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Publication numberUS2359186 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 26, 1944
Filing dateDec 30, 1941
Priority dateDec 30, 1941
Publication numberUS 2359186 A, US 2359186A, US-A-2359186, US2359186 A, US2359186A
InventorsZelt Elmer J
Original AssigneeGen Electric
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electric apparatus
US 2359186 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. ,26, 1944. E. J. ZELT ELECTRIC APPARATUS Filed Dec. 30, 1941 20 Inventor:

Elmer J. Zeit,

His Atcorn ey.

Patented Sept. 26, 1944 ELECTRIC APPARATUS Elmer J. Zelt, Fort Wayne, Ind., assignor to General Electric Company, a corporation of New York Application December 3-0, 1941, Serial No. 424,936

' 9 Claims. (Cl. 175-356) My invention relates to electric apparatus and to a supporting arrangement and enclosing housing therefor, and although not limited thereto it has particular application to transformers for operating luminous tubes.

Transformers for operating luminous tubes usually employ a low voltage winding adapted to be connected to a source of supply and a high voltage Winding adapted to be connected to the luminous tube, the windings being magnetically associated through a core of such a construction that the desired high voltage to ionize the included gas will be provided. The transformer also has such characteristics that the current will be limited to a predetermined value after the tube has been energized or become luminous. Since such transformers are employed to energize luminous tubes which are used in a variety of places and applications, it is desirable that the transformer not only have the proper electrical characteristics but also be compact in design and have such structure that the mounting thereof in various locations will be facilitated.

It is, therefore, an object of my invention to provide a transformer of the above-mentioned type with improved structure which will be compact in design, economical to manufacture, and which will have such structure as to facilitate its being suspended from a support.

Another object of my invention is to provide an electric apparatus having a. magnetic core with an improved structure for mounting the apparatus to a support and for attaching an enclosing housing around the core structure.

A further object of my invention is to provide an electric apparatus having core and coils with an improved junction box construction.

A still further object of my invention is to provide an electric apparatus with an improved core and coil support and mounting arrangement.

Further objects and advantages of my invention will become apparent from the following description referring to the accompanying drawing, and the features of novelty which characterize my invention will be pointed out with particularity in the claims annexed to and forming a part of this specification.

In the drawing, Fig. 1 is a side view of a transformer with a portion of the enclosing housing removed, which is provided with an embodiment of my invention; Fig. 2 is an end view of the transformer construction illustrated in Fig. 1 showing a portion of the junction box construction; Fig. 3 is a sectional side elevation taken along the lines 3-3 of Fig. 1; Fig. 4 is a perspective view of a portion of the combination mounting bracket and coil and core support employed in the transformer construction illustrated in Fig. 1, and Fig. 5 diagrammatically illustrates the transformer of Fig. 1 connected to energize luminous tubes.

In the arrangements illustrated in the drawing, I have provided an improved electric apparatus construction including a bracket which it attached to the core the bracket having integral lugs through which the electric apparatus may be suspended from the support. Although the various features of my invention find efficient application to transformers for energizing luminous tubes, it is to be understood that my improved structure may be employed in any other suitable electric apparatus. The bracket also has depending flanges extending over edges of the core through which a suitable attaching arrangement, such as a bolt, may pass for relatively tightly attaching the bracket to the core.

A split enclosing housing for the transformer core and coils is also provided and which is attached to the bracket through outwardly extending ears. A partition is provided integral with one end of the bracket and which cooperates with the housing and with a removable end thereof to form a junction box. An insulating terminal board is carried by the partition so that connections may be made from the terminals to the parts of the apparatus. Lines adapted to be connected to a source of power may then be removably connected to certain of the terminals and a switch may also be provided which is connected to some of the terminals and. which is carried by the removable end of the housing.

Referring more particularly to Fig. 1 of the drawing, I have illustrated a transformer structure which includes a core I0 which is made up of a plurality of stacked laminations I l, as may be seen in Fig. 3. The core may be of a conventional structure with a winding leg l2 and a yoke portion [3, and a low voltage winding I4 and high voltage windings 15 are provided surrounding the winding leg l2. Conventional shunts l6 may be provided on either side of the low voltage winding M so as to provide a path through which the primary flux may pass when the secondary coils begin to pass current which occurs after the luminous tube to which the coils are connected becomes luminous. The secondary windings l5 are spaced in their res-pective windows by U shaped spacers l1, this spacer construction being described and claimed in a copending application S. N. 331,146, Marsh, filed April 23, 1940, which issued on February 16, 1943, as Patent 2,311,450, and which is assigned to the same assignee as this present invention.

