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Publication numberUS2357763 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 5, 1944
Filing dateApr 15, 1942
Priority dateApr 15, 1942
Publication numberUS 2357763 A, US 2357763A, US-A-2357763, US2357763 A, US2357763A
InventorsPratt Donald C
Original AssigneePratt Donald C
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Paint applicator and stippler
US 2357763 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 5, 1944. D. c. PRATT 2,357,763

PAINT APPLICATOR AND STIPPLER Filed April 15, 1942 IN-VENTOR ATTO EY Patented Sept. 5, 1944 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE PAINT APPLICATOR'AND STIPPLER Donald C. Pratt, Detroit, Mich.

Application April 15, 1942, Serial No. 439,050

6 Claims.

The present invention relates to a hand tool adapted to apply paint, or the like, to surfaces.

One of the primary objects of the present invention is to provide an improved paint applying tool by which paint may be applied to surfaces quickly and properly.

Another object of the invention is to provide an improved, portable hand tool by which paint may be quickly and properly applied to surfaces and to which paint may be constantly supplied under pressure to the applying surface, and in which the supply may be easily regulated by the operator.

Another object of the invention is to provide an improved, portable hand tool which is a combined paint applicator and stippler, and by the use of which considerable time is saved in painting and finishing wall and ceiling surfaces.

Other objects of the invention will become'apparent from the following specification, drawing relating thereto and from the claims hereinafter set forth.

In the drawing, in which like numerals are used to designate like parts in the several views throughout:

Fig. 1 is a perspective View illustrating a hand tool of the present invention and diagrammatirally illustrating the manner in which such tool is used and its connection to a source of liquid paint;

Fig, 2 is an enlarged view with parts broken away and parts in cross-section and elevation of the applicating end of the tool shown in Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken substantially along the line 3-3 of Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is an enlarged, cross-sectional view taken substantially along the line 4-4 of Fig. 1 and showing the means for controlling the flow of liquid paint under pressure through the tool;

Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 2 and illustrating a modifiedform of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is a cross-sectional view taken substantially along the line 66 of Fig. 5.

According to the present invention a hand tool is provided by which liquid paint may be applied to surfaces, such as wall and ceiling surfaces. The hand tool is in the form of a cylindrical roller which is applied to and rolled over the surface to be painted and a constant flow of liquid paint under pressure is supplied to the roller under the control of the operator. Such liquid paint is supplied to the interior of the roller and passes outwardly to the surface thereof which is formed of a porous, pile fabric so that the paint is evenly and constantly applied to the pile fabric for application to the surface.

While the present invention is useful at all times in that it pro Jides an improved means for the application of paint to wall surfaces and at the same time can be used as a stippler, it has particular utility at the present time since the materials used in the manufacture of the conventional paint brushes are scarce and may not be available at all in the near future.

For a better understanding oi'v the invention reference may be had to the drawing, and referring to Fig. 1, a hand tool, generally indicated at In, is provided. Such tool III has a cylindrical roller means generally indicated at 12 and a tubular member H which has a handle portion substantially normal to the axis of the roller l2 and which has a handle grip is concentrically disposed thereon. The tubular member is bent to provide a portion l8 which is reversely bent to provide another portion 20 which extends within the roller means I2. I a

The handle end of the tubular member I is provided with a suitable fitting 22 which is adapted to be connected to a cooperating fitting on the end of a flexible hose 24. Such flexible hose 24 is connected to the outlet of a conventional paint pressure tank indicated at 26. Such paint pressure tank 26 may be of suitable capacity, for example-5 gallon capacity, and has a removable top which may be sealed to the top of the main receptacle. A hand pump 28 is mounted upon the side of the pressure tank 26 and has a pressure hose 30 which passes through a suitable aperture in the wall of the tank 26 adjacent the top thereof for communication with the interior of the tank. It will thus be understood that the tank 26 may be partially filled with paint and with the top thereof closed, a suitable pressure may be built up. within the tank by the operation of the pum 28. It will be understood that while a hand pump 28 is illustrated, any other suitable means for introducing air under pressure to the tank 26 may be utilized within the present invention.

A conventional thumb valve 32 is interposed in the tubular member l4 and is disposed adjacent the handle l6 so that it is in convenient location for operation by the operator. The details of the valve 32 are shown in Fig. 4 for the purpose of illustration, and since it is the conventional valve element, it is not believed necessary to describe its elements in detail. It will be understood that by depressing the thumb button 34 the flow of liquid through the conduit l4 2 aauavaa may be controlled. With the button 34 in its upper position, the flow of liquid is stopped off and by depressing the button, passage of the liquid under pressure is permitted.

