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Publication numberUS2350306 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 30, 1944
Filing dateSep 26, 1941
Priority dateSep 26, 1941
Publication numberUS 2350306 A, US 2350306A, US-A-2350306, US2350306 A, US2350306A
InventorsSpain Roy C
Original AssigneeYale & Towne Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Lock
US 2350306 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 3o, 1944. R, SPAM 2,350,306

LOCK

Filed Sept. 26. 1941 '5/ 'mimaidw 30 mmm 3' .ii-gui 1/ umm ATTORNEY Patented May 3o, 1944 LOCK Roy C. Spain, Michigan City, Ind., assignor to The Yale & Towne Manufacturing Company, Stamford, Conn., a corporation of Connecticut Application September 26, 1941, Serial No. 412,407

(Cl. 'l0-418) 7 Claims.

My-invention relates to a lock of the type in which a latch bolt carried by a casing is adapted to enter a strike. More particularly, my invention relates to means carried by the latch bolt whereby it may be interlocked with the strike to prevent the movement of the latch bolt out of the strike as by a jimmy tool.

I realize quite Well that the prior arI 'l contains patents iniwhich are shown structures for obtaining results similar to those herein set forth. One such patent is that to Rush No'. 1,800,662 issued on April 14, 1931 in which a dog slidably mounted on a latch bolt cooperates with a portion of the lock casing to prevent retraction of the latch bolt. My invention differs from Rush and other prior art structures in that a very simple dog carried by the latch bolt, and preferably pivotally mounted thereon, is adapted to interlock the latch bolt with the strike into which the latch bolt is adapted to enter. A further feature of my invention which distinguishes it from the prior art, is the provision of means for permitting the retraction of the latch bolt and its dog when the dog is moved relatively to the latch bolt by contact with the strike, as the door on which the latch bolt and its casing are mounted, is moved into closed position.

Still a further feature of my invention resides in the simple construction thereof, whereby it may be manufactured at a relatively low cost and applied to relatively inexpensive latches.

I have thus described my invention generally in order that the detailed construction thereof which I shall hereinafter set forth may be better understood. Naturally, my invention may be embodied in physical forms other than that which I shall herein show and describe, so that my patent claims should not be limited to the detailed structure of this application.

Referring now to the drawing,l Fig. 1 is a horizontal section through my lock, showing it applied to a door and with the latch bolt entered into a strike mounted on the jamb of the door. Fig'. 2 is a sectional view taken substantially along the lines 2-2 of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is an enlarged view of parts of Fig. 1 showing a jimmying tool, and the manner in which it is adapted to actuate the dog. Fig. 4 is a section taken along lines 4-4 of Fig. 1. Fig. 5 illustrates the action of the parts when the door is swung into `closed position and the dog andv latch bolt impinge against the strike to be retracted thereby. Fig. 6 is a perspective View of the dog.

Referring now more particularly to the drawing, a lock casing I0 is shown applied to a door I I in a conventional manner, while a strike I2 is applied in the usual way to a jamb I3. Mounted within the casing I0 is a latch bolt I4 having a tail I5 whereby it is readily retracted by a cam I6 forming part of a thumb turn I1 on the inside of the door. Through means of a standard type of cylinder lock I8 and its cam I9, the latch bolt I4 may be retracted from the outside of the door I I. Those skilled in the art will readily appreciate that what has so far been described is merely the usual type of night latch construction, and it is to this type of construction that my invention is best applied. It may, however, be applied to latch bolts of mortise and other types of locks, all of which Will be clearly understood by those skilled in the art.

In Fig. 6 I show a dog 20 substantially U form, with the legs 2 I` of the U equipped with locking detent portions 22. Each of the legs is bored at 23 whereby through pins 24, the dog 2l!) may be mounted on the latch bolt I4 as illustrated in the several gures of the drawing. The latch bolt I4 is centrally bored at 25a, and mounted within this bore is a spring 25 which presses against the dog20 urging it to its position of Fig. 1, in which the bar portion 20h of the U dog 20 is vin protective relation to the beveled face I4b of vthe latch bolt I4. The lugs 26 on the latch bolt I4 limit the movement of the dog 20 under the pressure of the spring 25, to the positionof Fig. 1.

Referring now to Fig. 3 it will be noted that a jimmying tool 21 is in positionl between` h'efdoor II and the jamb I3, it being the purp's'eofthe jimmying tool to separate the door and "jamb and to force the latch bolt I4 out of the strike I2. It will be noted however, that the jimmying tool 21 impinges against the protective bar portion 2Gb of the U dog 20 moving the dog to the position illustrated, against the force .of spring 25, and bringing the detent portions 22 of the dog 20 against locking shoulders 28 formed on the strike I2. It is now quite obvious that the latch bolt I4 and its dog 20 are completely interlocked with the strike I2, so that it is impossiblefto jimmy the lock in the usual manner in which locks of this type are attacked.

Those skilled in-the art will fully appreciate that it is necessary to provide means whereby the latch bolt I4 and its dog zo may move into-the lock casing l0 when the dog and latch bolt impinge against the strike inthe closing movement of the door II. This action is clearly illustrated in Fig. 5, in which the dog 20 is shown against the cam surface I2b of the strike I2, and acting gainst the latch bolt to retract it into the cas- In the particular position, the latch bolt I4 has actually been retracted into the casing III about one half the required distance, and the spring 25 between the dog 20 and the latch bolt has been compressed. It will now be noted that the casing I is provided with slots or grooves 30 into which the detent portions 22 of the legs of the U shaped dog 20 may enter to permit retraction of the latch bolt and the dog into the casing when the dog 20 is in its relation to the latch bolt shown in Fig. 5. In Fig. 4 the slots 30 are illustrated as forming extensions of the main opening 3| in the casing lli through which the bolt I 4 and its dog 20 are projected.

