|Publication number||US2363271 A|
|Publication date||Nov 21, 1944|
|Filing date||May 8, 1943|
|Priority date||May 8, 1943|
|Publication number||US 2363271 A, US 2363271A, US-A-2363271, US2363271 A, US2363271A|
|Original Assignee||Mendel Sugarman|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (4), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Noir. 21, 1944. M. SUGARMAN 2,363,271
SLIP covERs Fon FURNITURE Filed May 8, -1943 Patented Nov. 21, 1944y 2,363,271y I A SLIP yCOVER Fpznruiuvrrfuna Mendel Sugarman, MaldenQMass. s .Application May s, 1943,-seria1N0. 486,118
y s claims.v (Criss-182);
Slipcovers for upholstered furniture.
` The present invention relates to adjustable Li vvUpholstered or over-stuffed furniture varies sofgreatly in size and shape that the best f1tting and most attractive covers are still custom, l5' f rmade' to fit each article. Many' attempts have been made, with varying degrees of success, to make adjustable slip covers. Some covers have been made ,of elastic `material,` some have had separate' vpanels individually adjusted in place', s
and others have provided considerable surplus material along vthe margins ofthe panels and have hadvarious arrangements of draw-strings or` tying tapes. While some of these adjustable covers are less expensive than custom-,made covers, it is still common practice ,to have removabley furniture covers custom made, even at 'greatercosa forthe sake of appearance Vand itting qualities.
they are atl',"acl"1'ed to flarge articles.
@The present invention also eliminates fthe Anecessity of using elastic covering v.fabric and reduces the amount of surplus material usually provided .Where the panels of the cover are joined.. The adjustability of the cover is prin-I vvcippally .derived from two inserts or gussets at f thefront and two long inserts or inturned ypleats at the back of the cover. `The front inserts v permit-expansion or contractionv of ythe cover Aby providing material adaptedy to be folded in- .wardly in proportionto the amount yto be taken up as the cover is-ttedfto a small article, the' take-up beinggreatest atthe centrall partof y the insert. The lback inserts provide., for ex pansionor contractionof the cover along straight lines which maybe substantially vertical or may thelfold line itself beinghidden. 1 v
vThe invention will best be vunderstood from `the; followingl descriptionin conjunction with the accompanying fdrawing.-v y
In the drawing: j Fig. -l is a perspective view of a chair showL ingione application-,of a coverembodying the invention;v
Fig. 2 is a rear elevation offthechair shown" y in Fig. l; Fig. 3 is a perspective view cfa chair showing another application of the cover shown in'Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is ay rear elevation of the ,chair shown inlligiiiv be greater at either top; or bottom of the cover,
' and their 'innercorners at I1 and I8.
' Fig. 51s a detaiiviewvparuy in section of an insert;"
Fig. G'isla' detail view vpartly, in'section of a `In` Figs. fljand 3, aslipV cover embodying the invention is shown asjapplied to a small and a large'ove'r-'stuied'Zarmfchairj respectively. The
cover is a unitary structure having the customary' panels, 'viz.` Aaffront' pan'el I, iront arm panels "2' and 3, outer side panelsilland 5, inner side. panels Sand'Louter and 'inner back panels 8' and S, a seat panel l0; and a skirt ll. When applied to awing-ba'ck chaiigthe portions of the back panels' adapted to cover the wings may for conveniencebe describedasthe. wing panels l2 and `I3. This division, ofthe cover into panels is, in asense,` arbitrary and perhaps supercial, since several of the so-called panels are in reality one piece of materiali. e., the panels 9 and l0. are in fact one length of cloth with a fold line at the;juncture between'the back and *they seat'of the chair/The description of the cover asA comprising denite panels, therefore, principally'employed to show thev 'location of the, parts with'reference to the furniture on which it vmayi'be placed. A tape I4 is secured to the 'sidepanels'jft and 5 and is.` brought across the backof the chair underneath'the back panel 8 and.tied,`so1thatfitjholds'the side panels in closely tothe chair and also idraws the Lpanels Zjand '3 tightly 'against' the arms of the chair. All :of the foregoing is-'wellunderstood in the art and does not require `extensive explanation.
AIn accordanc'zeI'with thepresent invention, an insert'piece I5 is interposed between `the panels 6 andjlz'fa'nd an insert I6 is placed between the panels 1 vrand jl3,"i. e.,' at they point where the topof thechair armf'andgthe back'v are joined.
The inner end oi'each' insert' is located approximately at the points' indicated at I1 and i8, but the end' will notA ordinarily'bevisible, as it is intended that itshallbeltuckedinto the crease, indicated at yISQ/foi'jriied between the arms and back of "the, chair. The outer 'ends of the inserts are located at the seams'll andY 2l where the back'panel 8 `joints the 'side'pa'nels, approximately at the point indicated at 22 and 23; The
inserts l5' and ISmay-'be made offsubstantially rectangular piecesoffmaterial having theirv sides sewn'to theadjacent panels as indicated at 24 and 25, and their outer corners brought together and sewn at the points: indicated at `22`and 23 The insert may also bexsubstantially oval in shape,`the flattened sideof the oval fbeing secured to the adjacent panelsy and the` points of the oval strip being secured at the juncture of the panels in thesame way as described above. As kshown in Figs. 1 and 3, the inserts or'gussets may be infoldedr to a greater,` or'lessvdegree, and the degree of infolding determines the extent to which the panels are let out or brought together. The more the gussets are reduced in surface area by infolding, the closer the panels are drawn together to enable the cover to fit a small article. Conversely, the more the gussets are expanded, the further the panels may be drawn apart in order to iit a large article. In both cases the adjustment takes place within the area covered by the gussets, allowing the panels to be smoothly and tightly fitted, and preventing fullness or bagginess.
