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Publication numberUS2364543 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 5, 1944
Filing dateOct 31, 1941
Priority dateOct 31, 1941
Publication numberUS 2364543 A, US 2364543A, US-A-2364543, US2364543 A, US2364543A
InventorsMoore Royal T
Original AssigneeCons Packaging Machinery Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method of forming siftproof bag closures
US 2364543 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 5, 1944.. R. T. MOORE METHOD OF FORMING SIFTPROOF BAG CLOSURES 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Oct. 51, 1941 INVE N TOR fioya/ T Woo/e ATTPRNEY ecu 5, 19440 2 Sheets-Shet 2 Filed Oct. 51, 1941 ATTORNEY Patented Dec. 5, 1944 METHOD OF FORMING SIFTPROOF BAG CLOSURES Royal T. Moore, Bnfialo, N. Y., assignor to (Jonsolidated Packaging Machinery Corporation, Buffalo, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application October 31, 1941, Serial No. 417,218

4 Claims.

This invention relates to new and useful improvements in bag closing mechanisms generally, and particularly seeks to provide novel sealing means for forming and sealing bag tops of the single panel fold type.

Paper bags having top closures of the single panel fold are apt to permit a certain degree of sitting since the line of fold of the top panel may not be closely formed, thereby providing passageway for sifting of material contained within the bags from the mouths thereof. It has been found that such sifting tendencies can be virtually eliminated by more sharply defining the line of fold of the top panel and by providing a short sharply creased marginal return; fold at the bag mouth which is'covered by the top flap and sealed by the adhesive.

Therefore it is an object of this invention to provide a bag closing machine with means to form a single panel told bag closure having a pre-formed sharply creased marginal return fold adjacent thebag mouth and-underlying the top panel in the sealed position.

Another object of the invention is to provide a device of the character stated which can be used in conjunction with either trimmed or undevice of the character stated in which the marginal return fold of the bag closure is first positively formedby the creasing means and then positively tucked into closure-forming position by a tucker blade.

another object of the invention is to provide a device of the character stated which will form an adhesively sealed single panel fold closure for paper bags.

Anotheroblect of a device of the character stated which is simple in design, rugged in construction and economi- .cal to manufacture.

with these and other objects in view, the nature of which will become more apparent, the

invention will be more fully understood by reference to the drawings, the accompanying detailed description. and the appended claims.

In the drawings: V 1 is a fragmentary vertical transverse section showing the crease forming and initial folding'mechanism; Fig. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary detail view showing the first step of crease forming 1 the invention is to provide Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 2, but showing the parts in disengaged relation and the gripper firmly holding the marginal return fold;

Fig. 4 is a fragmentary vertical transverse section showing the gluing and shaping mechanism together with the final folding and pressing mechanism;

Fig: 5 is an enlarged detail elevation of a portion of the creasing mechanism shown in Fig. l;

Figs; 6, 7 and 8 diagrammatically illustrate the formation of a closure by the machine; and

Fig. 9 is an enlarged fragmentary detail view showing the manner in which the crease forming and initial folding mechanism may be combined with end trimming mechanism.

The present invention is directed specifically to improvements in mechanism for creasing, folding and sealing a single rpanel fold bag closure of the kind formed through the use of a bag closing machine such as is disclosed in the United States Letters Patent No. 2,175,557, issued to R. N. Cundall on October 10, 1939. Since the subject matter of this invention employs driving mechanism similar to those disclosed in the above referred to patent, it is believed unnecessary to herein illustrate the entire machine, and reference may be made to the patent referred to for a clear and complete disclosure of such driving mechanisms.

For convenience in reference, the machine part of this structure that are identical with the machine parts of the patented structure are given the same reference characters as appear in the patent drawings, and the machine puts included in this invention are designated by reference characters extending from in to 31'ihclusive.

The creasing and folding means which are constructed in accordance with the present invention are-applied to the first operating station as illustarted in Fig. 1 of the drawings. A creasing blade l0: having a V-shaped leading edge H is rigidly secured to the machine frame. A plate l2 extending through a slot l2a formed in the creasing [blade l0.

