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Publication numberUS2367458 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 16, 1945
Filing dateJul 10, 1943
Priority dateJul 10, 1943
Publication numberUS 2367458 A, US 2367458A, US-A-2367458, US2367458 A, US2367458A
InventorsGeorge Coplen
Original AssigneeGeorge Coplen
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Drill bit
US 2367458 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 16. 1945.

G. COF'LEN 2,367,458

DRILL BIT (DETACHABLE) Filed July 10, 1943 v INVENTOR. 7 3y GEORGE COPLEN ATTORNEY Patented Jan. 16, 1945 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 4 Claims.

This invention relate to a detachable rock drill bit. Detachable drill bits are well known in the art, and are on the market with the bit threaded onto the drill shank. The thread acts in the same direction that the drill rotates, and the combination of rotation with vibration seats the threads so tightly that it is impossible to remove the bits without elaborate equipment.

The principal object of this invention is to provide a detachable rock drill bit which can always be easily removed from the shank regardless of the length of time in use, and to provide a detachable bit which cannot become accidentally detached from the shank or lost in the drill hole.

A further object is to provide a bit of this character in which all of the impact of drilling is absorbed between the end of the shank and the bit and not by the attachment means so that the latter will not be damaged by the action of the hammer.

. Other objects and advantages reside in the detail construction of the invention, which is designed for simplicity, economy, and efficiency. These will become more apparent from the following description.

In the following detailed description of the invention reference is had to the accompanying drawing which forms a part hereof. Like numerals refer to like parts in all views of the-drawing and throughout the description.

In the drawing Fig. l is a side view of the extremity of a typical drill shank with the improved detachable bit in place thereon, ready for use;

Fig. 2 is a similar view illustrating the position of the bit when the shank is being withdrawn from the drill hole;

Figs. 3 and 4 are side views of the shank extremity, taken at right angles to each other;

Fig. 5 is a longitudinal section through the drill bit;

Fig. 6 is an end view of the shank; and

Figs. 7 and 8 are cross sections through the drill bit taken on the lines 'l'l and 8-8, Fig. 5, respectively.

In the drawing a typical rock bit shank is indicated at ID with the usual water hole at II. The improved detachable drill bit is designated in its entirety by the numeral I2, and may have any of the standard outer contours of the typical bit.

In the specification and claims the words left and right designate directions of the upper portions of the elements when viewed from the drillers position.

The shank I0 is provided with a reduced extremity preferably, but not necessarily, slightly tapered. The rear portion of the reduced extremity I3 is rounded outwardly, terminating in an enlarged shoulder portion M. The reduced portion I3 is provided with two ridges of unusual design. Each ridge consists of an inclined ridge portion i5 extending from the shoulder 14, forwardly to a point spaced from the forward extremity of the portion l3. A circumferential ridge it extends from the forward extremity of the ridge 15, to the left, partially around the portion l3 for approximately A hook-shaped ridge [1 thence extends from the extremity of the ridge l 6 rearwardly parallel to the ridge l5 for approximately /2 the length of the latter, thence turns circumferentially to the right, as indicated at l 3. The rib I5 is, at a point in alignment with the rib l8, widened to form a shoulder 19. The above described rib structure is repeated on the opposite side of the reduced portion 13.

The extremity of the portion l3 beyond the rib It is eccentrically formed in opposite directions to form two ratchet faces 20, on opposite sides, in alignment with the juncture of the ribs [6 and H. The ratchet faces are so faced that they will engage when the shank is rotated to the left.

The interior of the bit I2 is conformed to engage the above described structure on the extremity of the shank, that is, it is provided with a socket 2| conforming to the contour of the reduced extremity l3. The bottom of the socket indicated at 22 is at a depth which will allow the extremity of the shank portion l3 torest thereagainst, "and adjacent this bottom two inclined dogs 23 are formed on opposite sides. These dogs project into the socket 2| a distance corresponding to the depth of the faces 20, so that when the portion i3 is fully inserted it can rotate to the right within the socket 2|. The socket 2! is also provided with two inclined lugs 24, on opposite sides, which enter between the ribs I5 and I! of the shank extremity.

