US 2370783 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
TOY BOW AND ARROW March 6, 1945. A. M. DRITZ TOY Bow AN) ARROW Filed Oct. 8, 1942 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Mar. 6, 1945 UNITE-o .STATES PATENT' OFFICE- f' 2,370,783 t. 'for now ANDAimow- Arthur M.. Britz, rs1- nomma -Applinkomen october s, y179:42; seria1'No..4s11,zsii
z claims. (cli izo- 24%) A' This invention` relates to toy bows and projectiles used` in connection therewith andthe in.- vention is vmore particularly concer-'ned'with` an improved toy bow which is: so constructed and arranged as to permit ofv thefuse-ot. the-same for shooting arrows, elongatedcylindrical objects or other equivalent projectiles. g 4 y The invention also comprehends a toybow structure which is preferably made up of a center-.piece and. a pair' of, detachably'associated bow end sections to' permit the parts thereof to-.be
readily assembled for use: orgseparated in orderA K to reduce the over all size thereof toA facilitate the. packing, shipping, carrying or-storage'of the same, while also permitting: the. end sections when associated with the centerwpiece.` tobe i turned` withv referenceV thereto. forv the purpose of properly centering the. bow=stringwith rererence tothe' opening in the centereplece which receives the arrow or projectile plunger and to further allow by -the turning" of' said end sections, the disposition of the grain of said bowsections if the greatest resiliency; l f
The invention further resides. in a toy Vbow structure of the indicated character'in Whi'chthe center-piece is made up' of a plurality of lamina# tions of a combination of Apaper or'bre board and' wood whichz facilitates. the.` production.v and fabrication of the same and reduces the cost of manufacture.
As a still. further featurei the invention. con-l templates a 'plunger type bow in which. means is providedfor permitting ofA and limiting. the extent of movement of the plunger to regulate the. power of.'` the bow, and which-means is adjustable,
As a still further object; the invention' resides in the provision of aL toyl arrowl which is formed with an improved safety tip spun or otherwise fashioned'of a soft yieldabl'e absorbent material so as to prevent injury-'to persons or damage to proizvertyy and which atv thesame time may be impregnatedwith a colored' marking sub# stance such as a powder for' registeringa mark on aY target..
with the above. enumerated and other objects made of wood, in the best. position'for obtaining 1 Fig. 2 is. afront view'thereofrwith the. arrow removed.. v. y
Fig.. 3 is` an enlarged. fragmentary vertical sec.- tional view` taken. approximately on` the line 3-3 of Eig. 2 andi illustrating` thebow employed for shooting cylindrical objects.' f. v
Fig... 4 is. a plany view'of the bow asshownhin Fig.. 3.`
f Fig. 5. is. a horizontal. sectional View taken ap-.
proximately onthe line; 5-5 of Fig.. 3. Fig.. 6: is: a .verticaltransversev sectional taken approximately on the line (if-6., ot Fig. 3, the same being shownon a larger scalo., f 1
Fig.. '7.- is` an.. enlarged fragmentary side view. of the. Larrow with thetipshownl in section. f .Fig.. 8.v isaside view otra. modified form of projectile projectingplunger.
Referring to:` the 4drawings bycharacters of reference the toy. bow'consists generallyl of ra centen-piece A,-a, pairof yieldable'- resilient ends Band ai bow-string C.-
The centcrepiece' A, 'which' may be ofany desiredY ornamental conguration-,- preferably de-` signed, as-sho-wn, in the. formi of ageneral'ly rectangularbloclrflike bodyI having` a depending handle' or hand grip.y portion Ill and said body is formedv with anv `upper substantially vertical socket .l L opening through the: upperfedge` thereof and the handleporti'onis formed with a similar. socket. |12: opening, vthroughl thev lower end thereof. The bow eridxfiB; which@ are Vpreferably madeof wood such; as: ax length oi dowellp-infstoclr, are fitted attheir inner ends= in thesockets H-fand t2.r` respectivelyv sol as;`v to extend: upwardlyf'and downwardly-from the centewpiece Preferably they are;v removably ,associated with the centerpiece so, that.v they maybe readily.y disassembled therefrom; to: reducethe-r over allA size df thev bow to facilitate-the packing; shipping, carrying orf storageI of; the same; It: should however-.be understood that, Within the scope of the invention, the bow ends may-be permanently secured within the sockets; Hand [2f-litho detachable feature is not desired.` As;v shown the outer extremity of eachr'bow'end B isl formed 'witlra notch or oneningy t3 withwhich the opposite terminals. ot'the f ing the bow and placing the sameunder tension with the notch of one of said plies registering with that of the other and utilized for a purpose to be h ereafter set forth.
