US 2367442 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jan. 16, 1945.
H. L. SNIDER GARMENT File'd Feb. 26, 1941 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 ATTO R N EYS H. L. SNIDER GARMEN T 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Feb. 26, 1941 ATTORNEYS WITNESS jan. 16, 1945,l
H. L. sNlDER 2,367,442
GARMENT Filed Feb. 26, 1941 5 sheets-Sheet 5 [n1/en for far/.'51 L. Snider By orney Patented Jan. 16, 1945 UNITED STATES4 PATENT OFFICE GARMENT Harry L. Snider, Van Nuys, Calif.
Application February 26, 1941, Serial No. 380,719
4 Claims. (C1. 2-115) My invention relatesA to new and useful improvements in shirt garments.
An important object of my invention is to provide a shirt garment of the slipover type having an improved upper construction that requires no fastening means of any kind and wherein the parts are uniquely as sociated to snugly fit the wearer.
Another object of my invention is to provide a shirt garment of the above-mentioned charac ter wherein the upper shirt parts will spread apart when the garment is being donned or taken off to permit the wearer to easily perform these operations, but which will automatically assume an interfitting relation with each other to snugly it around the wearers neck after the garment has been properly arranged.
Still another object of my invention is the provision of a shirt garment that is formed with sleeve portions, each having a unique cuff construction that may be easily adjusted by the wearer to regulate the cuff opening whereby the same will either it loosely or snugly about the wrist.
Yet another object of /my invention is to provide a shirt garment that is neat and attractive in appearance and inexpensive to manufacture.
Other objects and advantages of my invention will be apparent during the course of the following description.
In the drawings, forming a part of this specication, and wherein like numerals are employed to designate like parts throughout the same,
Figure 1 is a front elevation of a shirt garment embodying my invention and showing the same in use on the wearer, Y s
Figure 2 is a view similar to Figure 1 but showing the same removed from the wearer and in an inside-out position,
Figure 3 is a top plan view of the same,
Figure 4 is an end elevation of my unique cui? construction showing the same in a position to loosely t the wrist of the wearer,
Figure 5 is a View similar to Figure 4 but showing the cuff in a position to snugly t the wrist,
Figure 6 is a diagrammatic view illustrating the pattern of avfabric member forming a part of the chest and shoulder portion of the garment and comprising a part of my invention,
Figure 7 is a diagrammatic view of the pattern of the yoke member comprising a part of the shoulder and back portion of the garment,
Figure 8 is a diagrammatic view illustrating the pattern of the front fabric member comprising a part of the garment,
Figure 9 is a detail perspective view of the yoke member of the shirt,
Figure 10 is a perspective v iew of the right and left members of the shirt in assembled relation,
Figure 11 is a sectional view on an enlarged scale taken on a plane through Figure 3 from front to back thereof.
In the accompanying drawings, wherein for the purpose of illustration, is shown a preferred embodiment of my invention, the numeral I0 designates a shirt garment in its entirety. My in- Vention is primarily concerned with the upper shirt construction and includes a yoke fabric member I I adapted to extend across the shoulders and upper back of the wearer having ends I2 and I3 terminating at the armhole seams I4'and I5 of the shirt. The front edges I6 and I'I of the yoke member are arranged at opposite sides of the centrally located neck opening I8, which4 opening extends through the front edge of the yoke. The rear edge I9 of the yoke member extends across the back of the shirt and has a back fabric member 20 sewed or otherwise secured thereto.
A soft collar 2| of the turned-down type is secured in the neck opening IB of the yoke which collar extends the entire length of the opening whereby the opposite ends thereof will be disposed in proximity to each other when the shirt is donned by the wearer. Figure 1 best illustrates the manner in which the collar is adapted to be snugly associated with the neck of the wearer and shows the manner in which the front tabs 22 thereof depend divergently downwardly in the conventional style.
Right and left fabric members 23 and 24 fashioned from the pattern illustrated in Figure 6 are secured to the yoke member in a manner presently to be described in detaill The outer edges 25 of these fabric members are shaped to form the front and upper portions of the armholes and they also form the upper back portions of the armholes. The lower ends 26 of these edges extend for a slight distance along the longitudinal side seams 21 of the shirt. It may thus be seen that the members 23 and 24 comprise forward continuations of the yoke, attention being directed to the fact that the opposite edges" i2 and I3 of the yoke define the tops and portions of the backs of the armholes. The members 23 and 24 are secured to the tapering edges vI6 and I1 of the yoke by lines of stitching 28 and 29 and along the dotted-line designated by the numeral 30 in the pattern illustrated in Figure the same is in the turned-down position.
6. The portions of the right and left fabric members extending rearwardly of the line 30 underlie the shoulder portions of the yoke to provide a double thickness of fabric and portions of the inner edges thereof are curved, as at 3|, to extend around the neck opening in a manner to position the edges 32 thereof at the back of the garment, which edges are secured to each otherv and to the back portion of the yoke by a line of stitching 33.
The portions 34 of the fabric mem-bers forwardly of the lines of stitching 28 and 29 extend transversely across the chest portion of the shirt in overlapping relation with each other, as best illustrated in Figure 2. The ends of the portions 34 are formed with arcuate edges 35, which extend around the lower portions of the armhole openings and with essentially straight edges 36 whichextend for a short distance along the side seams 21. The sloping upper edge 31 of each of the fabric members extends diagonally from the front open ingY |8 in the yoke across the chest portion of the garment to an armhole thereof. Thus, the edges 25, 26, 3|, 3235 and 36 are attached by lines of stitching and the sloping edge 31 and bottom edge 38 are unattached. Inasmuch as the edges 31 extend from the collar to the armholes of the garment and inasmuch as the bottom edge 38 extends entirely across the front of the garment between the side seams 21, it will be readily apparent that these members may be readily spread apart to increase the size of the neck opening of the garment when the garment is being donned or taken olf but that, once the garment is properly positioned on the wearer, the attached edges and 31 of the fabric members will pull the front edges of the collar toward each other and snugly about thejneck of the wearer and that the front portions 34 of the right and left members will natly overlap to hold the collar in this position.
