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Publication numberUS2362784 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 14, 1944
Filing dateNov 10, 1941
Priority dateNov 10, 1941
Publication numberUS 2362784 A, US 2362784A, US-A-2362784, US2362784 A, US2362784A
InventorsLawrence T Ward
Original AssigneeKnapp Monarch Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Insecticide spray head valve
US 2362784 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 14, 1944.A L. T. WARD .v 2,352,784

INSECTICIDE SPRAY HEAD VALVE INVENTOR, Qa/rencQf/@f BY m Nov. 14, 1944. L T, WARD 2,362,784

INSECTIGIDE SPRAYy HEAD VALVE Filed Nov. 10, 1941 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 l l l n l h gg-LS;


Patented Nov. 14, 1944 I NSECTICIDE SPRAY HEADVALVE Lawrence T. Ward, Philadelphia, Pa., assignor to Knapp-Monarch Company, St. Louis, Mo., a corporation of Missouri Application November 10, 1941, vSerial No. 418,474

My present invention relates to a spray head valve unit for mounting on insecticide cans and the like. l

One object of the invention is to provide a compact unitary structure which may replace the lid of a standard screw-top insecticide can and includes all the necessary mechanism for dispensing the insecticide in spray form from the can.

Another object ls to provide a spray head unit which has a control valve and a pressure .bulb piercing means whereby a pressure bulb, such as a carbondioxide Ibulb, may be mounted in such manner as to communicate with the valve, the valve being operable to control the flow of pressure for dispensing the insecticide in the form of a spray.

Still another object is to provide a positive lock nut means for locking the valve tightly in closed position when the device is not in use, thereby conserving the pressure of the pressure bulb.

A further object is to provide e unit of the class disclosed with which a full can of insecticide may be connected when the old one is emptied and a fresh pressure bulb may be inserted for an empty one, independent of each other.

Still another object is to provide a'needle valve for controlling the flow of pressure into the insleeve 20.

secticide can so as to limit such pressure to one that will` not be excessive and thereby fracture the can.

Still another object is to provide a safety feature in the form of a pressure relief valve built into the spray head for relieving excess pressure from the container or can, if such excess pressure is inadvertently admitted thereto.

With these and other obiects in view, my invention consists in the construction, arrangement and combination of the various parts of my device whereby the objects contemplated are attained, as hereinafter more fully set forth, pointed out in my claims and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Figure l is a side elevation of an insecticide spray -head unit embodying my invention and showing it mounted on a can or simil-ar container of insecticide or the like;

Figure 2 is a plan view thereof;

Figure 3 is an enlarged sectional view on the line 3-3 of Figure 1;

Figure 4 is an 'enlarged sectional view of a spray* nozzle different from the one shown in Figures 1 and 2;

Figure 5 is an enlarged sectional view on the line 5 5 of Figure 2, showing the control valve locked in closed position;

Figure 6 is a similar sec-tional View showing the control valve unlocked for operation; and

Figure 7 is an enlarged section-al view of the line `l1 of Figure 2, showing a pressure relief valve On the accompanying drawings I have used the reference numeral Ill to indicate a can or other suitable Icontainer for insecticide or the like. The can I0 has a screw-threaded neck l2. My spray head unit is indicated generally at H, the head H being provided with threads as at I3, to detachably coact with the threaded neck l2. A gasket M is provided for sealing purposes.

The headH has therein a passageway communicating intermediate its ends with a dependingsyphon tube lli. The front end of the pas sageway is tapered, as indicated at il, to coact with a tapered head i8 of a tube-like nozzle I9. The nozzle I3 is held in position by a threaded The nozzle i9 is adapted for thrusting it into the Icracks of upholstered furniture and the like, whereas, for general spraying-into lthe atmosphere, another nozzle may {be provided. Such nozzle is indicated at 2i and consists of a sleeve similar to the sleeve 2t, but with crossslots 22 to take the place of the nozzle tube i3.

The rear end` of the passageway l5 communicates with `a valve seat 23 formed on a sleeve 2 threaded into the head H. Coacting with the valve seat 23 is a valve plug 25 formed on a valve stem 26. The valve stem 26 extends through the seat 23 and through a Apacking .washer 21. The packing washer 21 is retained tight by a spring 28.

'I'he stem 26 further extends through a guide borev 2S of the head H and terminates in a threaded portion 26a on which a lock nut 30 is threaded. The lock nut 30 has a flange-like shoulder 3l adapted to be engaged at times by a shoulder 32 of a valve operating lever 33. The operating lever 33 is pivoted on a pin 34. The

shoulder 3| is connected wl-th the lock nut 30 by sleeve 35. The sleeve 35 passes through a U- shaped notch 3S (see Figure 3) in 'the lever 33.

The sleeve 2d carries a'hollow piercing pin 31 surrounded by a packing washer 33. The pin 31 is adapted to pierce a pressure -bulb B when such bulb is pressed thereagainst by a bulb holder 39. The bulb holder 39 is threaded at 40 to coact with threads 4l of the head H, and is provided with a pair of wings @i2 to facilitate Ithe operation of threading the holder onto the head for piercing the bulb B. After the bulb is pierced,

it is sealed relative to the `valve plug 25 by the the can I0, whereasthe outside and top of the valve plug 46 communicates with atmosphere through a bore oi a closure plug 49.

lPractical operation In the operation of my insecticide spray head unit the cap that usually comes on the can i is unscrewed and replaced by the unit. A pressure bulb, such as a "Sparklet" bulb is then inserted in the bulb holder 39, and the holder is screwed onto the head until the piercing pin 31 communicates the interior of the bulb with the space in the sleeve 24 surrounding the valve plug 25 (see Figure 5). The lock nut 80, it will be noted, is screwed down tightly during the bulb piercing operation so as to positively seat the plug 2 against the seat 23.