The plate 201 is Irecessed along its edges. to receive the spaced extensions 2 l I of a folding member 2|2 normally maintained in contact with the lower surfaceof the creasing blade 10. The extensions 2 are fixed to theupper ends of a yoke 2|: pivotally carried at the ends of the pivot 20!.

A spring 2|! extends from the yoke to the lower surface of the plate 201 and tends to mainthe lower surface of the creasing blade. A bolt 2|5, carried by a rigidly mounted bar 225, extends through an opening in the yoke 2I3 and carries adjustable lock nuts 2 l1 forming an abutment against which the yoke strikes near the end of the forward movement of the plate 261. Continued movement of the plate 261 causes the yoke to rock against the tension of the spring 2 I4 and thereby causes the folding member 2|2 to drop downward into its position shown in full line in Fig. 1.

The plate 261 is reciprocated through the medium of a link 2 I6, one end of which is pivotally attached to the rod 263 and the other end of which is pivotally attached to one arm of a bell crank 2I1' journalled on a shaft I36. The other arm of the bell crank is attached to a pitman 2|8 adapted to be reciprocated in opposite directions by cam.and follower connections generally indicated at 226.

A crease anvil I3 having a crease-receiving groove I4 formed across the .face thereof is rigidly secured to the machine frame and is located with the groove I4 thereof disposed substantially in the vertical plane of the upper crease-forming blade edge II.

A creasing assembly I5 which cooperates with the blade I6 and anvil I3 to form spaced parallel oppositely directed creases, is carried by one end of a swinging arm 23|, the other end of which is pivotally mounted on a cross rod I36. The arm 23| is oscillated through the medium of link, pitman and toggle connections 232, 233 and 234, respectively, and which are in turn driven by cam and follower connections generally indicated at,

The creasing assembly I5 includes a block I6 having a relatively thin rearwardly extending tongue I1 formed integral therewith and adapted to be received by the groove l4 of the anvil in crease-forming relation. A rearwardly projecting and transversely extending bar I8, formed integral withthe block I6, is disposed in spaced relation to the tongue I1 and is provided with a beveled upper face I6 substantially parallel to the opposing face of the creasing blade I6. should be noted that the upper face of the block I6 and the lower face of the crease blade I6 are disposed in substantially coplanar relation in the creasing position.

A plate 26 having a beveled rear edge portion 26a overlies the upper face of the mounting block and is pivotally connected thereto adjacent the arm 23I as indicated at 2|. The plate 26 is constantly urged away from the mounting block by a compression spring 22 carried in a well 23 formed in the block, and is limited in its outward is adapted to be oscillated through the medium of a link 29, a bell crank 36, and pitman 3|. The pitman is given a movement of reciprocation by cam and follower connections generally indicated at 36'. Continued movement of the cam and follower connections 36', causes the roller 26 to become disengaged from the bolt head 25, and consequently the plate 26 is permitted to rise under the influence of the spring 22 and release the fold.

The bag is then moved by feed means (not shown) to the gluing, final folding, and pressing station as indicated in Fig. 4.

At this station it will be seen that there is a folding and pressing member 265 mounted across the ends of spaced arms 266 movable in guideways 261. A rod 268 passing through the arms 266-at the rear thereof, extends into slots 266 (indicated in dotted lines) in the guides. The arms 266 are provided with depending cam portions 3| which are engageable with surfaces 212 of the guides 261 and control the vertical movement of the free end of. the member 265. A bar 213, extending across the arms 266, provides support for a bail 214 to which is attached a link 215 extending from a bell crank 216 mounted on the cross rod I33. The other arm of the bell crank is connected to a pitman 211 which partakes of rectilinear motion through the medium of cam and follower connections (not shown). It will be readily apparent that vertical movement of the pitman 211 is translated into horizontal movement of the member 265, the depending cam portions 3| thereof causing the member to fold the bag mouth upon the top of the bag before a rearmost portion of the member comes down to press against the closure.