VSubstantial strength is imparted to the garment construction by the provision 'of the double layer of fabric at theV shoulder portion of the garment. Also, the double thickness of fabric at this point will cause the garment to better accommodate itself to the shoulders of the wearer and will materially aid in holding the transversely extending portions 34 of the right and left fabric members in neat overlapping relation with each other. Y
Attention now being directed to Figure 8,
wherein is shown the front fabric member 39 comprising a part of my improved shirt construction. The upper edge 40 of the front member extends acrossthe entire chest portion of the garment from armhole to armhole and in essentially contiguous relation with the front edges I6 and I1 of the yoke member The lfront member is placed exteriorlyl of ythe right and left fabric members and the upper edge thereof will extend below the tabs 22l of the collar when The opposite ends of the edge 40 are attached by lines of stitching 4| and 42 for a short dstance; however, the main portion of this edge extendl ing between these lines of stitching is unattached. I prefer that the portion of the edge 40 extending between the mentioned lines of stitching be formed with a flap 43 which may be bent back upon itself and sewed 'to the front member to prevent the unattached portion of :the upper edge from becoming frayed and to :lend substantial stiffness or `body to the edge.
The portion of the side edges of the front member immediately below the top edge thereof are arcuately curved, as at 44, to extend around the armhole openings of the garment from the forward edge of the yoke member to the side seams 21. The opposite side edge portions 45 of the front member extend along the seams 21 for their entire length and the bottom edge 46 thereof is arcuately curved to provide'the conventional flap 41. Obviously, the portions 44 and 45 of the side edges are attached to securely hold the front member in the described position.
From the foregoing, it will be readily apparent that the donning of the shirt may be easily and expeditiously accomplished by spreading the front edges of the collar and yoke apart to substantially enlarge the neck opening. Also, the manner in which the major portion of the upper edge of the front member is unattached will permit the same to drop downwardly in a manner to permit the unattached overlapping portions 34 of the fabric members 23 and 24 to spread apart. After the garment has been pullecl over the head of the wearer, the pull on the ends 35 and 3'6 of the fabric members, which are attached at the opposite shoulder and side seams thereof, will arrange the portions 34 of these members in mutually pressed overlapping relation. Obviously, the pull on the attached end portions of the upper edge of the front member will stretch the unattached portion thereof tautly across the chest of the wearer and in substantially contiguous relation with the front edges I6 and |1 of the yoke member. The front member will therefore hide all but a small portion of the fabric members and will provide a neat and attractive appearance inasmuch as it is arranged sufficiently high on the wearers chest to extend below the front tabs 22 of the collar.
Another important feature of my invention is the arrangement of the sleeve cuffs. As clearly illustrated in Figures 1 and 2, sleeves 48 may be secured in the armholes of the shirt and the lower ends thereof are provided with cuffs 49. The lower end of the sleeve is provided with the conventional longitudinal slot 50 and one end of the cuff is provided with a longitudinally extending flap 5|. A loop 52 is formed on the outside of the cuff adjacent the end thereof remote from the nap whereby the nap may be drawn or passed through the loop and wrapped about the wrist of the wearer. I have provided a button 53 on the outside of the cuff intermediate the opposite ends thereof and the flap is formed at its outer end with a buttonhole 54 for receiving the button and holding the cuffl closed about the Wrist. If the ap is drawn through the loop and wrapped around the cuff in the same direction, as illustrated in Figure 4, it may be attached to the button to provide a relatively large cuff open*- ing; but if the ap, after being drawn through 'the loop, is folded back upon itself and wrapped about the cuff in a reverse direction, as illustrated in Figure 5, it may be secured to the button to provide a relatively small cui opening. Obviously, if desired, other fastening means than a button and buttonhole may be provided for securing the ends of the cui. In use, the cuff thus provided will permit the wearer, by wrapping theY nap in one direction, to provide a large loosely fitting cuif or he may, byl wrapping the nap in a reverse direction, provide a cuff which snugly ts the wrist. Also, by Vuniquely positioning the button or other fastening means 53, an arrangement may be provided which will hold the cuil snugly wrapped about the arm, above the elbow, if. it is desired to raise the sleeves or to hold the cuff wrapped snugly about the wrist in the conventional manner.
It is to be understood that the form of my l invention, herewith shown and described, is to be taken as a preferred example of the same, and that various changes in the size, shape and arrangement of parts may be resorted to without departing from the spirit of my invention, or scope of the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
1. An 'outer shirt comprising a yoke having back and shoulder portions and provided with a neck opening, members having back and shoulder portions underlying the yoke and having the front and back edges of the yoke attached thereto, said members having front portions arranged in overlapping relation and having their outer ends attached to the sides of the shirt, said front portions having inclined free upper edges and being free of connection with each other from their upper to their lower edges. l
2. A shirt as set forth in claim l, wherein the inclined upper edges of said front portions intersect at the front center of the neck substantially in the plane of the neck opening.
3. A shirt as set forth in claim l, wherein the inclined upper edges of said front portions intersect `at fthe front center of the neck substantially in the plane of the neck opening, and comprising a collar having its front talos overlying the upper parts of said front portions.
4. A shirt as set forth in claim 1, comprising a. front overlying substantial pants of said overlapped front portions and having the terminal portions of its upper edge attached to the yoke and s'ad members, the remaining and greater portion of the upper edge of the front being free.
HARRY L. SNIDER.