|Publication number||US2363762 A|
|Publication date||Nov 28, 1944|
|Filing date||Sep 17, 1941|
|Priority date||Sep 17, 1941|
|Publication number||US 2363762 A, US 2363762A, US-A-2363762, US2363762 A, US2363762A|
|Original Assignee||John Wardan|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (10), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Nov. 28, 1944.
J. 'WARQAN WINDSHIELD-VISOR- CLAMP COMINATION Filed Sept. 17, 1941 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INYENTOR,
I Y a. 1 5% Ma ATZ'ORNEY.
J. WARDAN WINDSHIELD-VISORj-CLAMP COMBINATION I Nov. 28, 1944.
FiiL ed Sept. 17, 1941 '2 SheetshSheet 2 NVENTOR 9 W Arron/n2.
Patented Nov. 28, 1944 UNITED STATE sr PATENT orr cr.
; WINDSHIELD-VISOR-CLAMP COMBINATION v John Wardan, Hartford, Conn.
Application September 17,1941, Serial-No. 411,171
8 Claims. (01. 296-97) My invention relates to improvements in windshieldvvisor-clamp combinations involving a visor the left sash member I3; is housed within a made of fleXiblemateriaLsuch as Cellophane that i i is translucent and colored to reduce glare-effect, such as yellow or green, that is operatively housed within a suitable casingsoas to be withdrawable therefrom and located within the zone of vision of the operatorof an automobile in oppositionto the inner face of the glass of the windshield,
I clamp means being provided for I removably mountingthe housing on a frame or sash memher and the object of my improvement is to pro- *duce a wind-shield-visor-combination that per- 'mits of removable application thereof to the windshieldstructure by reason of the clamping means, which means may be modified in detail for the purpose of effecting different results.
In the accompanying drawings: i Figure 1 is a diagrammatic rear elevation of my improved windshield-visor-clamp combinafrom tion showing the visor structure supported 1 the left windshield sash member.
Fig. 2 is a similar view of a double structure, with a clamp mounted in the middle frame or sash member and visorson eitherside of the 'middlejclamping screw and operative respectively tothe right and left. 3 Fig. 3" asectional view on the line 3-3 ofFig.
1 showing the clamping structure and associated parts drawnto scale. 1 s Fig. 4 is a similar view ofythe double structure 3 on the line 4- 4 of Fig. 2. i
Fig.5 is a face view of the single-housing supporting plate of Fig. l.
Fig. 6 is a similar view of the double-housing supporting plate of Fig. 2. i i
Fig. 7 is a tilted faceview of a frame or sash engaging member,showing the integral loop with the perforation for the clamping screw.
Fig. 8 is a similar View of the locking member with its loop and clamping fingers and wings.
Fig. 9 is a similar view of one form of the clamping plate element of. theclamping means.
Fig. 10 is a similar view of the visor end structure. H i Fig. 11 is a view of the clamping screw.
i Fig. 12 shows a clipwith integral hook as one form of the restraining structure; 1 i My improved windshield-visor-clampcombination comprises a visor'lfl of Cellophane or the like that is translucent and colored suitably to reduce glare, green or yellow, thatunder conditions of use is positioned along the inner face of the glass II of the windshield [2. In the form that is shown in Fig. 1 the visor issupported from;
roll housing l4 from which it emerges through a slot l5; operating in opposition to aspring within the housing; the free end being tipped by a metal strip 16; and by means of1an opening I! is anchored on a hook I8 or pin or otherksuitable (1 projection. The hook 18 is supported bymeans of a screw I9 and associated parts mounted on a middle sash member 20.
Th roll housing I4 is rigidly secured to aplate 2| that is part of clamping means that provide for removable connection with the sash member. At the middle sash member there is a generally similar plate 22 below thehook and that is part of a clamp combination that serves as the securing means for the hook and that differs from the plate 2! only'in that there is nothing mounted thereon. Another modification of the plate struc- 34 scraping along the borderwalls 32; preventing spreadi thereof; and bringing them closer toture is the plate 23 on the middle sash member s of the arrangement shown in Fig- 2 and that provides supportfor two rolls respectively 25 at the right of themiddle and26 at the left from which emerge the visors ill, the one directed towards the right sash member and the other to another plate modification 28'. On theleft sash member [3 is a plate form 29 that has the hooky 3Bintegrally incorporated and directed inwardly toward the right in distinction from the book 21 that is directed toward the left.
