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Publication numberUS2363862 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 28, 1944
Filing dateSep 28, 1942
Priority dateSep 28, 1942
Publication numberUS 2363862 A, US 2363862A, US-A-2363862, US2363862 A, US2363862A
InventorsAlfred Hancock
Original AssigneeStout Houses Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Building structure
US 2363862 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 28, 1944.

FIG.I.

A. HANCOCK BUILDING STRUCTURE Filed Sept. 28, 1942 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 ALFRED HANCOCK BY I ATITORNEY Nov. 28, 1944.

A. HANCOCK BUILDING STRUCTURE Filed Sept. 28 1942 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. ALFRED .n-IANGQ K ATTORNEYS Patented Nov. 28, 1944 PAT, 2,363,862 w m DlNG STRUQTUREM Alfred Hancock, Detroit, Mich, assignor i0 smut Detroit, Mich., a corpoi Houses, Incorporated 7 ration of Michigan Application September 2s,1942,se ia1No.459,9e pi (01. 20-4) i .6 Claims. This invention relates generally to building structures andrefers more particularly to the;

joints or connections between adjacent panel sections of such structures.

One of the essential objects of the invention M is to provide a building structure that may be transported or shippedfin knockdown condition andmay be, readily and quickly assembled by unskilled labor whereverit is, to be erected or used."

tion so that thejoints between the sections-are tight andself-sealing ot o ject is to provide abuilding stru oture wherein th minimjum, of fastening elements are employed for maintaining the parts in as-,

sembled relation. i l i i v Another object is to, prov e building seine;

ture that is simple in construction, and economi cal to manufacture.

Other objects, advantagesand hotel details or construction of this invention will be made more apparentas this descriptionproceeds, especially when considered in connection withthe accom panying drawings, wherein: i Figurel is a side-elevation of a building structureembcdying myinvention; y

end elevation of, the structure Figure 2 is an illustrated in Figure 1;

Figure, 3 is a. fragmentary'horizontal sectional view through adjacent upright walls of thefstruc tu re; I T

Figure '4 is a; fragmentary vertical sectional the upright wa ls! 1 H a Figure 5 is a vertical sectional view taken substantially onthe lineQB -Bof- Figure 4 1 Figure 6 is a sectional View taken substantially o line e -a qr Figure L T-JOfFigureG Referringnow, to the drawings, Aand B, re-

spectively, are adjacent uprightside panel sec-l tions, .0 is anupright post or frame member'ine termediate said panelsections, D is anupright side panel section disposedat substantially right angles to the side panel sectionsA and B, and

Another object to provide a building structure having panel sections thatmay be fastened or connected together to exact dimensions and held under lcompressionin such assembled rela- Figure Tisa'sectional fview taken the line As shown, the upright panel sections A, B and D, respectively, have spaced substantially parallel sheets l0 and] l, respectivelyg of insulating material, upright edge members l2 and l3, and horizontal edge members 14- and I5, respectively. The sheets llliand H may be any suitable size and thickness to provide a sturdy weather-tight siding, whiletheedge members l2to I5, inclusive,

maybe formed of any suitable material and are rigidlysecured to said sheets.

Preferably portions l6 of the iupright edge members l2 and l3iextend between and consti-j tute spacers for the sheets In and I l,while other portions ll extend transversely across the upright edges of the sheets and are provided throughout their upright outer-edges with laterally projecting hook-shapedattaching portions ortongues 18. Likewise, aportionufllof the hori zontaliedge member extends'between and con stitutes a, spacer u for the, sheets fl 0; and l I, while another portion 201 extends transversely across the. upperxedges! of said sheets Ill: and II and forms, a supporting seat for thereof Hof the,

structure. Thewhorizontal member I5 atdthe j lower edges of the sheets l0 andl l rests upon s s, or dovetail Connection. i Bolts 32 extend inwardly a suitable ground engaging base member 2] and hasa'dependingprojection 22 engaging a suitable socket or recess: 23 in said base member 2]. i

