|Publication number||US2365098 A|
|Publication date||Dec 12, 1944|
|Filing date||Feb 12, 1944|
|Priority date||Feb 12, 1944|
|Publication number||US 2365098 A, US 2365098A, US-A-2365098, US2365098 A, US2365098A|
|Original Assignee||Martin King|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (8), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 12, 1944. E. NUDELMAN 2,365,093
CARDBOARD NOVELTY Filed Feb. 12, 1944 I N VEN TOR. BY E/Vafie Zman Patented Dec. 12, 1944 CARDBOARD NOVELTY Eoina Nudelman, Chicago, 111., assignor to Martin King, Chicago, 111.
Application February 12, 1944, Serial No. 522,123
4 Claims. (01. 46-157) My invention relates to cardboard toys, figures, structures and other novelties designed for recreational, cultural or commercial purposes, and
a firm pivoting support for the oscillatable member and include a lock to check the detachment or separation of such member from the supporting member.
An important object of the invention is to incorporate means in the novel joint to permit the easy application or removal of the oscillatable member by placing the same in a position remote from its usual sphere-of support or movement.
With the above objects in view and any other which may suggest themselves from the description to follow, a better understanding of the invention may be had by reference to the accompanying drawing, in which- Fig. 1 is an elevation of an assembled cardboard animal figure showing several occurrences of the noveljoint;
Fig. 2 is a cross-section, taken on the line 2-2 of Fig.
Fig. 3 is an elevation of a cardboard clown figure, also showing the application of the joint;
Fig. 4 is a partial repetition of Fig. 3, showing a linking feature using one'element of the joint;
Fig. 5 is an enlarged section on the line 5 5 of Fig. 2 showing two joints from the inner side; and
Fig. 6 is a view of a portion of Fig. 1, showing the pivoting member in a position for removal or separation from the supporting member.
Articles or novelties of the character herein considered are assembled from sections held together by means of frictional and locking joints. In order to stand as formed or erected, the articles have a general inverted-U or laterally-opening V-formation which gives them suflicient width or spread to stand when placed on a table or other supporting surface. In figures representing persons or animals the characterization of movement is provided in the form of pivoted limbs, arms, jaws or other body members, makingit possible to move these to one position or another according to the pose or movement the figure is intended to assume or illustrate.
Referring specifically to the drawing, the animal novelty of Figs. 1, 2, 5 and 6 has a body of inverted-U form, the top thereof being indicated at I!) and the sides at H. The head [2 is of similar form, having sides l3. The legs M and feet l5 are of single ply form, however; and these parts, as well as the head l2, are held to the body by the novel type of pivoting joint.
In considering the pivoting joint, the major or stationary member is designated as the supporting one, while the dependent or extended one is considered as the pivoted or oscillatable one. In the joint of a leg with the body, the stationary member is marked 16, while the oscillatable one is numbered H. To form the joint, the member I6 is cut with a substantially semicircular line perforation I3 defining a tongue l9 directed toward the member IT. The latter is reduced from shoulders 20 to form a neck 2! directed toward the member I6; and the neck expands with a crown portion 22 extended in return direction with a hook 23. The latter adjoins-the neck 2| on the inner side and ends opposite the corresponding shoulder 20 of the member ll.
The members 16 and I! are of course die cut, and the impression of the diesis designed to impart a slight outward deflection or spring to the tongue 19 and a similar inward deflection to the hook 23. While Fig. 1 shows a number of the pivot joints engaged to lend the animal figure a standing position, reference to Fig. 5 shows the appearance of two of the joints from the interior of the figure, while Fig. 6 is an outside view of the upper left-hand joint of Fig. 1 at the start of its formation.
It is evident from Fig. 6 that the member ll is put in an inverted position when it is to be joined with the member I6. As the member I! is raised from a position below that shown in Fig. 6, it is apparent that the inward deflection of the hook 23 and the outward deflection of the tongue l9 will afford the hook a lead to enter through the perforation l8 behind the tongue until the crown of the hook is caught in the corresponding end of the perforation. The member I1 is now swung in a direction behind the member Iii-that is, counter-clockwise in Fig. 6-to straddle the bottom portion of the member l6. Fig. 5 shows the appearance of the companion to the joint of Fig. 6 from the inner side.
