Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS23581 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 12, 1859
Publication numberUS 23581 A, US 23581A, US-A-23581, US23581 A, US23581A
InventorsR. Jackson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 23581 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


Car Seat and Couch.

Patented Api. 12. 1859..

C O ma A. Q




Specicaton of Letters Patent No. 23,581, dated April 12, 1859.

To all whom Ait may concern.'

Be it known that I, IVJLLLUI R. JACKSON, et the city ot Baltimore, in the State of i.faiylantl, have invented a new and useful Combined Railroad-Car Seat and Couch; and I do hereby declare the following to be a correct description thereof, reference being' had to the accompanying drawings, in whichM Figure l. is a side elevation of a number of my improved car seats, arranged for use by day, and Fig. 2. is a similar view of said seats arranged for use as couches for night travel.

In both figures., a represents the back of the seat.; 7) the bottom: c', the ways; (l, the frame supporting' the bottom; e the side standards; f. the hinge of the back. The backs o: are hinged at f to the standard e, in the usual manner, and they are unconw nected with the bottoms 7), so that they can be reversed at pleasure. The frames (Z slide in the guides or ways c. They can be firmly fixed to their respective standards by means o1 a bolt or catch, or in any other suitable manner, so to render them steady and immovable when in ordinary day use. IVhen it is desired to provide sleeping accommodation for the occupants of a car, the trames l are released from their standards, and moved forward till they occupy positions intermediate betweenl the standards as shown 1n Fig. 2. As each seat d 1s moved forward, the back a attached to the same standard falls into line with the seat; and

so all the seats and backs in a` car can, in a few minutes be arranged to form a continuous couch, as shown in Fig. 2, without any inconvenience, or complex cumbrous and eX- pensive contrivances. The couch is as readily reconverted into seats having the saine appearance and advantages as those now in most general use.

Having' thus Jfullv described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is" The method herein described of constructing the ordinary reversible seats of railroad cars so that the backs can be brought down into line with the bottoms; but this I only claim when the backs, when so brought down, occupy the positions previously occupied by the bottoms, and the bottoms are used to till the intermediate spaces between them, substantially as described and shown.

The above specification signed and witnessed this twenty fifth day of January A.

IV. R. JACKSON. IVitnesses Enw. F. Baowx, CITAS. F. STANSBURY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6305644Jan 14, 2000Oct 23, 2001B E Aerospace, Inc.Aircraft cabin seat configuration with enhanced ingress/egress
US6352309Jan 13, 2000Mar 5, 2002Be Aerospace, Inc.Passenger sleeper seat
US7533930 *Oct 24, 2007May 19, 2009Embraer - Empresa Brasileira De Aeronautica S.A.Convertible aircraft passenger seat and method
US20090108653 *Oct 24, 2007Apr 30, 2009Armand FissetteConvertible aircraft passenger seat and method
Cooperative ClassificationB60N2/34