Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2354471 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 25, 1944
Filing dateAug 18, 1943
Priority dateAug 18, 1943
Publication numberUS 2354471 A, US 2354471A, US-A-2354471, US2354471 A, US2354471A
InventorsRobert R Macintosh
Original AssigneeForegger Company Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Laryngoscope
US 2354471 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Patented July 25, 1944 LARYNGOSCOPE Robert R. Macintosh, Oxford, England, assignor to The Foregger Company, Inc., a corporation of New York Application August 18, 1943, Serial No. 499,054

1 Claim. ('Cl. 12S- 10) Y The object of this invention is to provide a laryngoscope having a new and improved blade for facilitating the exposure ofthe larynx to pass anendotracheal tube. Prior laryngoscopes include a long straight blade which is passed beyond the epiglottis in order to evert it. Occasionally the use of the long straight blade-jeopardizes and may injure the patients upper teeth ror the posterior laryngeal wall. These and otherv disadvantages resulting lfrom the use of prior instruments are avoided by using a laryngoscope according to this invention. The irnproved laryngoscope is provided with a relatively short blade which is curved throughout its length and ends in a rounded tip which is adapted to fit into the angle made by the epiglottis with the base of the tongue. l By using a laryngoscope as herein disclosed the larynx is exposed more easily and at a higher plane of anesthesia than with any prior instrument. This is partly because the lnew blade does not come into contact with l the back surface of the epiglottis where the 'in-b nervation is the superior laryngealnerve, but Y comes into contact with the base of the tongue innervated by the glossopharyngeal nerve. The proportions of the blade is such that the tip thereof does not go beyond the' epiglottis.l `The bladev is inserted in the mouth of the patient to the right of the tongue which is pushed over to the left. v

In the accompanying drawing Fig. 1 is a diagram illustrating the use of the improved laryngoscope. Fig. 2 is a right hand side View of the instrument with parts broken away. Fig. 3 is a right hand end view of Fig. 2. (Fig. 4 is a plan View of the blade. Fig. 5 is a left hand side view and Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the hinge between the blade and the handle showing improved holding means.

Referring to Fig. 1 the laryngoscope consists of two main parts namely the handle I0 and the blade II hinged to the handle at l2. In use the instrument is inserted in the mouth of the patient and when the blade is in .position the tip I4 of the blade ts into the angle made by the The blade II comprises a lateral shelf Il, an

upright wall I 8 and a blade portion I9 whichv extends in a direction .opposite to the shelf. The blade portion I9 is curved from the base 20 to the tip I4, the latter being in the form of a rounded transverse bar of the same width as the portion I9. The curvature of the blade portion facilitates easy passage over the tongue and is advantageous in that vit avoids depression of the tongue which otherwise might result in an ap- 4 preciable restriction of the visible aperture of the larynx. The tongue is pushed to one side of epiglottis I5 with the base of the tongue I6. vAs v the laryngoscope is then lifted the base of the tongue will be pushed upwards', the epiglottis, because of its attachment to the base ofl the tongue, is drawn upwards and the larynx comes into view.

the Wall I8 and restrained in its movements by the shelf I'I.

I :The base 20 of the blade is hinged at I2 to the top of the handle Ill. The latter contains a dry battery 22 which is connected to a contact 23 in the upper surface of the handle. The

,blade carries an electric lamp v2li which is connected to another contact 25 in the base 2D.

uWhen the blade is swung upwards into operating position as in Figs. -l and 2, the two conl tacts engage to close the circuit through the lamp which is lighted to illuminate the interior of the mouth. When the blade is swung downwards alongside the handle the circuit is automatically broken at 23-25 as shown in Fig. 6. The blade is held in operating position on the handle by a spring pressed ball 21 which engages a recess 28 in an upstanding post 29 on the handle. This provides a firm yet., easily broken connection between the handle and the blade.

