|Publication number||US2368296 A|
|Publication date||Jan 30, 1945|
|Filing date||Oct 29, 1943|
|Priority date||Oct 29, 1943|
|Publication number||US 2368296 A, US 2368296A, US-A-2368296, US2368296 A, US2368296A|
|Inventors||Steven J Goran|
|Original Assignee||Allis Louis Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (11), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jam. 39, 1%45. 5 J GORAN 2,363,296
ROTOR CONSTRUCTION Filed Oct. 29, 1945 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 512 mm 50mm QWM j. 3@, 5 J ORAN ROTOR CONSTRUCTIQN Filed Oct. 29, 1943 2 sheets -sheet 2 QFMW 5/2 1 4 27 J 50mm i atenteel can. 3% 39th PATENT osric Steven J. Goran, Milwaukee, Wis., assignmto The Louis Allis Qompany, Milwaukee, Via, a I corporation oi Wisconsin Application October 29, 1943, Serial No. 508,111
This invention relates to the manufacture of squirrel case rotors for electric motors and refers particularly to rotors of the cast type as in the oopending applicationoi Steven J. Goran, Serial No. 458,258, filed September 14, 1942, of which this application is a continuation in part.
It is the purpose of this invention to provide an inexpensive practical manner of insuring the formation of radial ventilating passages in the finished rotor through the use of temporary spacers between groups of laminations, the spacers being made of a material easily destroyed or removed by treatment which does not efiect the cast rotor bars or the laminations.
In the aforesaid pending application, the spacers were defined as being made of any suitable destroyable material and cardboard was specifically disclosed as an example. In that case the rotor, after the casting operation, was baked at a temperature high enough to carbonize the cardboard but not melt the cast metal so that the spacers could be removed by an air blast.
With the use of spacers formed of cardboard or similar material when the hot molten metal strikes the edges of the slots punched into the periphery of the spacer some of the spacer material is burned away and as a consequence the metal being cast flows between the groups oi iaminations to form spacing projections therebe tween.
While this method has proved generally satisfactory the present invention seeks to further reduce the cost of the process by substituting a spacer formed of material which can be reused after it is removed from the finished rotor.
For instance, a tin alloy, which melts at a tam perature considerably lower than the melting point of the aluminum from which the rotor bars are cast, would be a very practical material, but
other materials can be used as will be pointed out hereinafter.
With a view toward further reduction in the cost of manufacture, this invention has as another of its objects the provision of a spacer which has peripheral notches for alignment with the punched slots of the laminations with the notches larger than the slots to define pockets for the reception of the molten metal in the casting of the rotor. in this manner the desired spacing projections are formed on the bars but with the advantage of having the projections all alike and of definite shape and size. L
With the above and other objects in view whic will appear as the description proceeds, this invention resides in the novel construction, combina tion and arrangement of parts substantially as hereinafter described, and more particularly defined by the appended claims, it being understood that such changes in the precise embodiment of the hereindisclosed invention may be made as come within the scope of the claims.
The accompanying drawings illustrate one complete example of the physical mbodiment of the invention constructed in accordance with the best mode so far devised for the practical application of the principles thereof, and in which:
Figure 1 is a perspective view of a rotor constructed in accordance with this invention and having parts thereof broken away and in section;
Figure 2 is a perspective view of a few of the rotor laminations and one of the spacers to show their relative configurations;
Figure 3 is a cross-sectional view through the casting mold illustrating the manner in which the rotor is cast; and
Figure 4 is an enlarged fragmentary detail view illustrating the spacing projections formed integrally with the rotor bars during the casting of the rotors.
Referring now particularly to the accompanying drawings, in which like numerals refer to like parts, the numeral 5 designates the rotor laminations which are punched from thin sheets of steel or other suitable" material and which are held assembled between end rings 8 by a series of rotor bars '5 cast integrally with the end rings.
The laminations are punched to provide a bore a for the reception of the rotor shaft 9 and to also provide longitudinal air passages l0. These passages communicate with radial ventilating passages i between groups of laminations. It-is the formation of these radial ventilating passages with which this invention is chiefly concerned.
inasmuch as the rotor bars and end rings are cast, it follows that to provide the radial ventilating passages, temporary spacers must be inserted between laminations where the ventilating passages are to be located. To this end, ringlike spacers i2 are provided.
These spacers are of the same diameter as the laminatlons and are inserted between groups of v laminations during their assembly preparatory to casting. Notohes i3 opening to the periphery of the spacers are so spaced as to align with the bar forming slots l4 punched into the peripheral.
portions of the laminations. The notches I3, however, are larger than the slots. so that when the rotor bars are cast, spacing projections i5'of definite size and shape will be formed on the rotor bar -to space the groups of laminations around the periphery of the rotor. .At the center permanent spacing collars I6 of suitable metal are provided between the groups of laminations. These collars, together with the spacing lugs or projections l5, firmly hold the groups of laminations properly spaced.
