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Publication numberUS2354343 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 25, 1944
Filing dateMay 29, 1941
Priority dateMay 29, 1941
Publication numberUS 2354343 A, US 2354343A, US-A-2354343, US2354343 A, US2354343A
InventorsAnderson Lossie E, Webber Ralph C
Original AssigneeStandard Oil Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Candle
US 2354343 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 25, 1944. R. c. WEBBER ET AL 2,354,343

CANDLE Filed May 29. 1941 1. 64611 (7 #27926 l 0551223. flb/lciel/sm/z/ Patented July 25, 1944 [UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CANDLE Ralph c. Wcbber,

Whiting, Ind., and Lossle E.

Anderson, Chicago, Ill., asslgnors to Standard Oil Company, Chicago, 111., a

Indiana corporation of Application May 29,1941, Serial No. 395,190

2 Claims.

' the furniture and/or table pieces; it causes disfiguration of the candle, and in extreme cases frequently causes the destruction of the candle.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a candle which will burn without guttering. It is another object of the present invention to provide a method of constructing candles which will not gutter. Other objects of the invention will become apparent from the following description thereof read in conjunction with the accomanying drawing which forms a part of this specification and in which Figure 1 is a plan view of one embodiment of' our invention showing a star shaped candle made in accordance with our invention.

Figure 2 is a fragmentary view, partly in section, taken along line 2-2 of Figure 1,

Figure 3 is a perspective view of another em bodiment of our invention showing a. cubical candle made in accordance with our invention, and

Figure 4 is a perspective view of still another embodiment of our invention showing a cylindrical candle made in accordance with our invention.

Candles made in accordance with the present invention comprise a mass of wax, molded in any desired shape, completely surrounding a shield centrally located in the candle. The shield which is made of a non-inflammable material forms a barrier or reservoir which limits the extent of the melting of the wax and retains the molten wax within the confines thereof. The non-inflammable shield may be fabricated in the form of a cylindrical tube ,or any other geometrical shape suitably chosen to be adjusted to the particular design or form of the candle. The shield may be made of thin gauge material or of a suitable plastic material. such as, for example, ethyl cellulose or the like. When made of plastic material the shield may be opaque or transparent, although to obtain certain desirable lighting effects, it is preferred to employ transparent and/or upon which rests colored plastic material. When the shield is made of a metal, such as tin plate, it is -desirable to so mold the candle that the shield is completely surrounded by the wax so as to avoid any. possible danger of the scratching of the furniture and the like.

In making candles in accordance with the present invention, the shield is centrally located in the mold and molten wax is then poured into the mold and allowed to solidify in the usual manner in making molded candles. Referring to .Figures 1 and 2, the candle mold, of any desired shape,

for example such as that of a five-pointed star shaped candle I0, is provided with a plurality of lugs ll, located on the base thereof, a shield l2, represented in the figures by a cylindrical shield, although as aforementioned, the shield may be in the shape of a star or any other desired geometric form. The

height of the shield should be somewhat smaller than the height of the candle formed. so that when the candle mold is completely filled with wax the shield will be completely surrounded bythe wax. After the shield has been placed in the candle mold, molten wax, is poured into the mold and allowed to solidify. A candle wick It may be placed in the candle mold by well known suitable means. before the wax is poured into the mold, or a small diameter rod may be centrally located in the mold to form a well in the solidified candle into which the wick may be fitted.

The lugs ll may be of any desired material such as metal, plastic, or a high meltingpoint wax. When metal lugs are employed the indentations caused by the removal of such lugs from the finished candle may be subsequently filled with molten wax. However, this becomes unnecessary when high melting point wax lugs or lugs made of plastic material are used, since these need not. be removed, and may orm L integral part of the candle.

-In forming the shield cognizance should be takenof the expansion and contraction of the material used due to temperature changes to which the candles may be subjected For this reason the ends should not be fixedly joined, but should be Joined or brought together in a manner which will permit the expansion and contraction of the material. This is necessary in molten wax is effectively retained within the confines of the shield, and guttering is thereby substantially completely'avoided. The present invention is particularly adapted to candies which have greater horizontal dimensions than vertical dimensions, such as, for example, star shaped candles, etc. The term candle" as used herein and in the appended claims includes such articles as votive lights, sanctuary lights and the While we have described our invention by relerence to certain specific embodiments thereof we do not wish to be limited far as our invention is defined by the following claims.

We claim:

l. A non-glittering candle comprising a body of wax, a wick centrally located within said body of wax, an imperforate shield formed of non-inflammable material embedded within said body of wax concentric with respect to said wick and extending substantially from the bottom to the top of said body of wax, the diameter 01' said thereto except insoshield being so proportioned relative to the horizontal dimension of said body-oi wax that said shield retains the pool of molten wax formed as the wax within the shield is consumed and prevents the wax outside the shield from melting and guttering oiI.