The member 265 is provided with a channelshaped upper end 266 corresponding to the hooked fingers of a persons hand and slopes downwardly from the end somewhat after the fashion of the palm of a hand and then horizontally to correspond to the heel of a hand. The channel-shaped movement by a bolt 24 having a rounded head 25 extending through the plate 26, the spring 22, and the block. After the creasing assembly I5 and the complementary creasing elements I6 and I3 have been brought into the crease forming position (see Fig. 2) by the cam and follower connections 231, and as the respective creasing assemblies are being separated as theresult of continued movement of the cam and follower connections (see Fig. 3), the plate 26 'is forced downwardly by the action of a pressure roller 26 riding over the rounded head 25 of the bolt 24 to thereby forcibly bend the lip of the bag closure as the fiap is folded over and provide the closure with a relatively narrow marginal return fold 21.

Theroller 26 is carried by one end of an arm 26 pivotally mounted on the rod I36 and which portion 236 is preferably provided with a flaring mouth to insure guidance of the previously folded bag mouth into the channel. As the member 266 moves forward its action in folding and pressing the mouth of the bag against the shoulders of the bag is almost exactly the action of a persons hand performing the same function.

A glue blade 3|6, receiving adhesive through the medium of devices not shown, is mounted on a pivoted bail 3H and carried at the ends or spaced levers 3|2. The glue blade is resilient and extends angular-1y forward and downward so as to exert a yielding wiping pressure against the shoulder of the bag as it applies adhesive thereto.

A tucking blade 326 (Fig. 4) carried by resilient fingers mounted on bar 3 .extends forward above the glue blade and engages the. folded edge of the bag as the glue blade moves inward to insure tucking of the mouth of the bag into the fold. The member 266 is provided with fins 26l which not only depress the tucking blade to insure a tight fold but prevent the blade from snappin upward when released, thereby protecting the resilient fingers. It should be noted that the end of the tucker blade 326 engages the ex- I treme end portion of the prefolded marginal reflap. Fig. 7 shows the bag as it arrives beneath the member 265 with the glue blade 3"] applying adhesive to the bag shoulder, and the tucker blade 320 engaging the end portion of the return fold 21. Fig. 8 shows the final position of the memportion upon itself along a line parallel with and closely adjacent to the upper edges thereof to provide a narrow return fold portion, folding said collapsed upwardly extending mouth portion upon itself along a line parallel to the plane of the top of the contents and in a direction opposite to the direction of fold of said return fold portion V to thereby bring the line of fold-of said return portion adjacent the intersection between a her 265 pressingthe closure to effect a tight seal.

It should be noted that the return fold 21 is tucked tightly into the crease where the closure folds over the bag shoulder and is embedded in adhesive, thereby effecting a well bonded seal.

In Fig. 9 of the drawings there is illustrated a modification of the creasing means which may be employed when the bag ends are to be trimmed. A stationary shear blade 33 is rigidly secured to the machine frame and is disposed in cooperative relation to a movable male creasing member 34, the upper edge of which comprises a movable shear edge. A female creasing member 35 is carried by the movable arm 23l and is adapted to register with the member 34. A. male creasing member 36 which is also carried by the arm 23l is disposed below the member 35 and is adapted to register with a stationary female creasing member 31 disposed generally below the movable shear 34. Thus it will be apparent that the elements 33 and 34 function to trim the bag ends, and the element 34 also. cooperates with the creasing member 35 to form the sharply defined marginal return fold; and that the members 36 and 31 form the usual intermediate crease.

Thus it will be seen that the herein described invention provides a bag closing machine with means to form a single panel fold bag closure having a sharply creased preformed marginal return fold formed adjacent the bag mouth and underlying the top panel in sealed position, and which is simple in design and rugged in construction.

