|Publication number||US2371394 A|
|Publication date||Mar 13, 1945|
|Filing date||Oct 9, 1942|
|Priority date||Oct 9, 1942|
|Publication number||US 2371394 A, US 2371394A, US-A-2371394, US2371394 A, US2371394A|
|Inventors||Hunter Donald P, Stine Carl A|
|Original Assignee||Turco Products Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (5), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
D. P. HUNTER ETAL APPARATUS FOR REMOVING CARBONACEOUS DEPQSITS FROM METALS AND THE LIKE March 13, 1945.
Filed Oct. 9, 1942 2 hr B 1 (16,
Patented Mar. 13, 1945 APPARATUS FOR REMOVING CARBONACE- OUS DEPOSITS FROM METALS AND THE Donald P. Hunter, Los Angelcs, and Carl A. Stine, Van Nuys, Calit, sssignors to Turco Products,
Angeles County, a corporation of Cali- Application October 9, 1942, Serial No. 461,494
This invention relates to apparatus for cleaning, and particularly for removing carbonaceous deposits from, metal parts and the like.
Heretofore, it has been the practice, in removing carbonaceous deposits from internal combustion engine pistons and the like, to immerse the carbon coated parts in a cold bath containing solvents for the deposits. While such practices have been more or less successful in removing such deposits, they have been subject to the rather serious objection that they require. considerable treatment or immersion time-for instance, of the order of two hours or more.
We have discovered that this treatment time can be reduced to a fraction of the time formerlyrequired, and more efilcient cleaning can be achieved, by employing a heated solvent bath.
As may be well understood, the heating of such a bath ordinarily would rapidly depreciate the strength and volume of the bath by virtue of escaping vapors, particularly since the preferable bath is a water emulsion containing chemical solvents which have a lower boiling point than water, but. we have also discovered novel apparatus for utilizing a heated bath in a practicable and economical manner without any appreciable vapor loss.
Thus, the novel features of apparatus which render the carrying out of such a process possible and practicable, form the more particular objects of our invention. It will be readily understood by those skilled in this art, however, from the following detailed explanation of a presently preferred procedure and form of apparatus, that still further advantages are inherent in the invention, and we wish it understood that the details of apparatus now to be described may be varied and modified without departing from the broader aspects of our invention as defined by the appended claims.
In explaining our invention, we shall refer to the accompanying drawing showing one of its adaptations, in which drawing:
Fig. 1 is a vertical section taken on line l-l of Fig. 2, the tank lid being shown in closed position, however, while it is shown open in Fig. 2;
Fig. 2 is a vertical section;
Fig. 3 is a plan section taken on line 3-3 of Fig.2; and I Fig. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary perspective view showing the cooling coil and bailles.
Referring now to the drawing, we show at 3 a solution tank for containing a solvent bath capable of removing carbonaceous deposits from metal and the like, the liquid level of the bath in the tank being denoted by the letter S. While our invention is not to be limited to utilizing any specific solvent bath, many of which are well known in the art, we might mention that water emulsions of essentially water insoluble solvents for carbonaceous deposits, such as phenols and chlorinated hydrocarbons, are suitable and preferable.
The tank is normally supported on corner feet 3. A hood III- is supported at its front portion and in position spaced above the top of the tank by posts II, which may be secured to the sides of the tank by brackets II.
The space between the top of the tank and the hood is enclosed at the back by back wall IS, the latter wall being disposed' outwardly and upwardly at Ila at its top. If desired, side walls may be mounted along the planes denoted it in Fig. 1, although such side walls are not necessary.
An outer back wall ll, parallel with and spaced from wall l5, forms, together with the latter wall, a passageway 20 which communicates at its bottom end with the interior of tank 5 through perforations 22, and opens at its upper end under the hood Ill. The hood has a central, circular neck 25 in which a blower 26 is mounted, the blower being driven by an electric motor M supported on a bracket 21. The inlet side of the blower is towards the tank.
Tank 5 is open at its top and has a cover 30 hinged at 3| the cover having a depending marginal flange 32. Around the top edge of the tank there is a marginal trough 34 which is normally kept filled with a liquid L, such as water, and when the cover is in closed position (Fig. 1), the flange 32 projects into the trough to a point below the liquid level L to provide a liquid seal to prevent vapors from escaping from the tank around the edges of the cover.
Since the unit illustrated is designed as a portable unit, we provide auxiliary leg elements 35 at the comers, said legs being vertically adjustably secured to the tank by brackets 36 and clamp screws 31. One or more of those auxiliary legs may be used to level the tank in order to insure an effective liquid seal between the tank and its cover, by virtue of equal distribution of liquid in the marginal trough 34.
