|Publication number||US2368839 A|
|Publication date||Feb 6, 1945|
|Filing date||May 18, 1942|
|Priority date||May 18, 1942|
|Publication number||US 2368839 A, US 2368839A, US-A-2368839, US2368839 A, US2368839A|
|Inventors||Jansen Isabel T|
|Original Assignee||Jansen Isabel T|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (14), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Feb. 6, 1945. T. JANSEN LIGHT PENCIL Filed Ilay 18, 1942 INVENTOR WW/WlW/M/W? w.
Patented Feb. 6, 1945 UNITED STATES PATIENT OFFICE zsasas LIGHT PENCIL Isabel T. Jansen, Milwaukee, Wis.
Application May 18, 1942, Serial No. 443,342
' 1 claim. (ci. eis- 1.1)
This invention relates to light pencils for use in marking sensitized surfaces of photographic films and plates and the like.
In pencils of this type, the markings are ordinarily effected by the reaction upon the sensitired surface ofla light beam emitted through a duct in the pointed end of the pencil. As heretofore designed, such pencils have not proven entirely satisfactory. Due to an inherent inability to effect proper control of the light beam, the resultant markings are ordinarily objectionably coarse and heavy, and the light projecting duct is subject to frequent clogging.
One object of the present invention is to provide a light pencil so designed as to avoid the objections above noted.
Another object is to provide an improved light pencil that may be readily accommodated for use with sensitized films and the like of widely varying sensitivity,
Another object is to provide an improved light pencil of simple and inexpensive design easily controlled by a delicate pressure thereof against the sensitized surface.
Other more specific objects and advantages will appear, expressed or implied, from the following description of an illustrative embodiment of the present invention.
' In the accompanying drawing:
Figure 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of a light pencil constructed in accordance with the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a side view, partly in section and partly in elevation, showing the relative positions of parts thereof during a marking operation.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged sectional view of the pencil point.
The light pencil selected for illustration comprises an elongated barrel III of appropriate material preferably opaque and nem-conducting. 'Ine lower active end II of the barrel is pref'- erably tapered, as indicated, the oppositeend I2 being screw threaded or otherwise fashioned to receive an appropriate closure cap I3 removably attached thereto.
The barrel I provides a container for a conventional dry battery I4 confined between the cap I3 and a spacer sleeve I5, the latter being seated at one end against an internal shoulder I6 formed in the barrel. The sleeve I5 is preferably of copper or other good electrical conducting material and abuts the lower end of the side wall of the battery through which an electrical connection is of course maintained between the sleeve and the upper pole of the battery;
A conventional light bulb I1 is arranged below the battery I4 with its contact I8 normally spaced from the lower pole I9 of the battery. In this instance the bulb I'I is seated in a socket 20 in the form of a sleeve closely fitted for sliding movement ,within the spacer sleeve I5 and in electrical contact therewith. Appropriate means, such as a light weight compression spring 2I, between the battery I5 and base of the bulb Il, yieldably retains the bulb I1 in the lower position shown in Fig. l.
A narrow rod 22 of light conducting material, such as lucite or glass, projects beyond the lower end I I Aof the barrel and is preferably tapered to provide a pencil point 23. In this instance, the rod 22 is fixed within a carrier sleeve 24 which is slidably fitted within the lower end II of the barrel. The lower end of the sleeve 24 is reduced to form a shoulder 25 which coacts with a mating internal shoulder 26 formed in the end II of the barrel to limit the outward movement of the sleeve 24 and rod 22. The sleeve 24 is preferably of metal or other appropriate opaque material and the exposed tapered end 23 of the rod is preferably covered with an appropriate opaque coating 21, so as to leave only a minute window 28 at the tip of the pencil point through which a narrow light beam may escape.
The rod 22 receives light from the bulb I1 preferably through an appropriate light controlling element 29 interposed therebetween which, in this instance, comprises two sections 30 of light conducting material. such as lucite or glass, fixed in a cylindrical cartridge 3| slidably fitted within the barrel III. This element 29 controls the amount and character of light that passes to the pencil point 23, and it may be readily removed and replaced by another similar element designed to admit more or less light to and through the pencil point 23, so as to adapt the pencil for use with sensitized surfaces of Various sensitivities. In this instance the amount of and character of the light passing through the element 29 is controlled by an appropriate light filter 32 interposed between the sections 30.
The light bulb Il normally rests against the upper end of the light control element 29, so that when the pencil point 23 is pressed against the sensitized surface a, in the act of writing, the rod 22 and element 29 are forced upwardly into the barrel I0, thereby forcing the bulb I1 upwardly until its contact I9 engages the battery pole I9, as indicated in Fig. 2, in which position the bulb is cnergiled from the battery tacts Just'mentioned and andspacersleeve il. Ligh thenpassestoand through the element Il, 2l onto the sensitized surface a. pressure on the point 1I is relieved, however. the spring Il acts totorce the bulb downwardly, thereby separating its contact terypole Ilsoastobreakthec ergize the bulb, the element 2l suming the positions shown in Fig. 1.
It has been found that by au matically controlling the light bulb in the manner Just described and by proper control ot the transmitted light through the use of a control element Il properly selected for use with the particular sensitised surface a. well formed, sharply denned markings may be readiLv produced on the sensitwed surface by the pencil above described.
various changes may be made in the embodiment o! the invention hereinabove specinoally described without departing from or sacriilcing the advantages oi' the invention as denned in the appended claim.
In a light pencil, the combination of an elongated hollow barrel, a light conductor projecting from one end of said barrel and having its exposed end fashioned to form a narrow light transmitting pencil point, said barrel having an internal shoulder coaeting with said light conductor to limit the outward projection thereof, an electric battery within the other end oi' said barrel, said barrel having a second internal shoulder therein, a spacer sleeve positioned by said second shoulder and coacting with said battery to position the latter, a light bulb, a socketed carrier for said bulb slidably engaged with and within said sleeveand electrically connected to one pole ot said battery through said sleeve, a spring interposed between said battery and bulb to yieldably retain the latter spaced from the other pole of said battery, said light rconducteuand bulb being movable lengthwise or said barrel to etlect electrical contact oi said bulb with the last named pole of said battery.
ISABEL T. JANSEN.
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|US4176273 *||Oct 18, 1977||Nov 27, 1979||Olympus Optical Company Limited||Light and heat writing pen for photosensitive material|
|US5143465 *||May 24, 1991||Sep 1, 1992||Hou Hsien Te||Flashlight ball-point pen|
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|DE2611436A1 *||Mar 18, 1976||Oct 7, 1976||Sumio Horikomi||Filmkennzeichnungsgeraet|
|U.S. Classification||362/18, 362/579, 396/315, 362/188, 362/9, 362/118|
|Cooperative Classification||G03B2217/243, G03B17/24|