|Publication number||US2365372 A|
|Publication date||Dec 19, 1944|
|Filing date||Nov 12, 1943|
|Priority date||Nov 12, 1943|
|Publication number||US 2365372 A, US 2365372A, US-A-2365372, US2365372 A, US2365372A|
|Inventors||Allen Everett W|
|Original Assignee||Gen Motors Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (47), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 19, 1944n E, W ALLEN 2,365,372
HOLD-DOWN ATTACHMENT Filed Nov. 12, 1943 Ihmcntor i Ze/YZ//ZZ Gttorncgs Patented Dec. 19, 1944 HOLD -DOWN ATTACHMENT Everett W. Allen, Birmingham, Mich.,'assignor to General Motors Corporation, Detroit, Mich., a
corporation of Delaware Application November 12, 1943, Serial No. 509,993
6 Claims. (Cl. 45-137) Mass transportation conveyances have passenger seats fastened to the lio/or. In motor coaches the fastenings have been such that seat installation requires the coordinate effort of two men, one inside the body and the other beneath the vehicle. An object of the present invention is to save time and co-st and simplify seat installation by providing an improved structure whereby a single workman working alone can spot and quickly fasten the seats entirely from within the coach.
A further object of the invention is to provide an anchorage unit as a dependent part of the seat assembly for projection through and iirm anchorage to the floor by a resilient bushing formed initially for free passage into the floor opening and arranged for subsequent deformation into tight retaining relation with the floor in a manner to reduce transmission of vibration to the passengers.
' A preferred embodiment is illustrated in the accompanying drawing wherein Figure 1 is a side elevation showing a seat mounted on a coach iioor; Figure 2 is an enlarged sectional vieW of the seat mounting and Figure 3 is a sectional View of the parts prior to final assembly.
Referring to the drawing, the passenger seat l has supporting legs 2 terminating in iiat attach.. ment or bearing feet 3 which rest on the oo-r covering 4 laid over a lightweight plywood floor panel 5. Openings S'are drilled through the floor at predetermined points to line up with and receive downwardly projecting anchoring devices carried by the feet in overhanging relation to the floor openings. As illustrated an inexpensive attachment comprises a rotatable stud l hung by its head 8 and projected through the foot 3 with a threaded terminal engaged by a nut 9 and with its shank surrounded by a sleeve or bushing lil of rubber or other non-metallic elastic deformable material, whose opposite ends seat against the nut 9 and the underside of the foot 3, respectively. Both the nut 9 and the resilient sleeve l are of a diameter which Substantially corresponds with or is slightly smaller than the diameter of the loor opening 6 to enable free passage through the opening. The length of both the stud and its embracing sleeve is greater than the thickness of the floor so as to extend below the underside of the floor when the bottom of the foot 3 rests on the floor covering 5.
After insertion of the hold-down parts outwardly through the floor from the inside of the coach body engagement of a suitable wrench or other tool with the hexagonal head 8 enables the stud to be rotated and thereby draw back the nut 9 to impose axial force on the rubber sleeve lll which thereupon spreads or crowds itself to take up radial clearance between the stud and the wall of the opening 6 for a tight fit. In ad dition the end portion of the bushing below the oor is squeezed out to form an enlarged annular collar or retaining bead indicated at Il abutting the underside of the oor and resisting upward pull.
Relative rotation between the nut and the stud is had by reason of frictional contact of the nut with the end of the sleeve. If desired the upper face of .the nut may be knurled or roughened for increased friction. However, a special form of nut is unnecessary and an ordinary standard commercial nut of just the right size to pass nicely through the floor opening may be used. Optionally the nut may be surface bonded, as by vulcanization, to the end of the rubber sleeve. In addition'the opposite end of the rubber sleeve can be bonded on the underside of the foot 3.
The floor covering 4 preferably is of such character that it aids in reducing transmission of vibration but in installations where floor covering is not employed insulation may be provided in the form of a thin rubber pad placed beneath the foot 3 and formed either as a separate piece or as an integral part of the rubber sleeve lll. The addition of such pad is not deemed essential at the present time because of the almost universal use of oor covering as referred to and the savings in cost is important since the simple form of initially cylindrical rubber sleeve as illustrated can be extruded inexpensively and then cut to4 proper length. Removal or replacement of parts obviously are contemplated and may be easily accomplished as will be apparent.
1. A passenger seat floor attachment, including a floor having attaching openings therein, a seat having supporting legs terminating in flat bottomed feet to rest on4 the iioor with projecting extensions overlying said openings, a rotatable stud depending from each extension and through the oor opening with its tool engaging head seated on said extension, a non-metallic deformable bushing having a preformed initial size of a diameter substantially corresponding to that of said floor opening and of a length slightly greater than the Aiioor thickness, said bushing embracing the stud to t the floor opening with one end abutting the underside of said extension, and a nut abutting the other end of the bushing and being of substantially the diameter thereof for opening so as to project therebeyond When inv serted in the opening, an attaohable member lto be secured to the base panel affording a seating for the outer end of the bushing, a nut engaging the inner end of the bushing and being of smaller 'size than the opening for passage therethrough and an adjustable stud securing the nut to the member and being adjustable from the member side -of the base panel `to draw the nut toward said member and thereby crowd lthe projecting inner end portion of 'the bushing and deformthe same as an enlarged retaining .collar `of a djameter greater than the .diameter of said opening and bearing on the inner side of ,saidbase panel.
3. In combination with two members to ,be joined, of a projecting stud carried by one member to `project through 4an opening in :the other member, a bushing of rubber or the like surrounding ysaid stu-d to t said opening and `extended outward beyond the vfar side thereof, :a nut Aadjustable on the stud and seated on the far end of the bushing, insertable lthrough said Aopen-ing for subsequent upward adjustment and an enlarged retaining collar aiorded by a pressure deformation of the extended far end of the bushing to engage the 'far side of the last mentioned member incident to said nut adjustment.
4. In combination with a pair of members to be joined, of a stud rotatably mounted on one of said members for projection `through an opening in the other member, a nut threaded on the end of the stud and'smaller than said opening for passage therethrough, a sleeve of non-metallic elastic deformable material retained by the nut in embracing relation to the stud for introduction into the openingasan assembly with the studand nut, .entirely from one side of the member containing said opening, means to rotate the stud from said side and thereby draw back the nut for crowding the sleeve into said opening and a retaining collar on the end of the sleeve projected beyond said last mentioned member and raised to -a size greater than the opening 'therethrough by a deformation of the sleeve and under `sai-d' crowding action.
5. The structure of claim 4 `wherein 'the abutting surfaces of `the sleeve :and nut 'are bonded by surface union to resist rotation of the nut upon relative stud rotation.
6. The structure of claim 4 wherein the opposite end faces of the sleeve are bonded to the nut and the stud Ycarrying member, respective-1y to insure non rotation of the nut upon relative stud rotation.
EVERETT W. ALLEN.
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|U.S. Classification||248/501, 411/34, 403/262, 403/339, 403/187, 297/463.1, 16/2.1|
|International Classification||B60N2/015, B60N2/005|