US 235113 A
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l Iron Gates. No. 235,113. Patented Dec. 7,1880.V
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No. 235,113. Patented Dec. 7,1880.
"mii Y wlTNl-:ssEs' A mvENTo 0MM, lax LIMATTORNEYS rares JAMES YOUNG, OF KENTON, OHIO.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 235,113, dated December 7, 1880,
Application filed May 29, 1879.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that L JAMES YOUNG, of Kenton, in the county of Hardin and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Iron Gates; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description ofthe invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which vitrpertains to make and use it, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, which form part of this specification.
My invention relates more particularly to the hinges on iron gates; and it consists, first, in constructing the hinge in such a manner that it shall serve the double purpose of a hinge and a coupling for the adjacent parts of the gate, whereby those parts ot' the gate are fastened together; second, in forming the hin ge-piece in two parts, each part so fashioned that when clamped together upon the adjacent parts of the gate they will fasten those parts together, and either one or both ofsaid parts being provided with a passage-way for the hingerod; third, in providing a hinge-rod with a bent top, so that while the body of the rod is straight and parallel with the fence-uprights the top by being bent will form a short hinge, thereby causing the gate to close automatically by gravitation.
In the drawings, Figure l is a representation ot'a gate, showing my hinge applied. Fig. 2 is a perspective view ofthe hinge parts, such as constitute the top hinge shown. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the parts constituting the lower hinge, being a variation of the construction shown in Fig. 2, but embodying the same principles.
In the said drawings, Arepresents the gate, and B the adjacent section of the fence. A' represents the upright otl the gate that is adjacent to the hinge. A2 represents the horizontal portions of the gate-trame. C is the hinge-rod. D and D are the parts which constitute the top hinge; E E', the parts which constitute the lower hinge.
Frequently iron gates are made with the upright A in the form of a rod, bar, or pipe, and the parts A2 of a similar nature. I propose, therefore, to make a hinge-piece which shall at the same time serve to form one ot' the joints whereby the parts A and A2 are fastened together at their junction. To this end I form a hinge in two parts, D and D. Io one part, D, I provide a suitable bracket-arm, (l, and eye D2, for the passage ot' the hinge-rod, and in so forming the hinge I prefer to cast the eye D2 around a core. The piece D is also provided with a partial seat for the upright A and the cross-piece A2. The other part, D, of the hinge is made to lit upon the part D, and is likewise provided with partial sockets or seats for the upright and cross-piece, so that when put together they will snugly grasp the said upright and cross-piece. Corresponding bolt-holes through the upright, the cross-piece, and the parts D and D of the hinge enable the structure to be securely bound together by bolts or rivets.
It is not essential that the part D should be cast with the whole ofthe eye D2, for it is apparent that, as shown in Fig. 3, the eye may be separated in the casting, so as to be formed by bringing the two castings together, as shown, and I do notlimit myselt' to either particular construction. So, also, instead of having rounded passage-ways for the parts A and A2 of the gate, it is apparent that these passage-ways or seats may be fashioned to suit any form of section which may be employed in the construction of the gate.
The drawings represent the top gate-hinge made in accordance with the device shown in Fig. 2 and the bottom hinge in accordance with the variations shown in Fig. 3 5 but either one may be employed in either locality.
The lower hinge has a longer bracket-arm than the upper hinge, so that the gate, when opened, shall shut by gravitation.
The hinge-rod C is made straight, so as to stand parallel with the fence-uprights from bottom to top, its top is then bent over upon itself, so as to pass through the eye of the upper hinge and compensate for the different lengths of the bracket-arms of the upper and lower hinges.
What I claim isl. A gate-hinge made in two parts, provided with half-sockets, whereby, when fastened together, they will embrace between them the adjacent part ofthe gate, and at the same roo time form an eye for the passage of the hingerod, substantially as and f or the purposes described.
2. A gate-hinge made in two parts, provided with half-sockets adapted to embrace and unite the adjacent upright and cross-piece ot' the gate, and at the same time form an eye ior the passage of the hinge-rod, substantiall y as and for the purposes described.
The combination, with a gate, gate-post, and hinges, of a hinge-r0d havingy one extremity provided with a portion formed in a return-bend, and said extremity fitting in eyes formed respectively in both parts of a hinge, substantially as set forth.
4. The combination, with a gate, gate-post, and hinges, ot' a hinge-rod having one extremity provided with a portion 'formed in a return-bend, and said extremity fitting in eyes formed respectively in both parts of a hinge, the main body of the rod passing through a socket formed in one part ot' said hinge, substantially as setforth.
5. The combination, with a gate, gate-post, and hinges, of a hinge-rod whose lower eX- tremity passes through eyes formed respectively in both parts of the lower hinge, and Whose upper extremity passes through a socket formed in one ot' the two parts of the upper hinge, said upper extremity being provided with a downwardly-bent portion, which tits in eyes formed in both parts of the upper hinge, substantially as set forth.
6. A hinge for iron gates, cast in two parts, each part Jforming the halt' of a vertical and a horizontal socket, said halves constructed to form when united a projecting arm with an eye in the outer end thereof', substantially as set forth.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
Witnesses WILLIAM PAUL, JAMES E. LoWRY.