I believe that the construction of my invention will now be quite clear to those skilled in the art.

I now claim:

1. In a lock of the class described, a latchbolt, a strike into which said latch bolt enters, a unitary dog pivoted on said latch bolt for integral sliding movement therewith while adapted for limited pivotal movement relatively to said latch bolt, and a detent surface formed as a part of said unitary dog adapted to interlock with said strike when movement relatively to said latch bolt is imparted to said dog as by a jimmying tool.

2. In a lock of the class described, a latch bolt, a strike into which said latch bolt enters, a unitary dog pivoted on said latch bolt for integral sliding movement therewith while adapted for limited pivotal movement relatively to said latch bolt, a spring maintaining said dog in a predetermined osition in which it does not interfere with the s ding movement of the latch bolt, and a detent surface forined as a part of said unitary dog adapted to interlock with said strike when said dog is moved relatively to said latch bolt against the pressure of said spring as by a jimmying tool.

3. In a lock of the class described, a latch bolt, a strike into which said latch bolt enters, a unitary dog pivoted on said latch bolt for integral sliding movement therewith while adapted for limited pivotal movement relatively to said latch bolt, said dog having a protective surface adapted to overlie the usual strike contacting beveled surface of the latch bolt, a spring maintaining said dog in a predetermined position with its protective surface spaced from said latch bolt beveled surface whereby a jimmying tool `:vill move said dog against the pressure of said spring to force said protective surface against the beveled latch bolt surface, and a detent surface on said unitary dog adapted to interlock with said strike when said dog is so moved.

4. In a lock of the class described, a casing, a strike, a latch bolt slidable in said casing and adapted to enter said strike, a` unitary dog pivoted on said latch bolt for integral sliding movement therewith into the strike while adapted for limited pivotal movement relatively to said latch bolt, a.- spring maintaining said dog in a predetermined position in which it does not interfere with the sliding movement of the latch bolt out of said strike, and a detent surface on said unitary dog adapted to interlock with said strike when said mcigh is moved relatively to said latch bolt aga e pressure of said s rin as b a mmol. p s y Jimmy 5. In a lock of the class described, a casing, a strike, a latch bolt slidable in said casing and adapted to enter said strike, a unitary dog pivoted on said latch bolt for integral sliding movement therewith into the strike while adapted for limited pivotal movement relatively to said latch bolt, said dog having a protective surface adapted to overlie the usual strike contacting beveled surface of the latch bolt, a spring maintaining said dog in a predetermined position with its protective surface spaced from said latch bolt beveled surface, a strike engaging surface on said unitary dog maintained out of strike engaging position when said dog is in said predetermined position, said casing having openings to accommodate said strike engaging surface whereby to permit retraction of said bolt and said dog into the casing when said dog is moved. relatively to the latch bolt as it impinges against the strike when the lock casing is moving into locking alignment with said strike, said dog being in said predetermined position when said boltV enters said strike, said strike engaging surface of said unitary dog engaging said strike to lock said latch bolt against movement when said dog is moved as by a jimmying tool.

6. In a lock, a casing, a latch bolt slidable in said casing, a strike into which said bolt enters,

a U shaped dog pivoted on said latch bolt, the

.legs of said U dog being adapted for interlock with said strikewhen said bolt and dog are in said strike, the bar portion of said U dog overlying the usual beveled strike contacting portion of the latch bolt, a spring maintaining said dog in a predetermined position with its bar portion spaced from said latch bolt beveled surface whereby a jimmying tool will move said dog beveled strike contacting portion of the latch bolt, a spring maintaining said dog in a predetermined position with its bar portion spaced from said latch bolt beveled surface, the strike interlocking legs of said U dog being maintained out of strike interlocking position when said dog is pressed by said spring into said predetermined position, said casing having slots to accommodate said legs'whereby to permit retraction of said latch bolt and said dog into the lock casing when said dog and latch bolt impinge against the strike as the lock casing is moving into locking alignment with said strike, said bolt and dog sliding thereafter into said strike, said interlocking legs of said U dog interlocking with said strike thereafter when said dog is moved as by a jimmying tool relatively to said latch bolt.

C. SPAIN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2676480 *Mar 14, 1952Apr 27, 1954Yale & Towne Mfg CoNight latch
US2842631 *Dec 8, 1954Jul 8, 1958Georg Martens DanielSafety spring locks
US3039807 *Feb 28, 1961Jun 19, 1962Agnese Joseph MBurglar-proof lock
US3104538 *Feb 1, 1960Sep 24, 1963Diebold IncBolt construction for safes, vaults and the like
US3107112 *Nov 7, 1960Oct 15, 1963Schlage Lock CoLatch bolt unit
US3471188 *Nov 25, 1966Oct 7, 1969Gen Alarm CorpSecurity system
US4848118 *Jul 13, 1987Jul 18, 1989Adams Rite Manufacturing Co.Lock hold-back latch with anti-pick device
US5113676 *Dec 31, 1990May 19, 1992Misak PanossianDouble acting dead latch mechanism
Classifications
U.S. Classification70/418, 292/346
International ClassificationE05B63/00, E05B63/12
Cooperative ClassificationE05B63/127
European ClassificationE05B63/12G