The lock nut 30 is then loosened as it is in Figure 6, so that the springv25a behind the valve plug 25 retains the valve plug seated, and the operating lever 33 moves out to the full-line position. Thereafter, the lever 33 may be depressed to the dotted position, which will open the valve 25 to permit uid pressure to enter the passageway i5. Such luid pressure is dividu ed so that most of it passes out through the no2- zle i9 or 2d, and a portion passes the needle valve 44 and flows through the passageway t3 to place the contents of the can lil under pressure to force it upwardly through the syphon tube it. As the insecticide or other liquid flows upwardly through the tube i6, some of the fluid pressure passes through the opening d5 to mix therewith to partially atomize the liquid, fluid pressure flowing through the passageway i5 completing the atomizing operation.

tion and'fracture of the relatively light can i9, usually made of tin. Y

The spray may be nicely regulated by the position of the lock nut'Ill with respect to the stem 26. The farther out the lock nut is rotated, the wider the valve 2B will open when the operating lever is moved from fully closed position to the dotted line position of Figure 6.

Some changes may be made in the construction and arrangement of the parts of my device with out departing from the real spirit and purpose of my invention, and it is my intention to cover by my claims any modified forms of structure or use of mechanical equivalents which may be reasonably included within their scope without sacrificing any of the advantages thereof.

The needle valve 44 is adjusted to a position where it will introduce the proper proportion of fluid pressure through the passageway 43 in relation to that passing through the passageway l5. lf such pressure is excessive, it will be relieved through the relief valve 46 rather than distend the can and possibly fracture it. If, during operation, the relief valve 46 should operate, it is an indication that either` too much fluid pressure is passing through the passageway 43, or the passageway i5 forward of the passageway 43 has become clogged. In the rst case, the needle valve 44 should be screwed down slightly, whereas in the latter case, it is necessary to clean out the passageways. The relief valve46 is insurance against clogged passageways resulting in disten- I claim as my invention:

l. A dispensing valve comprising a head having a passageway. a valve communicating with said passageway, said valve including a valve seat, a valve plug and a stem connected with said valve plug, a lock nut on said stem, an operating lever pivoted to said head and engageable with said lock nut to open said valve, said lock nut being adjustable to a position positively locking said valve closed independent of said operating lever.

2. In a valve structure of the class described, a head having a passageway therethrough, a valve in said passageway, said valve including a valve seat, a plug and a stern for said plug, and a loclr nut threaded on said stem, an operating lever engageable with said loci: nut to open said valve, said lock nut in one position moving said lever to its normal valve open position and simultaneously positively locking said valve closed.

3. In a valve structure, a head having e. passageway, a valve seat in said passageway, a valve plug and a stem therefor, a loci; nut on said stem having a shoulden'ari operating lever pivoted to said head and engageable 'with said shoulder to open said valve, said lock nut being threaded on said stem for adjustment to a position seating said valve plug against said valve seat and the valve thereby closed and against opening by said operating lever.

e. In a dispensing valve unit, a head, first and second passageways therein, a valve seat between said passageways, a stem extending through the valve seat and to the exterior of said head, a plug carried by said stem to seat on the valve seat and a spring to effect such seating thereof, a lock nut on said stem outside of said head and having a shoulder, an operating lever coactable with said shoulder to open said valve against the constraint of said spring when said lock nut is screwed to position spaced from said head, said lock nut being adjustable to a position engaging said head and thereby positively locking said valve against opening by said operating lever.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2516131 *Dec 30, 1944Jul 25, 1950Specialties Dev CorpValve operating means
US2517961 *Jan 7, 1947Aug 8, 1950Barnett BaronAtomizer
US2552857 *Sep 18, 1946May 15, 1951Knapp Monarch CoAerosol bomb
US2595317 *May 6, 1946May 6, 1952White Jr Roby ByronSpray gun
US2596414 *Sep 18, 1946May 13, 1952Knapp Monarch CoAerosol bomb valve
US2610433 *Apr 29, 1947Sep 16, 1952Chisholm Robert DInsecticide disperser
US2631891 *Apr 20, 1948Mar 17, 1953Knapp Monarch CoPressure sprayer
US2635921 *Jul 24, 1950Apr 21, 1953Electric Sprayit CompanySelf-feeding spray gun
US2649276 *Mar 7, 1947Aug 18, 1953Wyott Mfg Co IncLiquid dispensing device
US2666667 *Apr 5, 1947Jan 19, 1954Charles C TreleaseFluid dispenser
US2699883 *Jan 10, 1950Jan 18, 1955Frank MeyersPocket atomizer
US2954678 *Jul 18, 1957Oct 4, 1960Ass For Physiologic Res IncMethod of dispersing materials
US3044713 *May 29, 1959Jul 17, 1962Sprayon ProductsLiquid spraying device
US3203592 *Oct 4, 1963Aug 31, 1965Denis FarandatosFluid dispenser
US3880356 *Mar 8, 1973Apr 29, 1975Chandler Estal DPortable pressurized paint gun
US7389946 *Sep 19, 2003Jun 24, 2008Valois S.A.SFluid product spraying device
EP0403417A2 *Apr 25, 1990Dec 19, 1990Nikolaos ValatasStandard spray bottle for liquids
WO2007065197A1 *Oct 18, 2006Jun 14, 2007Allen IanThe application of microdots and other identifiers to an article
U.S. Classification251/89, 239/DIG.110, 239/308, 239/365, 239/309, 251/244, 239/318
International ClassificationB05B7/24, B65D83/14
Cooperative ClassificationY10S239/11, B65D83/60, B05B7/2427
European ClassificationB65D83/60, B05B7/24A3R1