A portionl l of the horizontal member I5 ex tends between andconstitutes aspacer for the" 1 sheets l0 andll. a i ,i The upright post C is between the edge mem bers I2 and I3, respectively, of theadjacent panel sections, A, and Band is provided throughout opposite-upright sides thereof with laterally projecting 'hook-shaped portions or tongues 30, and 3|, respectively, with ,which i the hook-shaped portions l8 of the edgernembers Hand 13 of the adjacent] panel sections have an interlocking through the post Cat vertically spaced, points E is .an, upright corner post or frame member intermediate the panel sections B and D of a buildingstructure embodying my inventioni,

w thereofand arecengagedat theirinner ends by suitable nuts 33, while, latch ,members, in the form of elongated plates Mare mounted upon the, bolts 32 between the heads 35 thereof and r i the outerfaeeofthe post C and overlap the outer surfaces of the, edge members l2 and. I3 of the adjacentpanel sections to maintainthe parts in assembled relation. Preferably the plates 34 are substantially equal in widthteth outer surface 36 of the post 0 and are, adapted toloe turned on f the bolts 32 so thatsuch plates may registerwith the surface Biandthus be out of the way during ENT' O C assembly of the side sections A and B with the post C. However,- when the hook-shaped portions I8 of the edge members I2 and 13 of the panel sections have been interlocked with the hook-shaped portions 38 and 3| of the post, the

plates 34 may then be turned on the bolts 32 from the upright inoperative position just mentioned to a substantially horizontal position as illustrated in Figure 3 to overlap theouter surfaces of the edge members 12 and 13 of said side sections and thereby hold the parts in interlocked relation.

If desired, suitable strips 48 and 4|, respectively, may be employed upon the outer and inner sidesof the post C to cover the connection or joint between said post and the adjacent panel sections A and B. Preferably such strips 48 and M are secured by nails or other suitable fastening elements to the edge members l2 and I3 of the panel sections and are sufficiently wide to overlap adjacent upright edges of the insulating sheets 18 and II of said panel sections. The outer strip 48 has elongated recesses 42 for the plates 34 and suchrecesses extend transversely of the strip so as to hold the plates 34 from accidentally turning on the bolts 32 after being arranged in overlapping relation to the panel sections A and B. If desired the inner strips 4| may be nailed and glued to the post C so as to form a rigid part thereof. Also the outer strips 48'may be fastened to the'post C by means of screws or other suitable securing elements. which preferably engage the post at points between the vertically spaced plates 34.

has .an interlocking or dovetail connection. Bolts 51 extend inwardly through the section 58 of the post E at vertically spaced points thereof and are engaged at their inner ends by suitable nuts 58,.while latch members in the form of elongated plates 59 are mounted on the bolts 5! between thehe'ads 68 thereof and the outer face SI of the section 58 of the post and overlap the outer surfaces BI and 62, respectively, of the section 58 of the post'and overlap the outer surfaces 6! and 62, respectively, of the section 58 of the post and the edge member I3 of the side panel section B to maintain the parts in assembled relation. Such plates 59 may be turned on the bolts 51 so as to be out of the way during assembly during assembly of the hook-shaped portion 55 of the side panel section D with thepost E.

For concealing the joints between the post E *D. The strips 18 and II have elongated recesses 15 and 16 therein that receive the plates 59 and 65, respectively, and'prevent them from accidentally turning on the bolts 51 and 63, respec tively, after being adjusted to the horizontal position for retaining the parts in assembled relation. If desired the inner strips 12 and 13, respectively, may be nailed and glued to the post E so as to form a rigid part thereof. The strips 18 and Il may be secured to each other by any suitable means and then fastened to the post E by screws of the hook-shaped portion [8 of the sidepanel section B with the post E. Likewise, bolts 83 extend inwardly through the section 5! of the post E at vertically spaced points thereof and are engaged at their inner ends by suitable nuts 84, while latch members in the form of elongated plates are mounted on the bolts 63 between the heads 86 thereof and the outer face 61 of the section 5| of the post and the edge member 58 of the side panel section D to maintain the parts in assembled relation. Such plates 65 may be turned on the bolts 63 so as to be out of theway or other suitable securing elements. 7

and 8!, respectively, are adjacent transversely extending inclined panel sections of the roof H, and 82 are inclined supporting truss or frame members therefor.

As shown, the panel sections 88 and Si extend in edge to edge relation from the ridge 83 of the roof to the upright side panel sections A and B and have spaced substantially parallel sheets 84 and 85, respectively, of insulating material, longitudinally extending edge members 86 and 81, and transversely extending edge members 88 and 89, respectively. v g x v Preferably the upper sheet 84 is longer than the lower sheet 85 so as to project downwardly over and laterally'beyond the upright side panel sections A and B, whilethe lower sheet 85 terminatesupon the inner side of the upright panel sections A and B, however such parts may have any suitable dimensions desired to provide a sturdy weather-tight roof construction.

