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Publication numberUS2366682 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 2, 1945
Filing dateApr 1, 1942
Priority dateApr 1, 1942
Publication numberUS 2366682 A, US 2366682A, US-A-2366682, US2366682 A, US2366682A
InventorsMaxwell A West, George E West
Original AssigneeChampion Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Screw driver bit
US 2366682 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 2, 1945. M. A. WEST ET AL 2,366,682

SCREW DRIVER BIT Qriginal Filed Sept. 28, 1940 2 Sheets-Sheet l Afforneigs Jan. 2, 1945. M. A. WEST ET AL 2,366,682

SCREW DRIVER BIT Original Filed Sept. 28, 1940 .2 Sheets-Sheet 2 In venfor; Mam e A. W652 George 5, 14 657 Patented Jan. 2, 194a UNITED, STATES PATENT OFFICE SCREW DRIVER BIT Maxwell A. West, Portland, and George E. West, Sherwood, reg., asslgnors, by direct and meme assignments, to

Champion, 7 Inc.,


0reg., a corporation of Oregon Continuation of application Sertal No. ss'asoo, September 28, 1940. This application April 1,

1942, Serial No. 437,180

1 Claim.

September 28, 1940, as a continuation in part of application, Ser. No. 287,773, which latter application is now Patent No. 2,218,631 issued under date of October 22, 1940, entitled Screw driver, to which reference is made.

With drivers especially adapted for recessedhead screws, having recesses of cruciform and similar shapes, the wear occurs on the driving end or tip, with the result that common forms of drivers used for such screws heretofore are relatively short-lived and either have to be discarded entirely as soon as the tip becomes worn down or otherwise marred or broken, or else require the regrinding of the tip, which is troublesome and more or less expensive.

One object of this invention is to provide a driver with removable bit, which can be very simply and inexpensively made, so that when the bit becomes worn it may be thrown away and replaced by a new one at very nominal cost.

Another object ofthis invention is to provide a driver bit, suitable for a double-slotted or cruciform-recessed screw, with the tip so formed as to facilitate the seating of the driver and to reduce greatly the possibility of reaming or marring the screw recess or head.

A still further object of our invention is to provide a practical and eflicient driver for the improved screw described in our application, Ser. No. 302,352, filed November 1, 1939, now Patent No. 2,216,382.

These and other objects we are able to attain by making a screw driver with a bit formed and shaped in the manner hereinafter briefly described with reference to the accompanying drawings.

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a view, on an enlarged scale, of the lower half of a screw driver in which one form of our invention is embodied;

Fig. 2 is a view in perspective of the removable bit of the driver of Fig. l, the bit being shown entirely removed from the rest of the screw driver;

Fig. 3 is a front elevation of the same driver bit;

Fig. 4 is a perspective view drawn to a much smaller scale of a section of milled bar stock from,

which the driver bit may most emciently be made;

Fig. 5 is a view in perspective, drawn to the same scale as Figs. 1, 2 and 3, of the driver bit when formed from the bar of Fig. 4;

Fig. 6 is a transverse section taken on the plane corresponding to the line 6-8 of Fig. 3:

Fig. 6a is a similar transverse section on a plane corresponding with line Bit-6a of Fig. 3; and

Fig. 7 illustrates a special form of screw driver employing the bit of Fig. 5 and showing the same inserted, in the recessed-head of the screw described in application, Ser. No; 302,352, now Patent No. 2,216,382, the screw head being shown in section.

Referring first to Figs. 4 and 5, the driver bit of Fig. 5 may preferably be manufactured in the following manner: 1

A piece of milled or rolled bar stock such as shown in Fig. 4 and designated l, is cut to the desired length and one end thereof is machined so that the ends of the lateral sections or wings will be formed into wings of identical shape, as shown in Fig. 5, each wing having the bottom edge formed into a longitudinally concaved surface 2 and having a second longitudinally concaved surface 3 formed on the outer wall leading outwardly from the termination of the first concaved surface 2. A tip 4, having a rounded or conically-shaped surface, extends on the bit axis beyond the bottom edges of the wings and the bottom edges or concaved surfaces 2 merge into the surface of the tip I. The tip is preferably conical, the vertex of which coincides with the axis of the bit, but the point of the vertex is preferably slightly rounded, as shown in Fig. 5.

The radius of curvature of the longitudinally concaved surface 2 is preferably less than the radius of curvature of the concaved surface 3. and the concaved surface 2 is also considerably shorter in extent than the concaved surface 2,

but surface 2 makes a greater angle with the central axis than surface 3.

In machining or forming the surfaces 2 and 3 of the wings, these surfaces are also rounded in a plane normal to the axis, as indicated by the curved outer surface of the wings as shown at .5 in the transverse section constituting Fig. 6 and at 20 in Fig. 6a. This additional curvature of the surfaces 2 and 3 has a considerable advantage in preventing any reaming or :marring of the tops of the walls of the screw slots if the driver tool is rotated when the bit is being in serted into the screw recess. The fact that the ends of the surfaces 2 become nearly horizontal before their juncture with the surfaces 8 further prevents possible reaming of the screw recess even though the driver is inserted only part way in the recess. This is also true when the driver is being withdrawn from the recess while the driver is being rotated. The entire forming of v the tip and wing surfaces may be accomplished by subjecting the end of the section of milled bar l of Fig. 4 to a single rotary machine operation.

The bit, when formed from a piece of milled bar of the kind shown in Fig.- 4, will, we have found, be of suflicient strength to withstand all ordinary strains imposed on screw drivers. However, when unusual strains are to be encountered as, for example, when large,-specially-tempered to be very practical and the use of such milled bar stock facilitates the forming of the wings with plane surfaces for the side walls, which is a distinguishing feature of our special bit. Other distinguishing features are the concaved bottom edges of the wings and the conical or rounded tip into which the bottom edges merge and which has been found to aid materially in centering the bit for insertion into the screw recess.

