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Publication numberUS2365880 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 26, 1944
Filing dateMar 25, 1944
Priority dateMar 25, 1944
Publication numberUS 2365880 A, US 2365880A, US-A-2365880, US2365880 A, US2365880A
InventorsDavid Juelss
Original AssigneeAmerican Lead Pencil Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Mechanical pencil
US 2365880 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec 26,194 4. n. JUELSS MECHANICAL PENCIL Filed March 25, 1944 INVENTOR 240/0 Le/L'r ATTORNEYS Patented Dec. 26,. 1944 MECHANICAL PENCIL David Juelss, Brooklyn, N. Y., assignor to American Lead Pencil Company, Hoboken, N. J., a corporation of New York Application March 25, 1944, Serial No. 528,028

10 Claims.

This invention relates to mechanical pencils of the type in which a releasable clutch is provided to hold the lead in writing position and to permit forward movement of the lead when it is released;

Pencils of the type described have been on the market for many years and are generally referred to as draftsmens or artists pencils. As commonly manufactured, they comprise apencil body or lead tube having an outlet at one end, a clutch and means for engaging and disengaging the clutch. Though generally usable for their intended purpose, the known forms of clutch pencils are subject to certain structural limitations and defects and are not, therefore, entirely satisfactory.

It is the object of the present invention to provide a mechanism having a simple clutch collet assembled with and concealed within 'the point, affording an interchangeable unit which may be assembled readily with the body of the pencil, points of different sizes being provided to permit the use of leads of different diameters.

Another object.of the invention is to provide a clutch mechanism which positively grips the lead without necessity for serrations or rifled gripping surfaces and which is substantially slip-proof and crush-proof.

Another object of the invention is to provide a clutch mechanism which is exceptionally rugged and will withstand considerable tortional stress without damage to the collet jaws.

Another object of the invention is to provide a clutch mechanism containing a point and collet assembly wherein the collet or lead-gripping member is free to float within the point so that when gripping pressure is applied the collet will remain stationary with respect to the point, thus preventing distortion of the collet jaws.

A further object of the invention is to provide a clutch mechanism of streamlined and pleasing exterior appearance, I substantially without shoulders or. breaks in contour so that it blends substantially with the casing of the pencil.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent as it is better understood by reference to the following specification and the accompanying drawing, in which Fig. 1 represents a longitudinal section through a pencil embodying the invention with the collet adjusted to grip the lead and hold it in writing position;

Fig. 2 is a similar view showing the collet in releasing position so that the lead is free for adjustment;

Fig. 3 is a section on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is a view in perspective of the collet;

Fig. 5 is a sectional view of a modified form of the device; and

Fig. 6 is a similar view illustrating another modification.

Referring to the drawing, 5 indicates the pencil casing which may be of plastic, wood, metal, vulcanized rubber or other suitable material. If material other than metal is employed for the casing, a ferrule 6 is secured at one end thereof and may be knurled or otherwise provided with means to facilitate gripping by the fingers.

A lead tube 1, preferably of metal, is inserted and secured in the bore of the casing 5 abutting the ferrule 6 and is externally threaded at 8 to receive the internally threaded end of the point 9 which is adjustable with respect to the tube 1 by rotation on the threads. The open end of the tube 1 is provided with a recess l0 affording a shoulder II.

The point 9 is tapered, preferably in a streamlined manner, to an opening l2 at its end, through which the lead I3 projects. Internally the point 9 is provided with a cam surface It extending from the opening l2 to a recess l5 which terminates in a shoulder Hi.

The collet comprises a flanged end I! and is slotted to provide a plurality of arms l8 which are resiliently biased outwardly. At its end the collet has exterior cam surfaces 19 adapted to co-operate with the cam surface M of the point 9. The cam surfaces 19 terminate at shoulders 20 which are adapted to engage the shoulder l6 when the collet is released as shown in Fig. 2. The collet is assembled with the point 9 by introducing it through the rearward end and pushing it forwardly until the shoulders 20 pass the shoulder l6 when the arms 18 will spring outwardly so that the collet is thereafter retained as a unitary part of the point 9.

When the lead is to be gripped, the point 9 is rotated clockwise on the threads 8 until the flanged end I! engages the abutment ll. Further movement as the result of co-operation of the cam surfaces l4 and I9 forces the ends of the arms l8 inwardly to engage the lead. If an unnecessary amount of force is employed in rotating the point 9, the frictional engagement between the cam surfaces l4 and I9 will cause the collet to rotate with the point, thus avoiding the possibility of twisting or breaking the arms l8.