The edge members 86 -to 89,'respectively, may be formed of any suitable material and are rigidly secured to the sheets 84 and 85. The longitudinally extending edge members 88 and 81- are intermediate thesheets 84 and 85 at opposite longitudinal edges thereof and are provided throughout their outer longitudinal. edgeswith hook-shaped attaching portions 98 and 9|. Likewise, the transversely extending edge members 88 and 89 are intermediate the sheets 84 and 85 at the upper and lower edges thereof. The edge members 88 at the upper edges of the panelsections are provided throughout their length with a flat outer face 92 for abutting relation with the ridge 83 of the roof with the corresponding flat outer face 92 of the transversely extending edge member 88 on the other side of said ridge. The edge members 89 at the lower edges of the panel sections rest upon and are secured to the, sup-. porting seat aforesaid provided by the portions 28 of the upper horizontal edge members l4 of the upright panel sections A and B. r

,The truss members 82 incline upwardly from the upright side panel sections A and B of the structure and have abutting upper'ends at the ridge 83 of the roof. Such truss members 82 are received within suitable recesses 93 and 94', respectively, in and are secured to the upper and lower transversely extending edge members 88. and 89 of the roof sections at spaced points. thereof. Preferably each truss member 82 is jacent' roof 3 panel sections #30 and 8| and is pro- .lSheet metal plates 96 fastened to the longitu- By referring toiFigure it will be notedthat the outer faces .91 and198, respectively, of the j longitudinal edgemembers Biand 81 of adjacent .roof sections abut and. that'theouter sheets 84 interlocking or dovetail aacasea l locatedintermediate the lower sheets 85 ef adin cold climates.

dfnal edge members 86 and81"b eneath the hook- I shaped portions 90 uand ufl l .areisecu-red to opposite sidesof the truss members 82 to maintain the parts in assembled relation. w

of said sections substantially: meet. Suitable 1 strips 95 of tar paper ortother weatherproofing material overlap the longitudinal edges I00 and I'M, respectively, oft-he outer sheets Mwof adjacent roof. sections and are held in place by cover strips 102 that invturnare secured to the adjacent roof sections .80 and tight .joint. l

assemblies of structure may be made to proper specifications at. one place and then shipped in knockdown condition to another place where they can be easily and quickly set up and assembled by unskilled labor. By ,using the dovetail connections between the panel sections and post it is possible to hold the perimeter of the structure toexact dimensionswithout the use of a separate fixed frame and without the need of any extra horizontal members Within or upon the outersides of the panel sections. Due to the dovetail connectionsprovided between the posts and upright panel sections, and the connections U between the truss members 82 and the roof panel 81 to provide a weather- ,1.

sections 80 and 8|, the respective panel sections will be held under compression, hence the joints are tight and self-sealing. In this connection it n will be noted that the interlocked or dovetailed connections between adjacent upright sections A,

B and D, respectively,and the posts C and E effectively prevent. the weather elements from entering the structure through such connections.

Also the interlocked or dovetailed connections between adjacent sections, 80 and 8] and the supporting truss members .82 of the. roof structure preclude water and moisture entering the structure through these connections. Infact the channels .95 in the upper edges of the truss members 82 would catch and serve as drainage troughs for any. water or moisture seeping in between the sections'of the roof.

The present constructionis primarily intended for the erectionof relatively small and inexpensive buildings, dwellings and the like, such as those now being used by the Government for.

housing (soldiers, workmen, and the like. HoW- ever it is apparent that manyof the features of my construction may be employed inside large buildings such as factories duringtheerection of temporary or permanent partitions forrooms,

oflices, or the like. Moreover, buildings of various sizes embodying the features of my construction 1 may be erected inasmuch as the over-all number of uprightside sections such as A, B and D,

and inclined roof sections such as 80 and ill may be varied according to the size of the buildings desired, t l

The structure described. hasa high insulation value dueto the double insulating sheet con struction of the panel sections and to the tight ing these featuresmay be used very satisfactorily What I "claim as my invention is:

l. In a building structure, a pair of adjacent upright wall sections having opposed upright edges andprovided at said edges with substantially, parallel upright frame members, opposed faces of .said frame. members at one side of said wall sections having opposed laterally projecting tongues of substantially L cross section, an upright postbetween saidnpright frame members,

opposite faces of said post at the other side of said Wall sections being provided with laterally projecting tonguesof substantially 1. cross section, the tongues. of said. post overlapping and the post, becoming disengaged from the tongues of the frame members, and means concealing the connections between the post and frame.

members and the latch means just mentioned and having means for holding said latch means against unlatching movement.