We claim:

A removable bit adapted to be mounted in the end of a screw driver shank and designed for ,driving screws with a cruciform recess, said bit screws are to be driven into very hard wood, it may be necessary to reinforce the-driver bit or tip. This may be done by forming the bit with a transverse web 8 (see Figs. 1. 2 and 3) Joining and bracing the driving wings I, l, 8 and I 0.

The bit in the form shown in Fi 5, or in the specially-reinforced form shown in Fig. 2, may

be mounted in the end of the screw driver shank in the simple manner illustrated in Fig. 1. Radial slots, corresponding to the wings I, 8, 9 and ill of the bit, but slightly wider than the thickness of the wings, are cut in the bottom end of the shank ii. A pin i2 extends through the shank and through a hole It (see Fig. 2) of slightly larger diameter provided in the bit, thus holding the bit in the shank. If desired, additional spring means, such as shown at, H in Fig. '7, may

be added to bear against the upper portions of the edges of the wings of the bit in order to hold the bit normally with its axis in alinement with the shank axis.

While we have described the removable bit for the screw driver as-preferably made from a section of milled bar stock, shown in Fig. 4, it is possible, of course, to make the bit in other ways. However, we have found the method as described formed from a length of bar of cruciform cross section causing said bit to have four wings with the side walls of the wings constituting plain surfaces throughout their entire extent and with the adjacent plane surfaces forming right dihedral angles, said wings being identical in form and size, the bottom edges of said wings being identically shaped, the lower portion of the side edge andthe bottom edge of each wing formed -a cruciform screw recess and the rounded concave surfaces will prevent injury to the tops of the walls of the recess should driving power be applied to the driver and bit while the bit is being brought into contact with the screw head and before it is properly seated in; the screw recess.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2537029 *Aug 6, 1946Jan 9, 1951Phillips Screw CoMethod for manufacturing screw drivers
US2565948 *Aug 6, 1946Aug 28, 1951Phillips Screw CoMethod of manufacturing screw drivers
US3393722 *Jul 19, 1966Jul 23, 1968George W. WindhamBit end of tool
US3985170 *Aug 4, 1975Oct 12, 1976Marian IskraScrewdriver
US4269246 *May 10, 1979May 26, 1981Textron Inc.Fastener and driver assembly
US4339971 *Jan 28, 1980Jul 20, 1982Zatorre Alfredo EFastener and driving tool
US4589154 *Oct 17, 1984May 20, 1986John VaughnMethod and apparatus for forming the head of a high torque fastener
US4590825 *Oct 11, 1984May 27, 1986John VaughnHigh torque fastener and driving tool
US7168348 *May 19, 2003Jan 30, 2007Felo Werkzeugfabrik Holland-Letz GmbhScrewdriver bits
US7322265 *Jan 9, 2006Jan 29, 2008Chen Hang-HuiCompound screwdriver head
US8166851 *Jun 1, 2009May 1, 2012Robert Bosch GmbhCombination driving tool for phillips and robertson fasteners
US8418587Nov 6, 2009Apr 16, 2013Milwaukee Electric Tool CorporationTool bit
US8800407Feb 5, 2013Aug 12, 2014Milwaukee Electric Tool CorporationMethod of manufacturing a tool bit
US20040139829 *May 19, 2003Jul 22, 2004Felo Werkzeugfabrik Holland-Letz GmbhScrewdriver bits
US20050249573 *Jan 20, 2004Nov 10, 2005Bernard TannerScrew and corresponding driver
US20070082526 *Dec 11, 2006Apr 12, 2007Bernard TannerScrewdriver Bit and Mating Socket
US20070157773 *Jan 9, 2006Jul 12, 2007Chen Hang-HuiCompound Screwdriver Head
US20100037737 *Jun 1, 2009Feb 18, 2010Credo Technology CorporationCombination driving tool for phillips and robertson fasteners
US20110197721 *Nov 6, 2009Aug 18, 2011Debaker Joseph MTool bit
US20160059392 *Apr 15, 2014Mar 3, 2016Northeastern UniversityUniversal screwdriver
USD623036Nov 7, 2008Sep 7, 2010Milwaukee Electric Tool CorporationInsert bit
USD631723Jun 7, 2010Feb 1, 2011Milwaukee Electric Tool CorporationInsert bit
USD646547Jan 18, 2011Oct 11, 2011Milwaukee Electric Tool CorporationTool bit
USD662802Sep 13, 2011Jul 3, 2012Milwaukee Electric Tool CorporationTool bit
USD663187Sep 13, 2011Jul 10, 2012Milwaukee Electric Tool CorporationTool bit
USD711719Jun 6, 2012Aug 26, 2014Milwaukee Electric Tool CorporationTool bit
USD742714 *Oct 11, 2013Nov 10, 2015The Patent Store, LlcPocket field tool bit
EP1194268A1 *Jun 13, 2000Apr 10, 2002Snap-on Tools CompanyInsulating driver with injection molded shank and fluted working tip
EP1194268B1 *Jun 13, 2000Apr 13, 2016Snap-on IncorporatedInsulating driver with injection molded shank and fluted working tip
WO1984004481A1 *Apr 30, 1984Nov 22, 1984John VaughnImproved high torque fastener and driving tool
U.S. Classification81/460, 81/438, 411/919, 411/404
International ClassificationB25B15/00
Cooperative ClassificationB25B15/005, Y10S411/919
European ClassificationB25B15/00B2B