It is of course to be understood that various details of arrangements and proportions of parts may be modified within the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. In a method of closing a filled bag, the steps of folding and sharply creasing a marginal portion of the collapsed upwardly extending mouth portion upon itself along a line parallel with and closely adjacent to the upper edges thereof to provide a narrow return fold portion, folding said collapsed upwardly extending mouth portion upon itself along a line parallel to the plane of the top of the contents and in a direction opposite to the direction of fold of said return fold portion to thereby bring the line of fold of said return portion adjacent the plane of the top of the contents, then applying pressure to said bag along a line defined by the intersection of the upstanding taining the return fold fromrestraint.

2. In a method of closing a filled bag, the steps of folding and sharply creasing a marginal portion of the collapsed upwardly extending mouth shoulder of the bag and said upwardly extending mouth portion applying adhesive to said shoulder of the bag, then applying pressure to said bag along a line defined by the intersection of the upstanding portion of said mouth and the top plane of the contents to define a fold line, restraining that end of said folded portion containing said return fold portion against unfolding, folding the entire upstanding portion of said mouth along said defined fold line, and applying. pressure to press the mouth, the adhesive, and said shoulder of the bag together while releasing the end containing the return fold from restraint.

3. In a method of closing a filled bag, the steps of trimming. the end of the collapsed mouth portion, folding and sharply creasing a marginal portion of the collapsed upwardly extending mouth portion upon itself along a line parallel with and closely adjacent to the upper edges thereof to provide a narrow return fold portion, folding said collapsed upwardly extending mouth portion upon itself along a line parallel to the plane of the top of the contents and in a direc tion opposite to the direction of fold of said return fold portion to thereby bring the line of fold of said return portion adjacent the plane of the top of the contents, then applying pressure to said bag along a line defined by the intersection of the upstanding portion of said mouth and the top-plane of the contents to define a fold line, restraining that end of said folded portion containing said return fold portion against unfolding, folding the entire upstanding portion of said mouth along said defined fold lin and pressing the mouth against the top of the bag while releasing the end containing the return fold from restraint.

4..In a method of closing a filled bag, the steps of trimming the end of the collapsed mouth portion, folding and sharply creasing a marginal portion of the collapsed upwardly extending mouth portion upon itself along a line parallel with and closely adjacent to the upper edges thereof to provide a narrow return fold portion, folding said collapsed upwardlyextending mouth portion upon itself along a line parallel to the plane of the top of the contents and in a direction opposite to the direction of fold of said return fold portion to thereby bring the line of fold of said return portion adjacent the intersection between a shoulder of the bag and said upwardly extending mouth portion, applying adhesive to said shoulder of the bag, then applying pressure to said bag along a line defined by the intersection of the upstanding portion of said mouth and the top plane of the contents to ROYAL T. MOORE.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2533539 *Jul 17, 1945Dec 12, 1950Satona LtdResealable carton closure having metallic clip fastening means
US2854035 *Sep 24, 1956Sep 30, 1958Brooks Co E JSealing machine
US2890554 *May 21, 1956Jun 16, 1959Brecknell Dolman & Rogers LtdMachine for filling foldable containers
US3143837 *Sep 26, 1960Aug 11, 1964Riegel Paper CorpContainer sealing machine
US5419100 *Dec 10, 1993May 30, 1995General Mills, Inc.Apparatus for collapsing microwave popcorn bags held in a fixture
US5463845 *Dec 10, 1993Nov 7, 1995General Mills, Inc.Apparatus for folding, filling, and sealing microwave popcorn bags
US5463848 *Dec 10, 1993Nov 7, 1995General Mills, Inc.Apparatus for folding and ejecting microwave popcorn bags from a fixture
US5480372 *Dec 10, 1993Jan 2, 1996General Mills, Inc.Apparatus for folding and loading microwave popcorn bags into a fixture
US5507132 *Dec 10, 1993Apr 16, 1996General Mills, Inc.Apparatus for opening microwave popcorn bags
WO2003000554A1 *May 6, 2002Jan 3, 2003Berkley ScotBag sealing mechanism
Classifications
U.S. Classification53/482, 493/342, 53/375.7, 53/373.4, 493/336
International ClassificationB65B7/00, B65B7/08
Cooperative ClassificationB65B7/08
European ClassificationB65B7/08