To release the lead, the point 9 is simply roin Fig. 5, insert a sleeve 2| within the point 9, thus affording a shoulder for engagement with the shoulders 20 on the arms l8. Since the structure is otherwise identical with that shown in Figs. 1 and 2, no further description is necessary, and the same reference numerals have been applied.

Alternatively a groove 22 may be provided on the interior face of the point 9 and a split ring 23 may be disposed therein to afford a shoulder for engagement with the shoulders 20 on the arms IS. The structure is otherwise identical with that shown in Figs. 1 and 2.

For convenience and to facilitate rotation of the point 9, the surface thereof may be knurled. While I prefer the conventional hexagonal shape for the body 5 of the pencil, it may be of circular or other cross-section, and the adjoining end of the point 9 may be shaped to conform to the shape of the body 5 or otherwise as may be desired.

In the pencil as described, the collet is entirely concealed and is likewise protected from injury. As already indicated, the collet is assembled with the point as a unit and is independent of the remaining structure of the pencil except for its engagement with the shoulder of the lead tube, The point and collet are of simple and economical construction, and the parts can be assembled with the minimum of effort, since it is necessary merely to press the collet into the point and then thread the point onto the end of the lead tube. The structure is therefore inexpensive. It nevertheless affords a much more reliable mechanism than any heretofore available for the purpose.

Various changes may be made in the form and arrangement of the parts without departing from the invention or sacrificing the advantages thereof.

I claim:

1. In a clutch pencil, a separable unit comprising a point having a bore and a lead gripping collet concealed and secured within the bore.

2. In a clutch pencil, a separable unit comprising a point having a bore, a lead gripping collet floating within the fore and means preventing separation of the point and collet.

3. In a clutch pencil, a separable unit comprising a point having a bore and a lead gripping collet secured within the bore, the point and col let having co-operating surfaces adapted to be engaged by relative longitudinal movement.

4. In a clutch pencil, a separable unit comprising a point having a bore, a lead gripping collet mounted within and movable longitudinally of the bore and means for preventing separation of the point and collet.

5. In a clutch pencil, a separable unit comprising a point having a bore terminating in a cam surface, a lead gripping collet, having means adapted to co-operate with the cam surface, mounted within and movable longitudinally of the bore and means for preventing separation of the point and collet,

6. In a clutch pencil, the combination of a pencil casing, a lead tube mounted therein and having a threaded extension, and a separable unit comprising'a point having a bore threaded to engage the extension and a lead gripping collet concealed and secured Within the bore.

'7. In a clutch pencil, the combination of a pencil casing, a lead tube mounted therein and having a threaded extension, a separable unit comprising a point having a bore threaded to engage the extension and a lead gripping collet disposed in floating relation to the point within the bore, and means for preventing separation of the point and collet.

8. In a clutch pencil the combination of a pencil casing, a lead tube mounted therein and having a threaded'extension and a separable unit comprising a point having a bore threaded to engage the extension and a lead gripping collet secured within the bore, the point and collet having co-operating surfaces adapted to be engaged by relative longitudinal movement.

9. In a clutch pencil the combination of a pencil casing, a lead tube mounted therein and having a threaded extension and a separable unit comprising a point having a bore threaded to engage the extension, a lead gripping collet mounted Within and movable longitudinally of the bore and means for preventing separation of the point and collet.

10. In a clutch pencil the combination of a pencil casing, a lead tube mounted therein and having a threaded extension and a separable unit comprising a point having a bore terminating in a cam surface threaded to engage the extension, a lead gripping collet. having means adapted to cooperate with the'cam surface, mounted within and movable for preventing separation of the point and collet.

DAVID JUELSS.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2570496 *Feb 15, 1950Oct 9, 1951Autopoint CompanyChina marking pencil
US5860754 *Dec 3, 1996Jan 19, 1999T.C.R. IndustriesMouth-held manipulating and writing apparatus for paralytics
DE1081350B *Apr 7, 1954May 5, 1960Faber Castell A WFallminenstift
Classifications
U.S. Classification401/93
International ClassificationB43K21/22, B43K21/00
Cooperative ClassificationB43K21/22
European ClassificationB43K21/22