2. A non-guttering candle comprising a. body of wax, a wick centrally located within said body of wax, a cylindrical imperforate shield formed of non-inflammable material embedded within said body of wax concentric with respect to said wick and extending substantially from the bottom to the top of said body of RALPH c. wnenm nossm E, ANDERSON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2481019 *Feb 21, 1948Sep 6, 1949Joyce James AOrnamental colored flame candle
US2541725 *Feb 15, 1947Feb 13, 1951Sunny Lorraine ChandleryLuminous candle
US2584563 *Nov 8, 1949Feb 5, 1952Duncan Dwight WDisplay candle
US2959950 *May 10, 1957Nov 15, 1960Walter WeglinDripping candle
US2974509 *Aug 27, 1958Mar 14, 1961Penke Aladar JCandle
US3475531 *Jan 18, 1968Oct 28, 1969Texaco IncMethod of manufacturing and use of combustible insert sleeves in the body of solid fuel heaters
US3495924 *Dec 27, 1967Feb 17, 1970Texaco IncMethod of manufacturing and use of combustible insert sleeves in the body of solid fuel heaters
US3741711 *Mar 27, 1972Jun 26, 1973G BryantComposite indefinitely reusable decorative candle
US4917597 *Feb 27, 1989Apr 17, 1990Schongauer Wachswarenfabrik W. Ewald & Sohn GmbhWax candle
US5879153 *Nov 5, 1996Mar 9, 1999Easter Unlimited, Inc.Candle sculpture for exposing a non-flammable object
US6036477 *Oct 3, 1997Mar 14, 2000Frandsen; Sue C.Indefinitely reusable candle
US6153137 *Mar 24, 1998Nov 28, 2000Youn; Je DongGraphic image is applied to candle by depositing paper having preprinted image atop molten wax for a few moments; positioning paper inside candle mold and pouring molten wax into mold
US6241512 *Jan 28, 2000Jun 5, 2001Scott H. FreemanDecorative candle display and method of forming the same
US6290489 *Jun 26, 2000Sep 18, 2001David SeidlerInclusion candle
US6409501 *Jun 7, 1999Jun 25, 2002Lumi-Lite Candle Company, Inc.Candle with surrounding decorative combustible material
US6474980Dec 6, 2000Nov 5, 2002Bath & Body Works, Inc.Candle with clear barrier and medium
US6669468Sep 28, 2001Dec 30, 2003Bath & Body Works, Inc.Candle with polyethersulfone barrier
US7070409Nov 7, 2003Jul 4, 2006Trudi VarrieurReplacement candle insert kit and method for using the same
US7229280Nov 1, 2004Jun 12, 2007S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Wick holder magnetic retention means
US7247017Feb 17, 2004Jul 24, 2007S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Melting plate candles
US7287978May 6, 2005Oct 30, 2007S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Candle holder with improved air flow
US7318724May 6, 2005Jan 15, 2008S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Wick holder and wick assembly for candle assembly
US7413435Sep 10, 2004Aug 19, 2008S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Fuel delivery method for melting plate candle
US7442036May 6, 2005Oct 28, 2008S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Candle assembly and wick holder with improved capillary well for ensuring sustainable relight
US7467944Aug 9, 2005Dec 23, 2008S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Candle assembly including a fuel element and a wick holder
US7467945May 6, 2005Dec 23, 2008S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Candle assembly and fuel element therefor
US7497685Jul 20, 2005Mar 3, 2009S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Wick-holder assembly
US7524187Sep 10, 2004Apr 28, 2009S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Wick holder locking mechanism
US7568912 *Jun 29, 2006Aug 4, 2009S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Multi-piece candle fuel element
US7591646Jul 17, 2007Sep 22, 2009S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Heat exchange method for melting plate candle
US7607915Dec 15, 2004Oct 27, 2009S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Heat exchange method for melting plate candle
US7654822Jul 15, 2005Feb 2, 2010S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Candle assembly including a fuel element with a locating recess and a melting plate with a locating protrusion
US7722352Jun 29, 2006May 25, 2010S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Multi-piece candle fuel element
US7731492Aug 5, 2005Jun 8, 2010S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Fuel charge for melting plate candle assembly and method of supplying liquefied fuel to a wick
US8573967Oct 1, 2010Nov 5, 2013S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Candle assembly and fuel element therefor
US20120270164 *Apr 21, 2011Oct 25, 2012Dickmann Bradley JContainer candle, insert therefor and method of making
EP1094105A2 *Sep 25, 2000Apr 25, 2001Primal Elements, Inc.Method of making candle
WO2001055639A1 *Jan 22, 2001Aug 2, 2001Primal Elements IncDecorative candle display and method of forming
Classifications
U.S. Classification431/289
International ClassificationC11C5/00
Cooperative ClassificationC11C5/008
European ClassificationC11C5/00F