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Publication numberUS2369849 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 20, 1945
Filing dateMay 4, 1943
Priority dateMay 4, 1943
Publication numberUS 2369849 A, US 2369849A, US-A-2369849, US2369849 A, US2369849A
InventorsPhillips Dwight M
Original AssigneeChiksan Tool Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Joint for electrical conductors
US 2369849 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

' Feb. 20, 1945. Q M- PH|LL|P5 2,369,849

JOINT Fon ELECTRICAL CONDUCTORS Filed May 4, 1943 Patented Feb. 20, 1.945

JOINT FOR ELECTRICAL CONDUCTORS Dwight M.`Phillips, Fullerton, Calif., assignor to Chiksan Tool Company, Brea, Calif., a corpora tion of California Application May 4, 1943, Serial No. 485,612

10 Claims.

This invention relates to electrical conductors and relates more particularly to joints for tubular electrical conductors. A general object of this invention is to provide a practical, eiective and very dependable swivel joint for electrical conductors. l

Another object of this invention is to provide a universal joint and swivel joint for tubular electrical conductors that allows free relative rotation and universal movement between the connected conductor sections while maintaining complete and uninterrupted electrical transmis! sion between the sections.

Another object of this invention is to provide a joint of the character mentioned useful in connection with multiple tubular high-frequency transmitting conductors.

Another object of this invention is to provide an electrical conductor connection of the character referred to that may conduct or handle a selected gasor preserve a reduced pressure and which embodies effective sealing means for retaining the gas or negative pressure.

Another object of this invention is to provide a conductor joint of the character referred to that embodies dependable self-lubricating ball and socket contact or conducting means for the individual tubular conductors.

A further object of this invention is to provide a conductor connection of the character mentioned that remains effective for a long period of operation and requires no adjustment, lubrication, or other manual servicing.

The various objects and features of my invention will be fully understood from the following detailed description of a typical preferred form and application of the invention, throughout which description reference is made to the accompanying drawing, in whicl':

Fig. l is an end view of the joint or connection provided by this invention and Fig. 2 is a side elevation with the principal parts broken away to appear in longitudinal cross section.

The multiple conductor connection of the invention may be said to comprise, generally, outer ball and socket members A and B adapted to be associated with tubular conductor parts, contact or conducting means I associated with the members A and B for maintaining an electrical' connection therebetween and ball and socket contact or conducting members C and D adapted to be associated with inner conductor sections for maintaining an electrical connection therebetween.

The ball and socket members A Iand B are adapted to be secured to the adjacentor opposing ends of outertubular conductor sections I2 and I3 of the multi-tube conductor. memberA is a tubular element and maybe an integral or one piece part. In the preferred con- The ball,

struction illustrated the member A has a tubular outer position I4 for receiving or connecting with the outer conductor sectionA I3. In. practice the conductor section I3 enters the tubular portion I4 of the ball member A and may be secured Vthereto by solder, a Weld, or screw threads, it

being preferred that this connection be fluid and pressure tight. A head portion having a spherical external surf ace I5 continues inwardly from the portion I4. The spherically curved surface I5 is finished smooth and is of substantial extent.

The socket member B is preferably sectional to facilitate 'the assembly of the connection or joint. The socket member B comprises a tubular outer section I6 connecting with the part I2 of the outer electrical conductor. The conductor part I2 fits within the tubularsection I6 and is secured and sealed therein by solder, welding, threads or other means. The socket member B further includes a section I1 screw threaded on the inner portion of the section I6 and a section i8 screw threaded on the end portion of the section II. A screw I9 may set or lock the sections I`I and I8 against relative turning. The end of the section B may havespaced threaded sockets 20 to facilitate the mounting or attachment of the socket section when the same is to be attached to a support or the like.

The interiors of the` sections I'I and I8 are shaped to form a socket for the reception of the ball member A and to carry sealing means for packing or sealing between the socket section and the spherically curved ball surface I5. The inner extremity of the section II is spaced from an annular internal shoulder on the section I8 to leave an annular internal groove 2| in the socket member. The sections I'I and I8 have complementary -and opposing internal annular recesses or grooves 22.