To insert the shank in the bit, the extremity I3 is placed into the socket 2| and rotated to the left. This causes the two lugs 24 to travel rearwardly between the ribs I5 and I! until they pass the rearward extremity of the rib l1. This releases the lugs 24 and allows the shank to be rotated to the left until the ratchet faces 20 engage the dogs 23. At this time, the lugs 24 are resting on the shoulders 19, which prevent withdrawal of the shank. During the drilling, the shank I4 rotates to the left so that the ratchet faces 20 and dogs 23 and the lugs 24 and the shoulders l9 are constantly engaged and vibration is prevented.

When it is desired to withdraw the bit, it is pulled upon and rotated to the right. The first movement to the right releases the lugs 24 from the shoulders I9 and allows them to enter the pocket 25 surrounded by the ribs l6, l1, and I8. Further rotation to the right wedges the lugs into the incline between the ribs 16 and I1 and locks the bit in place. The shank at this time, is in the position illustrated in Fig. 2 with the bit firmly locked thereon for withdrawal.

Should it be desired to remove the bit from the shank, the bit is simply rotated to the right. This releases the lugs 24 from the pockets 25 through the opening of the pocket between the shoulder l9 and the rib l8. The bit is then pushed inwardly and rotated to the left. This causes the lugs 24 to slide along the inclined ribs 15 and follow them to their extremities with the lugs exiting in the groove between the ribs l5 and Il.

It will therefore be noted that if theshank is rotated to the left it is solidly lockedthereon, and the shank extremity is bottomed against the bottom 22v of the bit. This is the drilling position. If the shank is pulled upon and rotated to the right, the bit will be released: from its drilling position, but will be firmly locked onthe shank, and if the shank isrotated to the right without being pulled uponand the bit is held, the shank will simply release itself completely from the bit.

Should the operator accidentally rotate the shank to the right without exerting any pull thereon, he will cause the inclined ribs I5 to engage the lugs 24 and release the shank from the bit. Should this occur, the shank can be immediately reinserted by rotating it to th left, thence the shank can be pulled upon and rotated to the right, which will hook the lugs in the pocket 25, for withdrawal.

The bit can be, of course, provided'with either a central water hole 26 or with side-wall water holes as indicated at 21, as desired:

While a specific form of the improvements has been described and illustrated herein, it is desired to be understood that the same; may be varied, within the scope of the appendedclaims, without departing from the spirit of the invention.

Having thus described the invention, what. is claimed and desired secured by LettersPatent is:

1. Means for attaching a rock drill bit to a drill shank comprising: a reduced extremity on said shank; inclined ribs formed on opposite sides of said reduced extremity; a circumferentially extending shoulder formed on one side of each rib; a socketin said bit conforming. in shape to the reduced extremity; lugs on the. opposite sides of the socket positioned so that when the shank is rotated in one direction they will follow down the inclined sides of the ribs and when rotatedin the other direction, will follow. upwardly along the shouldered sides of the ribs to' engage the shoulder thereon to prevent withdrawal of the shank; ratchet-like projections onthe extremity of said shank; and ratchet teeth in the bottom of said socket for engaging said projections to prevent rotation of the shank in one direction in the socket.

2. Means for attaching a rock drill bit to a drill shank comprising: a reduced extremity on said shank; inclined ribs formed on opposite sides of said reduced extremity; a circumferentially extending shoulder formed on one side of each rib; a socket in said bit conforming in shape to the reduced extremity; and lugs on the opposite sides of the socket positioned so that when the shank is rotated in one direction they will follow down the inclined sides of the ribs and when rotated in the other direction, will follow upwardly along the shouldered sides of the ribs to engage the shoulder thereon to prevent withdrawal of the shank; ratchet-like projections on the extremity of said shank; and ratchet teeth in the bottom of said socket for engaging said projections to. prevent rotation of the shank in one direction in the socket, said teeth being relatively narrowv so that rotation is prevented only when the shank is fully inserted in the socket.