Referring to Figs. 2 and 3 the details of construction of one form of cylindrical roller means l2 are illustrated. It will be seen that the roller means comprises an outer, cylindrical member 36 having one end thereof closed by an end wall 36. Such member 36 is provided with a plurality of apertures 46 therethrough, which may be provided in the desired or suitable number and which may be formed by a simple drilling or piercing operation. It is preferable that the openings 46 be evenly distributed over the peripheral surface of the member 36 so that an even supply of the liquid paint is provided.

An outer cylindrical sleeve 42 of a porous, pile fabric is disposed over the cylindrical member 36 in tight engagement with the peripheral surface thereof. Such member 42 is disposed so that the pile is disposed on the outer surface thereof for engagement with the wall to be painted. The end of the member 36 opposite the wall 36 is internally threaded, as indicated at 44, and is adapted to have threaded thereto a disc shaped member 46. Such member 46 has the peripheral surface thereof threaded to cooperate with the internal threads 44, so that such and of the cylindrical member 36 is closed. The tubular member 36, together with the pile'fabric member 4-2, is mounted upon the tubular portion 26 for rotation thereon. The end of the tubular portion 26 is closed as indicated at 46 and such end is adapted to be received within a bearing seat 56 which is fixed to the inner surface of the end wall 36 and which is axially aligned with the axis of member 36. The member 50 is peripherally slightly flared adjacent its inner end so as to assist in seating the end of portion 26 when such portion is inserted within the member 36. To rotatably mount the opposite end of the member 36, the member 46 is provided with a central opening therethrough which is adapted to be rotatably received on the tubular portion 26. To prevent axial displacement of the member 46 a pair of spaced collars 52 are fixed to the tubular portion 26 by welding, for example.

An inner cylindrical member 54 is concentrically disposed within the member 36 and is provided with an end wall 56 at each end thereof. The end walls 56 are provided with axially aligned apertures therethrough, through which the tubular portion 26 extends. The end walls 56 may then be fixed to the member 26 by welding, for example, so that the member 54 is fixedly mounted on the tubular portion 26. The member 54 is of such a size that its peripheral wall is spaced from the inner peripheral wall of the member 36 a suitable distance and the end walls are suitably spaced from the end walls 36 and 46 so as to 1 provide a liquid paint chamber in such space. The paint from the tubular member 14 is discharged into such space through apertures 56 which are formed in the tubular portion 26 in the paint chamber spaces adjacent the end walls 56. The paint discharged from the apertures 56 may thus pass freely into the paint chamber between members 54 and 36. By providing this relatively small paint chamber within the member 36, a better control of the paint flow through the apertures 46 to the pile fabric member 42 is made possible than would b the case if the member 64 were dispensed with and the entire space within the member 36 filled with paint.

Furthermore, by the use of the member 64 the operating weight of the tool is reduced, and this is an important feature when it is considered that the tool I6 is held by hand by the operator for considerable periods of time and often in rather awkward positions. The member 54 thus serves a double purpose in reducing the operating weight of the tool, and also, in providing for better paint flow control.

In the operation of the device above described, the paint from. the tank 26 passes through the flexible conduit 24 into.the tubular member l4 under control of the operator through actuation of the thumb valve 32. The paint passes through the tubular member l4 and out of the apertures 56 into the space between the members 54 and 36. The paint under pressure then passes through the apertures 46 onto and through the pile fabric member 42. By rolling the pile fabric member 42, together with the cylindrical member 36, over the surface to be painted it will be seen that the paint is transferred from the pile fabric member 42 to such surface and a constant flow of paint is supplied to the member 42.

In Figs. 5 and 6 a modified form of applicator roller means is provided. Otherwise the structure is the same as that described above, as indicated by the same numerals. In this embodiment of the invention, the apertured cylindrical member is in the form of a wire mesh 66 which is rolled into cylindrical form. An end wall member 62, which corresponds to the end wall 36, above described, is welded to one of the ends of the mesh cylindrical member 66, and an internally threaded metal ring member 64 is welded to the opposite end thereof. The member 46 is thus threadably connected to the member 64. The internal diameter of the ring member 64 is,of course, larger than the external diameter of the member 54 so that the member 66 may be slipped over the member 54 in assembly. The pile fabric 42 is received over the member 66 in the same manner as it is received over the member 36, above described. In this embodiment, the member 42 may be permanently attached to the member 66in a suitable way, by stitching, for example.

