|Publication number||US2365111 A|
|Publication date||Dec 12, 1944|
|Filing date||Aug 21, 1942|
|Priority date||Aug 21, 1942|
|Publication number||US 2365111 A, US 2365111A, US-A-2365111, US2365111 A, US2365111A|
|Inventors||Robert M Russell|
|Original Assignee||Robert M Russell|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (2), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 12, 1944. R. M. RUSSELL PATIENT} AND BEDDING REMOVER Filed Aug. 21, 1942 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR Jfoberi'fli. Russ GZZ /r TORNEY5 WITNESSES Dec. 12, 1944. R. M. RUSSELL PATIENT AND BEDDING REMOVER 1942 2 SheetsSheei 2 Filed Aug. 21,
INVENTOR Roeri M. Russ ezl WITNESSBs Patented Dec. 12, 1944 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE PATIENT AND BEDDING REMOVER Robert M.Russell, Woodha'ven, N. Y. Application August 21, 1942, Serial No. 455,599
particularly adapted to hospital beds, and provision has been made to allow for the raising and lowering of the head and foot members.
In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is a plan view of an embodiment of my invention;
Fig. 2 is a plan view showing the carrying members as they are disposed when not in use;
Fig. 3 is an end view showing the manner in which the carrying members are adapted to break to conform with standard hospital beds;
Fig. 4 is a cross sectional view taken on the line 4-4 of Fig. i
Fig. 5 is an enlarged detail view showing the construction of the supporting members;
Fig. 6 is an enlarged detail view in section showing the manner of fastening the members together;
Fig. 7 is a sectional view showing the joint to allow the carrying members to bend; and
Fig. 8 is a plan view of said joint.
Referring more particularly to the drawings, my device I!) consists of two carrying members or bearers II and I2. These members may be made of any suitable material, but for practical purposes, tubular steel is most suitable for reasons of strength, sanitation and safety. The members I I and I2 are provided with joints I 4, l5, l6 and IT. The joints l4 and I6 are approximately 27" from the end of the carrying members, while the joints l5 and H are approximately 21" from the opposite end of the carrying members. These joints are set to coincide with the hinged portion of a hospital bed so that when the deviceis placed under the mattress of a hospital bed, it will be possible to raise and lower the head and foot portions. The joints l4 and I6 coincide with the head portion, while the joints I5 and I1 coincide with the foot portions.
While any suitable form of joint may be used,
I have found the joint shown in Figs. '7 and 8 to be adaquate. This joint is simply formed by placing the plug l8 within the tubular end l9 and fastening it by a rivet 2!]. Plug l8 has a tongue 2| which is adapted to lie' within the groove 22 in the corresponding section of the carrying memher. A rivet 23 extends through both members to 5 the hinge against movement.
the plate or supporting member 34.
form a pintle for the hinge. Attached to the pintle by means of a link or chain 24, is a pin 25 which is adapted to engage the openings 26, in the tongue, and 21 in the groove member to lock Fastened to the carrying members H and I2 by means of rivet 30 passing therethrough, are linkage chains 3!. These chains engage a Z-shaped spring member 32 which, in turn, is fastened by the links 33 to A spacing bar 35 may be placed between the chain 3! to avoid the possibility of entanglement. Each group of interconnected parts 3 l--38 constitutes a transverse bearer, there being six of such bearers in the present instance, although any number may be used.
While any'number of units may be used to make up the supporting structure between the carrying members, I have found that two plates 34, each fastened to the carrying member, as heretofore described, and fastened to each other by the links 31 and a Z-shaped spring member 38, is satisfactOIY. e
In use, the entire device is placed between the spring and mattress of a hospital bed, and the carrying members II and I2 slid under the edge of the mattress, in the position shown in Fig. 2. This is possible, due to the flexibility of the chain 3|. Since all of the parts are flat, except the carrying members, the bed will not be disturbed by the presence of my device.
If it is desired to raise the head portion of the bed, pins 25 can be removed and the head portion 40 raised, as indicated in Fig. 3. The foot portions 4| may be similarlyraised. In the event of an air raid or fire, the patient may be evacuated without removing him from his mattress or disturbing his bed in any way. It is only necessary for two people to grasp the carrying members I l and I2 at either end and to lift the mattress,
bedding, patient and all from the bed and thus move the entire load without disturbing the patient at all.
While my device is particularly adapted for emergency evacuation or movements, it is equally applicable for normal movements of patients from one bed to another whenever it is desired not to move the patient from his mattress.
While I have shown my device as adapted to be used with a conventional hospital bed, it will be appreciated that hinges may be eliminated when the device is used with an ordinary bed. It will also be appreciated that the hinges may have a conventional locking means,'such as a 5 sleeve, substituted for the pin.
against movement, when the sections of said 10 members are in line, and supporting units extending crosswise of said members and connected therewith, each of said units consisting of a flat plate-like members adapted to be positioned under the mattress, fiat spring members connecting said fiat plate-like members, and flexible means connecting said flat plate-like members to said carrying members.
2. A stretcher of the character described comprising rigid longitudinal bearers arranged in 20 spaced relation, and non-rigid transverse bearers arranged between and connected with said longitudinal bearers, each of said transverse bearers comprising plates, spring members adjacent the ends of the plates, linkage connecting the spring members with the plates and additional linkage connecting certain of the spring members with the longitudinal bearers.
3. A stretcher of the character to underlie the bedding of a bed for carrying the bedding and the body of a person lying thereon, comprising rigid longitudinal bearers arranged in spaced relation, and supporting units extending crosswise between said bearers and connected therewith, each of said units including flat plates, Z-shape springs and links connecting 'the springs with the plates so that the plates, springs and links may adjust themselves to the contour of the bedding.
ROBERT M. RUSSELL.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3176321 *||Aug 13, 1963||Apr 6, 1965||Conrad Shump John||Folding stretcher|
|US5588163 *||May 19, 1995||Dec 31, 1996||Miller; John E.||Support deck for mattress or seat|
|U.S. Classification||5/89.1, 5/188|