I claim:

In a laryngoscope, a laryngeal blade comprising an upright centrally disposed wall, a shelf extending from the upper edge of said wall to one side thereof, a blade portion extending from the bottom edge of said wall to the opposite side thereof, the said blade portion being curved throughout its length, the free end of the blade portion being adapted to enter and fit into the angle made by the epiglottis with the base of the tongue for the purposecf exposing the'larynx when the laryngoscope is inserted into the mouth p ofv a patient and a supporting handle hingedly connected to the said laryngeal blade.

ROBERT R. MACINTOSH.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2433705 *Jul 8, 1946Dec 30, 1947William N AllynFolding laryngoscope
US2646036 *Mar 24, 1950Jul 21, 1953Welch Allyn IncFoldable and separable laryngoscope
US3507272 *Feb 15, 1968Apr 21, 1970Laerdal A SLaryngoscope
US3626471 *Oct 13, 1969Dec 7, 1971Florin Robert EIlluminated suction brain retractor
US3766909 *Jul 20, 1971Oct 23, 1973A OzbeyLaryngoscope with disposable blade and light guide
US3771514 *Jun 29, 1971Nov 13, 1973ConceptLaryngoscope
US3943920 *Dec 6, 1974Mar 16, 1976Ronald E. KandelLaryngoscope blade
US4086919 *Jul 9, 1976May 2, 1978Bullard James RLaryngoscope
US4112933 *Jan 21, 1977Sep 12, 1978Moses John ALaryngoscope of the straight blade type
US4114609 *Mar 17, 1977Sep 19, 1978Moses John ALaryngoscope
US4116232 *Mar 7, 1977Sep 26, 1978Philipp RabbanSurgical retractor
US4314551 *Mar 6, 1980Feb 9, 1982Kadell Roger JLaryngoscope
US4360008 *Sep 2, 1980Nov 23, 1982Corazzelli Jr Frank GLaryngoscope
US4546762 *Jun 6, 1983Oct 15, 1985Upsher Michael SLaryngoscope including a laterally offset blade
US4583527 *Dec 24, 1984Apr 22, 1986Musicant Belmont SDisposable cushioning device for a laryngoscope
US4592343 *Dec 30, 1983Jun 3, 1986The Upsher Laryngoscope Corp.Laryngoscope
US4681094 *Nov 27, 1985Jul 21, 1987American Medical And Emergency Research CorporationBalloon laryngoscope
US4832020 *Nov 30, 1987May 23, 1989Augustine Scott DTracheal intubation guide
US4901708 *Jul 22, 1988Feb 20, 1990Lee Tzium ShouViewing laryngoscope
US4905669 *Feb 23, 1989Mar 6, 1990James R. BullardLaryngoscope
US4947829 *May 10, 1988Aug 14, 1990Bullard James RModular blade laryngoscope
US5003963 *Mar 5, 1990Apr 2, 1991James Roger BullardLaryngoscope
US5042469 *May 22, 1989Aug 27, 1991Augustine Medical, Inc.Tracheal intubation guide
US5203320 *Jul 12, 1991Apr 20, 1993Augustine Medical, Inc.Tracheal intubation guide
US5355870 *Jul 28, 1992Oct 18, 1994William LacyLaryngoscope having removable blade assembly containing lamp and light conductor
US5643221 *Aug 9, 1994Jul 1, 1997Bullard; James RogerControlled targeting laryngoscope
US5888195 *Mar 26, 1998Mar 30, 1999Schneider; Cary N.Laryngoscope blade
US7128710Aug 8, 2003Oct 31, 2006Azimuth CorporationDisposable laryngoscope blades
US7611459Mar 22, 2007Nov 3, 2009Vital Signs, Inc.Laryngoscope blade
US8702598Oct 5, 2009Apr 22, 2014Vital Signs, Inc.Laryngoscope blade
USRE37861 *Aug 31, 2000Sep 24, 2002Cary N. SchneiderLaryngoscope blade
WO1999048416A1Mar 26, 1999Sep 30, 1999Cary N SchneiderImproved laryngoscope blade
Classifications
U.S. Classification600/199
International ClassificationA61B1/267
Cooperative ClassificationA61B1/267, A61B1/06
European ClassificationA61B1/267