US 2354343 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
July 25, 1944. R. c. WEBBER ET AL 2,354,343
CANDLE Filed May 29. 1941 1. 64611 (7 #27926 l 0551223. flb/lciel/sm/z/ Patented July 25, 1944 [UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CANDLE Ralph c. Wcbber,
Whiting, Ind., and Lossle E.
Anderson, Chicago, Ill., asslgnors to Standard Oil Company, Chicago, 111., a
Indiana corporation of Application May 29,1941, Serial No. 395,190
' the furniture and/or table pieces; it causes disfiguration of the candle, and in extreme cases frequently causes the destruction of the candle.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a candle which will burn without guttering. It is another object of the present invention to provide a method of constructing candles which will not gutter. Other objects of the invention will become apparent from the following description thereof read in conjunction with the accomanying drawing which forms a part of this specification and in which Figure 1 is a plan view of one embodiment of' our invention showing a star shaped candle made in accordance with our invention.
Figure 2 is a fragmentary view, partly in section, taken along line 2-2 of Figure 1,
Figure 3 is a perspective view of another em bodiment of our invention showing a. cubical candle made in accordance with our invention, and
Figure 4 is a perspective view of still another embodiment of our invention showing a cylindrical candle made in accordance with our invention.
Candles made in accordance with the present invention comprise a mass of wax, molded in any desired shape, completely surrounding a shield centrally located in the candle. The shield which is made of a non-inflammable material forms a barrier or reservoir which limits the extent of the melting of the wax and retains the molten wax within the confines thereof. The non-inflammable shield may be fabricated in the form of a cylindrical tube ,or any other geometrical shape suitably chosen to be adjusted to the particular design or form of the candle. The shield may be made of thin gauge material or of a suitable plastic material. such as, for example, ethyl cellulose or the like. When made of plastic material the shield may be opaque or transparent, although to obtain certain desirable lighting effects, it is preferred to employ transparent and/or upon which rests colored plastic material. When the shield is made of a metal, such as tin plate, it is -desirable to so mold the candle that the shield is completely surrounded by the wax so as to avoid any. possible danger of the scratching of the furniture and the like.
In making candles in accordance with the present invention, the shield is centrally located in the mold and molten wax is then poured into the mold and allowed to solidify in the usual manner in making molded candles. Referring to .Figures 1 and 2, the candle mold, of any desired shape,
for example such as that of a five-pointed star shaped candle I0, is provided with a plurality of lugs ll, located on the base thereof, a shield l2, represented in the figures by a cylindrical shield, although as aforementioned, the shield may be in the shape of a star or any other desired geometric form. The
height of the shield should be somewhat smaller than the height of the candle formed. so that when the candle mold is completely filled with wax the shield will be completely surrounded bythe wax. After the shield has been placed in the candle mold, molten wax, is poured into the mold and allowed to solidify. A candle wick It may be placed in the candle mold by well known suitable means. before the wax is poured into the mold, or a small diameter rod may be centrally located in the mold to form a well in the solidified candle into which the wick may be fitted.
The lugs ll may be of any desired material such as metal, plastic, or a high meltingpoint wax. When metal lugs are employed the indentations caused by the removal of such lugs from the finished candle may be subsequently filled with molten wax. However, this becomes unnecessary when high melting point wax lugs or lugs made of plastic material are used, since these need not. be removed, and may orm L integral part of the candle.
-In forming the shield cognizance should be takenof the expansion and contraction of the material used due to temperature changes to which the candles may be subjected For this reason the ends should not be fixedly joined, but should be Joined or brought together in a manner which will permit the expansion and contraction of the material. This is necessary in molten wax is effectively retained within the confines of the shield, and guttering is thereby substantially completely'avoided. The present invention is particularly adapted to candies which have greater horizontal dimensions than vertical dimensions, such as, for example, star shaped candles, etc. The term candle" as used herein and in the appended claims includes such articles as votive lights, sanctuary lights and the While we have described our invention by relerence to certain specific embodiments thereof we do not wish to be limited far as our invention is defined by the following claims.
l. A non-glittering candle comprising a body of wax, a wick centrally located within said body of wax, an imperforate shield formed of non-inflammable material embedded within said body of wax concentric with respect to said wick and extending substantially from the bottom to the top of said body of wax, the diameter 01' said thereto except insoshield being so proportioned relative to the horizontal dimension of said body-oi wax that said shield retains the pool of molten wax formed as the wax within the shield is consumed and prevents the wax outside the shield from melting and guttering oiI.
2. A non-guttering candle comprising a. body of wax, a wick centrally located within said body of wax, a cylindrical imperforate shield formed of non-inflammable material embedded within said body of wax concentric with respect to said wick and extending substantially from the bottom to the top of said body of RALPH c. wnenm nossm E, ANDERSON.