In order to provide an improved arrangement through which the core and. coils may be supported and the transformer suspended from a support I provide an improved bracket l8, the construction of which will be seen more clearly in Fig. 4. This bracket includes a body portion l9 which extends along the outer edges of the yoke portion I3 and a plurality of depending flanges. which are integral with the body portion 19 and which extend over the sides of the yoke portion 3. In order to relatively rigidly attach the bracket |8 to the core, apertures 2| are provided in the flanges 20 and apertures are provided in the yoke portion in substantial registry with the apertures 2| so that suitable bolt means 22 may pass through the apertures. A conventional nut 22' may be screwed on to one end of the bolt 22 so. as to tightly secure the bracket to the yoke portion of the core.

In order to provide an arrangement for supporting the transformer in any suitable position such as a suspended position, the bracket I8 is provided with lugs 23 which are integral with the body portion l9 and which extend therefrom in a direction opposite to that in which the flanges 29 extend. Suitable notches 24.may be provided in the lugs so that they may fit into suitable hooks on a support.

In order to enclose the electrical parts including the core and coils, a casing 25 is provided having a longitudinal slit 26. The casing 25 may be made of any suitable flexible material such as metal so that it may be opened up and slid over the core and coil structure and then closed to form a relatively tight casing therearound. Ears 2! extend outwardly from the body portion |9 of the bracket l8 through which the casing 25 may be attached to the bracket I8 in any suitable manner. The ears have apertures 28 and suitable screws 29 may be passed through apertures in the housing in substantial. alignment with the apertures 28 for relatively tightly securing the housing 25 to the bracket I8.

So as to provide a junction box to facilitate the making of the electrical connections to the coils, a partition 30 is provided which is of such shape as to relatively closely fit with the adjacent inner surface of the casing 25, as. will be seen in Figs. 1 and 2. An integral mounting flange 3| extends from an end of the bracket I8 and a flange 32 extends from the adjacent part of the partition 30. The partition 30 may then be made integral with the bracket l8 in anysuitable manner, such as by welding the flanges 3| and 32 together, as at 33. The direction of the flange 32 with the relation to the body portion 39 of the partition is such that the partition 30 extends at an angle from the body portion IQ of the bracket I9 in order to form a box of a relatively triangular shaped cross section at the end. of the housing 25. An extension 34 projects from the partition 39 and is parallel with the body portion IQ of the bracket l8;

In order to provide a removable cover for the junction box, the: housing is provided with an end-bell 35 which relatively tightly encloses the adjacent end ofthe housing 25 and is attached thereto throughscrews 35.v The partition 39 is provided with an aperture 36 and a terminal board 3'! is attached to the inner surface of the partition 30 over the aperture 36. This attachment may be made in any suitable manner such as by fitting one end of the board 31 of the terminal box between the flange 32 and the partition 30, as will be seen in Fig. 1. The other edge of the terminal board 31 may be supported through a screw 38. Any suitable number of terminals may be provided on the board 3'! and in the arrangement illustrated in the drawing 1 have provided three terminals 39, 40, and 4|. The terminals 39 and 40 are adapted to be connected to line conductors 42 and 43 which may be connected across any suitable source of supply. The remaining line conductor 44 may be grounded through a ground terminal 45, which is supported by the partition 30.

As will be seen in the diagram of Fig. 5, the line terminal 39 is connected to one side of the winding l4 and to one terminal of a condenser 46 through a conductor 41, the condenser being provided so as to improve the power factor of the transformer. The other terminal of the capacitor is connected through a conductor 48 to the low voltage winding [4, and another terminal of the winding I4 is connected to the terminal 4| through the conductor 49. A switch may be provided, if desired, which is connected across the terminals 40 and 4| for connecting and disconnecting the low voltage winding l4 across the line conductors 42 and 43. The switch 59 is connected to the terminals 40 and 4| through conductors 5| and-52 and is supported on the inner surface of the end-bell 35 through a nut-53. A pull cord 54 may be provided extending through an aperture in the nut for actuating the switch.

With the above described terminal junction box construction the cord and plug sets as well as the switch are readily removable without disturbing any of the remaining low voltage circuits. Also the cord and plug may be removed for conduit or armored cable installation and connections made directly to the terminals in the junction box. If the switch is not desired it can be readily removed from the circuit without disturbing any of the other elements in the low voltage circuit.

As will also be seen in the diagram of Fig. 5, conductors 55 and 57 are respectively connected from the secondary winding I5 to any suitable load such as luminous tubes 59, and apertures 59 and 59 are provided in the housing for accommodating the load and line leads, respectively.

In view of the foregoing, it will be seen that I have provided an improved construction for supporting the core and coils and .mounting the transformer to a support. This. combination mounting, bracket and coil support is also employed for supporting the enclosing cover and a .partition which cooperates with the cover to provide a separate junction box. The junction box is also provided with a terminal board so that the electrical connections may be made in a simple manner.