All forms ofythedifierent plates described are made of sheetmetal; have exposed and accessible To this end an opening 3| is provided of rectangular form the right and left border walls 32 of i which constitute the detailed elements.
Considering plate 2|; a loop 33 of sheet metal the left sash member I 3.. On the right sash member 26 is mounted a hook 21 that is integral with 3 facespaces that are available for support of one 1 or more rolls or the like and each is anactive l element of one of the formstof clamp structure.
isentered throughthe. opening 3|; the loop arms gether in case they, are already spread apart; the
r loop bridge 35 being perforated foradmitting the clamping screw 36; a nut 31 being provided. 1
A lockingmember 38 is provided, of sheet meta]; generally in the form of a loop that caps the loop 33; having a perforated bridge 39 that is spaced fromthe bridge 35 by a gap 40 that pro vides working space; dependent from the bridge 39 are the side arms 4| located alongside the loopiarms 34; the ends 42 of said arms press against the opposed supporting and binding plate 2|. Thus means .are provided for effecting a fingers 45 that are spaced apart approximately the width of the sash member.
At the free ends of the fingers i are important acting elements in the form of inwardly directed claws 46 forming with the fingers hook-like gripping structures.
Said claws engage back of the freeedges 4'! of the sash structure. Said sash structure "or ;member ['3 may be plain and flat having-an-exposed main face 48 that is substantially in paroallelism with the glass, .as shown, or may be shaped and projected rear-wardlyz and. outwardly -;"from the face of the glass. The details of the grippingpart will be;formedto-correspond. In-
variably it is believed that the :exposed -main -fac,e"wi1l be bordered by or merge with side faces 49 and these latter wil1 be provided with the free :edges 41 mentioned fthatiare available for grip zipin Themultiple-plate-qclamping combination, providingi the intermediatewelementrwithi the exposed f-face-for'receiving -the devicezshown and described in other form of ,therroll .housingzcanbe usefully.
employed for the support. of otherforms of userful devices; such as .fQrinstance; an ash receiver -or:the like.
I claimasmy invention:
"1. 'A'clamp structure :for securingra visor or the like to a windshield-structurecomprising a three ::.plate arrangement ;with"a:screw and nut for of. -fecting the clamping; said:plates:-being defined generally as bottom, intermediary and top, said intermediary, plateserving as the :support'for the visor or the 1ike,'said" bottom platehaving laterally spaced claw structures fforsa windshield supporting structure orathe like, andritegral loop .011 the bottom plate threaded ithrough an open- -ingin the intermediate plate. and superimposed by a loop on the'top plate,:the latter pressing against the intermediate plate-by means of "feet 'provided by the side-loopimembers of the top plate loop, all held 'togetheriand secured to the windshield part.
2. A clamp made up'of three sheet metarmem- 'bers, each of which is ofitself-a substantially symmetrical structure, respectively, -a abottommemher, an intermediate membersan'datop member, said bottom member havingrat the middle ai loop that is perforated for :a 'clampingscrewat the middle of the loopbridge, side-arms depending "from thebridge that-merge byitheir. ends into outwardly projectingwings, the ends of the wings merging 'with "dependent claw membersthat' have inwardly directed gripping edges, all adapted'to be deflected outwardly for being projected into engaging position 'with'ra' support 'suchas a wind :shield supporting or 'frame member and to :be --closed against the *same: f or 11 holding, said intermediate :member .:having an \opening :in a .sub- :stantiallyplain fiat. structure cthe: border walls of wwhich opening are ;.adapted .toibear against ithe said. side arms. forieffecting arclosingcof :the :botatom member toitheiholdingiposition, .thez-general face of the intermediate member being exposed and available for the support of a visor holding element or the like, said top member comprising a sheet metal structure having at the middle a loop that is adapted virtually to ride upon the loop of the bottom member, with a bridge at the middle that is also perforated for the screw and is in slightly spaced relation to the enclosed bridge, having side arms dependent from the '..bridge1thatextend downwardly into :bearing enagment with the interposed intermediate memher by the arm ends, integral outwardly directed wings extending the bearing contact, a clamp .ingscrew and nut serving to effect the clamping pressure.