2. In a building structure, a pair of upright wall sections having adjacent upright edges and q provided at said edges with upright frame mem-; bers; adjacent faces of said'framemembers at one side of said wall sections having laterally projecting tongues, of substantially L cross sec- 1 of said wall sectionswith laterally projecting if tongues of substantially L crosssection, the,

tongues of said post overlapping and being interlocked with thetongues of said frame members,

latch means on the postoverlappingthe frame members for preventing the tongues of the post becoming disengaged from the tongues of the .frame members, and means concealing the connections between the post and frame members and the latch means just mentionedand having ,means for holding said latch means against unlatching movement.

3. Ina building structure, a pair of adjacent upright wall sections having opposed upright" edges and provided at said edges with substantially parallel upright frame members, an upright' post between and interlocked with said upright frame members, pivotally mounted latch elements carried by: said post and overlapping said frame members to maintain the interlocked arrangement aforesaid, and ,cover strips upon opposite sides of said post overlapping adjacent surfaces/of saidframe members and concealing the connections between the post and wall sections, one of the strips being recessed to receive and hold against unlatching movement the pivotally mounted latch elements aforesaid.

4. In a building structure, a pair of adjacent" upright wall sections having opposed upright laterally projecting tongues of substantially L cross section, opposite faces of said post at the other side of the Wall sections being provided with laterally projecting tongues of substantially L cross section, the tongues of the post overlapping and being interlocked with the tongues of the frame members, means preventing the tongues of the post from becoming disengaged from the tongues of the frame members, including pivotally mounted latch elements on the post overlapping the frame members, and cover strips uponopposite sides of said post overlapping said frame members and concealing the connections between the post and wall sections, the cover strip upon one side of said post being recessed to receive and hold against unlatching movement the pivotally mounted latch elements aforesaid.

5. In a building structure, a pair of adjacent upright wall sections having opposed upright edges and provided at said edges with substantially parallel upright frame members, an upright post between said upright frame members, opposed faces of said frame members at one side of the wall sections being provided with opposed laterally projecting tongues of substantially L cross section, opposite faces of said post at the side of the wall sections being provided with laterally projecting tongues of substantially L cross section, the tongues of the post overlapping and being interlocked with the tongues of the frame membersymeans preventingthe tongues of the post from becoming disengaged from the tongues of the frame members,-includ-,- ing pivotally mounted latch elements on one side of the post overlapping the adjacent sides of the frame members, and means concealing the connections between the post and frame members and having means holding said latch elements against unlatching movement.

6. In a building structurepa pair of adjacent upright wall sections having opposed upright edges and provided at said edges with substantially parallel upright frame members, an upright post between and interlocked with said upright frame members, pivotally mounted latch.

elements carried by said post and overlapping said frame members to maintain the interlocked arrangement aforesaid, and a cover strip upon one side of said post'overlapping adjacent suragainst unlatching movement the pivotally mounted latch elements aforesaid.

ALFRED HANCOCK.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2564691 *Aug 2, 1945Aug 21, 1951Alfred HeilesPortable knockdown building
US2716261 *Mar 9, 1953Aug 30, 1955Chester A HuffmanBuilding construction
US2759439 *Jan 4, 1951Aug 21, 1956Macmillan ClementsInterlocking building structure, including building units and readily demountable connecting and stiffening means
US2795305 *Jun 16, 1952Jun 11, 1957Bagge Spencer BWall construction
US3774362 *May 17, 1972Nov 27, 1973Univiron CorpStructural corner post and framing system for buildings
US3815305 *Apr 19, 1971Jun 11, 1974Sun House As LtdFrame construction assembly including module elements for erecting buildings in sections
US3877194 *Jun 6, 1973Apr 15, 1975Univiron CorpStructural corner post
US4875311 *Apr 20, 1988Oct 24, 1989Sun Room Designs, Inc.Beam construction
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/481.1, 52/645, 52/92.3
International ClassificationE04B1/26
Cooperative ClassificationE04B1/26
European ClassificationE04B1/26