US 237486 A
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H. E. CLINTON.
Packing Case. No. 237,486. Patented Feb. 8,1881
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HENRY E. CLINTON, OF AUGUSTA, GEORGIA.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 237,486, dated February 8, 1881.
Application filedDecember 20,1880. (ModeL) To all whom it may concern:
. Be it known that I, HENRY E. CLINTON, of Augusta,in the county of Richmond'and State of Georgia, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Packing-Cases; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it pertains to make and use it, reference being bad to the accompanying drawings, which form part of this specification.
My invention relates to an improvement in packing-cases for soda-water and beer bottles; and it consists in making the casein two parts, and subdividing each part by a number of cross-divisions into pocketsor cells just large enough to receive the bottles, and then separate the bottles from each other when the halves of the case are put together by inserting a sheet of thick paper or pasteboard between them.
It further consists in securing the two parts of the case together by means of hasps and staples, which are applied to opposite ends of the case, and to opposite corners of the ends, as will be more fully described hereinafter.
The object of my invention is to construct a packing-case for thetransportation'of bottles, and which case is made in two parts, so that the bottles will have their thickest and strongest portions in contact with each other during transportation, and which parts of the case are connected together by means of hasps, which are provided with spring-catohes,.so as to dispense entirely with locks.
Figure l is a perspective of one-half of one of my cases. Fig. 2 is a vertical cross-section taken through the case and showing the position of the bottles. Fig. 3 is an end view of one of the cases.
A A represent the two halves of one of my packing-boxes, which are made of a rectangu- 'lar form, and which are subdivided by a number of cross-partitions into a number of cells or pockets justlarge enoughto receive a lagerbeer or soda-water bottle. In filling these halves of the cases with the bottles for transportation, the small ends of the bottles are inserted first, and then the two halves of the case are turned upon their sides, and before less the case is thrown down with considerable force.
Through the end of each one of the halves of the case is out a handhole, O, and in order that the partition inside of the box may not interfere with the hand in moving the case about, the upper portion of thepartition is cut away, as shown.
The two halves of the case are secured together by a common hasp and staple, B, and in order to dispense with the use of a lock or other device for fastening the hasp over the staple, the haspis here provided with two sprin gjaws, I, which are placed upon the pivot G. Also, secured upon this pivot is a wire spring, 0, the ends of which project out and pass through the corners of the jaws I, and thus force the jaws always-together. Before the hasp can be passed down over the staple it is necessary that the inner ends of the jaws, through which the springs pass, should be forced inward toward each other, soas to separate their outer ends, and thus leavethe opening through the hasp free for the staple to pass through. As soon as the staple is passed through the opening in the hasp it is only necessary to release the inner ends of the spring-jaws, when the spring will force their outer ends together, and thus lock the hasp upon the staple. In order to prevent these sprin g-jaws from being opened after the case has been closed, a screw or pin maybe passed through the opening 1? which is made in the 9 hasp, and which screw or other device will prevent the inner ends of the jaws from being forced together. These fastening devices,
above described, are placedat diagonally-opposite corners of the case for the purpose of preventing the hand holes or openings made through the ends of the cases from being interfered with.
Having thus described my invention, I claim 1. The combination of a packing-case made of two parts, each part being provided with a series of cells or pockets, with a suitable dividing-partition placed between the cells of the respective parts, and a hasp and staple placed at each end of the case, as and for the purpose described. v
2. A packing-case for the transportation of bottles made in two separate parts, each part being provided with a series of cells or pock- I 5 ets, in combination with a dividing-sheet, of I pasteboard or paper, placed between the cells of the respective parts, and suitable devices forfastening the two parts of thecase together, substantially as shown.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing I have hereunto set my hand this 10th day of December, 1880.
HENRY E. CLINTON.