3. Means for attaching a rock drillbit to a drill shank comprising: a reduced extremity on said shank; inclined ribs formed on opposite sides of said reduced extremity; a circumferentially extending shoulder formed on one side of each rib; a socket in said bit. conformingin shape to the reduced extremity; andlugs on the opposite sides of the socket positioned. so that whenlthe shank is rotated in one direction they will follow down the inclined, sides of the ribs and when rotated in the other direction, will follow upwardly along the shouldered sides of the ribs to engage the shoulder thereon to prevent withdrawal of the shank, said inclined ribsterminating in spaced relation to the extremity of the reduced portion; and a circumferential rib extending to the left fromv thev extremity of each inclined rib to act as a hook to engage said: lugs to prevent withdrawal of the shank.

4. Means for attaching a rock drill bit to a drill shank comprising: a reduced extremity on said shank; inclined ribs formed on opposite sides of said reduced extremity; a circnmferentially extending shoulder formed on one side of each rib; a socket in: said bit conforming in shape to the reduced extremity; lugs onthe opposite sides of the socket positioned so that when the shankis rotated in one direction they will follow down the inclined sides of the ribs and when rotated in the other direction, willfollow upwardly along the shouldered sides of the ribs to engage the shoulder thereon to prevent withdrawal of the shank, said inclined ribs terminating in spaced relation to the extremity of the reduced portion; a circumferential rib extending tothe left from the extremity of each inclined rib; and a hookshaped rib extending rearwardly from the extremity of the circumferential rib to form a hook to engage said lugs to prevent withdrawal of the shank.

GEORGE COPLEN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2951108 *Apr 23, 1956Aug 30, 1960Int Electronic Res CorpTube shield and base assembly
US3322443 *Apr 17, 1964May 30, 1967Brown Oil ToolsQuick coupling device for tubular bodies
US4174758 *Jan 4, 1978Nov 20, 1979Institut Gornogo Dela Sibirskogo Otdelenia Akademii Nauk SssrPercussive action pneumatic device for drilling holes in soil
US4494555 *Mar 11, 1983Jan 22, 1985L'orealDisconnectible apparatus comprising a double bayonet coupling
US4512692 *Jul 19, 1982Apr 23, 1985Durofac-Kartro A/STool shaft for a tool of the percussive and rotative type
US4566723 *Jul 12, 1983Jan 28, 1986Alfred Karcher Gmbh & Co.Coupler for hose lines of high-pressure cleaning and spraying equipment
US4640639 *Dec 6, 1984Feb 3, 1987Kitagawa Industries Co., Ltd.Printed circuit board holding appliance
US4915341 *Jul 28, 1988Apr 10, 1990Kitagawa Industries Co., Ltd.Fixation device for an electronic display
US5935170 *Sep 30, 1997Aug 10, 1999P & B Research AbDisconnection device for implant coupling at hearing aids
US6042297 *Nov 7, 1997Mar 28, 2000Samjong InternationalLocking device for tent poles
US6789933 *Mar 19, 2002Sep 14, 2004Braun GmbhHandheld or immersion blender with coupling device
US8215415 *Jul 8, 2002Jul 10, 2012Hawera Probst GmbhChisel
US20020136086 *Mar 19, 2002Sep 26, 2002Sergi GiliHandheld or immersion blender with coupling device
US20030026669 *Jul 8, 2002Feb 6, 2003Marco LangChisel
USRE40297Jun 12, 2001May 6, 2008Seco Tools AbTwo-piece rotary metal-cutting tool and method for interconnecting the pieces
DE2440082A1 *Aug 19, 1974Apr 1, 1976Reinholdt As HImpact drilling equipment - has bit shank recess accommodating tool holder protrusion joined onto open-ended guide surface
Classifications
U.S. Classification403/348, 403/350, 285/81, 285/361
International ClassificationE21B17/02, E21B17/046
Cooperative ClassificationE21B17/046
European ClassificationE21B17/046