In preparing the rotor for the casting operation the laminations and spacer are assembled on a suitable mandrel ll in the manner well known in the art and clamped between upper and lower heads iii and 59, respectively. The assembly is then mounted in a casting press with the lower head serving as a plunger and entering the pot of the press.
By virtue of th provision of suitable passages 2| and 22 in the heads the molten fluid 23 is forced up into the rotor bar and end ring forming spaces as the ram of the press descends. It is, of course, understood that the open slot are closed by a removable sheath 24 during the casting operation.
After the casting operation the entire rotor is treated to either melt or dissolve the temporary spacers l2 depending upon the material from which they are made.
As indicated hereinbefore, tin alloys which melt at temperatures well below the melting point of aluminum are suitable where the spacer i to'be made of metal. Many other materials, however, are suitable.
For instance, plastics which will dissolve upon treatment with an inexpensive solvent that has no effect upon the cast rotor can be employed. Also it is possible to use clay or similar material, the binder of which can be readily dissolved.
In any event, it is desirable to employ a material which can be liquified and subsequently reused by pouring the same into a mold shaped to form the spacer.
In this way a double saving is effected for not only is the material used for the spacer saved, but molding the spacer is considerably cheaper than punching it from a blank.
From the foregoing description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, it will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art that this invention provides an exceedingly simple and inexpensive method of providing case squirrel cage rotors with radial ventilating passages.
What I claim as my invention is: 1. The hereindescribed method of making squirrel cage rotors having cast conductor bars embedded in the aligned slots of a stack of punched laminations which comprises; assembling the laminations with a temporary spacer of solid material capable of being liquefied by a treatment which does not affect the metal of which the rotor is cast or the laminations, and with the spacer extending to the periphery of the laminations but provided with notches in line with the slots of the laminations but larger than the slots so that in casting the bars the metal filling said notches forms lug-like projections to space the groups of laminations between which the spacer is interposed; casting the conductor bars; and subsequently liquifying the spacer to remove the same and leave radial ventilating passage between the conductor bars and said groups of laminations.
'2. The hereindescribed method of making a squirrel cage rotor having cast conductor bars embedded in slots in a laminated core which comprises: assembling the laminations of the core with their slots properly aligned and with the laminations divided into at least two groups held spaced apart by a spacer of metal having a melt ing point lower than that of the metal of which the conductor bars are cast, and which spacer has peripheral notches in line with the slots of the laminations but larger than the slots so that the metal 'of the conductor bars flowing into said notches form uniform lug-like projections of definite size and shape to hold the two groups of laminations spaced apart at the periphery of the rotor; casting the conductor bars into the slots and notches; and subjecting the rotor after the casting operation to a temperature high enough to melt the spacer but not high enough to affect the cast conductor bars.
3. The hereindescribed method of making a squirrel cage rotor having cast conductor bars embedded in slots in a. laminated core which comprises: assembling the laminations of the core with their slots properly aligned and with the laminations divided into at least two groups held spaced apart by a spacer of solid material capable of being dissolved by a solvent which in nowise affects the cast rotor bars and which spacer has peripheral notches in line with the slots of the laminations but larger than the slots so that and subjecting the rotor after the casting operation to treatment with a solvent capable of dissolving the spacer without afl'ecting the cast conductor bars.
STEVEN J. GORAN.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2486798 *||Apr 12, 1946||Nov 1, 1949||Allis Louis Co||Method and apparatus for casting rotors|
|US2504823 *||Mar 24, 1948||Apr 18, 1950||Allis Chalmers Mfg Co||Die cast rotor with tubular inserts embedden in destructible material|
|US2504824 *||Mar 27, 1948||Apr 18, 1950||Allis Chalmers Mfg Co||Removable spacing die for casting rotors with ventilating ducts|
|US2607969 *||Nov 19, 1948||Aug 26, 1952||Us Electrical Motors Inc||Spacer for casting squirrel cage rotors|
|US2613242 *||Feb 10, 1949||Oct 7, 1952||Singer Mfg Co||Electric motor with split pole pieces|
|US2629907 *||Apr 19, 1949||Mar 3, 1953||Us Rubber Co||Method of making molds|
|US2679669 *||Sep 21, 1949||Jun 1, 1954||Thompson Prod Inc||Method of making hollow castings|
|US2983992 *||Feb 7, 1957||May 16, 1961||David J Bloomberg Inc||Method for fabricating turbine assembly|
|US3473599 *||Jan 13, 1966||Oct 21, 1969||Doulton & Co Ltd||Production of metal castings|
|US4365178 *||Jun 8, 1981||Dec 21, 1982||General Electric Co.||Laminated rotor for a dynamoelectric machine with coolant passageways therein|
|US5318094 *||Sep 25, 1992||Jun 7, 1994||Allied-Signal Inc.||Production of complex cavities inside castings or semi-solid forms|
|U.S. Classification||164/109, 164/112, 164/DIG.100, 164/132|
|International Classification||H02K15/00, B22D17/00|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S164/10, B22D17/00, H02K15/0012|
|European Classification||H02K15/00B, B22D17/00|