The invention includes wear taking and sealing parts on the interior of the socket member B for cooperaating with the spherically curved surface I5 of the ball member A. Wear taking rings 23 are inserted and fixed in the grooves 2 2 of the sections II and I8. The rings 23 have spherically concaved surfaces for contacting the spherically curved surface I5 of the ball memberA. The wear rings 23 may be formed .of bronze impregnated with a suitable lubricant to be self-lubricating. It will -be observed that the wear taking rings23 provide spaced bearing surfaces of substantial area on the interior of the socket member B for cooperating with the spherically curved surface I5 of the ball member A.

'The packing or sealing means for sealing between the members A and B includes a ring 2l of brass or the like held in the groove 2| in the interior of the member B. When the sections I1 and I8 are-assembled the ring 24 may be securely gripped in the groove 2 I. A sealing ring 25 is carried by the ring 24. The ring 2E projects inwardly from the groove 2l and its projecting portion is roughened or toothed. The sealing ring 25 has a groove receiving this roughened portion of the mounting ring 24 to be dependably retained thereon. The sealing ring 25 may be formed of rubber, rubber composition, synthetic rubber or other selected sealing material. An internal surface of substantial extent is provided on the ring 25 to conform to and seal with the spherically lcurved surface l5 of the ball member A. The

opposite ends of the sealing ring 25 may be relieved or grooved to give the ring greater resiliency. l It will be seen how the sealing ring 25 spaced between the wearing rings 2&3l seals with the ball surface I5 to prevent the leakage of air, gas or other iiuids between the ball and socket sections A yand B.

The means I serves to maintain extensive and adequate contact between the members A and B for the transmission of electrical energy, say high frequency current. The means lc is characterized by ball and socket contact elements within the yball and socket assembly A--B described above. In the construction illustrated the contact means l@ includes a contact insert 26 seated and fixed within the enlarged head portion of the ball member A. The insert 26 has an internal spherically concaved surface 2l whose axis of curvature is coincident with the axis of the ball surface i5. The insert 2S is formed oi a suitable conducting material. In practice it may be preferred to form the insert 2t of bronze impregnated with a suitable lubricant.

The contact means i@ further includes a contact ball 2la for cooperating with the contact socket or insert 26. The contact ball lie projects or continues from the inner end of the section I of the member B and may be an integral part of the section it. The contact ball @le is a hol" low or tubular part having a relatively thin wall and is fiared or enlarged to be partially spherical. The external spherically curved surface of the contact ball 2718 is of substantial extent and has ample cooperation with the'surface 2l' of the insert 25. The contact ball Ela remains in extensive cooperation with the socket contact or insert in all relative positions of the ball and socket members A and B. In accordance with the invention the contact ball le has a multiplicity of spaced axial cuts or slots 2t which divide the contact ball into a plurality of fingers having substantial flexibility and resiliency. The slots 28 may continue into the cylindrical inner portion of the socket it. The parts are proportioned and related so that the Contact lingers of the ball 2'!u are coniined or flexed inwardly to some extent to be constantly urged outwardly into effective contact with the insert 2e by their own resiliency. The ball and socket contact means l@ maintains extensive uninterrupted electrical connection between the outer electrical conductor parts I2 and I3 at all times and with the members A and B in all relative positions.

The ball and socket contact mem-bers C and D are associated with an inner or internal tubular conductor to maintainrelectrical contact between the parts of the conductor. In the construction illustrated the parts 3D and 3i of the inner conductor are thin-walled tubes of copper or the like extending centrally and longitudinally through.

the outer conductor parts I2 and i3. Ring-like insulators 32 of suitable dielectric material have flexible resilient lingers.

their peripheral portions engaged and bold between the inner ends of the outer conductor parts `I2 and I3 and internal shoulders 33 on the portion I4 and Asection I6. The insulators32 are engaged about the inner conductor parts and 3| to hold them centralized and annular ridges 34 are provided on the conductor parts 30 and 3| at the ends of the insulators to prevent relative axial movement between the parts.

The ball member C is tubular and has what may be termed a tubular stem portion 35 secured to the inner conductor part St. The stem portion 35 is seated within the conductor partv30 and may be secured and sealed theretoby solder, welding, screw threads, or the like. The ball contact C comprises an external enlargement or head formed on the inner end of the portion 35 and provided with a spherically curved external surface 36. The surface 3@ is of substantial extent and is finished.