3..In a windshield-visor-clamp combination, a sash member at one side of the windshield proper tthathasa periphery that comprises a rear face,
side faces projected forwardly from the edges of said rear face and a front face that comprises in .l-aterally .opposedrelation the edge portions of isaid side, faces, .and:a clamp structure that geneerally encloses. said periphery, composed *of a pin- .rality of sheet metal members that are adapted- ;tormake supporting engagement with saidsash :member by screw and nut means, claw-like elements .integralwith .one of said sheet metal members in opposed clamping engagement with 'saidedge portions ,flfzthe side faces "operatingas qtheclamp-holding means, another ofsaidsheet metal members havingan exposed and accessible face for mounting thereon a housing for a visor whereby laterally spaced edge portions of thesash memberin cooperation-with:screw-thread means r operate to provide positively operating means of support for the visor.
4. In a windshield-visor-clamp combinationas described in cla-im 3; a econd sash member spaced laterally from the :first mentioned sash member, a :second clamp :-structure in clamping engage- -mentwith said secondsash-member and comprising a sheet metalzmember thathasan exposed and accessible face on which is'mounted "a hook-like element'for-securing the free end of a visor;projecting from said housing.
-5. In a windshield-visor-clamp combination, :a
sash member of a windshield structure locatdto one side of the windshield propervthat has laterally spaced free and aac'cessible edges, a clamp structure having screw-thread iclamping means having claw-like elements for hbeing opposed to said edges and effecting supporting engagement therewith responsive to'operation of said screwthread means, a plate serving as one ofthe ele- 'ments of said clamping structure and having a relatively free face portion, and a housing -forra visor mounted on said'free face portion whereby free and accessible edges of the sash member-in cooperationwith screw-thread means operate. to provide positively operating means of support for thevvisor.
- '6. ma windshield visor-clamp combination, a sash member of a windshield, a clamp adapted to :make supporting clamping engagement therewith and comprising a plate as oneof its *elements, said plate beingprovidedwith an opening 2 and a relatively free andsaccessible face portion bordering said opening,tborderedges of said open- ,ing cooperating with another element of .said
"clamp in effecting clamping with said 8351151118111- :ber,.-and a housingiforsa,visorvmounted on said -.fac.e portion wherebyxsai'd plate does doubleduty respectively: as'a clampingelement and a s lp yrt.
7. .In: a .rwindshield-visoreclamp combination, ea
:windshield:sashzmembenhaving-a reargface r,e'-
spaced seats, being composed of a set of cooperating sheet metal parts with screw thread means for effecting the clamping, and being provided with a relatively open face, a, housingfor a wind-v shield visor being mounted on said open face. 3. In a. windshield-visor-lclamp combination as described in claim '1, a second sash member spaced from the first sash member, a second clamp for grasping said second sash member and also being provided with an open face, a visor generally housed in said housing having retractiie means tending to withdraw the visor within the housing, a free end of the visor provided with a puncture or the like for receiving a hook or the like; and said book being supported from said second open face. i
1 JOHN WARDAN.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2445473 *||Nov 19, 1945||Jul 20, 1948||Maurice Constant||Glare screen|
|US2585769 *||Sep 22, 1948||Feb 12, 1952||Hamlin Lewis W||Windshield visor|
|US2726114 *||Dec 22, 1952||Dec 6, 1955||Charles R Jacobi||Anti-glare attachments for vehicle windshields|
|US4736980 *||Mar 20, 1987||Apr 12, 1988||Eubanks Mentora D||Windshield shade|
|US5575524 *||Sep 29, 1994||Nov 19, 1996||Cronk; Peter J.||Discreet motor vehicle window shade|
|US7806461||May 1, 2007||Oct 5, 2010||Christopher Patterson||Apparatus and method for providing tinted windows|
|US8087443 *||Jul 3, 2008||Jan 3, 2012||Rite-Hite Holding Corporation||Retractable safety barriers and methods of operating same|
|US8490668||Nov 18, 2011||Jul 23, 2013||Rite-Hite Holding Corporation||Retractable safety barriers and methods of operating same|
|US20070200387 *||May 1, 2007||Aug 30, 2007||Christopher Patterson||Apparatus and method for providing tinted windows|
|US20090008042 *||Jul 3, 2008||Jan 8, 2009||Snyder Ronald P||Retractable safety barriers and methods of operating same|
|U.S. Classification||296/97.8, 24/525|
|Cooperative Classification||B60J1/2077, B60J1/2069, B60J1/2072, B60J1/2063|
|European Classification||B60J1/20B1V4B, B60J1/20B1T, B60J1/20B1V3, B60J1/20B1V2|