Modifications of the particular arrangement which I have disclosed embodying my invention will occur to those skilled in the art, so that I do not desire my invention to be limited to the particular arrangement set forth and I intend in the appended claims to cover all modifications which do not depart from the spirit and scope of my invention.

What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of th United States is:

1. In an electric apparatus, a core having a plurality of laminations, a bracket extending along an outer edge of said core, integral flanges extending from said bracket adjacent sides of said core, means cooperating with said flanges for attaching said bracket to said core, and integral means extending from said bracket for mounting said apparatus to a support.

2. In an electric apparatus, a core having a plurality of laminations, a bracket extending along an outer edge of said core, integral flanges extending from said bracket adjacent sides of said core, means cooperating with said flanges for attaching said bracket to said core, a housing, means for attaching said housing to said bracket, and integral means extending from said bracket for suspending said apparatus from a support.

3. In an electric apparatus, a core having a plurality of laminations, a bracket extending over edges of said laminations and having depending flanges adjacent sides thereof, means cooperating with said flanges and said laminations for attaching said bracket to said core, and integral lugs extending from said bracket in a direction substantially opposite to that of said flanges for suspending said apparatus from a support.

4. In an electric apparatus, a core having a plurality of laminations, a bracket, integral flanges extending from said bracket, means cooperating with said flanges for attaching said bracket to said core, a housing enclosing said core, means for attaching said housing to said bracket, partition means integral with said bracket and cooperating with said housing to form a junction box, and means extending from said bracket for mounting said apparatus to a support.

5. In an electric apparatus, a core having a plurality of laminations, a bracket, integral flanges extending from said bracket, means cooperating with said flanges for attaching said bracket to said core, a housing enclosing said core, means for attaching said housing to said bracket, partition means integral with said bracket and cooperating with said housing to form a junction box, said partition means having an aperture, a terminal board, means for attaching said terminal board to said partition means in said aperture, and means extending from said bracket for mounting said apparatus to a support.

6. In an electric apparatus, a core having a plurality of laminations, a bracket extending over edges of said laminations and having depending flanges adjacent sides thereof, means cooperating with said flanges and said laminations for attaching said bracket to said core, a housing enclosing said core, a mounting flange extending from said bracket adjacent one end of said core, partition means, means for attaching said partition means to said mounting flange, said partition means cooperating with said housing to form a junction box, a termina1 board, means including a flange extending from said partition means for mounting said terminal board on said partition means, and means extending from said bracket for mounting said apparatus to a support.

'7. In an electric apparatus, a core having a winding leg and a yoke portion, a coil surrounding said winding leg, a bracket extending over edges of said yoke portion, means cooperating with said bracket and said yoke portion for attaching said bracket to said core, a housing enclosing'said core and coil and having a removable end portion, partition means integral with said bracket and cooperating with said housing and removable end portion to form a junction box, a terminal board having terminals adapted to be connected to the coil, and means attaching said terminal board to said partition means.

8. In an electric apparatus, a core having a winding leg and yoke portion, a coil surrounding said winding leg, a bracket extending over edges of said yoke portion, means cooperating with said bracket and said yoke portion for attaching said bracket to said core, a housing enclosing said core and coil and having a removable end portion, partition means integral with said bracket and cooperating with said housing and said removable end portion to form a junction box, a terminal board having terminals, means attaching said terminal board to said partition means, said housing having apertures for receiving line leads and load leads.

9. In an electric apparatus, a core having a plurality of laminations, bracket means attached to said core for clamping said laminations together, a housing with a longitudinal slit enclosing said core, means for attaching said housing to said bracket means, partition means supported by said bracket means and cooperating with said housing to form a junction box, and means integral with said bracket means and extending through the slit in said housing for mounting said apparatus to a support.

ELMER J ZELT.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2514015 *Jul 14, 1945Jul 4, 1950Tobe Deutschmann CorpBallast unit
US2521533 *Mar 13, 1948Sep 5, 1950Gen ElectricElectric induction apparatus
US2810112 *Jan 26, 1953Oct 15, 1957Gen ElectricTransformer
US3207955 *Mar 6, 1962Sep 21, 1965Gen ElectricCompartmented switch box with a terminal board and bus bars mounted on opposite sides of the partition
US5168422 *May 6, 1991Dec 1, 1992Allanson, Division Of Jannock LimitedSelf-enclosed neon transformer
US5742489 *Dec 5, 1994Apr 21, 1998France/Scott Fetzer CompanyTransformer housing and connector bushing
Classifications
U.S. Classification336/67, 336/210, 336/92, 336/107, 361/268, 336/165, 174/542
International ClassificationH01F27/26
Cooperative ClassificationH01F27/266
European ClassificationH01F27/26B