US 235709 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
T.`J; 'SMITHA & A. C. YoUNK-N.
No'. 235,709. Patentednec. 21,1880.Y
bt/agg N.PETERS. PHOTO LTHQGRAPHER wAsHm T TRUE J. SMITH AND ALEXANDER C. YOUNKIN, OF TOPEKA, KANSAS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 235,709, dated December 21, 1880.
Application filed December 15, 1879.
To all whom t may concer-n Be it known that we, TRUE J. SMITH and ALEXANDER C. YOUNKIN, of Topeka, in the county of Shawnee and State of Kansas, have invented a new Iand valuable Improvement in Fences; and we do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the construction and operation of the same, reference being had to the annexed drawings, making a part of this specification, and to the letters and igures ot' reference marked thereon.
Figure 1 ofl the drawings is a representation ot' our invention, showing the postsin posit-ion in the ground with the fence-wires connected to said posts. Fig. 2 is a detail view of one of the posts; Fig 3, a perspective View of the anchor, and Fig. 4 a detail view of the clip for securing the fence-wires to the posts.
Our invention relates to improvements in fences; and it consists in certain improvements in their construction, as hereinafter more fully set forth, and pointed out in the claim.
In the accompanying drawings, A represents the upper portion of a fence-post, preferably of wrought-iron, the lower end thereof having a chisel-edge, B, twisted so as to be at right angles to the edge of that portion A above the ground. Between the chisel-edge and said upper portion, A, is a spiral twist, (l, imparted to it while the metal is in a heated state. As it is essential that the tlat portion of the post should stand at right angles to the fence-wires, the lower or chisel end ofthe post running lengthwise of the wires forms a strong and substantial bearing for the post, the twist holding it firmlyin the ground,
`which would not be the case did the spiral twist terminate in a point.
The anchor, as represented at D, is provided with an elongated slot, c, in the horizontal portion b, through which the upper portion of the post passes. The anchor D is bent to form a vertical plate, c, which is at right angles to the horizontal portion or plate b, the vertical plate c entering the ground until the plate b comes level with the surface thereof, and afterward yoked to the post in any suitable manner. l
The fence-wires d maybe of any suitable number, and provided with barbs or not, as found desirable. The'edge ot` the post A is formed with notches c, into which are seated the wires d, each wire passing through eyes in a clip, E, of U shape, so as to pass over the end of the post and slide down, so as to bring the eyes fot' the clip on line with its respective notch e on the edge ot the post. In making the clips, however, it is desirable to form a sheet-metal plate of the desired size and shape, with an elongated opening, and afterward doubling the two halves upon eachother to forni the eye, the clip being secured in place by a suitable wedge or key, g.
Then it is desired to set one or more of the posts, it is accomplished by applying a suitable wrench to the portion A, and at the same time driving from the top, thereby causing it to enter the ground vertically and in a partially rotary direction, or, in other words, it penetrates the ground in a manner similar to a wood-screw or ground-auger.
Having now fully described our invention, what we claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
The clips E, formed from a iiat plate of metal having an elongated slot, and doubled over upon itselt' end to end to form eyes f, and adapted to slide over the post vertically, and the wedges g, for clamping the clips and wires to the post, in combination with the fence-post A, having recesses c, and the wires d, as described.
In testimony that we claim the above we have hereunto subscribed our names in the presence of two witnesses.
TRUE J. SMITH. ALEXANDER G. YOUNKIN. Witnesses:
S. L. KNIGHT, F. S. THOMAS.