US 2369687 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 20, 1945. E RALSTQN 2,369,687
- STUD, RAFTER, AND JOIST BRACKET Original Filed Sept. 7, 1937 Patented Feb. 20, .1945
' F STUlhfRAF'l-ER; ANo -orsm prisoner V Scy-mour Ralston, West Balmv Beach, Fla as. I to; Structural Specialties, Inc.,' Vlcst.
I uPalm. Beach, Elag. a. corporation of Florida,
flriginal application September: 7.; weaselams; 16231792.. Divided and this; anplicaticmMax 11911 1,. SeriallNc, 319L956 K 6C .laims.
V invention relatesato an improvement in stud, raftenand:joistbracketszi r l This: application: is; a. division of. as joint: appli cationnlediby myself and Edwardgd, Wadsworth, September 7, 1937, Serial No. 162;7-fl9i. object: of: my invention is to provide a bracket; whichemayrbe a-ffixedc to studs, rafters;
J'Distsgon the to; securely-- hold them inproper. and-.adiusted; positionons-illa,ridgerpieces, plates on other. parts of'wooden: structures.
In theaccompanyingdrawing: Big... 1 is amide elevation; of; bracket: pr.o videdzwithaispace thereintthroughlwhichzarafter oml'oistimawpass; A r Fig: 2 is: an endaviewr of; the-bracket shown. in
Fig.1 3.: is ail-perspective; view of: the: inside: of;' the bracketshowminzEial. I
Generally, in the past, iduhing frame buildings, sills, corner-posts, studs, plates, rafters, tie-beams-andithe like have generally been secured together by simply nailing them by what is generally known as the commonly used lmethod of .toe-nailing. As a result of this practice, the strength of the resultant .joint is dependent entirely upon the whim and execution of the particular carpenter doing the work. By the use of my bracket for securing these elements together, it has been ascertained that building construction has not only been greatly simhe buil-dingrof plified, but made infinitely moresturdy and the,
assembly standardized, thereby guaranteeing that all similar connections will have equal strength. It will be understood, of course, that with a standard sill or plate will be properly positionedand above this sill or plate it is necesbe utilized under some circumstances for the attachment of joists, or, for that matter, even studs g a The main plate 26 is provided with braces 28, which braces have, on the sides thereof remote from the main plate 26, flanges 30 which arebent (onto-92)? 1 a rigidity. The ends of the braces Rare-provided with ears: which; arebent. away from the brace fillat anangle-sq, that;the=ears,extending from. the two endss'ot onszhrace; are adap d e m l proxima-telyperpendicular planes. In: this mannor, an; ear: immeach of. the, two braces 2& will lieapproximately;- in; one plane, .while the cars from: the: otherends ofthe, two,braces;28. will lie in approximately. parallel planes... These, ears 34 are providedzattthe endsgthereof. adjoining the braces 28 with a cut-away portion 2-2 so; that the earsrmay be readily adjusted to fit snugly the sides-of a timberif the same.shou d;haDPB 1-be slightly ,largerlor smallenthan-standard size. In QIder- -,to1 make: such an adjustment, it would, be only necessary, toptap the, ear 134v into; abutting re.- lationshiplwith the timber. to be secured. to, the
I This, bracket isparticularly adapted, for securmg a-horimntaL jpiston aroof. rafter orthelike. to a; sill; on'plater, In. afiixing aroof rafter to. a plate, the main plate-2B is preferably first secured to the rafter by driving nails through the two center holes in the main plate 26 into the rafter heel.
main plate 26 and into the roof-plate. Nails may then be driven through the holes in cars 34 into the rafter and the roofplate. In this manner an equal distribution of nails is attained and the I elements are very securely fastened together, the
at approximately 90 from the braces 28, which in turn are bent at an angle of approximately 90 from themain plate 26, thus making the flanges 30 approximately parallel to the main plate 26.
A substantial part is cut out from the center of a the mainplate 2B and flanges '32 are bent per-'- pendicularly to the main plate 26 to give it added nails being in sheer. c
This bracket may also be utilized for securing a joist to a plate or 'sill, the only primary difierence in the mode of attaching the bracket being that in the case of a joist the bracket is first secured to the sill or plate by driving nails through the several holes in the main plate 26 of the .bracket and the two lower cars 34. -.Then the joist will be inserted between the ears 34 extending from the ends of the brace 28 remote from the main plateZB of the bracket, and nails will be driven through holes in the ears and into the joist.
While I have referred to certain portions of the building to which the bracket may be aflixed, yet it will be understood that the'bracket may be utilized in any such similar position as those I rafters, tie-beams and the like. As an example, my bracket may be used for girders and headers where gusset bracing may be desirable or required. The use of my bracket provides a standardization of construction, and does not leave the strength of the structure dependent upon the workmanship or idiosyncrasies of an individual carpenter.
1. In a building bracket, a plate, braces integral with said plate and in converging planes approximately perpendicular to the plane of the said plate, and ears extendingoutwardly from the ends of said braces and bent to be in planes at substantially right-angles to One another and to the plane of the plate, said plate having a substantially rectangular portion removed therefrom and thereby providing an open slot, said open slot being bordered on at least two sides thereof by flanges bent approximately perpendicularly to the saidplate. 2. A building bracket including a plate, two edges of which converge and are bent over into planes approximately perpendicular to the plane of the plate to form braces, a rectangular portion cut from the center of said plate between the converging ends of said braces, and flanges extending along the cut edges of the plate formed by removing said rectangular portion, said flanges bent into planes substantially perpendicular to the plane of the plate.
3. In a building bracket, a plate, braces inte 4. A building bracket made of a single piece of metal and including an approximately rectangw lar portion and a tapering portion, the said portions of the plate being in the same plane and the tapering portion flanked by an inwardly turned L-shaped flange which terminates at its ends in outwardly extending ears, said plate and ears adapted to engage different parts and surfaces of a building structure, positioned at approximately right-angles to one another whereby to brace and secure them rigidly together, and said parts of the bracket having holes therethrough to receive fastening means for securing the bracket at difierent points to the building structure, said fastening means being in shear in each part of the building structure thus secured.
5. A device of the character described including a plate having a substantially rectangular open slot through the major portion of the center thereof, and having two taperin portions, each of which latter portions have strengthening flanges at the edges, flanges flanking the rectangular slot and being in approximately parallel planes, and the said flangeson the tapering portions converging.
6. A device of the character described including a plate having a substantially rectangular open slot through the major portion of the center thereof, and having two tapering portions, each of which latter portions have strengthening flanges at the edges, flanges flanking the rectangular slot and being in approximately parallel planes, the said flanges on the tapering portions converging, the slot adapted to receive one of the parts to be held and braced, a rectangular part of the device adapted to be fastened to the other part of the structure, and the tapering parts of the device to be fastened to both of the parts of the structure to be held together.
SEYMOUR E. RALSTON.