The intermediate plies or laminations I 'I are cut out at certain areas thereof to define the sockets |2 and to provide a vertical magazine chamberv |8 and a horizontal passage I9 extending fore and aft and completely through the body of the center-piece A, with the magazine chamber communicating at its lower end with the medial portion of the passage 9 and extending upwardly therefrom and opening through the upper edge of the center-piece body. A lower reenforcing strip 20, preferably of wood extends completely throughout the length ofthe passage I9 at the lower portion thereof and an upper reenforcing strip 2| is superimposed upon the strip 2|)` at the rear portion thereof and is formed on-its under face with a guide groove 22. The upper reenforcing strip 2| extends from the rear end of the lower strip and has its forward end terminating in spaced relation to the magazine chamber.- The notches I6 are located at and are of a lesser width than the fore and afi; size of the magazine -chamber 8 and serve as means to facilitate the positioning of cylindrical projectiles E in the maga-l zine-chamber in stacked relation arranged on their sides, while serving to display the number of projectiles in the magazine. The plies I5, l
and I1 and the wood reenforcing strips 20 and 'I' 2| maybe secured together in assembled relation in any desired manner such as by an adhesive or by any equivalent means.
A plunger23 is slidably mounted in the guide groove22 of the upper strip 2| and protrudes '1' rearwardly from the rear edge of the centerpiece A. The rear end of the plunger is formed with an enlarged notched head 24 which is engaged'by the bowl-string C. The plunger is formed with an enlarged forward terminal 25 which is adapted to forcibly strike the lowermost projectile E and project the same through the forward portion of the passage I9 which serves as a barrel to guide said projectile. After the lowermost proiectile of the stack has been projected and the plunger withdrawn, the remaining projectiles in the stack will move downwardly by gravity and the weight of the block 26 which is superimposed upon the stack and which also functions to preclude the' upward displacement of the stack under the impact of the plunger 23 as it is driven forward by the force of the bow when tensioned and released.v It will thus be understood' that the downward movement of the projectiles E will successively feed the lowermost one of the stack into the path of movement of the plunger until the stack is depleted. In order to prevent canting or cockingof the projectiles in the magazine chamber and to thereby insure proper feeding of the same, a chamfer 21 is provided at the juncture of the rear wall of the magazine chamber with the' upper wall of the passagf'eV |9.
In order to adjustably limit the extent of rearward 'movement ofthe plunger 23 and thereby regulate the power of the bow in effecting the projection of the projectiles E, an inextensible flexible element or cord-'28 is anchored at one end .secured in place thereon by an adhesive.
to a staple 29 driven into one side of the centerpiece A and said cord is provided at its opposite end with a' series of knots 39 which are adapted to be selectively engaged withthe notched head 24 of the plunger.
The intermediate plies or lamlnations l`| at the juncture of the handle portion |0 with the main body portion of the center-piece A are also cut away and spaced from the under side of the lower strip 20 to define a horizontally extending fore and aft guide opening 3| `disposed at the transverse center of the center-piece to serve as a guide for the shafts 32 of arrows F which may be shot from the bow in lieu of the projectiles E.
The shaft 32 of each arrow F is provided with a spherical tip 33 of soft yieldable absorbent material such as cotton or a similar fibrous material which is spun on a mandrel to provide an opening 34 of a size to snugly fit over the forward end of the arrow shaft 32 and which tips are preferably The tips 33 may be and preferably are impregnated with a target marking substance such'as a powder and the tips of certain arrows may be impregnated with a powder of a distinguishing color from that of other arrows to identify the archers.
Where the cord 28 is employed for limiting the rearward movement of the plunger, the plunger head at the forward end thereof may be eliminated and al plunger 23a such as shown in Fig. 8 may be utilized. In such case it is apparent that the plunger 23a may be readily removed from the guide groove 22 so that the passage I9 and guide groove 22 may be alternatively used for shooting arrows therethrough.
What is claimed is:
1. In a toy bow including a rigid center-piece, a pair of resilient aligned end pieces carried by and respectively extending outwardly in opposite di rections from the upper and lower edges of the center-piece and a bow-string connecting the outermost ends of said end pieces, said centerpiece comprising a pair of outer and a plurality .of intermediate plies of berboard, the latter be ing cut away to respectively provide a horizontal passage extending completely therethrough from front to rear thereof and a vertical projectile magazine chamber communicating with and ex tending upwardly from said passage, a lower wooden reenforcing strip extending throughout the length of the lower portion of the passage, an upper wooden reenforcing strip superimposed upon the lower strip and extending from the rear of the upper portion ofsaid passage and terminating in rear of the magazine chamber, said upper strip having a grooved lower face defining a guideway; and a plunger mounted in said guide'- way for axialv movement and engaged at its rear end by the bow-string.
2.l In a toy bow as set forth in claim 1 in which the intermediate plies of the center-piece is further cut away to provide a second horizontal passage parallel with the first passage and adapted toserve as a guide ,for an arrow shaft to be optionally usedwith the bow.
ARTHUR M. DRITZ.