With the joint just described in the normal or extended position from the member I 6, it is seen that the member is pivotable with the center of the hook 23 on the perforation I8, and at various points along the latter. Friction in the zone of the joint holds the membersin sufficient engagement to maintain the figure in the standing position whatever the angle of the leg members may be. However, should a slight looseness in any joint cause weight from the member Hi to bear on the member H, a stop for the descent of the member I6 will be formed when the ends of the perforation l8 meet the shoulders 20 of' the member ll. Thus, the figure cannot. collapse. However, should it be desired to detach the member H from the member I6, it is only necessary to pull the former down to the straddling position of the hook previously describedas in Fig. 1 or 5rotate the member H in a clockwise direction to locate the bill of the hook fully behind the tongue [5,. and lower the member ll until the hook emerges from the perforation to an external position entirely clear of the tongue. The-member IT is now free of. the member l6.
Figs. 3 and 4 show the application of the joint to upright figures and the use of the perforation l8 and tongue l9 as a pocket for the linking of partssuch as armsextending from one figurev to the next figure in line.
It will be evident from. the above; description that I have provided a partly-rotatable or pivot joint for cardboard toys or novelties. which employs no rivets, eyelets or other extra parts, usingonly related portions of the, joined parts to form. the joint. The latter has a considerable latitude of sweep, and is locked against removal or separation along the useful portion or extent of its sweep. However, the application of the.- pivoted: member at, or the movement thereof from a remote or extreme position makes it easy to detach or remove such member from. the part which it serves. The novel joint istherefore not only simpleand mechanically eflicient, but alsoefiects a. saving in materials and the processing thereof, as a minimum of cardboard and a singledie-cutting operation procure the formation of the figure or article parts as well as the elements entering into the joints thereof.
While I have described the invention along specific lines, various minor changes or refinements may be made therein without departing from its principle, and I desire to consider such changes and refinements as coming within the scope and spirit of the appended claims.
1. A joint comprising a stationary member and a pendant movable member, said stationary member having a slit dividing same into upper and lower portions, said movable member comprising a. head having a substantially radial slit, said head passing through the slit in the stationary member with said radial slit receiving the lower portion of said stationary member.
2. A joint comprising a stationary member and a movable member, said stationary member having a slit of substantially semi-circular outline dividing said stationary member into upper and lower portions, said movable member having a rounded, upper end, the latter havingv a substantially radial slit, said rounded end passing through the slit in the stationary member with said radial slit engaging the lower portion of said stationary member.
3; A figure of sheet material comprising, a. stationary body member having a slit adjacent an edge thereof, a movable member also of sheet material for said figure, said movable member including a rounded head having a substantially radial slit, said head passing through said slit in the: stationary member with the radial slitv engaging the lowermost portion of said body member adjacent said edge and body slit.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2546144 *||Jul 11, 1947||Mar 27, 1951||Bertha Bartnick||Folding display|
|US3914897 *||Jan 9, 1974||Oct 28, 1975||Gow William||Puppet and fastener for connecting the articulated members thereof|
|US5775971 *||May 9, 1996||Jul 7, 1998||Brown; Jerry L.||Three-dimensional folded carton action figures|
|US6120344 *||Jul 6, 1998||Sep 19, 2000||Brown; Jerry L.||Three-dimensional folded carton action figures|
|US6475053 *||Sep 14, 2001||Nov 5, 2002||Liu Kuo-Ching||Crab-shaped built-up toy|
|US6488562 *||Sep 14, 2001||Dec 3, 2002||Liu Kuo-Ching||Lobster-shaped built-up toy|
|US6712667||Sep 19, 2001||Mar 30, 2004||Eric R. Melzer||Articulated magnet assembly and kit|
|US9227145 *||Jan 7, 2014||Jan 5, 2016||Chun-Yeh Chang||Planar-part-based toy assembly set|
|U.S. Classification||446/376, 446/387|
|International Classification||A63H15/04, A63H15/00|