The in-folding of the oval inserts tends to draw the panels more at the mid-point of the inserts and the out-folding, conversely, tends to allow greater separations of the panels at the midpoint of `the inserts. The result is that adjustment of the panels by this means causes greatest adjustment at the mid-point of the arms of the article `of furniture and progressively less in both directions until the ends of the inserts are reached. This new feature eliminates stretching the material of the panels in the center or b-unching'of the material at the ends of the adjustment area. There is ample material at the exact spot where increase is desirable (generally, thearea between the mid-point of the top of the arm and the adjacent portion of the back),
as shown at 26 and 21 (see Fig. 4). These back inserts correspond to the front inserts in the sense that extramaterial is provided which may be folded in and lie flat -against the back of the chair as shown in Fig. 2,'or be 'pulled out to make the cover fit a larger chair as shown in Fig. 4. The outer edges of the inserts are secured to the side panels and the inner edges are secured to the back panel 8. Hooks 28 fastened in the seam joining the panel 8 and inserts 2B and 21 are adapted to hook into the material of the side panels or the inserts to hold the back panel in place at the sides. The fold line of the l inserts are kept hidden, so that the edge of the but there is no surplus at the sides beyond the points indicated, as is the case with covers in which both the side and back panels are provided with a substantially equal amount of surplus material all along the lines Where the panels are joined.
The angle between the arm and the back of the chair makes it necessary to fold the material of the corner at this point whenever the cover is used on any except the largest possible chair, and one feature of the present invention is that this fold line is made to come within predetermined limits (the area defined by the insert) so that the excess material mayv easily be folded under in a, fiat layer (see Fig. 5) and conpanel always presents a, neat, straight line as indicated at 29.
While the material provided for adjustment of the back 'panel has been shown in the form of separately cut inserts sewn to the back and side panels, the particular form shown and described is not intended to prohibit the use of an inturned pleat of material integrally formed with the back or side panels, and the word insert as used in the claims is to be construed to cover such equivalent structure.
No cover for the cushion of the chair has been shown, as it may be formed and applied in any Well-known manner.
1. An adjustable slip cover for upholstered furniture, having, in combination; suitable panels for covering the several parts of an article of furniture, and substantially ,elliptical pieces of material inserted between the back covering panels and the arm covering panels, the central portion of said inserts being located adjacent that part of the arm covering panels which covers the highest part of the arms of the article of furniture to which the cover is applied.
cealed. When a cover embodying the invention 4 is used on a small chair, as shown in Fig. 1, the
inserts are folded longitudinally and tucked underneath one of the panels so that they lie flat against it, and the edges of the two panels come together or nearly together as shown in Figs. l and 5. There is no bunching of the material in the panels at the ends of the infolded insert because the panels abut instead of overlapping, and the take up occurs within the zone defined by the insert.
When the cover is applied to a large chair, as shown in Fig. 3, the insert is opened out so that the .edge 24 is pulled upward and the edge 25 is pulled outwardly on the arm of the chair. The material of the cover is not stretched because the greatest amount of separation is permitted at the mid-point of the arm where the greatest extent of out-folding takes place. The insert is preferably made of the same material and with the same pattern as the rest of the cover,
so that the dividing line between the panels and the insert is not readily noticeable. The spreading of the panels does not cause undue-stretch at the point of greatest expansion because the insert provides vsurplus material at that point, and there is no undesirable looseness at either end of the insert because the panels are secured to each other without any extra fullness beyond the ends of the insert.
The back panel is also provided with inserts 2. An adjustable slip cover for upholstered furniture having, in combination, suitable panels for covering the several parts of an article of furniture, and substantially elliptical pieces of material secured at each end in the seams joining the back covering panels and the arm covering panels, said pieces having one edge thereof secured to one of said panels and the other edge secured to the other ofA said panels, so that said panels may be pulled apart in the region of the inserted pieces to enable them to fit a larger article and by infolding the material of the inserted pieces the panels may be drawn together to enable them to t a smaller article.
3. In an adjustable slip cover having covering portions for the various parts of an article of furniture, including arm and back covering portions, and having means for pulling the covering portions tightly about the article, in combination, inserted infolding material located between said arm and back covering portions with its center portion located approximately at the top of the arm, said inserted material having the greatest capacity for infolding and outfolding approximately in the center thereof with decreasing capacity progressively in `either direction down the sides of the arm of the article of furniture, so that when the cover is placed'on an article having a relatively large surface area the arm and back covering portions may be separated Without stretching and when the cover is placed onr a relatively small article the arm and back covering portions may be drawn together without bunching.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2469520 *||Jan 2, 1946||May 10, 1949||Crawford Mfg Co Inc||Furniture slip cover|
|US2667211 *||Nov 8, 1948||Jan 26, 1954||Krasnov George S||Slip cover for upholstered furniture|
|US6354661 *||Jan 4, 2000||Mar 12, 2002||Anne Masako Moss||Chair cocoon|
|US6659550||Sep 4, 2002||Dec 9, 2003||Ruth H. Hackett||Upholstery system|
|U.S. Classification||297/228, 297/224|
|International Classification||A47C31/11, A47C31/00|