The members 66, 62, 64 and 42 may thus form a unit which may be readily applied to the tubular portion 20 in a manner similar to the way in which the member 36, above described, is applied.

The use and operation of the embodiment here described is similar to that described above. The spaces between the wires provide the apertures through which the paint from the paint chamber passes to the pile fabric covering.

I claim:

1. A portable hand tool adapted for the application of liquid paint to surfaces comprising an applicator roller means including an apertured, cylindrical member and a pile fabric sleeve element disposed over said cylindrical member in engagement therewith, tubular means providing a liquid passageway, said tubular means having a handle portion and having another portion shaped to extend within said cylindrical member longitudinally thereof, means rotatably mounting said cylindrical member on said another portion of said tubular means, an imperforate cylindrical member having closed ends disposed within said apertured cylindrical member in spaced relation to the walls thereof and mounted on said another portion of said tubular means to provide a liquid chamber in said space, said another portion of said tubular means being provided with a discharge aperture communicating assures 3 with said chamber for the supply of liquid under pressure to said chamber, and means to control the flow of liquid through said passageway.

2. A portable hand, tool adapted for the application of liquid paint to surfaces comprising an applicator roller means including an apertured, cylindrical member having end walls and a pile fabric sleeve element disposed over said cylindrical member in engagement therewith, tubular means providing a liquid passageway, said tubular means having a handle portion and having another portion shaped to extend within said cylindrical member longitudinally thereof, means rotatably mounting said cylindrical member on said another portion of said tubular means, an imperforate cylindrical member having closed ends concentrically disposed within said apertured cylindrical member in spaced relation to the peripheral and end walls thereof and mounted on said another portion of said tubularmeans to provide a liquid chamber in said space, said another portion of said tubular means being provided with a discharge aperture adjacent each end of said imperforate cylindrical member communicating with said chamber for the supply of liquid under pressure to said chamber, and means to control the flow of liquid through said passageway.

3. A portable hand tool adapted for the application of liquid paint to surfaces comprising an applicator roller means including an apertured, cylindrical member having end walls and a pile fabric sleeve element disposed over said cylindrical member in engagement therewith, tubular means providing a liquid passageway, said tubular means having a handle portion and having another portion shaped to extend within said cylindrical member longitudinally thereof, means rotatably mounting said cylinldrical member on said another portion of said tubular means, an lmperforate cylindrical member having closed ends disposed within said apertured cylindrical member in spaced relation to the peripheral and end walls thereof and fixedly mounted on said an other portion of said tubular means to provide a liquid chamber in said space, said another portion of said tubular means being provided with a discharge aperture adjacent each end of said imperforate cylindrical member communicating with saidchamber for the supply of liquid under pressure to said chamber, and means disposed adjacent said handle portion to control the flow of liquid through said passageway. v

4. A portable hand tool adapted for the application of liquid paint to surfaces comprising an applicator roller means including an apertured, cylindrical member formed of wire mesh and having end walls and a pile fabric sleeve element disposed over said cylindrical member in engagement therewith, tubular means providing a liquid passageway, said tubular means having a handle portion and having another portion shaped to extend within said cylindrical member longitudinally thereof, means rotatably mounting said cylindrical member on said another portion of said tubular means, an imperforate cylindrical member having closed ends disposed within said apertured cylindrical member in spaced relation to the walls thereof and mounted on said another portion of said tubular means to provide a liquid chamber in said space, said another portion of said tubular means being provided with a discharge aperture communicating with said chamber for the supply of liquid under pressure to said chamber, and means to control the flow of liquid through said passageway.

5. A portable hand tool adapted for the application of liquid paint to surfaces comprising an applicator roller means including an apertured, cylindrical member formed of wire mesh and having end walls and a pile fabric sleeve element disposed over said cylindrical member in engagement therewith, tubular means providing a liquid passageway, said tubular means having a handle portion and having another portion shaped to extend within said cylindrical member longitudinally thereof, means rotatably'mounting said cylindrical member on said another portion of said tubular means, an imperforate cylindrical member having closed ends concentrically disposed within said apertured cylindrical member in spaced relation to the peripheral and end walls.

thereof and mounted on said another portion of said tubular means to provide a liquid chamber in said space, saidanother portion of said tubular means being provided with a discharge aperture adjacent each end of said imperforate cylindrical member communicating with said chamber for the supply of liquid under pressure to said chamber, and means to control the flow of liquid through said passageway.

