US 2368444 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jan. 30, 1945. J. E. BLANDING INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINE Filed Oct 19, 19 45 3 Sheets-Sheet l v INVENTOR.
'Jan. 30, 1945- J. E. BLANDING I INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINE Filed Oct. 19, 1945 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 IN VEN TOR.
Jan. 30, 1945- .1. E. BLANDING INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINE Filed Oct. 19, 1943 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Jiifilandizzy IN V EN TOR.
Patented Jan. 30, 1945 2,368,444 INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINE Joseph Edward Blanding, New London, Conn., assignor of one-half to Patrick B. McNamara,
Groton, Conn. l
Application October 19; 1943, Serial No. 506,883
openings in which the engine shaft 9 is mounted, the engine shaft 9 being also mounted in bearings formed at the upper ends of the standards III which are also bolted to the base 5, by means of 1 Claim.
.being formed with a cam the bolts ll. groove in the periphery thereof, and means for Mounted on the engine shaft, at opposite sides ifi i liiiftivtifilfi $55 33? 3 3 2?" it t t Si 53 i d iif 113' i e W y a are orme wi gears orm wi rectilinear movement of the pistons of the engine, ternal teeth that mesh with the gears 14, mounted hgg e d In o o y movement of the engine on stub shafts l5 that extend laterally from the s be of the en me. These ears I4, mesh with An important object of the invention is to n a? gears l6 that are waited on the engine vide a cr nkle type internal combustion engine, shaft. Thus it will be seen that as the engine ghiilcllevlvgll hcgegssgrlliesriizogve'vcg a1I71h:n%iI;;; gg: shaft rotates, rotaryI movement willI be imparted h1wht2.-Ca r'n 1. I r engme. b mcreasmg the leverage through the rn ofi tegth e fi llow shaf t l; a rfd ar igouiii z e driving pin which operates in the cam groove of t engage th r ker arms l9 that operate the the flywheel of the engine, and which constitutes valve tappets 2 through t rods 2 shown as ese appe s engage e va ve s ems to e z ii' "Y Z drlvmg Pm and operate the valves 23 at predetermined intermmmted heads 2 that in urn are mounted on the cyling ggg g i he s lherebytreducmg fnctwh 25 ders 25 that extend laterally from the body of i lvmg pm and 1 S cam groove, to the engine, as clearly shown by Figure 1 of the With the foregoing and other objects in View 'ihe z jierence character 26 designates the flywhich will appear as the description proceeds, the wheel f the engine, which is mounted on the at of struction hereinafter described and claimed, it ggggffigffigflig 2 15: 22; :22:- being understood that changes in the precise h t t h h f embodiment of the mvention herein described fig gg g ex ends around t e penp ery o I e i may be made within the scope of what is claimed without departing from the spirit of the inven- The cyhnders are-arranged m pans the cylndlers of eaifh pan: hemg oipposed, ant: azlrlangeld I Referring to the drawings: in me, so t at a p1s on re common 0 e cy Figure 1 is a partial sectional view through an mders The plston rod engine constructed in accordance with the invenof ne pair of cylinders mdlcated by h m tion, two of the cylinders of the engine being ence character 28 and is shown as having con- Shown in section. nectlon with the opposed pistons 29. The piston Figure 2 is a Sectional View taken on 1m 8 rods of the various pistons operate between the of Figure guideways 30 that are arranged between the disks Figure 3 is a sectional view taken on line 3-3 6 of body of the directly Opposit? to fFigur 1 the inner ends of the cylinders of the engine.
Figure 4 is a sectional view takenon line 44 These guideways 3o are formed with grooves in of Figure 1. I which the annular rib 3| of the bearing 32 moves. Referring t th drawing in detail, the base The bearing 32 is mounted on the driving pin 33 of t engin is indicated by the r f n Chan that has an extension 34 of a width to fit closely acter 5, and provides a support for the body porwithin the cam groove 27, of the flywheel 26.
8 and circular cover plate 9'.
The disks 6 are provided with aligning bearing Shoulders are formed on the driving pin, and
provide a bearing surface for the balls 35 onwhich the bearing 32 rests. At the opposite end of the driving pin, is a bearing 36 held in position by the nut 31, the bearing 36 providing a bearing surface for the balls 38, to insure free rotation 01' the driving pin on its piston rod.
The cylinders 25 are positioned in circular lines on the outer surfaces of the body of the engine and are spaced equidistant from a central bore of the body, in which the engine shaft 9 operates, and while I have in the present showing, illustrated four cylinders, the number of cylinders may be varied, to meet various engine requirements.
What is claimed is:
In a crankless internal combustion engine, a body, an engine shaft extending through the body, a flywheel having a cam groove formed in the periphery thereof and extending around the said flywheel, secured on the engine shaft and being disposed within the body, a plurality of pairs of opposed engine cylinders mounted on the body, the cylinders of each pair being in direct alignment, pistons operating within the cylinders, a connecting rod common to the pistons, operating in the respective pairs of cylinders, spaced parallel guide members secured between the inner ends of adjacent opposed cylinders, said guide members having longitudinal grooves formed in the inner surfaces thereof, a driving pin mounted on each rod, and including a bearing member. an annular rib on the bearing member, said annular rib being disposed within the grooves of adjacent parallel guide members, said bearing member having upper and lower ball bearing grooves, a driving pin extending through said bearing member and having ball bearing grooves cooperating with the grooves of the bearing member in housing ball bearings, providing an anti-friction driving pin, and said pin having a reduced end providing a shoulder, said reduced end of the driving pin being adapted to operate in the cam groove of the flywheel, converting reciprocating movement of the pistons to rotary movement of the flywheel and engine shaft.
JOSEPH EDWARD BLANDING.