two positions.

'2. A Smokestack cover comprising, in combination, a support adapted to be secured to a smokestack in the proximity of the top thereof, a cover 'movably mounted on said support and movable between a covering and an uncovering position and overbalanced with respectto a deadcenter position intermediate said covering and uncovering positions to assume either of said covering or uncovering positions, an operating lever pivotally mounted, on said support and movable to two positions corresponding to the covering and uncovering positions of said cover and overbalanced with respect to said dead-center position to assum either of said two positions, operating means for pivoting said lever from either of its two positions past dead-center to shift the lever to the other of its two positions,

' a driving connection between said lever and said 1 cover whereby said lever is adapted to move said cover from one of its positions through deadcenter, said driving connection being loose to permit relative movement between the operating lever and cover, locking means operatively connected to and swingable with said operating lever, said locking means being operated to lock said cover in either of its two positions by said operating lever as it moves relative to said cover under the influence of its over-balancing action when said cover is in a state of rest and in either its covering or uncovering positions, and said locking means being operated to unlock said cover by said operating lever as it moves relative to said cover under the influence of said operating means when said cover is in said state of ,rest

in either its covering or uncovering positions.

3. A's'mokestack cover construction comprising a cover movably mounted with respect to said smokestack and urged past a dead-center position to move either to a covering or uncovering position, overcentering means for moving said cover from the one to the other of its respective positions and comprising a lever pivoted intermediate its ends and weighted at one end whereby when moved past a dead-center posimo ted n. said suppo t and mo ab e to two 76 than said lever is urged to either of two positions corresponding to those of said cover, a single cord attached'to the other end of said lever for moving it from the one position through dead-center position whereby the lever is shifted to its other position, a'link loosely connecting the weighted end of said lever with said cover whereby movement of said lever moves said cover, and means operated by the pivoting action of said link with respect to said lever and cover to lock and vunlock said cover in either of it two positions.

4. A smokestack cover construction comprising, in combination, a support adapted to be secured to the top of a smokestack, a cover pivotal- 1y mounted on said support to pivot about an axis perpendicular to the axis of the smokestack from uncovering to covering position, and vice versa, a lever pivotable about an axis coincident with the aXis of said cover, operating means to pivot said lever, a link connecting one end of said lever with said cover, locking means carried by said link to lock with said support when said cover is in either of its two positions, said looking means being operated by the action of gravity on said lever to lock, and by the action of said operating means on said lever to unlock; and a drip ring on said cover adapted to encircle the top of said Smokestack when said cover is in covering position.

5. A smokestack cover comprising, in combination, a support adapted to be secured to a smokestack near the top thereof, a cover mounted on said support to pivot about a horizontal aXis and overbalanced to move past dead-center toassume either a horizontal position covering the Smokestack or an uncovering horizontal position to the side of said stack, a lever pivoted intermediate its ends about an axis coincident with the axis of said cover and overbalanced to move past dead-center to assume positions corresponding to the covering and uncovering positions of said cover, operating means for pivoting said lever from either of its two positions past deadcenter and against the overbalancing pull of said lever to shift it to the other of its two positions, a link loosely connecting said lever with said cover whereby movement of said lever from either of its two positions moves the cover correspondingly, locking means carried by said link to lock with said support when said cover is in either of its covering or uncovering positions, and operated to locking position by the overbalancing action of said lever, and to unlocking position by the overbalancing action of said cover.

6. Linkage mechanism for moving a member between one of two positions and for automatically looking it in said positions, comprising, a first member movable between a first position and a second position, overbalancing means for positively urging said member to either one of the said positions after passing an intermediate deadcenter position, an operating member pivotally mounted to move between positions corresponding to said first and second positions and urged toward either one of said positions after passing through dead-center, means forming a loose driving connection between said operating member and said first member whereby said first member may be moved against said overbalancing means from its one position past dead-center and whereby said operating member and said first member are permitted free limited relative movement, and locking means operatively connected to and swingable with said operating member for locking and unlocking said first member in either its first or second positions and operated by said operating member as it moves relative to said first member when said first member is in a state of rest in either its first or second positions.

'7. A smokestack cover comprising, in combination, a support adapted to be secured to a smokestack in the proximity of the top thereof, a cover mounted on said support and movable between a covering position and an uncovering position, an operating lever pivotally mounted on said support and movable between two positions corresponding to the covering and uncovering positions of said cover and overbalanced with respect to a dead center position between said two positions to assume either of said two positions, operating means for operating said lever from either of its two positions past dead center to shift the lever to the other of its two positions, a driving connection between said lever and said cover whereby said lever is adapted to move said cover between its covering and uncovering positions, said driving connection being loose to permit relative movement between said operating lever and cover, looking or unlocking means for locking said cover in either of its positions, said locking means being operatively connected to and swingable with said operating lever and being operated to locking positions by said operating lever as it moves relative to said cover while said cover is at a state of rest in one of its two positions and while said operating lever is moving to its corresponding position, and operated to unlocking positions by movement of said operating lever relative to said cover while said cover is in a state of rest and in one of its two positions and while said operating lever is being moved out of its corresponding position.

8. A Smokestack cover comprising, in combination, a support adapted to be secured to a smokestack in the proximity of the top thereof, a cover movably mounted on said support and movable between a covering and an uncovering position and pivoted lever means mounted on said support and mechanically connected to said cover for moving said cover to its covering and uncovering positions and said pivoted lever means being overbalanced with respect to a dead-center position, intermediate positions corresponding to said covering and uncovering positions to assume either of said positions, an operating lever pivotally mounted on said support and movable to two positions corresponding to the covering and uncovering positions of said cover and over-balanced with respect to said dead-center position to assume either of said two positions, operating means for pivoting said lever from either of its two positions past dead-center to shift the lever to the other of its two positions, a, driving connection between said operating lever and said pivoted lever means whereby said operating lever is adapted to move said cover from one of its positions through dead-center, said driving connection being loose to permit relative movement between the operating lever and pivoted lever means, locking means operatively connected to and swingable with said operating lever for looking said pivoted lever means in either of its two positions and operated by said operating lever as it moves relative to said pivoted lever means when said pivoted lever means is in a state of rest in either of its two positions.

JOHN A. KING. GEORGE KELLOGG.

FRANK GOODWIN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2439271 *May 14, 1942Apr 6, 1948Shaver James BVentilator
US5092226 *Dec 12, 1990Mar 3, 1992Eratech Inc.Incinerator chimney stack valve mechanism
US5349925 *Oct 4, 1993Sep 27, 1994Louis ZeratoAnimal feeder device
US7469657 *Mar 8, 2005Dec 30, 2008Alec DrummondApparatus and methods for controlling an animal's access to food
US20050145183 *Mar 8, 2005Jul 7, 2005Alec DrummondApparatus and methods for controlling an animal's access to food
Classifications
U.S. Classification454/7, 220/263
International ClassificationF23J13/08, F23J13/00
Cooperative ClassificationF23J13/08
European ClassificationF23J13/08