The socket contact member D is a tubular ele ment having a cylindrical tubular stem 3l entering the inner conductor part 3i. The stem 37 is soldered, welded, threaded or otherwise secured and sealed to the conductor part 3l. A hollow partially spherical head 38 is provided on the inner end of the stem 3l and has a nished spherically curved internal surface which cooperates with the surface v3S of the ball contact C. The head 38 is provided with a plurality of spaced axial slots'39 which divide it into a plurality of The resiliency of these Alingers holds the socket head 38 in complete, eiective contact with the surface 3s of the ball contact C at all times and with the joint elements in all angular positions. It-may be preferred to form the ball contact C of bronze or the like impregnated with a suitable lubricant so that the ball and socket contact means C-D for the inner electrical conductor is self-lubricating.

lt is rbelieved that the utility and practicability of the electrical connection provided by the invention will be readily understood from the foregoing detailed description, The cooperating ball and socket members A and B connect the con-= ductor parts for free relative universal movement and free relative rotation. The self-lubricating wearing rings 23 insure the long life of the connection and the sealing ring 25 prevents the leakage of gas and other fluid from between the joint parts. The ball part @le cooperating with the spherical surface 2l of the socket contact 26 provides for the full, uninterrupted transmission of electricity between the conductor parts i2 and i3 `at all times and with the parts inv the various annular positions. The` contact means i!) is selflubricating. The ball and socket contact means 'C and D embodying the resilient socket 38 which grips about the surface 26 preserves full uninterrupted electrical engagement between the conductor parts Stil and 3l under all conditions of operation and with the joint parts in all angular positions. If desired, a selected gas may be maintained or conducted through the inner tubular conductor or a reduced pressure condition may be maintained in the conductors and connection.

Having described only a typical preferred form and application of my invention, I do not wish to be limited or restricted to the specic details herein set forth, but wish to reserve to myself any variations or modications that may appear to those skilled in the art or fall within the scope of the following claims.

Having described my invention, I claim:

1. A connection for tubular electrical conductors including, a socket member on one conductor. a ball member on the other conductor engaged in the socket member establishing a closed connection between the conductors for universal relative movement, a socket contact on the interior of the ball member and a resiiient tiaular hall contact on the socket member engaging in the socket contact to maintain electrical connection between the conductors.

2. A connection for tubular electrical conductors including a socket member on one conductor, a, ball member on the other conductor extending into .the socket member, wear taking parts inserted in the socket member cooperating with the ball member to mechanically connect the conductors for relative universal movement, a. socket contact on the interior of the ball member and a tubular ball contact in the socket member engaging in the socket contact to maintain electrical connection between the conductors.

3. A connection forY tubular electrical conductors including a socket member on one conductor, a ball member on the other conductor extending into the socket member, wear taking parts supported in the socket member cooperating with the exterior of the ball member to mechanically connect the conductors for relative universal movement, a socket contact on the inner wall of the ball member, and a tubular ball contact in the socket member engaging in the socket contact toV maintain electrical connection between the conductors, the ball contact being thin-walled and provided with spaced axial slots to have resilient fingers which bear in the socket contact.

4. A connection for tubular electrical conductors including a socket member on one conductor, a ball member on the other conductor extending into the socket member, wear taking parts supported in the socket member cooperating with the ball member to mechanically connect the conductors for relative universal movement, a sealing ring in the socket member sealing with the ball member to prevent the leakage of fluid between the members, a socket contact on the interior of the ball member and a tubular ball contact in the socket member engaging in the socket contact to maintain electrical connection between the conductors.

5. A connection for tubular electrical conduc- .tors including a socket-member on one conductor, a ball member on the other conductor engaged in the socket member establishing a closed joint connecting the conductors for universal relative movement, a contact on the interior of the ball member having a spherically concaved surface, and a tubular thin walled ball contact of resilient material in the socket member en- Eaged in said surface to maintain electrical connection between the conductors, the ball contact having spaced axial slots providing resilient iingers which bear on said surface.

6. A connection for multi-tube electrical conductors including a socket member to be secured to the outer tube of one conductor, a ball member to be secured to the outer tubeoi the other conductor and engaged in the socket member to connect the conductors against separation and for relative universal movement. ball and socket contact elements within said members iitting onewithintbeothertomsintain saidoutertubes in electrical connection. and ball and socket contacts secured to the inner tubes of the conductors and iittlng one within the other to maintain said inner tubes in electrical connection.

