US 2361923 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nov. 7, 1944. E. L. ARNESON BOX Filed July 5, 1941 Patented Nov. 7, 1944' BOX Edwin L. Arneson, Morris, Ill., assignor to Morris l Paper Mills, Chicago, 111., a corporation of Illi- Application July 5, 1941, Serial No. 401,076
12 Claims. (01. 2067) This invention relates to boxes of the sort designedforthe packaging of garments orsimilar articles of merchandise. in retail stores for de.
livery to or transportation by a purchaser.
A general object, of the invention is the pro vision of such a box which may be fabricated in knocked-down condition in the form of an integral flat sheet or blank and which may be'set up ,from said knocked-down condition quickly and with facility at the retail establishment incident to the packaging of an article in it and which,.when set up, will afford elTective protection for its contents, will sustain a contained gar ment or the like in a suspended or partially'suspended condition to avoid crushing or creasing of it, and whichwilltform a neat and substantial package which may be carried by the purchaser with convenience.
Other andsfurther objects of the invention will be pointed out or indicated hereinafter or will become apparent upon use of it.
For the purposeof aiding in an explanation of the invention, I show in the accompanying drawing, and hereinafter describe, one form in which it'may be embodied. It is to be understood, however, that this is presented merely forpurpose-of illustration and is not to beconstrued in any fashion for the purpose of limiting the appended claimsshort of the true and most comprehensive scope of the invention in the art.
In said drawing,
Fig. 1 is a plan view of a shaped and creased blank which represents thebox in its knockeddown condition; p
Fig.2 is aview, partly in perspective, showing the blank partly foldedin association with a garment, and serving to illustrate the procedure of setting up the box;
Fig. 3 is a plan View of one type of handle which may be appliedto the box;
Fig. 4 is an elevational section through the set-up box and'illustrating an article of merchandise suspended and enclosed within it; and
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the lower portion of the box in itsset-up condition. V
In'the embodiment of the invention illustrated inthe drawing the box is formed of a unitary sheet of paper board or the like which is die cut into theform shown in Fig. 1 and marked by crease or score lines so as to provide a pair of similar sidewalls l and II, bottom wall portions 12, and, i4, and lateral flaps l and IS. The lateral limits of the side walls Ill and I lare defined by crea se lines a and ,a and, the upper limits of a said walls are defined by top crease lines b and, b. Midway between the crease lines a and a the top crease lines 11 and b are spaced an appreciable distance from each other and they converge toward each other as they approach thelateral crease lines a and a. The lateral flaps l5 and 16 are formed with apertures ll adjacentthe lateral crease lines a and a and the l the oblique lines d.
ends of the top crease lines I) and b and each of said lateral flaps is provided with creases c and 0' extending in divergent relationship to each other from its aperture I! to its outer margin. Each lateral flap is also provided with oblique creases d extending diagonally from the ends of the top creases b--b to the ends of the lateral fiap, said creases d, in conjunction with the apertures I1 and creases c-c', serving to subdivide each of the lateral flaps into a pair of end wall sections l8 and a pair of fold sections I9.
The side wall I0 is marked off from the bottom 'fiap I4 by a crease line e, and side wall, II is similarly marked oil from the bottom section I! by a crease line I. At its opposite ends the bottom section I2 carries lock flaps 20 having notches ,23. The bottom flap I4 is formed with lockingtongue 2| and 22 and the bottom section'll is provided with slots 24 and 25 adapted to receive said locking tongues. The lateral flaps are formed with slots 26 extending inwardly from their respective ends for a short distance along In the area between the lines b-b' are formed apertures 21 for insertio of the handle.
The handle may be of any of various kinds, and in Fig. 3 Ihave shown one form which is cut from a sheet of tough pliable paper board so 'as to afior'd a strap portion 30 with laterallyprojectv When the user Wishes to use one for the packaging of an appropriate article, such as agarment, he first attaches the handle to one of the blanks as above described, and. with the blank laid out fiat as illustrated in Fig. l, he lays out the garment upon the sidewalls l0 and II, substantially as illustrated by the dotted outline in Fig. 2. Then, as illustrated in Fig. 2, he swings the lateral flaps l5 and I6 upwardly along the crease.
lines a and a and flexes the fold sections IS inwardly along the crease lines d to positions where they overlie lateral portions of the garment. When the lateral flaps are thus swung inwardly, the side wall is caused to start swinging toward the side wall II, and it is then grasped and swung fully over until the inner sides of the fold sections I!) at respective sides of the box are brought into contact with each other. In this folding of the side walls, the flection takes place on crease lines D and b and at the same time flection of the conjoined fold sections takes place on the crease lines 0 and c. As a consequenceof the relationship of the crease lines and the presence of the apertures 11, the upper ends of the fold sections l9 are spaced a slight distance away from the crown area which is between the crease lines bb'.. After the side walls and fold' flaps have thus been folded, the lock flaps .20 are a ofthe lock flaps 20 pass through thenotches 26 to-positionsat one side of'the fold sections 19, while the portions 201) move to positions at the opposite sides of the fold sections 19, and the bottom section l2 reaches its final or limit position whenthe bottoms of the notches 23 reach thebottoms of the notches 26. Thereupon the bottom flap [4 is folded over against the outer side' of bottom' section l2 .and is interlocked thereto by insertion of the tongues 21' and 22 into'the slots 24 and 25. This completes the setting up of the box andthe packagingof the contents.