Within the tank, at the bottom, we provide an electric immersion heater element 40, controlled by a thermostat ll the numeral 43 denoting a heat sensitive bulb for the thermostat. Preferably the bath is maintained at a temperature of the order of 170 F. by the heat element .and
thermostat control, although, the chemical strength of the bath may alter this optimum temperature, which is found desirable for a bath h'avingabout 30% solvent concentration. The
work to becleaned is placed in the tank and the It will be understood, of course, that other well-known heating means and tank cover closed.
treatment period due to maintenance of the solvent strength of the bath. but it provides great mediums, suchI'for instance, as steam or gas,;
may be used.
Within passageway 20 we mount a cooling coil 50, which communicates at its inlet end with a cold water line 5|, controlled by a valve 52, and communicates at its outlet end 53 with an outlet'line, not shown. Staggered baifles 55, 56 of curved cross-section, are secured to the respective coil tubes, as by means of cap screws 51. These respective battles are preferably tinned to facilitate heat transfer and extend from the respective coil tubes alternately in opposite direction and, at their outer'ends, contact the side walls of the passageway. Thus as vapors rise from the. bath 1 in the tank, they pass out of the tank through the perforations 22, and then, due to the arrangement of the bafiies, they follow a tortuous path, denoted by the arrows in Fig. 2, around the tubes of the cooling coil. The upward movement of the vapors is aided by the slight sub-atmospheric pressure created in the passageway by blower 26. Since blower 26 does not communicate with'the passageway by means of any closed duct, but merely draws air from the entire hood which is open to atmosphere, only a slight depression is created in the passageway 20 by the blower. The rear portion of the hood I is supported atop wall member 11.
In operation, the cooling effect of the cooling coil is sumcient that the vapors become condensed before reaching the outer end of the passageway 20, and the condensate flows back into the tank, passing through the perforations G0 in the baiiles and thence into the tank through perforations 22. Thus the bath is maintained at substantially its initial strength and volume.
Of course, some small amount of vapor will escape from the tank while the closure 30 is open to insert and remove work from-the tank, but those vapors are collected and prevented from escaping into the work room by means of the hood, walls i 4, l and the blower.
We find it particularly advantageous to position the cooling coil at the lower end of passage- .way 20, adjacent the tank, to insure against any vapor lock in the passageway due to the relatively heavy characteristics of the solvent vapors. Inasmuch as relatively low boiling point chemicals are used in the bath, most of the vapors entering passageway 20 are, chemical vapors. I
The advantages of refluxing in our apparatus economy in that it saves chemicals, because in a heated bath the low boiling chemicalsrapidly vaporize. Moreover, the use of the reflux and suction from blower 28, reduces to a minimum the loss of vapor incident to opening the tank cover for inserting and removing work.
Having described one form of apparatus in which our invention may be carried out, we new claim as our invention:
1. In apparatus for removing carbonaceous deposits from articles by means of a solvent solution, the combination of a container for the solution, means 'for heating the solution in the container to a point sumcient to vaporize a portion thereof and mean for condensing and refluxing the vaporized portion whereby to maintain the heated solution substantially at its initial strength and volume, said last-named means comprising walls defining a passageway communicating at one end with the container, cooling tubes disposed one above another in the passageway and battle members secured to the respective tubes and projecting therefrom 'at opposite sides of adjacent tubes, each of the baiiles extending from the tube to which it is secured to the adjacent wall of the passageway whereby to direct the vapors in a tortuous path around the several tubes until they are condensed, fluid-passing perforations through .the'baflles whereby to permit reflux of the condensate to the container and suction means communicating with the other end of the passageway.
2. In apparatus for removing carbonaceous deposits from articles by means of a solvent solution. the combination of a container for the solution, means for heating the solution in the container to a point sufllcient to vaporize a portionthereof and means for condensing and refluxing the vaporized portion whereby. to maintain the heated solution substantially at its-initial strength and volume, which last-named .means includes walls defining a. passageway lead-
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|US2592857 *||Feb 23, 1946||Apr 15, 1952||Chadwick Earl L||Power agitated parts cleaning machine|
|US4029517 *||Mar 1, 1976||Jun 14, 1977||Autosonics Inc.||Vapor degreasing system having a divider wall between upper and lower vapor zone portions|
|US4101340 *||Mar 15, 1977||Jul 18, 1978||Autosonics, Inc.||Solvent spray cleaning system for minimizing solvent losses|
|US4823819 *||Apr 11, 1988||Apr 25, 1989||C. Christ Abgasfreie Werkzeugreinigungsapparate fur die Kunststoffindustrie||Apparatus for removing residues from parts of plastics processing machines|
|US4911189 *||Mar 28, 1989||Mar 27, 1990||Halbert James B||Motorized vapor degreaser|
|U.S. Classification||202/170, 134/105|
|International Classification||C23G3/00, C23G5/04|
|Cooperative Classification||C23G5/04, C23G3/00|
|European Classification||C23G5/04, C23G3/00|