7. A connection for multi-tube electrical conductors including a socket member to be secured to the outer tube of one conductor, a ball mem-V ber to be secured t0 the outer tube of theother conductor and engaged in the socket member Ato connect the conductors for relative universal movement, asocket contact in the ball memberhaving a spherically curved concave surface, a tubular ball contact in the socket member engaging in said surface to maintain said outer tubes in electrical connection, a socket contact on the inner tube of one conductor, and a ball contact on the inner tube of the other conductor engazing in the last named socket contact to maintain the inner tubes in 4electrical connection,

8. A connection for multi-tube electrical conductors including a socket member to be secured v to the outer tube of one conductor, a ball member to be secured to the outer tube of the other conductor and engaged in the socket member to connect the conductors for relative universal movement, a socket contact supported in the ball member having a spherically curved concave surface, a tubular ball contact carried by the socket member engaging in said surface to maintain said outer tubes in electrical connection, a thin walled socket contact on the inner tube of one conduc-v l tor, and a tubular ball contact on the inner tube of the other conductor engaging in said thin walled socket contact to maintain the inner tubes in electrical connection, said thin walled socket contact having axial slots which render it resilient.

9. A connection for multi-tube electrical conductors including a socket member to be secured to the outer tube of one conductor, a ball member to be secured to the'outertube of the other conductor and engaged in the socket member to connect the conductors for relative universal movement, sealing means for sealing between the socket and ball members to prevent the leakage of nuid between the members, ball ting one within the other to maintain said outer tubes in electrical connection, and ball and socket contacts secured to the 'inner tubes of the conductors and ntting one within the other to main- -tain said inner tubes in electrical connection.

-10. A connection for multi-tube electrical conductors including a socket member to be secured to the outer tube of one conductor, a ball member to besecured to the outer tube of the other conductor and engaged in the socket member to connect the conductors for relative universal movement. a socket contact in the ball member having a spherically curved concave surface, a tubular ball contact in the socket member enseeing in said surface to maintain said outer tubes in electrical connection, insulators engaged in the ball and socket members for supporting the inner tubes of the conductors, a socket contact on the inner tube of one conductor, and a ball contact on the inner tube of the other conductor engaging inthe last named socket contact to maintain the inner tubes in electrical connection.

v D WIGHT M. PHILLES.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2440279 *Nov 6, 1944Apr 27, 1948Larkins Jr John SCable connector
US2449073 *Aug 6, 1945Sep 14, 1948John D JohannesenCoaxial line connector
US2466499 *Sep 4, 1945Apr 5, 1949Edward SokolikSwivel for electric cables
US2519933 *Sep 2, 1944Aug 22, 1950Gen ElectricRotatable joint for coaxial cables
US2737402 *Jun 28, 1955Mar 6, 1956Svenska Flaektfabriken AbMeans for mutual centering and connecting pairs of axially aligned tube elements
US2857177 *Dec 29, 1954Oct 21, 1958Formed Tubes IncPlural ball and socket flexible sealed coupling for high temperature gas conduits
US3970335 *Oct 24, 1974Jul 20, 1976Bakerdrill, Inc.Dual concentric pipes
US4020431 *Jan 15, 1976Apr 26, 1977Rockwell International CorporationMultiaxis rotary joint for guided em waves
US4082320 *Oct 28, 1976Apr 4, 1978Karl WeinholdPipe coupling
US4157876 *Mar 15, 1978Jun 12, 1979Digiulio MarioLockable articulated joint
US4850616 *Feb 19, 1988Jul 25, 1989Westinghouse Electric Corp.Flexible joint capable of use in the O'Connor combustor coaxial piping
US8783293Jan 18, 2011Jul 22, 2014Oil States Industries, Inc.Simple reverse flow wye connector
DE102010018063A1 *Apr 20, 2010Oct 20, 2011Siemens AktiengesellschaftKapselungsgehäuseabschnitt einer druckgasisolierten Elektroenergieübertragungseinrichtung
Classifications
U.S. Classification174/21.0JC, 285/263, 439/8, 285/121.7, 285/47
International ClassificationH01R35/04, F16L59/16, H01R35/00, F16L59/00
Cooperative ClassificationH01R35/04, F16L59/16
European ClassificationF16L59/16, H01R35/04