Asthus assembled, the package is of wedge shape. with the thinner edge of the wedge at the top and having the strap portion of the-handle projecting above it. and affording a convenient means whereb the package may be carried in a pendulous. position. The end wall sections at respective ends of the box align with eachother and their fold sections restin face-to-face contact with each other and are held in that position by locking or latching engagement of the lock flap portions 201) with the fold. sections and by the engagement of the fold sections in the notches 23. The engagement of the locking flaps 20 in the notches 26 holds the. lower ends of the end wall sections against moving outwardly away from the bottom section.
When a garment or similar article has :beenpackaged in the box as above described,lit will find support upon the upper end portions of the fold sections when the box is-in upright position,.
and as a consequence, the garment will be suspended or partly suspended withinthe package, in somewhat the fashion illustrated at G in Fig. 4. In many instances this is desirable to avoid creasingor crushing of the article-of merchandise within the box.
The package is held securely in its assembled and closed condition by the interlocking engage 'ment'afiorded by the tongues 2! and 22 and slots 24 and 25. Howeveryit may be opened very easily,-.. and in amanner which is quite obvious to the-purchaser, and without involving any mutilation of it, bylaying it on a table with one of its sidewalls downward and then drawing the bottomxsectiorrl4 away from the bottom sectional-2,;wherebyzto withdraw the tongues from the slotsythenxswinging the. bottom section l2 outwardly; and then swinging the side walls apart from'zeachiotheru What I claim is: 1. A knock-down box comprising a unitary sheet of paper board shaped and creased to provide a pair of similar oppositely disposed side toform a bottom portion between the lower ends of the side walls; and lock flaps formed on the bottom section for interlocking with lower end portions of the meeting lateral flaps to retain them against swinging apart.
2. A knock-down box as specified in claim 1 and wherein the lock flaps are flexibly connected toopposite ends of the bottomsectiongsaidlock I flaps. being "movable-to positions along the-inner surfaces of the end wallsectionswhen the-side walls and: lateral 'flaps-are-in theii foldedrelationship.
3. A knock-down box as specified in claim l and wherein-said .latera'l' flaps comprise fold sections foldablednwardly to-angularrelationship to the end wallsections-'and-thelock 'flaps' are flexibly connected: to' opposite & ends of l "the bottom section, said. locktfiapsbeing-movable to positions along theinner surfacesof the end wall sections Wheni;thei.Side :W9.1lS andailateral flaps are in their: iolded'relationshipaand having portions. engageable with the. dold' sections! iadja-- cent their lower ends" to retain them 'in itheir folded positions.
A box as specified-inelaiml and-including a handle connected to the sheet atzthe top .ends of the side walls and extending above the-.same.
5. A knock-down box as-specifiedsin'claim 1 and including engaging. means 'fo'rretentively engaging the bottom section with the opposite side wall, said engaging means comprisinga bottomflap flexibly. connected :to the' -.-bottom--end of said opposite side wall and interfitting tongues and slots provided in said bottom flap and bottom section.
6. A knock-down box as-specified-inzclaim 1 and wherein said lateral flaps comprise. foldsections foldable inwardly from/the endwallsections, said lock flaps being. movable to positions: along the inner surfaces of the end wallsections when the side walls. and lateral .flaps are in their l'olded relationship, saidlock flaps and said-lateral flaps being notched .to afiord interengageable portions whereby the fold-sectionsof-opposite side walls are held against swinging. apart.
'7. A knock-down .box .as specified-in. claim 1 and wherein the lateral flaps are marked off by oblique fold .lines to form end .wall. sectionswhich taper toward their upper ends and. fold sections which taper toward the lowerends .of the lateral flaps.
8. A knock-down box as specified in claim 1 and including means for retentively. engaging the bottom section with the lower end .portion of the other sidewall to forms. bottom closure for the box.
and wherein the lateral flaps of opposite side walls meet one another approximately midway between the side walls when the box is in set-up condition. a
11. A knock-down box as specified inclaim 1 and wherein the lateral flaps have folded sections foldable inwardly to angular relationship with the end wall sections, the inwardly folded fold sections of opposite side walls meeting one another between the latter when the box is in set-up condition. v
12. A knock-down box comprising a unitary sheet of paper board shaped and creased to provide a pair of similar side walls which are flexibly connected to each other at their top ends and ioldable into acute-angular relationship to each other, a bottom section flexibly connected to the bottom end of one of said side walls, lateral flaps flexibly connected to both side walls along opposite lateral margins thereof and having portions foldable into angular relationship thereto to form end walls between the side walls and fold sections foldable inwardly from the end walls to abutting relationshipwith each other, and locking flaps on the bottom section engageable with said fold sections to retain the end wall sections against swinging inwardly and outwardly when the box is in set-up condition.
EDWIN L. ARNESON.