6. A portable hand tool adapted for the application of liquid paint to surfaces comprising an applicator roller means including an apertured. cylindrical member formed of wire mesh and having end walls and a pile fabric sleeve element disposed over said cylindrical member in engagement therewith, tubular means providing a liquid passageway, said tubular means having a handle portion and having another portion substantially normal to said handle portion shaped to extend within said cylindrical member longitudinally thereof, means rdtatably mounting said cylindrical member on said another portion of said tubular means, an imperforate cylindrical member having closed ends concentrically disposed within said apertured cylindrical member in spaced relation to the peripheral and end walls thereof and mounted on said another portion of said tubular means to provide a liquid chamber in said space, said another portion of said tubular means being provided with a discharge aperture adjacent each end of said imperiorate cylindrical member communicating with said chamber for the supply of liquid under pressiire to said chamber, and means disposed adjacent said handle portion to control the flow of liquid through said passageway.

DONALD C. PRA'I'I.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2431029 *Mar 29, 1945Nov 18, 1947Duffy David HMachine for icing cake or the like
US2478318 *May 7, 1946Aug 9, 1949George R RaubPaint applicator of the stippling roller type
US2509954 *Feb 11, 1946May 30, 1950Rubberset CompanyApparatus for applying paint
US2563048 *May 17, 1946Aug 7, 1951Cecil Pusey LeslieSelf-dispensing roller for applying paint
US2563049 *Sep 5, 1947Aug 7, 1951Liebelt John ESelf-dispensing roller for applying paints
US2565743 *Mar 5, 1946Aug 28, 1951Schaefer Albert WApplicator for paints and the like
US2605487 *Jun 28, 1948Aug 5, 1952Augustus C TrodenPaint roller applicator
US2605488 *Mar 31, 1947Aug 5, 1952Augustus C TrodenHollow paint containing and applying roller
US2606334 *Feb 21, 1949Aug 12, 1952James Warren CoRoller paint applicator
US2611914 *Nov 18, 1949Sep 30, 1952Vanasse Charles EManually operated fluid applicator
US2627620 *Feb 17, 1950Feb 10, 1953Gudze George WLiquid applicator of the roller type
US2636252 *Oct 26, 1948Apr 28, 1953Rubberset CompanyPaint roller cover
US2677839 *Aug 29, 1949May 11, 1954Dean Byron LPaint roller with interior reservoir with means for supplying paint thereto
US2682679 *Dec 24, 1951Jul 6, 1954Wayne Mfg CompanyRotary sweeper brush having plastic impregnated core
US2698451 *Aug 4, 1949Jan 4, 1955Stauley WonsoPainting roller
US2722029 *Mar 22, 1948Nov 1, 1955Barnes Charles HPaint roller applicator
US2743469 *Mar 10, 1950May 1, 1956Thomas Industries IncRoller-type paint applicators
US2751618 *Jul 22, 1953Jun 26, 1956Selma PruittContinuous supply paint roller
US3143756 *May 27, 1963Aug 11, 1964Frank E SiskoFountain-fed coating apparatus adapted for use with standard coating material containers
US3192554 *Oct 4, 1962Jul 6, 1965Henry E Karkut IncPaint applicator
US3193868 *Aug 14, 1962Jul 13, 1965Cassidy Irwin BContinuous feed paint roller
US3337899 *Aug 16, 1965Aug 29, 1967James M RentfrowRoller type paint dispenser
US3539268 *Sep 11, 1968Nov 10, 1970Ray M StebbinsApparatus for covering a surface with coating material
US4583876 *Apr 19, 1984Apr 22, 1986Wagner Spray Tech CorporationFor a pressurized paint supply system
US4639156 *May 25, 1984Jan 27, 1987Stern Donald JPainting apparatus and method
DE1024856B *Mar 30, 1955Feb 20, 1958Alfred MohrGeraet zum Aufbringen von Farbe auf Flaechen
Classifications
U.S. Classification401/197, 401/204
International ClassificationB05C17/03, B05C17/02
Cooperative ClassificationB05C17/0308, B05C17/0316
European ClassificationB05C17/03B, B05C17/03D